Catholic Higher Education in Protestant America: The Jesuits and Harvard in the Age of the University

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JHU Press, Sep 10, 2003 - 347 pages
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In 1893 Harvard University president Charles W. Eliot, the father of the modern university, helped implement a policy that, in effect, barred graduates of Jesuit colleges from regular admission to Harvard Law School. The resulting controversy -- bitterly contentious and widely publicized -- was a defining moment in the history of American Catholic education, illuminating on whose terms and on what basis Catholics and Catholic colleges would participate in higher education in the twentieth century.

In Catholic Higher Education in Protestant America, Kathleen Mahoney considers the challenges faced by Catholics as the age of the university opened. She describes how liberal Protestant educators such as Eliot linked the modern university with the cause of a Protestant America and how Catholic students and educators variously resisted, accommodated, or embraced Protestant-inspired educational reforms. Drawing on social theories of cultural hegemony and insider-outsider roles, Mahoney traces the rise of the Law School controversy to the interplay of three powerful forces: the emergence of the liberal, nonsectarian research university; the development of a Catholic middle class whose aspirations included attendance at such institutions; and the Catholic church's increasingly strident campaign against modernism and, by extension, the intellectual foundations of modern academic life.

-- Mark Massa, S.J.
  

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Contents

The Descendants of Luther and the Sons of Loyola
21
Time The Harvard Law School Controversy and the Modern Imperative
60
Among Catholics
99
Persons The Bonds of Religion and the Claims of Class
101
Place Americanism and the Higher Education of Catholics
151
Among Jesuits
193
Novus Ordo Academicus and the Travails of Adapting
195
Conclusion
239
Harvard Law Schools Select List of Colleges 1893
251
Colleges and Programs Added and Removed from Harvard Law Schools Select List of Institutions 18941903
254
President Eliot and Jesuit Colleges by Timothy Brosnahan SJ
257
Select List of Jesuit Superiors Provincials and Presidents
271
Notes
275
Bibliography
311
Index
337
Copyright

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About the author (2003)

Kathleen A. Mahoney, formerly an assistant professor of education at Boston College, is president of the Humanitas Foundation in New York City.

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