Biotechnology and Bioengineering

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Nova Publishers, 2008 - 272 pages
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Biotechnology is a popular term for the generic technology of the 21st century. Although it has been utilised for centuries in traditional production processes, modern biotechnology is only 50 years old and in the last decades it has been witnessing tremendous developments. Bioengineering is the science upon which all Biotechnological applications are based. With the development of new approaches and modern techniques, traditional biotechnology industries are also acquiring new horizons enabling them to improve the quality of their products and increase the productivity of their systems. Biological engineering (also biosystems engineering and bioengineering) deals with engineering biological processes in general. It is a broad-based engineering discipline that also may involve product design, sustainability and analysis of biological systems. In other words, Bioengineering is a discipline that applies engineering principles to biological systems for the purpose of developing new technologies of services to improve the living standards of societies. It exploits the new developments in molecular biology, biochemistry, microbiology, cell metabolism and engineering principles and applies them in order to understand living systems and to bring solutions various problems associated with these systems. This book presents leading research in both areas.

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Contents

Immobilized Enzymes as Industrial Biocatalysts
9
Building on What Nature Gave Us Engineering Cell Glycosylation Pathways
37
Chemically Stabilized Subtilisins in Peptide Synthesis
75
The Ongoing Quest for Truly OnLine Bioprocess Monitoring Using Spectroscopy
99
Gene Therapy Approach for Cartilage Engineering
121
Manufacturing of NonFucosylated Therapeutic Antibodies
145
Attitude toward Bioethics and Acceptance of Biotechnology
163
Advances in Enzyme Immobilization through the Use of Recombinant DNA Technology
177
The 5 Untranslated Region of the Human Glucosamine6Phosphate Isomerase mRNA Harbors an Internal Ribosome Entry Site IRES
191
Biotechnology and Agriculture
205
Comparing Nonprofit versus Forprofit Innovation in the US Agricultural Biotechnology Industry
215
New Bacterial CobalaminDependent CoACarbonyl Mutases Involved in Degradation Pathways
235
Index
253
Copyright

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Page 97 - Smith, PK, Krohn, RI, Hermanson, GT, Mallia, AK, Gartner, FH, Provenzano, MD, Fujimoto, EK, Goeke, NM, Olson, BJ, and Klenk, D. C. (1985) Measurement of protein using bicinchoninic acid. Anal. Biochem. 150, 76-85.
Page 134 - Mesenchymal cell-based repair of large, full-thickness defects of articular cartilage.
Page 138 - Direct adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of interleukin 1 and tumor necrosis factor alpha soluble receptors to rabbit knees with experimental arthritis has local and distal anti-arthritic effects. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 4613-4618.
Page 29 - S. (1967). Chemical coupling of peptides and proteins to polysaccharides by means of cyanogen halides.
Page 134 - Brittberg M, Lindahl A, Nilsson A, Ohlsson C, Isaksson O, Peterson L (1994) Treatment of deep cartilage defects in the knee with autologous chondrocyte transplantation.
Page 156 - Therapeutic activity of humanized anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody and polymorphism in IgG Fc receptor Fc-yRIIIa gene.
Page 156 - Kohler G, Milstein C: Continuous cultures of fused cells secreting antibody of predefined specificity.
Page 66 - Hamilton SR, Bobrowicz P, Bobrowicz B, Davidson RC, Li H, Mitchell T, Nett JH, Rausch S, Stadheim TA, Wischnewski H, Wildt S, Gerngross TU.

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