Soldiers, Cities, and Civilians in Roman Syria
University of Michigan Press, 2000 - 349 pages
When one mentions "empire," one place probably comes to mind: Rome. The Romans conquered an empire that covered almost the complete extent of their known world. With a territory that large, there was, of course, a huge cultural diversity between the different corners of the empire. How could the central authority in Rome bring together all the different cultures, religions and customs under one administrative umbrella? Soldiers, Cities and Civilians in Roman Syria explores some of the interactions between the imperial authority and the subjected peoples in the territory of Syria. It looks at how the imperial power controlled its subjects, how the agents of the imperial power (administrators, soldiers, etc.) interacted with those subjects, and what impact the imperial power had on the culture of ruled territories. The Roman empire had few civilian administrators, so soldiers were the representatives of imperial government to be encountered by many provincial civilians. Soldiers, Cities and Civilians in Roman Syria employs the evidence of Roman texts and documents and modern archaeological excavation as well as "alternative" sources, such as the literature of the subject peoples and informal texts such as graffiti, to examine the relationship between soldiers and civilians in the important frontier province of Syria.
Nigel Pollard is currently a Research Assistant at the Institute of Archaeology, University of Oxford.
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Fortress Cities in the East in the Later
The Roman Army and Civilians in Syria
Ethnicity and Integration
The Regional Economy of Syria
The Roman Army Exploitation
Appendix A Catalogue of Sites from the Principate
Appendix B Catalogue of Sites from the Later Empire
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Ammianus Marcellinus Antioch Apamea Arabia archaeological army pay Aurelius Byzantine camp cash Cassius Dio centurion civic civilian population coinage coins cult Cyrrhus dedication denarii Dibsi Faraj Diocletian discussed Dura Final Report Dura-Europos early eastern frontier economy epigraphic ethnic Euphrates evidence Excavations Final Report 5.1 fortifications fortress cities fourth century garrison Greek Hatra Hellenistic Ibid IGLS imperial important inscriptions Isaac Kifrin late Roman later empire Latin legio II Parthica legio IIII Scythica legionary legionary bases legions Libanius Limes Mesopotamia Millar Nisibis Notitia Dignitatum officials Palmyra Palmyrene papyrus Parthian perhaps Persian pottery probably Procopius production provinces recruitment refers reign Rhesaina Roman army Roman empire Roman Military Roman Near East Roman Syria second century A.D. Seleucia Pieria settlement Severus Singara soldiers and civilians southern Syria status suggests Syria and Mesopotamia Syrie Tchalenko Temple third century A.D. tion troops Ulpia urban veterans vexillations wall Zeugma
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