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tifying principle: by it a man becomes a living man, fruitful in good works. Truth is seed; good is ground. Truths merely from thought will lie alone and rot. We may have knowledge in abundance, but if we have not a holy desire of good, our souls will be evil and barren: whereas if good salt be plentifully cast upon the ground—if we desire to do the good of truth, then these knowledges will take root, spring up luxuriantly, and bring forth an abundant harvest. The fructifying principle of mental salt is plainly taught us in many passages of the holy Word. We select one from 2 Kings, chap. 2, verse 19 to 21: “ The men of Jericho said to Elisha, Behold, the situation of the city is good; but the waters are evil and the ground barren. And he said unto them, Bring a new cruse, and put salt therein; and they brought it to him, and he went forth to the spring of the waters, and cast the salt in there, and said, Thus saith the Lord, I have healed these waters; there shall not be from thence any more death or barren land." The prophet Elisha represents the Lord in reference to the Word. Jericho, being near to Jordan, which was the boundary of the land of Canaan, represents the boundary of the human mind,—the external, the natural man. Water denotes truth; earth represents good; a new cruse, or vessel, the knowledges of good and truth; and salt a love of good,-a desire to live the truth. From this short explanation we may see that spiritual salt bas a fructifying principle. Our first knowledges of good and truth are received into our external mind, -our natural principle. These knowledges, acquired in the first stages of regeneration, as also the good acts which we at that time perform, are not in reality good or true; they are lifeless and barren; merely natural; they arise from our own love of self. “These waters of Jericho are bitter;" neither is there in us any living spiritual good productive of living faith—of genuine charity ; but “ the land is barren.” If any reader of this paper should be mourning this his unproductive and evil state, saying to himself, “ the waters are bitter and the land is barren,”—“O, wretched man that I am; who shall deliver me from this body of sin and death ?” go to the prophet Elisha—the Word of God—the Lord Jesus Christ, and supplicate counsel of him. Listen to his words: “Bring a new cruse, and put salt therein ;" “Have salt in yourselves ;” “Cast forth the salt at the spring, the going forth of the waters ;” then you shall be saved from this bitterness and barrenness. Exercise a desire to live the truth you have received in your external mind; then you will drink of the waters of Jericho—the literal truths of the Word, and become fruitful in works really good. By the means of this spiritual salt your works will be
acts of true living charity; your knowledges of truth will be saving, and you will bring forth fruit to perfection.
3. Salt possesses a conjoining principle. It is by virtue of this its uniting property, that the uses we have referred to are effected. Salt conjoins all things. In the arts and manufactures it is very extensively employed as a uniting medium, connecting bodies which otherwise could never be joined together.
Thousands of men in this town, employed in making silver plated articles of jewellery, and in what is here called the gilt toy trade, are in the daily practice of using salt for the purpose of uniting metals. A lump of copper has to be plated with silver. By covering the copper with a medium, a salt, a flux of borax, it will, when placed in a suitable degree of heat, readily take the silver; salt being the conjoining medium. In this instance, as also in a thousand other cases, we may see how the science of correspondence is adapted to raise the mind's contemplations from natural and worldly objects to things spiritual and heavenly. Every thing in our daily employ, in our recreations, imparts a blessing when it is made useful; and every thing around us can be made to aid us in working out our salvation, if God be in our thoughts, if we are spiritually minded.
The science of correspondence teaches us that copper represents natural good that good which is obtained through our connections in civil society, such as obedience to parents and masters, attendance to the external ceremonies of religion --all that is commonly termed morality. Silver represents spiritual truth-truth obtained not through the external mind, but from within- from God,--truth that is living, saving. The Lord, in his merciful providence, has so ordered outward circumstances, that every one of us has more or less of this natural goodness-this copper, which is the foundation upon which the holy influences of heaven can operate: but this natural good—this copper, if it be not united with spiritual truth, can never preparé us for heaven. How can our minds be made spiritual? What means are to be used in order that they may be covered over with spiritual good and truth -the gold and the silver of heaven? The answer is this. Let the copper-natural good, be coated over with a flux of salt-holy desire; then the two principles will readily unite; then we shall be adorned with silver-decorated with the beautiful ornaments of spiritual truth and of good; with bracelets upon our hands, that is, the power derived from divine truth; a chain of gold on our necks--the conjunction of all things in our internal and external minds; ear-rings in our ears-practical obedience to the laws of heaven; and a beautiful crown upon
our heads- wisdom from the Lord ruling and blessing our whole soul.
Take another instance of the conjoining property of salt. In the manufactures of soap, so extensively carried on in this town, the two principal ingredients employed are fat, or oil, and water. Now oil and water, of themselves, cannot be made to unite; it is impossible. Introduce a salt-potash, and they will mix with the greatest readiness, and form soap, an article so essential for cleanliness and comfort. In this case, as in the former, salt is the conjoining medium. Fat and oil correspond to good, and water to truth. And as oil and water cannot be united without a medium-salt, so also good and truth cannot form a one, so as to be the means of purifying our hearts, unless they be united with a heavenly salt-a holy desire. We may have what the world calls goodness; we may have truths in abundance; but unless we have this spiritual desire—this desire of good and truth, and thus unite truth in the understanding with good in the will, we shall remain unwashed and unprepared for heaven: while on the other hand, if good and truth be united by the salt of desire, then we shall stand at the last with those who have washed their robes—wbo have purified their hearts. Again; the salt of holy desire not only conjoins the principles of good and of truth in the minds of individuals, but it is also the grand connecting medium by which Christians are united together in church-fellowship. Without this salt, we may assenble together in the same place, join externally in the same prayers and praises, hear the same sermons, be called by the same name, profess the same faith, and still be internally disunited. We may profess to believe that the Lord Jesus Christ is the only God of heaven and earth, see the errors of the Old Church, and be able to vindicate the doctrines of the New Dispensation ; but if we have no desire to live the life of truth-' to put on the beautiful garments of Jerusalem, by uniting the acknowledgement of truth in the mind with the love of God and of our neighbour in the heart,' how can we be truly members of the New Jerusalem ?
A mere profession of truth will never unite a man with his brother: there must be the desire of truth and of good; especially should this affection be in activity when assembled in holy worship. The Word of the Lord is imperative, "Every oblation of thy meat-offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat-offering. With all thy offerings thou shalt offer salt.” And if we obey this command, there will then be no separations, no divisions, no contention, no ill-feeling, no party-spirit, no jealousy; but the “ brethren will dwell together in unity:" having“ salt in ourselves,” we shall be at peace one with another.
Again. The existence of this spiritual salt in our minds, will give efficiency to all our aim at usefulness. Certain metals --copper, zinc, for instance, and leather, placed in water, will produce a galvanic effect; but it will be very feeble. Dissolve a salt in the water; introduce nitric acid, or the acetous acid, and the effect will be very powerful. Just so it is in spiritual things. If we have salt in ourselves, although our numbers may be few and our means limited, we shall produce the best of ends, with the most powerful effects. Our works will be labours of charity-deeds of love, and we shall operate powerfully on all those • whose hearts God hath stirred up.' Again, By this holy medium all the inhabitants of all the heavens form a One; the inhabitatants of heaven are all closely united together. What is it that conjoins them? It is the salt of pure desire. One heart, one soul pervades all the angelic host. There no one lives to himself; there separate interests are unknown; but each believes and acts upon the principle that it is more blessed to give than to receive. Thus desire, like salt, has a conjoining principle.
4. Salt excites the appetite by making food savoury. If food be eaten without salt, without a relish, an appetite for it, it does not so fully give its nutritious properties, or incorporate with the body. The same is true spiritually. If the good and truth of the holy Word be received without relish or savour—without the salt of desire, it cannot be incorporated with the life; because nothing can live in a man but what he loves—but what he receives with affection, with spiritual relish and savour.
Lest this paper should be extended to a wearisome length, I would merely observe
5. Salt has a purifying quality. This is well known to refiners of metals, &c. &c. So it is with the desire of truth for good.
6. Salt has a fiery principle. And what is desire ? The very fire of love.
Thus it is very evident that salt corresponds to desire : for as salt has a preserving principle; a fructifying principle, a conjoining principle, a purifying principle, and a fiery principle, and also renders food savoury; so also desire. By desire, the truth and the good in our minds are preserved from corruption; we are fruitful in every good work; the heavenly marriage of good and truth is celebrated; and we are adorned with the rings, the jewels, the beautiful crown of wisdom, love, and use. We enjoy the pleasant sight of brethren dwelling together in unity; we extend the sphere of the New Jerusalem; the truths of the holy Word become incorporated in our life; we are refined from all unholy loves; we are saved from lukewarmness, and burn with boly heavenly love. “ Have salt in yourselves.” Birmingham.
HEAR THE CHURCH. THE watchword of the day in the clerical world, appears to be, “ Hear the church.” To the definite article a strong emphasis is given, and the words are pronounced with an elevation of voice, and sometimes with a gravity of tone, by lips ecclesiastic, which, as it passes reverberant in lines of reflection from point to point of the sacred edifice, seems to say in babbling echoes, “ The Church,—the Church of England.” The words, the church, from frequent repetition, are become so familiar to the ear, whether read from the gospels, epistles, or the sermon, that, with the idea of exclusiveness so often taught to be annexed thereto, the mind roves not beyond the pale of this contracted sphere. But should we concede to the postulatum of its apostolicity*, still it would be but a comparatively small branch. Yet, greater stress could not be laid upon the words even if Paul or Peter had addressed an epistle exclusively to the Church of England by name. Alas for the orthodox! It was not in being. But now it is “divided against itself.” Their contentions respecting Peter, or Paul, as to which is the patron saint, or Primitive Primate, is of little importance:—some incline to Peter only; others to both. It would be well if such as cry, “Hear the Church,” in the restricted sense above named, would hear Peter with attention, where he says, “ There were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in dangerous heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them.” “ And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you.” (The epistle is general.) Let such as incline to both, as
** If the full and entire meaning of the term episcopal succession were, that since the time of the apostles there have existed an uninterrupted series of men called bishops, this would be a true statement. Still, it must be remembered that in this sense, the fact of a presbyterial deaconical succession would be quite as capable of proof as episcopal succession." Hints for the Revival of Scripture Principles in the Anglican Church. By the Rev. George Bird, Rector of Cumberworth. (A recent work.)