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misled a pious man to deal more licentiously and irreverently with God's Holy Word, than a real scholar would feel himself authorized to do, in editing any work of profane antiquity,
The Magazine for the Children of the New Jerusalem Church, espe
cially designed for the Children of the Sunday and Day Schools of the Church. To appear on the first day of every month, price one
Penny. 32 pp. NUMEROUS and various are the efforts now made to spread the truth of the doctrines of the New Church ; but none are, probably, so well directed as those which tend to prepare the minds of children for the reception of the pure doctrines of Christianity. Accordingly the subject of education has ever been a favourite theme with the members of the New Church, and Sunday and day schools have always awakened the most lively interest in the minds of every individual who has at heart the prosperity and peace of the New Jerusalem. Many publications adapted to the capacities of youth have of late made their appearance; all of which are written in the spirit of the New Church, and convey, in a simple and interesting form, the truths and sentiments of the New Dispensation. We hail the Magazine before us as the harbinger of much future good. Our children in the Sunday and Day schools, and especially the teachers, have often laboured under much inconvenience from the want of suitable books in every respect unobjectionable; but this desideratum will now in some measure be supplied by the monthly appearance of this little messenger of truth and of love. Small essays and treatises on spiritual and heavenly topics, and interesting narratives, embodying the life, practice, and example of genuine Christianity, will no doubt appear, which will be read with interest and delight in the classes of our schools. We consequently entreat our ministers and literary friends to send their contributions to the editors of this periodical. Whenever they can find a flower fragrant with heavenly sentiment, or a gem brilliant with genuine intelligence, we hope they will send it to this little repository, that it may circulate amongst thousands of children, and be the conductor of some heavenly blessing to their minds.
This Magazine, we should observe, is one of the first-fruits of the Sunday School Union, established amongst the societies of the New Church in Lancashire; and there is every prospect that it will answer the purpose of a Juvenile Magazine, which has been so often named in
Conference as a desideratum to be supplied. Every family, therefore, should encourage this periodical; and in what manner can children be induced to spend a penny more profitably and more wisely than in purchasing this little herald of glad tidings and of peace ? · The contents of the first number are,-1. A little child shall lead them. 2. Christmas Day. 3. On Heaven and its Employments. 4. On the Metals mentioned in the Word of God. 5. Jesus everywhere.
The Magazine is illustrated by wood-cuts, of which there are two in the present number: we cannot, however, say that they are embellishments. If wood-cuts are to be continued, they must be of a superior design and exccution, to do credit to the work, and to suit the taste of the present day. Manchester.
LETTERS FROM A TRAVELLER IN THE tention to the duty of prayer, and the East.–LETTER VII.- To the Editors, reverence and sincerity with which they &c. - Gentlemen, - Our voyage from seemed to address themselves to their Joppa to Alexandria was long and te. Maker. The Mohammedan prays, or dious. With favourable winds and wea. should pray, five times a day. Wherever ther, it would scarcely have occupied he may be, in public or private, he spreads three days; but as we had contrary winds, his cloth before him, turns his face to. it was only after eight days that we ar- wards Mecca, and performs this pious rived at our destination. We reached duty. There is no one to question his Alexandria on the 9th of July, 1840. sincerity, or object to him in any way;
During the passage my attention was unless perchance some European, denaturally turned to the character and void himself of pious feelings, should conduct of our Arab master and crew, choose to sneer at him. I saw one who professed the Mohammedan re- day a Christian act so shamefully and ligion. They were very illiterate, as they offensively, as to go and stand before a all seemed unable to read or write. They Mussulman at prayer, and mimic what were rugged in their habits; but still they he considered his antics ; but the supseemed very unsophisticated, and free plicant was in no degree discomposed, from vice and immorality. They were nor did he afterwards think of resenting temperate, as a matter of course, and I in any wise such a piece of atrocious never saw any thing unfriendly in their behaviour. But how gratifying to witintercourse with one another. The cap- ness such evidences of piety among seatain, or reis, as the Arabs call a ship- faring men, especially if we call to mind master, was very kind to his men, and as what the habits are of seamen in vessels sociated with them as their equal, while belonging to our own country! his orders were always obeyed with It may not be improper here to repromptitude. They were all quite af- cord my thankfulness, on the occasion fable and friendly to us, and did their of having, through the Divine mercy, utmost to promote our comforts. But escaped a shipwreck with which we were what especially pleased me was their at. threatened during the night before arriving at our destination. As our il- some instances, united themselves with literate captain kept no reckoning, ex. Turks or Egyptians, who, on their part, cept in his head, and took no solar ob- allow their wives the free enjoyment of servations, he found himself far wide their religion, and of their previous cusof the intended port, when he first made toms and habits. I was told that Moland. We had then to coast it south, hammedans, in the more educated and ward, and to pass by rocks which were respectable classes, were becoming very level with the water's edge. In the liberal in their religious sentiments; darkness of the ensuing night, the wind disregarding many precepts of the Koran, being high and the sea rough, it was sud- as to matters of an external nature, and denly discovered that we were near to, or confining themselves, in a great degree, to among some rocks of this kind. An its moral acquirements ; refining also awful shriek from the master, instantly their system until it nearly approximated, roused his men, who flew to the ropes, in its spirit, to what Unitarianism is in put the vessel about, and we escaped. England. It was even said that some
Next morning, the beautiful city of were falling into Deism. The Pacha, in Alexandria was before us; and in due the exercise of his liberal feelings totime we were at anchor in the harbour wards Christians, had given to the EnWe were happy to learn that the plague glish residents a choice spot of ground, had, in a great degree, subsided ; but we in the centre of the town, for the erection also learnt, to our deep regret, that as of a Protestant church. we had come from Jaffa, where a case of Of ancient Alexandria there is but plague was reported to have occurred some little left. A wide scene of desolation six weeks before, we must go into quaran. is nearly all that we now behold of the tine. We were accordingly taken to the great and splendid city which once stood lazzaret, a portion of which had been here. The busy hum of an immense converted into a plague hospital, and population was once heard here : the city confined a fortnight. On being released, counted four thousand palaces, four thouwe repaired to an English hotel outside sand baths, and four hundred squares ; the city, that we might have as little but all is gone. I remembered, and connection as possible with a town where mourned for the destruction of the magthe plague still prevailed, and where nificent library it contained, which was it had recently been raging to so great an an irreparable loss. I may say, for the extent.
reader not versed in history, that in this This city has partly assumed a Euro.. city, so famed for learning, there once pean character, occasioned by the great
existed a library numbering seven huninflux of Christians from the west, and the dred thousand volumes, and replete with liberal administration of the present ruler. very rare and valuable books. More He, Mehemet Ali, has done, and is still than the half of these were burnt on an doing, much to improve his people in some occasion when the city had been taken respects ; the result of which is, that more by its enemies; and the rest met a activity, intelligence, and liberality are similar fate in the seventh century, seen among the people here, than any on the introduction of Islamism, when where else in the Turkish dominions. I this city was taken by the Persians. The had the pleasure to see this Pacha, and conqueror Amrou would fain have spared was greatly pleased with his personal the library; but his master, the Calif appearance.
Omar, said, “If these books contain It was striking to see in this city so no more than what is in the Koran, they friendly an intercourse between men of are useless; if they contain any thing the Christian and Mohammedan re- contrary to it, they are dangerous : let ligions. Intermarriages take place, and them be destroyed.” They accordingly ladies even of my own country have, in became fuel for the ovens and public baths, and fed their fires several months. surprised and interested me in this ex-** Thus perished the most valuable collec. tensive dockyard; but I wish to relate tion of books the world ever saw. From the following circumstance, to introduce the commencement of Mohammedan rule, which, I am speaking of this visit. Bethe city, with its learning, arts, science, fore leaving the yard, in the afternoon and commerce, began its decline, and of the day, my curiosity led me to look gradually fell, until it became a place into an old edifice, overgrown with ivy, of insignificance. One consideration sug- which proved to be a mosque ; and a gests itself on this subject, which is this: number of workmen, belonging to the the city, with all its greatness, fame, and yard, were engaged in worship. Others learning, was still a place where idolatry soon came to perform their ablutions at and the grossest superstitions prevailed, the door, preparatory to joining them. and even Christianity had sadly fallen To my attendant, one of the masters from its primitive purity. The religion there, and one of the men who had reof Mohammed, notwithstanding its er sided in England, principally at Portsrors, and its tendency to extinguish learn - mouth, many years, I expressed my ing and science, contained, perhaps, within agreeable surprise, to find such a spirit it less of what was false and evil, than of piety among their people. I then said what there was in most, if not all, the to him, for he spoke English well, “Be systems, before prevailing. It denounced good enough now to tell me, what the idolatry, and set up the doctrine and state of morality is among the people maintained it, that God is one, and that here, as compared with those in England, a good life, in obedience to his laws, is where you have resided.” He replied in the great essential of religion.
a deliberate and emphatic manner, “ The It was hither, when the city was in comparison, sir, is in favour of the peothe zenith of its fame, that Mark, the ple here. I assure you there is no im• Evangelist, is related to have come and morality here except it be from necessity." resided, that he might introduce the re- He of course alluded to his own countryligion of his Divine Master, and that he men, and men of his own religion, for he succeeded in establishing the first and was a Mohammedan. most celebrated of the patriarchal church. From Alexandria I set out for Cairo, es. Afterwards Clement, Origen, and the capital of Egypt, by the way of the many others lived and laboured here, river Nile. The scenery of this river, the and shone as lights in the church. The Sihor of the Scriptures, was novel and religion of Jesus flourished for some peculiar, but not very imposing. We centuries ; but at length the religion of occasionally halted at the mud built vil. the crescent superseded it. The city now lages on the banks of it, and found the seems to have begun its regeneration people very peaceable and friendly. They Several thousands of Christians inhabit were, however, miserably clad, and it, principally Catholics from Europe. seemed very idle and wretched, notwithThe Egyptian Christians, called Copts, standing the fine fertile country, and are few. All religions are perfectly the abundance amid which they lived. free.
Cairo, at which we arrived in three I accepted one day an invitation to days, is a city very different in its apvisit the dockyard of this city, and wit- pearance from that which I had left, beness the proficiency which they have at- ing very old, and quite of an oriental tained in the building of ships, and in character. It is splendid, however, and making various objects required in navi has a religious aspect, from the number gation and naval warfare. It is known of mosques it contains, which are said that Mehemet sent a number of youths to be nearly four hundred. The people some years ago to England, that they were formerly very fanatical, and averse might study several branches of science, to Christians ; but at present all Euro. especially ship-building. Many things peans can visit it, reside there, and peram
N. S. NO. 26.-VOL. 3.
bulate the town in perfect feedom. After small schools for children in this city, two days I visited the pyramids which established under the auspices of misare distant ten miles from the city ; but sionary societies, but I did not visit I must not enter into details respecting them. these stupendous monuments of antiquity. I paid a visit to the slave market, Of the ancient city Memphis, the resi. which is rather plentifully supplied with dence of Pharaoh, situated not very far unfortunate beings from Upper Egypt, from these pyramids, but few traces and the countries beyond it. This traffic are left.
prevails, I think, in all countries where At a distance of four miles from Cairo, Mohammedans have the dominion. They is a village pamed Mataryeh, celebrated say that their religion recognizes it as as a place where Joseph and Mary, with consistent with order and justice. This, the holy Infant, staid a short time, when I believe, is a fact,-a fact so strong that they had come from Judea into Egypt. even the rulers in these countries cannot Here stood, in ancient times, the city of put the traffic down, however they may On, whence Asenath came, whom Pha- desire it, so tenacious are the people of raoh gave as a wife to Joseph. After their religion, which is always to be one wards Joseph and Mary went, according with the civil law. The ruler of Egypt to tradition, and resided until Herod's has distinctly declared, that the power of death, in a spot now shewn as ancient the teachers of Islamism is so great, or Cairo. There, in a large monastery, à the precepts they teach from the Koran, grotto is shewn as their dwelling place. are so deeply rooted in the minds of his
There is an English missionary at subjects, that he cannot abolish slavery Cairo, to whom I paid a visit. On en- in his dominions. quiring how far he was successful, he I regret to have to say, in connection answered that the mission there “ par with the foregoing fact, that I saw but took of the character of other Mediterra- little indication of any desire on the part nean missions ;' which meant, in plain of this Pacha, to improve his people in a terms, that he met with little or no suc- moral point of view. In the matter of cess. He officiated on the sabbaths to education there is very little done, no a few English residents. He observed periodicals printed, nothing done under that some half a dozen Mohammedans his auspices that I could discover, beyond would come in a secret manner, to gain what relates to manufactures, and the a little scientific instruction, especially in most external sciences. The lower classastronomy, but not at all to enquire about es of his people are generally in a very religion. They came secretly because of degraded state ; and yet they seem very the dread prevailing among men of this moral, and obedient to the laws. I was religion, with respect to the study of surprised to see the order prevailing science among Christians, lest the idea among an immense assembly of people, should be proved, that the sun does not on the opening of the bank of the Nile turn round the earth, which would, as at Cairo, which took place this year they imagine, by giving the lie to Mo- during my stay. When the water has hammed, be the ruin of his religion. At attained a certain height in this season, the same time, this prophet, I think, they open the bank, or cut the Calige, teaches his followers to eschew worldly as they term it, that the water may flow wisdom generally, as being detrimental into the innumerable channels made in to the soul. Their fear with respect to the country for its admission, that they the sun, will doubtless subside in time, may irrigate the soil. A great concourse and the same arguments be made use of of people assemble from various parts, to overcome this difficulty, as are em. to celebrate such a joyful event. I was ployed by Christians in regard to their witness to a great deal of what took place own book of revealed wisdom.
on this interesting occasion, during half There are, I think, three or four a day, and an entire night, and was much