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ber 666 in the Hebrew name Evivas, * which he interprets “ one that points out serpents.” + Benedict, a name assumed by several of the popes, also contains this number, if we write it BeveixTOS, I an orthography allowed by the Greeks. $ But it is evident, if the popes be intended by the Beast, that the name of any one bishop, or set of bishops, should not be selected for the purpose of determining what is meant by the number; but a name which comprises the whole of them. Valent. Ernest. Læscher, finds the number 666 in Pope Boniface III. by writing it in the following manner: Bovilacios , Lára En, e. e. a. || which, without contractions, is Boνίβαζιος Γ, Πάπα Ξή, επίσκοπος επισκοπών, πρώτος, that is to say,

“ Boniface the third, the sixty-eighth Pope, and first bishop of bishops.” 1 Grotius fancied that he found this num

* E, 5, , 400, 4, 10, , 50, a, 1, s, 200,=666.

+ Ελίνας ερμενεύεται, ο δείξας οφείς, ου ο αριθμός χξς'. In Libro de Nominibus Hebraicis, Tom. II. page 158. Edit. Paris. 1699.

#B, 2, 8, 5, ~, 50, €, 5, 8, 4, 6, 10, x, 20, T, 300, 0, 70, s, 200, =666.

See Bengelii Gnomon, in Apoc. xiii. 18. and Dosith. Patres Hierosol. Lib. viii. c. 10.

| B, 2, 0, 70,, 50, 5, 10, 6, 2, 2, 1, 5, 7, 1, 10, 0, 70, s, 200, T, 3, II, 80, 2, 1, 77, 80, 2, 1, 2, 60, 7, 8, €, 5, &, 5, 2, 1, 866. See Wolfii, Tom. Cur. p. 548.

1 I am not aware that Bovilacios, with respect to its orthography, is supported by a single authority from any Greek wri. ter. I have only met with the Greek name for Boniface in two forms, viz. Bornpatios and Bovigários, the former in the Biblio.

ber in Ogamos, à name of Trajan, the Roman em: peror.

* But in this he is certainly mistaken, as the final sigma which he makes to stand for only six in the arithmetical computation of this word, was never sø valued by the Greeks; as proofs of which we need only refer to the ancient examples ygaūg, 'Inpolls, and Aditivos; which contain the respective numbers 704, 888, and 666, the sigma being taken in each of the words for 200. + Martin Luther being thought by several to be the Beast, his name has been twisted different ways to make the number, the only instance of which thạt I have met with in the Greek computation is. A Négova, I a word made evidently for the purpose. The number 666 is also found in Sachveros, $ Saxon, Martin Luther being a Saxon by birth.·, Le Clerc, in his Additions to Hammond, finds the number in Aids Eiji "Hgas, || I belong to Jupiter or Juno ” It

theca of Photius, col. 196. Edit. Rothog. 1653, fol. and the lat. ter in Procop. Cæsar. de Bello Vandalico, and also in Const. Porphyrog. de Them. Imp. Orient. seu Antiq. C. P. Part. M. o. 24. p. 63.

0, 70, v, 400, 2, 30, T, 80, 1, 10, 0, 70, 5, 6,=666., + See Poli Synopsis Criticorum, in Apoc. xiii. 18.

$ 4, 30, 0, 70, w, 400, 4, 9, 8, 5, 2, 100, 1, , 50%, a., 1 666. See Selden's Works, Vol. II. Part. II. col: 1402, Luther's name in Greek is Artépos, and not A8 dépava. See Dosith. Patres Hierosol. Lib. xi. c. 2, § 2, 3, 4.

$ 2, 200, Cug 1, &, 60, 0, 70, V, 50, 2, 5, 6, 10, 0, 70, S9 200,– 666.

A, 4, 5, 10, 9, 70, $, 200, 6 5, 9, 10, 1, 40, 9, 10, 11, 8, H,8, A, 100, Chiny 1, s, 200, 666.

is also discovered in the Latin words Eeclesia Italica written in Greek characters. * It is also said to be contained in À áracóvela Brou, “ the eyil vaunting of life;" + but I can only find in it 665. I Mohammed's name has also been made to contain the number 666, by writing it Maóperis, or MoáusTISS Dr. Walmsley, the late titular bishop of Bath and Wells, copying from Massuet, approves of this word, and says that its orthography is acknowledged by Euthymius, and the Greek historians Cedrenus and Zonaras. || But there is nothing more false than this assertion ; for, of the seven different ways in which Mohammed's name is written in Euthymius and the Byzantine historians, not one is the orthography in question.

The seven different modes of writing this name are, Mwamet, Μωάμεθ, Μωάμεθ, Μεάμεδ, Μοάμεθ, Μεχούμετ, and Maxouuet. These words, with the number

* Ecclesia Italica, “ The Italian church," written in Greek characters is Exuagola Itanina, which is numbered as follows: E, 5, X, 20, x, 20, 1, 30, 7, 8, 6, 200, 5, 10, 2, 1, 6, 10, 7, 300, O, 1, 1, 30, 6, 10, x, 20, a, 1,=666. See Fulke's Rhemish Testament, in loc. and Piscator's notes, ib.

+ See Selden's Works, Tom. II. Part. 11. col. 1402.

In, 8, a, 1, , 30, a, 1, 3, 7, 0, 70, , 50, 8, 5, 6, 10, a, 1, B, 2, 5, 10, 0, 70, 0, 400,=665.

$M, 40, a, 1, 0, 70, Nin 40, €, 5, 7, 300, 6, 10, s, 200,=666; and M, 40, 0, 70, a, 1, 4, 40, , 5, 7, 300, 5, 10, 5, 200, =666.

|| Gen. Hist. of the Church, p. 366. Edit. 1771; and Iren. adv. Hæreses, à Domno Renato Massuet, Edit. Paris. 1710. p. 200. Varior. Annot.

contained in each, and the authorities by which they are sanctioned, are as below: Μωάμετ :

=1186 Euthymius. * Μωάμεθ = 890 Nicetas, Cedrenus, Euthy

mius. +
Μωάμεθ = 895 Cananus, Zonaras, and Eu-

thymius. I
Μοάμεδ = 560 Theophanes. $
Μοάμεθ = 565 Cons. Porphyrogenitus. |

* Μεχμέτ είτεν Μωάμετ, Muchumet, or Moamet. Biblio. theca Patrum, Tom. IX. p. 308. Edit. Paris. 1624.

+ Αναθεματίζω την του Μωάμεθ βλασφημίαν, I anathematize the blasphemy of Mohammed. Ibid. p. 286. Nicetæ Saracenica.

Μωάμεθ, και των Σαρακηνών αρχηγός, ψευδοπροφήτης, Mohammed, the prince and false-prophet of the Saracens. Georgii Cedreni Historiarum Compendium.

Ούτος ο Μωάμεθ, ο και Μεχούμετ, this Mohammed, also named Muchumet. Ibid.

1 Τας βίβλος του Μωάμεθ, the books of Mohamet. Joannis Canani De Bello Constantinopolitano.

Μωάμεθ και των Σαρακηνών φύλαρχος, Mohamet, the ruler of the Saracens. Joannis Zonaræ Annales, Lib. xiv. c. 7.

και Μεαμέδ, των Σαρακηνών αρχηγός, Muamed, the prince of the Saracens. Theophanis Chronographia, p. 220. Edit. Ven. 1720, Edit. Par. p. 276. Byzant. Histor. - Bibliotheca Patrum, Τom. ΙΧ. p. 289, Edit. Paris. 1624..

| Εις τους αυτούς χρόνος πρώτος αρχηγός των Αράβων Μεάμεθ, όν οι Αραβες καλούσι Μεχούμετ, ο και προφήτης αυτών χρηματίσας, εκράτησε της αρχής των Αράβων έτη εννέα, About these times the first prince of the Arabs was Muameth, whom the Arabs call Muchumet, who being also divinely appointed their prophet, held the empire of the Arabs nine years. Constantini Porphyrogeniti De Administrat. Imperii Orientalis, Pars 11.

cap. 16.

Μεχούμε, = 1925 Cons. Porphyrogenitus, Eu

thymius, Cananus, Cedrenus, Ni

cetas. Μαχούμετ = 1456 Cantacuzenus. + Hioam finds the number 666 in the surname of the present French emperor, by absurdly writing it BouvetagTM; I and Wrangham has fancied it to be contained in the Greek word 'ATOOτατης, και an apostate.” But in this he is certainly mistaken ; for the Greeks, in their icompía, never counted the s six, but 500, as is evident in the word tegisegà, “a dove,” which Irenæus informs us contains the number 801 ; || but if the s had been taken for six, this word could only be said to contain the number 397.1 The editor of a late

*

Περί της γενεαλογίας του Μεχούμετ, of the genealogy of Muchumet. Const. Porphyrog. De Adminis. Imp. Orient. Park II. cap. 14.

+ Τω επτακοσιοσω πεντηκοσώ έτει τού Μαχούμετ, In the seven hundred and fiftieth year of Machumet. Joannis Cantacuzeni Historiæ, Lib. iv. cap. 14.

I B, 2, 0, 70, V, 50, V, 50, €, 5, 7, 80, 2, 1, p, 100, T, 300, 7, 8,=666.

§ He numbers this word as follows: A, 1, T, 80, 0, 70, 5, 6, Aug 1, T, 300, , 8, 9, 200,=666.

See before, page 50. 1 If s be reckoned only six, this word will be thus numbered: Tt, 80, £, 5, P, 100, 1, 10, 5; 6, , 5, P, 100, , 1,=397. Another example in which the s is counted 500, and not 6, is found in Jerome's commentary on the eighth chapter of Zechariah, where επτακισχιλίες and Χριστιανούς are said to contain each the number 1946. This is not an example of the icoyimpia,

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