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said to the Jews, “ Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?” For he knew that for envy they had delivered him. When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, “ Have thou nothing to do with that just man : for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.” But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. Pilate saith unto them, “ What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ?” They all say unto him, “Let him be crucified.” And the governor said, “Why, what evil hath he done?” But they cried out the more, saying, “ Let him be crucified.” When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, “ I am innocent of the blood of this just person : see ye to it.”

Then answered all the people and said, “ His blood be on us, and on our children." a What surprising blindness and hardness of heart !



THEN Pilate took Jesus, and scourged him; and the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head ; and they put on him a purple robe, and said, “ Hail, King of the Jews !” and they smote him with their hands. Pilate then went forth again, and saith unto them, “ Behold, I bring him forth to you,

that ye may know that I find no

a Matt. xxvii. 11-25.

fault in him.” Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, “ Belold the man !” When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify him, crucify


him.” Pilate saith unto them, “ Take ye him, and crucify him : for I find no fault in him.” The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.” When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid ; and went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, “ Whence art thou ?” But Jesus gave him no

Then saith Pilate unto him, “ Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?” Jesus answered, “ Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.” And from thenceforth



Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, “ If thou let this man go, thou art not Cesar's friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Cesar.” a When Pilate heard that saying, he delivered Jesus to be crucified. And they took him and led him away, bearing his cross.

And there followed him a great multitude of people, and of women, who bewailed and lamented him. But Jesus turning unto them, said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry ? ”b


37. And when they came to a place called Golgotha, (the place of a skull,) they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh. That was an intoxicating drink which was usually given to condemned prisoners before they were executed, in order to diminish their sufferings. But Jesus desired to retain his full consciousness, and therefore he would not drink of it.

Thus then was He, our Saviour, the only pure and holy One, suspended on the cross, and his hands and feet pierced with nails. For my sins and thy sins was this done, and for the sins of the whole world. With him were crucified two malefactors; one on his right hand, and the other on his left. Roman soldiers were the perpetrators of this dreadful deed. But Jesus said, “ Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do."

a John xix. 1-12.

Luke xxiii. 27-30.

The soldiers then took his garments, and divided them into four parts, to every soldier a part; but his coat (his under garment) was without seam, woven in one piece. They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be." a

And Pilate caused a superscription to be placed over the cross of Jesus, which was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin ; and it was, “ Jesus of Nazareth the king of the Jews.” But the people, and the chief priests, and the soldiers reviled him, and said, “ If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.' One of the malefactors, also, which were hanged, railed on him, and said, “ If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.” But the other answering, rebuked him, saying, “ Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds : but this man hath done nothing amiss.” And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.” And Jesus said unto him, “Verily I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in paradise.” b

Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by whom Jesus loved, he saith unto his mother, “ Woman, behold thy son !" Then saith he to the disciple, “ Behold thy mother.” And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home. c

* Luke xxiii. 34.

6 Luke xxiii. 39-43. c John xix. 25–27.

And at the sixth hour, (twelve o'clock at noon,) there was darkness over the whole land, which continued until the ninth hour, (three o'clock in


the afternoon.) And about the ninth hour, Jesus cried with a loud voice, “My God, my God! why hast thou forsaken me?” After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst.” Now there was set there a vessel full of vinegar ; and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon a reed, and put it to his mouth. When Jesus had received the vinegar, he said, “ It is finished.” And he cried aloud, and said, “Father, into thy

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