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cure the compliance of Hooper : for with
whole heart, God is my witnine months was this absurd point ness, in the bowels of Christ I love urged upon the patriarch of the Pu- you, and in truth, for the truth's sake ritans, but without effect. They then which abideth in us, and, as I am perprocured an order of council to con- suaded shall, by the grace of God, fine him to his own house, till at last abide with us for evermore” (Letters the king, whose views were always of the Martyrs, page 32). puritanical, interfered, and sent a royal In erecting therefore a memorial at order, dispensing with all the cere- Oxford to the three martyrs, let not monies and garments required in the these facts of history be forgotten : episcopal consecration ; but the bi- those good men were indeed servants shops contrived to postpone the con- of the Lord, and according to their secration for eight months longer, measure of light, they pursued that when a compromise was made, Hooper policy which they supposed was wisest agreeing to appear in the prelatical and safest in changing the national garb only at his consecration, or in religion ; but that policy was based on the presence of the king ; the robes incomplete views of the word of God; to be dispensed with on other occa- and the reformation would, humanly sions. This indeed was a miserable speaking, have been matured into controversy for the morning of the something mueh better but for the reformation ; and poor Ridley himself interruption by the Marian persecuafterwards saw and acknowledged his tion. If Edward VI. had lived ten error, when bloody Mary began to years longer, it seems highly probable darken the kingdom with the smoke that the national religion would have of her torments. His letter of recant- assumed a Presbyterian form. Bu ation to Hooper should never be for- all things are for the best. The Magotten : “ My dearly beloved brother rian persecution taught England what and fellow elder, whom I reverence Popery really is ; and the Elizabethan in the Lord, pardon me, I beseech Church, which is, in fact, the avowedyou, that hitherto, since your capti- ly incomplete system of Edward VI. vity and mine, I have not saluted you
untouched and unimproved in any by my letters; whereas I do indeed single item, has also been necessary confess I have received from you to teach us, by long and painful ex(such was your gentleness) two letters perience, the great evils of semi-papal at sundry times, but yet at such times ideas, and the sad effects of the union as I could not be suffered to write of Church and state. unto you again; or if I might have For the rest, it is certain that written, yet was I greatly in doubt, the Martyrs believed in baptismal lest my letters should not safely come regeneration and consubstantiation;
hands. But now, my dear and therefore it would seem a just but brother, forasmuch as I understand melancholy conclusion, that priests of by your works, which I have yet but the Oxford-Tract school ought to be superficially seen, that we thoroughly chosen to officiate in the new church agree, and wholly consent together in that is to be erected to the memory those things which are the grounds of the three prelates who bore witand substantial points of our religion, ness to the truth of the Protestant against which the world so furiously religion in the parish of St. Ebbe. rageth in these our days ; howsoever The British Review triumphs in in time past, in smaller matters and the article of baptism over its oppocircumstances of religion, your wis- nent the Christian Observer. We dom and my simplicity (I indeed con- make the following extract:- :-“ Equalfess it) have in some points varied : ly plain are the indications of heresy now I
be you assured, that even afforded in a review (in the Christian
Observer) of the recent life of Mr, SACERDOTAL VESTMENTS. THE Wilberforce. Its writers, it seems,
BRITISH MAGAZINE. employ the term baptismal seed,' whether intending to express the or- In opposing the popish spirit, it of dinary church doctrine of baptismal necessity falls within the compass of regeneration does not appear, but im- our duty to detect the workings of plying that some blessing accompanies superstition, in whatever quarter they the baptismal waters. Now what may be exhibited. This is an era of meaning can be attached to the bap- superstition, the cycle of deisidæmony tismal service by a reviewer who cen- has come round to us in its course,
even such a notion as this ? and after having passed through the What can be the meaning of praying age of clerical indifference, we that God would give his Holy Spirit now once again in the age of clerical to this infant,' if even when the in- superstition. The puerile follies which fant displays early marks of that Spirit, now find numerous advocates in the we may suppose it not given ? It has Oxford school, would not have been been objected unfairly to the church tolerated twenty years ago. The minds doctrine of baptism, that many who of the clergy were at that period adare washed with its waters display no verse to any movement that diverged outward signs of the renewing of the from the old beat of mechanical conHoly Spirit. But what a solemn formity, or was in any way
calculated mockery is the church's ordinance, if to attract attention, but now both we may not attribute to it any benefit, bishops and priests are on the advance even when it is followed, as in this towards Rome,and have eagerly entered case (Mr. Wilberforce's), by a religi- into that path, down which Archbishop ous childhood !
Laud was dragging the church, till “ Those who reason thus are not stopped by “ that two-handed engine likely to be very warmly attached to at the door,” which “stood ready to the letter of our service. No wonder strike one and strike no more.” The that there should be the anxiety, of old routine of dull and noiseless cerewhich we learn from the following cft- monies bequeathed to the church does repeated advertisement in the Record not now satisfy the clergy; and in newspaper, to strengthen themselves
every way they are endeavouring to by concert in the rejection of its ob- restore as much of the papal furniture vious meaning :
will bear. The tenor of “A clergyman would suggest, the correspondence which from time that, under God's blessing, good to time appears in the British Magamight result from an united protest zine, remarkably indicates the superagainst the doctrine of the regenera- stitious state of the clerical mind. tion of all infants in baptism, and Every number of that periodical more against the practice of applying the or less supplies us with proofs, and in services of the church to all persons some instances to a degree scarcely indiscriminately. He is induced by credible. The following extracts from the encouragement he has already met the December number may be taken with, to repeat this advertisement, as an average sample of these absurand will be glad to receive communi- dities, and it will scarcely be possible cations on the subject from clergymen to peruse tbem without reflecting on and lay members of the Church of the extraordinary phenomenon of a England, who are interested about it, grave and learned editor, seriously to whom he will immediately commu- publishing as matters of great impornicate his name. Address, post-paid, tance, these deplorable puerilities, R. c. 21, Rockingham-row, New which would excite pity if discovered Kent-road.' (Record, Nov. 5)." even in the Talmud or the ritual books
of the Bonzes. The writers are gen- both to Bingham and Palmer, it will tlemen, and scholars, and members of
be found that the terms are synonylearned universities, but so stupified mous-authorities which are confirmed are they with the nepenthe of the by Bishop Jebb, who, in his primary Romish dispensary, that they can, charge, mentions the tippet as being without any sense of the ridiculous, the same thing as the scarf. The without any hesitation or feeling of scarf is well known to be the stole of shame, enter con amore, into these the primitive church, and from a very subjects, and with a reality of feeling, early period has been considered a which, if witnessed in any non-eccle- part of the clerical dress. Latterly, siastical topic, would even to them- except in large towns, it has been in selves appear extremely ridiculous. general worn by chaplains and digniSuppose, for instance, that learned taries alone ; but I think that every correspondents in the Gentleman's person who will read the canons, and Magazine were to write solemn letters consult the authorities I have named about the proper, ancient, and orthodox on the subject, will readily grant that tie of a neckcloth ; the proper number every presbyter of the Church of of buttons to a dress coat; the proper England is entitled, and in conformity, name of a waistcoat, whether it should or rather obedience to canonical order, be entitled vest, doublet, or waistcoat; ought to wear, during the performance the proper colour for a gentleman's of divine service, the tippet or scarf. cane, and the proper sort of canes for • Believe me, says Bishop Jebb, 'my the different grades of society. Why, reverend brethren, it is in your power even the Oxford Tract Clergy would to do incalculable good by attention burst forth into merriment, and shake to particulars which at the first view Olympus with inextinguishable laugh- may appear unimportant, but which, ter. But for their own absurdities of by the wisest men, most deeply versed this sort, absurdities infinitely more in human nature, have been pronounced striking when viewed in connexion of the utmost moment ... the senses with the Christian religion, they have and imagination are constituent parts no eyes, no feeling, no sense. They of our nature; these, no less than the cannot deliver themselves and say, “is reason and affections, are to be enthere not a lie in my right hand.” listed in the service of religion ; and
if, through any neglect of ours, they “ Ecclesiastical Vestments."
fail to become the auxiliaries, it is but “Sir, I have been surprised at the too probable they will become the ignorance which generally prevails active and successful foes of our most upon the subject of one of the most holy faith!'” decent and unostentatious parts of the clerical dress—the scarf, having my
A Second Letter, entitled, “ On the self been often asked whether I was
Ornaments of the Ministers of the
Church. a chaplain to a nobleman or a bishop, because I wore over my surplice, in “Sir, I shall be glad to elicit from addition to my M. A.'s hood, a black some of your correspondents, inforsilk scarf, which by the canon is re- mation on the following points :commended to be worn by those who
1. What is the dress proper to be are not graduates, with this restriction, worn by ministers saying the public so it be not silk'—implying, as I con- prayers, and by preachers ; 2. What
ive, that graduates are alone per- is the origin of the full-sleeved gown ? mitted to wear the scarf made of that According the 58th canon, and Palmaterial. It is, indeed true, that what mer's Origines Liturgicæ, I apprehend we now call the scarf, is in the canon that when reading divine service, and termed the tippet ; but by referring administering the sacraments, the
LETTER OF GEORGE III. TO ARCH
minister should wear a surplice, over May God take your Grace into which, if a graduate, his hood; and if his Almighty protection. a priest, the scarf over both shoulders “ I remain, my Lord Primate, (as is usual); but if a deacon, over
“ Your gracious friend, the left shoulder only. In the pulpit,
“ G. R." some wear the gown of their degree; others, the full-sleeved gown. Again, This curious epistle ought not to be some wear the hood over the gown, forgotten in the history of the eighothers do not. I am not speaking of teenth century.
Many are the reflecthe practices in the University, for tions to which it would give rise on Oxford and Cambridge differ on this many subjects; but here we can only point, but in parish churches. My notice the imperious language in which own practice is to wear the gown of his Majesty did not scruple to address my degree, without the hood; but I the Primate, on a subject in which know that some who are great sticklers courtesy might concede, but the law for all things being done in a seemly could not enforce obedience. Taking and due order, maintain that the hood for granted as just and proper the should be worn over the gown. Who many
to be conceded in shall decide ?"
the relation between Christian monarch and his chief priest, it must be acknowledged that the king's motives were praiseworthy in administer
ing this royal rebuke to the fashionable A.D. 1772. archbishop. His Majesty's ignorance
of ecclesiastical history, or the piety “ My good Lord Primate. I could of his imagination, led him to ascribe not delay giving you the notification more sanctity to the archiepiscopal of the grief and concern with which palace than could be verified by refermy breast was affected, at receiving ence to the lives of the prelates who authentic information that routs have have occupied that abode of wealth made their way into your palace. At the same time, I must signify to you The structure of his Majesty's my sentiments on this subject, which sentences is certainly not the most hold these levities and vain dissipa- felicitous; but the art of letter-writing tions as utterly inexpedient, if not was not the lot of this monarch, or of unlawful, to pass in a residence for his successor. many centuries devoted to Divine The Record newspaper has been studies, religious retirement, and the complaining lately of the private extensive exercise of charity and bene- theatricals of Evangelical clergymen; volence; I add, in a place where so of their acting charades “in profesmany of your predecessors have led sedly religious families," in the garb their lives in such sanctity as has or costume of “a buffoon, or a banthrown lustre on the pure religion ditti." Some of the Non-evangelical they professed and adorned. From clergy have been brought before the the dissatisfaction with which you public by the same newspaper, as must perceive I behold these impro- “ the dancing clergy." Two lists of prieties, not to speak in harsher terms, these tripudiating functionaries have and in still more pious principles, I been published, to the no small scandal trust you will suppress them imme- of the Church of England. diately; so that I may not have occa- tantes Satyros imitabitur Alphesibæus." sion to shew any further marks of my displeasure, or to interfere in a different manner.
THE GENERAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE
and if it exRELIGIOUS EQUA- presses the style of political argument
usual amongst the Dissenting leaders;
if it is, in fact, an exact representation The remarks in our January Number, of their sentiments and feelings in on “ The General Association for the that political strife, into which they Promotion of Religious Equality, now rushing with impetuous have attracted no little attention. ardour, we should humbly, without The Patriot Newspaper began its much fear of contradiction from any labours for the year with a very serious Christian, assert that there is angry article against us, for having proof sufficient of the moral evil presumed to place any impediment in already introduced amongst the Nonthe way of the great car of the Dis- conformists by their system of agitasenting Juggernaut,* which is now tion. brought forth with concordant accla- As for the allegations contained in mation of all the sects. Without this passage, we let them pass, for naming the Inquirer, the Patriot even if they possessed the merit of quoted some of our sentences, and truth, they would not the least affect thus proceeded in its animadversions : the very serious question of Christian -“We will not impeach the since- duty involved in this controversy, rity, little as we can respect the con- which must be settled by other argusistency of parties who use this lan- ments than personal insinuations. guage, while, in the pursuit of gain, The Patriot has, for the benefit, we the love of riches, or the gratification suppose, of the managing committee, of their own ease, they discover quite thus propounded its dogma of Christian as little of the spirit of 'strangers and ethics. We maintain, that the pilgrims,' as those individuals whom sphere of religion includes every secuthey would denounce as worldly and lar interest, and that to divorce trade, political.”—“We can respect the mis- politics, or any other affairs whatever, taken piety of the ascetic, the self- which affect us as individuals, or as denying enthusiasm of the anchoret, members of a community from the the spirituality of the man who sells aims, motives, and principles which all he has to give to the poor or the Christianity teaches and inspires, is cause of Christ; but we can scarcely PRACTICAL INFIDELITY.” refrain from indulging a feeling of It would be difficult to find a more contempt for those comfortable pro- startling passage than this in all the fessors of mortification to the world, writings of the Jesuits, or of the who in the intervals between good din- schoolmen who set themselves deliners and religious meetings, find time berately to the work of “framing to declaim against the political spirit iniquity by a law.”
The canon of of their brethren. Yet these well- the Jesuit Vasquez must surely have conditioned anti-politicians have their been the guide of the Editor of the politics too—a selfish, truckling, ser. Patriot, when he gave this opinion to vile, yet insolent Toryism, not honest
calm the consciences, and meet the enough to avow itself under that wishes of the agitators in “ the name, yet equally opposed to all General Union.” “ When a doctor liberal feeling." This certainly is not of morals is consulted,” says Vas
quez, “he may give that advice which The idol Juggernaut equalizes all sects. is not only probable in his opinion, Brahmin, and Pariah, and Buddhist are all but contrary to his opinion, if it is one in the presence of its greatness. In
esteemed probable by others, if it theory this is the case with the General Association ; in fact it is only an associa
should chance to be more favourable tion of Congregationalists.
or agreeable to those who consult