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him"-si forte et illis favorabilior world" (John xviii. 36). In how seu exoptatior sit? Whether this many speeches of Dissenting agita"probable opinion” will have the tion, and in how many pamphlets desired effect with the disciples of the have we not seen this sentence brought Patriot we know not; that its object forward to convict the clergy of the has been also to quiet the Editor's Established Church of their secular own conscience, is conspicuous in his position ! How often have we heard own words : Why do we say this ?" a diatribe of self-denial, and poverty, asks the Editor. “ To reconcile our and eleemosynary maintenance preachown minds to an arduous task, which, ed to the clergy from this text, either but for the consciousness of being in public or in private! It has been engaged in a worthy and exalted ser- considered a standing confutation of vice, would often be insupportably the secularity of the Establishment, irksome." That the task of agitation and in our opinion justly so; but should often be “insupportably irk- now that peculiar circumstances have some" to the Editor we rejoice to brought the practical religion of Dishear, and we earnestly hope that the sent to the test, we are gravely told weight may grow so intolerable, as at “ that the sphere of religion includes last to force this public teacher into a every secular interest, and that to confession of error.
divorce any secular interest whatever But our business is now with the from Christian aims, motives, and canon of Christian duty laid down in principles, is practical infidelity." the Patriot. “The sphere of religion What is the Archbishop of Canterincludes every secular interest, and to bury to say to this ? Shall not all the divorce trade, politics, or any other Prelates now, on the best authority, affairs whatever which affect us adhere to their secular interests, and individuals, or as members of a com- that not merely as an accident, but as munity from the aims, motives, or a proof of their religion, and to avoid principles which Christianity teaches the charge of infidelity ? Shall not and inspires, is practical infidelity." the whole body of the clergy now say
To be required to combat this per- to the Dissenters, “ You have now nicious sentence, is to begin with the taught us our duty : our temporalifirst principles of Christianity. It is ties and our secular interests we will indeed an unexpected task, to be adhere to on your own principle, called upon to state those doctrines for until
you, who profess to be and precepts, which we supposed were Christians more serious than admitted without hesitation by all selves, shall withdraw your interprepersons who had any pretence to the tation of Christian duty, and really character of professing Christians, and shew in practice, and acknowledge such we presume are the persons for in principle also, that you think the whose benefit, and by whose sub- Redeemer's kingdom not to be of scriptions the Patriot newspaper is this world, we shall quietly keep that sustained. We will, however, very position which preceding generations briefly touch on those points which have prepared for us?" to us appear to be the mere rudi. But still further, this divine docments of Christian morals in the ques- trine, which we contend must comtion before us.
prehend within its “sphere” all those The first argument to be adduced who suppose they are within the shall be in the words of the blessed kingdom of Christ, has a deduction Saviour, words which have been most appended to it, "My kingdom is not abundantly quoted, and pressed for of this world : if my kingdom were of one object by the Dissenters of late this world, then would my servants years. · My kingdom is not of this fight.” And though these words had
immediate reference to the is inculcated, if words have any meanresistance, by force of arms, of our ing. But the texts or passages of Saviour's disciples, yet certainly the Holy Writ to the same purport are contentious spirit of political contro- redundant. • If any man will come versy, and the turbulent movement of after me, let him deny himself, and civic agitation is alike 'condemned by take up his cross and follow me; for the proposition, as almost any com- whosoever will save his life shall lose mentator would acknowledge. One it, and whosoever will lose his life for commentator of some celebrity is at my sake shall find it” (Matt. xvi. 24). hand ; and we leave his words for the “If any man come to me, and hate consideration of political agitators. not his father, and mother, and wife, “What glory is it, if, when ye be buf- and children, and brethren, and sisfeted for your faults, ye shall take it ters, yea, and his own life also, he patiently ? but if when ye do well, cannot be my disciple...whosoever he and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, be of you that forsaketh not all that this is acceptable with God."
he hath, he cannot be my disciple" But not only are politics and poli. (Luke xiv. 26—33). tical agitation declared to be a part of These texts are explicit, and to the Christian duty, so great a part, in- point; and certainly recommend that deed, that the omission of them would “ divorce” which the Patriot would be practical infidelity," but "every have us to consider as nothing better secular interest” is to be a necessary than “practical infidelity.” Again, portion of our religion. Let us ex- " Lay not up for yourselves treasures amine this by Scripture.
upon earth, where moth and rust doth When the young man with great corrupt, and where thieves break possessions came to Jesus, and asked through, and steal; but lay up for him what he should do to inherit yourselves treasures in heaven, where eternal life, Jesus replied, “If thou neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou and where thieves do not break hast, and give to the poor, and thou through nor steal; for where your shalt have treasure in heaven : and treasure is, there will your heart be come and follow me” (Matt. xix. 21). also....No man can serve two masThis surely was advice very plainly ters; for either he will hate the one teaching the young
man to “di. and love the other, or else he will vorce secular interests, and other hold to the one and despise the other. affairs which affected him as an in- Ye cannot serve God and mammon. dividual of the community, from the Therefore I say unto you, Take no aims, motives, and principles which thought for your life, what ye shall Christianity inspires.' If the divorce eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet is not here recommended, how could for your body, what ye shall put on" it be effected by words? But the (Mat. vi.). All this is marvellously Patriot
says this is " practical infide- hard against “secular interests” and lity!” The advice, however, was not “trade;" and we know not what gloss for the young man alone; it was for would be requisite to set aside the every one who feels that “ secular
impost of these Divine precepts. It interests” are not compatible with the would be needless to multiply evicall of Christ. “Every one that hath dence* of this sort, for who that has forsaken houses, or brethren, or sis- studied the Scriptures does not know ters, or father, or mother, or wife, or that there is a divorce already estachildren, or lands for my name's
We refer our readers to our last num. sake, shall receive an hundred fold,
ber. “The Pursuit of Wealth and Worldly and shall inherit eternal life” (Matt.
Distinction Unlawful to the Christian." xix, 29). Here, again, the “divorce"
blished, as wide as heaven is from following my heavenly Master, neverearth, between these secular inte theless all possible affairs whatever, rests” and “ the aims, motives, and which affect me as an individual, or a principles which Christianity teaches member of a community, I am still and inspires.” The Word of God in closely prosecuting; I am a stranger the new covenant has placed riches, and a pilgrim, and I abstain from all honour, political power, aggrandise- fleshly lusts which war against my ment of every sort, in their proper soul, nevertheless I am accumulating place, upon the earth, in the world ; wealth, and earnestly seeking to make and has declared that Satan is god my
earth a nest of ease and prince of this world, and that he and opulence. I am meek, poor in is the distributor of these things; that spirit, a peace-maker, pure in heart, the kingdoms of this world and their a companion in tribulation, and in the glory are his, by permission, to give to kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, whomsoever he will; but a Christian nevertheless I am deeply engaged in is to be a stranger, a pilgrim, a political agitations, I am a member of foreigner, passing through the world election committees, I canvass, I ride, as on a journey to a better country,
I toil for the liberal
I to more durable riches, to permanent subscribe to Church-rate agitations, honour, to an inheritance incorrup- voluntary Church agitations, general tible, undefiled, and that fadeth not associations for the promotion of reliaway." His affections are not here; gious equality, and all other schemes his home is not here; his “interests" for securing or extending my political are not here; and therefore it is writ- importance, or the importance of my ten for his warning, “ Love not the sect; and this politico-religious course world, neither the things that are in I intend to pursue until I shall have the world : if any man love the world, levelled all things down to myself, and the love of the Father is not in him." have secured my full civic privileges “If ye then be risen with Christ, seek according to the imprescriptable rights those things which are above, where of man.' Christ sitteth on the right hand of We will not pursue the scriptural God.” Set your affection on things confutation of the Patriot's practical above, not on things on the earth; for divinity, because it is an easy task for ye are dead, and your life is hid with
any one to undertake. Christ in God.”
Let us now proceed to some What then could be the meaning of lar" considerations of the subject all the precepts of our Lord, of the
The General Associadoctrine of the Apostles, the practice tion” has caused no small commotion of the early Christians, and the ex- amongst the church people, sensible ample of Paul and the Apostles, if to as they are of the dangerous predicadivorce secular interests from the ment of the Establishment in these hopes and aims of Christians, be prac- days. The Church of England Quartical infidelity? And is not the effect terly Review, is so irritated by recent of such an assertion to turn the whole movements in favour of " general body of Christian divinity into a political religious equality," as to resolemn hypocrisy? For if this pur- commend in terms sufficiently intellisuit of worldly interests is the indis- gible, the capital punishment of some pensable duty of the Christian, may of the leading dissenting 'ministers, he not say, “I am crucified with “ unless the various churches of disChrist, and my life is bid with him in sent,” says that Review, “solemnly God, nevertheless the sphere of my protest, in the face of the world, religion includes every secular interest; against the published opinion of their I have taken up my cross, and am brethren. Government should be pre
pared with their lictors, and armed When Lord Grey was in power, with the fasces of rebuke, since that the dissenters might easily have were better than that our bishops forced the measures for which they should be deprived of their mild pa- are now vainly striving ; but their raphernalia of crosier and chaplain. leaders at that time were averse to If dissenters will not consider the dif- all political agitation, and were, moreference between them and the church over, most cordial ministerialists. Inas a languid question of reason, but stead, therefore, of getting up assowill deem it a lively question of pas- ciations, and rousing the nation against sion, they cannot complain if the the church, they exerted all their safety of the community be ascertained iufluence to repress the impatience at their expence.
In their imaginary and calm the indignation of the disevil, the general good will be arrived senting mass. For a year and a half at; or would they that the legislature they succeeded in “supporting the should pass an annual indemnity bill, ministry," i.e. in warding off from to save harmless the revilers and overt government an unfriendly pressure ; conspirators against our holy catholic but the dissatisfaction of the laity establishment? To chaos we became at last too powerful for the hurrying, unless the declamations and bit and bridle of the clergy; and then, publications of these pseudo-ministers when it was too late, they convened of the gospel be checked .... rebel- that meeting which has been called lion stalks abroad like a giant at noon- “The Dissenters' Parliament;' a meetday, naked and unchallenged. The ing where the leaders openly declared language used at these meeting-houses for the total separation of church and and disseminated through the country state. Then began the Voluntary by means of their organ the press, are Church Associations--then the court aggressions on the public tranquillity,” took the alarm-and then the King &c.
expressed his famous “ allocution" to But really there is no need of these the bishops, which the newspapers in sanguinary measures to restrain the the interests of the church declared leagued antagonists of the church, he delivered not without tears. The neither is it at all requisite for the tears of the Head of the church could lictors of authority to unbind their not be shed in vain ; the King forthfasces, either for the axe or the rod; with became the bulwark of the Estabfor whatever mischief the dissenters lishment; and from that moment up may do themselves in this agitation, to the present, the great political and the mischief will be considerable, controversy of the nation has been they will not in the smallest degree of an ecclesiastical nature. The church injure the Establishment. The dis- question in England is at the bottom senters are not au-fait in the science of all English politics, as the slavery of political warfare; they have been question is now the secret of all the altogether strangers to it in all its politics of America. “The Dissenting branches till within the last five years, Parliament” had the immediate effect and the recruits have been loth to of turning out the Reform ministers, join the grand armament till very and dissolving the Reform Parliament. lately. There has, indeed, been a sort Sir Robert Peel came in, and by a of tumultuary warfare carried on by very small majority of the Commons some leading agitators ever since the was rejected. The church party, since national era of the Reform Bill; but that time, has gained strength to such it has been without discipline, or, in- a degree, as to lead some of its illdeed, any professed or well-defined instructed friends to suppose that the object, till the “General Association" hour of its danger is passed away. congregated all the scattered parties The church is in greater danger than into one grand rallying point.
ever, but not from the dissenters;
they may, indeed, be a small rivulet contented. The General Association, pouring into the great ocean which is though it has opened wide the door rising with its overwhelming tide to Papists and Unitarians, will not against the Establishment, but as a gain any; the Papists have their pribody they are powerless, incapable, vate agitations and their own secret inefficient. All their manifold “agi- plots to mind. The great papal spidertations” have failed ; their Voluntary web is well spun just now, and is in Church Associations are all dead and excellent order ; but nothing can be buried; Sir Robert Peel's return to done without the assent of the old power killed them all at once they Tarantula at Rome, who “feels along are gone to the tomb of all the Capu- the line,” and keeps all in order. The lets, and no man can find so much as Unitarians are smarting too much a remnant of one of them on the face under their late loss of property, of the earth; not so much as a relic which they have sustained by the to preserve as a curiosity.
curiosity. Then law-suits brought against them by came the church-rate agitation, in their dear brothers in agitation—are which vast sums of money, floods of too much irritated with their legal ink, and torrents of eloquence have oustings, even to join again in a been expended, but all to no purpose.
United Committee.” The cord of It is Vox et præterea nihil” – the union is snapped, and orthodox Distotal want of discipline amongst the senters and Unitarians will unite no dissenters; the semi-political, semi- more. What materials then remain religious feelings and qualms of their for the General Union ? What but leaders; the incurable bent of their the Independents, and Baptists, and politics; the different views enter- perhaps nineteen “Friends?” The Metained by the clergy and the laity; thodists will not hear of “the Union," the wavering sentiments and vacil. not that they love the Establishment, lating dictation of their organ the but they have their own affairs to Patriot these, and
other mind, and their own system to watch causes, make it utterly hopeless for and guard, which cannot endure agithe dissenters as a body to effect that tation in any form. The Congreganow which they might have effected tionalists alone then, do form, and will five years ago.
form, the whole of this General There is not, therefore, the smallest Union.” This is the stupendous cause of fear from the dissenters : let machine which is to throw down that the clergy take heart, and let them be ancient oak, the Established Church, assured by those who well understand whose ruots have a grasp in the whole the whole mystery, that there is no soil of England whose branches need of the lictor's axe for the heads afford a perch for all the fowls of of the dissenting leaders. There will every wing, and in whose rifts and doubtless be a great display of public knotted holes are harboured all the meetings in large chapels, and many bats and owls of a venerable antivery powerful orations will be uttered quity. on the subject of religious equality, In the mean time, the movement but it will produce no effect except party amongst the Dissenters is still amongst the dissenters themselves; divided into Ultras and Moderates ; the national mind will not be affected and thus do the Ultras speak in a by it. The mass of the people are tone of angry despair of the accredited either totally indifferent to all religion leaders of the agitation. The extract
-either careless of Popish, Protes- is from the Leicester Mercury of tant, Puseyite, or Dissenting distinc- January 12th, and has already been tions, or else have their own sects reprinted in many newspapers.--"We with which they are perfectly well beg to call the attention of our readers