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trines so zealously maintained by cer- of men like these, that some of our tain learned theologians of Oxford, most popular doctrines--the doctrine and their advocates elsewhere. Be- of the real presence and the eucharisfore I proceed to notice any of these tic sacrifice, the doctrine of commudoctrines in particular, I will make a nion with the Saints in heaven, the few observations upon them in general. long-derided holiness of fasting, and In the first place, then, there is re- other penitential practices—it is cheermarkable about them, that the preach- ing to find, notwithstanding parliaing of them at this day seems to mentary acts and articles, that these scatter dismay through the ranks of doctrines really are portions of the every party, save the Catholic alone. faith once delivered to the saints, Whatever may be the cause (I stay ought not to have deen discarded, as not to enquire what it may be), it can- at the Reformation they were discarded. not escape observation, that while all · When we hear these things, when others look upon the spread of their we see them with our own eyes, we doctrines as they do upon the mus- thank God, who gives us to behold tering of the storm, the Catholics hail in our own days what we can only it as they do the rising of the summer read of in the past, namely, the Cacloud. In the next place, whatever tholic Church rising victorious from diversity of opinion there may be, every combat in which she has been however differently men may specu- engaged,” &c. &c. The reverend

their tendency and ultimate preacher then shews that the foundaconsequences-all are unanimous in tion of the whole system of the Oxford this—that they bespeak in those who Tracts rests on the theory of the hold them and preach them, a satiety Apostolical succession ; and on this of things as they are, and a longing ground he professes to be ready to desire to restore, if they knew how to meet the Protestant Episcopalians restore it, the ancient faith of this with a perfect certainty of victory. land and of Christendom. Here “ You must pardon us, my brethren, again the Catholics lift

up

their heads you must make some allowances for like men comforted. It is refresh- us, if when we are called upon to dising, after years of persecution for our cuss claims like these, we are someadherence to the religion of our fa- times tempted to laugh them to thers, after hearing their doctrines

When the advocates of Proand their rites scoffed at so long as testantism tell us that they came out unchristian and idolatrous, to find of Babylon because of her abominamen, nurtured in the bosom of ano- tions, we understand what they say; ther Church, and ornaments of it- when they again tell us that the for that cannot be denied-proclaim- whole Christian world was buried in ing aloud, fearless of every conse- damnable idolatry for the space of quence, that in very deed and truth, eight hundred years and more, we there has been a delusion over the again comprehend them ; but when land ; that the Reformation is not they attempt to establish for the that blessing which it has been deem- bishops of the Protestant Church of ed to be ; that it went too far ; that it England, a Church never heard of lopped what it ought not to have before the sixteenth century, a lineal lopped away; that they of those days decent from the Apostles of Christ ; had better have stood more by the and for this purpose present us with a ancient land-marks; and that it is scroll, which reaches back only to high time to return; or, that the very Archbishop Cranmer, and is then lost Christianity of the land is endanger- in idolatry - we leave the confusion to ed. I say it is beyond measure re- those who have confounded it, and freshing to find, from the admission betake ourselves to more intelligible and more Christian things. For as declaiming against the idolatry of it is insulting to our understandings Rome and the successors of St. Peter ; to be told, that a descent of three but after having burnt and murdered hundred years establishes a connexion these “declaimers” wherever they could with the Apostles of Christ, so it is find them, it ended in the priests shocking and revolting to all our themselves being “put down,” who, Christian feeling, to think the sacred however, after a long period of torpor privileges of apostolicity can be de- and debility, are now coming forth rived from a Church buried in idol. again from their hiding-places fully atry, and having Anti-Christ for her prepared to “put down” the reformahead! I now proceed upon the sup- tion if they can ; having better hopes position that these unchristian charges than ever of their success through are henceforward withdrawn, and “the powerful aid” of the Oxford that from the Ministers and Members school. of the Church of England (those at We feel grateful to the priest of least among them who are advocates Scarborough for having thus given for the apostolical succession), we timely notice of his intentions. shall hear of them never more ; and It is however instructive to hear not only so, but that if the Catholics the scorn and contempt with which shall ever think fit to petition Parlia- the Romish priests treat the Church ment to abolish the superfluous and of England; and it should be rememunseemly declaration, respecting the bered that in the following passage idolatry of Transubstantiation and the allusions to “ Hear the Church” the Mass, we have a right to calcu- refer of course to the notorious serlate upon

scorn.

their countenance and sup- mon of Dr. Hook, the vicar of Leeds : port; and not this only, but that we owing to local feelings, therefore, the have a right also to look for their allusions would tell with force. “ They powerful aid in putting down those tell you that Archbishop Cranmer itinerant declaimers, who are still and his associates detected grievous proclaiming in our cities, towns, and errors in the Catholic Church—be it villages that the Catholics are idola- so, since that is not now the question. tors, and the successors of St. Peter, Is say, that, in presuming to pronounce Anti-Christ; inasmuch as these men this, Archbishop Cramner and his are propagating doctrines, which if associates claimed the rights of private true, Protestantism is but a delusion!” judgment, and wielded them against

So then the plot is thickening and a Church which they acknowledged Popery is returning with a vengeance ; to be apostolical. Now, I ask, does not only do the popish priests pro- the Church of England allow the Dis. claim a most cordial friendship with senters of England to wield the rights the Oxford sect, but already calculate of private judgment against herself? on their “powerful aid” in putting No; by no means. But why does down those itinerant preachers who she not? Hear it, my brethren, Bedenounce the pope as Anti-Christ. cause she says she is an apostolical

How their process of “putting Church. So then she herself claims down" is to be effected we are not yet the rights of private judgment, and informed, but that in the wishes and glories throughout all her coasts that intentions of a popish priest, it must she one day rose and asserted them be something very decided there can against the one, holy, catholic, and be no doubt. The pope and his ser- apostolic Church, diffused over all the vants, the priests and monks, for a earth, and consolidated on the basis hundred and fifty years tried in vain of one thousand five hundred years; “ to put down” the Lollards and re- and yet she charges the Dissenters formers, who went about the country with disobedience and schism, and

was

drives them beyond the pale of the “ London Ministers,” but a pastor of Catholic Church, because they dare “a humble congregation in a secluded to exercise the rights of private judg- country village. The passage conment against her own island Church, cerning which a controversy has thus which is but of yesterday! Can there risen up between “M”and us, was given be inconsistency and perplexity com- at full length in the Inquirer, and as parable to this ? Can anything more no part of the author's sentiments was plainly bespeak a cause that is despe- suppressed, we must request our rate, and advocates that are at a loss ? readers once more to peruse the paraFor if it be the duty of the Dissenters graph in question, and to judge for to hear the Church' of England, which themselves of its real import.*

The they do not believe to be apostolical, author, it seems, had another meansurely it was the duty of the Church of ing than that which was attributed to England to hear the Catholic Church

his lucubrations, in the expression of for the same reason; or rather for a

which we must again repeat our firm much better reason. For if it be the

belief, that perspicuity of language duty of Dissenters to hear the Church'

not sought for--and for this of England, which they do not be

reason, that the matter in hand was lieve to be apostolical, surely it was

of a delicate nature, and would not the duty of the Church of England to

bear an
unreserved discussion.

If hear the Catholic Church, which she

therefore, there is any mistake in the believes to be apostolical, and from

interpretation of the hieroglyph, or if which she is ambitious of deriving

any harm has arisen from this mistake apostolicity for herself, if she can. Thus is she straitened and com

Of late years, nonconformists have passed on every side; chastising the sometimes betrayed a suspicion of the effiDissenters with the rod of authority, cacy of their own principles in the accomand vindicating herself against the plishment of God's gracious purposes to. Catholic Church with the sword of

wards mankind; while at other times they

have held a language which has induced the private judgment, she lifts the stand

inquiry, ‘Why don't you conform ?' The obard of Church authority, and bids ject of this inquiry would reply, Because the the Dissenters be reconciled to the episcopacy of England is established. But Church of England. First strike then all episcopacy is not established. There

is a poor and an unestablished episcopacy in the flag of private judgment_your

Scotland. There are, too, bishops in the selves, and be reconciled to Rome,' Greek Church, whose orders would give adis the reply.

• Rome has erred, and mittance to the pulpits of England, which we have left her,' they say. You

the orders of the American Episcopal have erred, and we have renounced

Church, magnificent as they are in the esti

mation of their holders—nor yet we believe you,' is the answer.

those of the Scottish Episcopacy--would not do. Mr. Matthew Henry, though he

had no intention of ministering in the estaEPISCOPAL ORDINATION OF THE

blished Church, unless a change should DISSENTERS.

take place in the terms of conformity, deAn article in our February Number,

liberated solemnly, when entering into the

ministry, whether he should receive episco“ Episcopal Ordination

pal ordination, provided he could do it withmended in the Congregational Maga- out subscription; a deliberation which was zine," has been answered in great in

terminated by the conviction that ordinadignation by the author of the para

tion by Presbyters is, though not the only

valid, yet the best, most scripturally regular, graph which drew forth our remarks.

and therefore the most eligible ordination. This answer is in the March Num

And although we are no friends to episcober of the Congregational, headed pacy, we should have been glad to see some Exposure of a Perversion in The congregational ministers episcopally or

dained, since they would thereby have acInquirer, and is signed “M,'” who

quired the consistency which is an essential assures us that he is not one of the element of goodness.

on

recom

the worthy M, seems to lay the whole ordination of bishops must be either blame to his own choice and arrange- bad or good: let “M.” take his choice: ment of words. If “ M." had advice to if bad, then that which is bad may give in a new and perplexing position create and convey that which is essenof affairs, it behoved him to have se- tially good ! But if the ordination be lected the clearest terms, and have good, cadit questio. made the most lucid statements, lest “ The dulness of the most obtuse," peradventure the unwary should be which seems to be our portion, still deceived by insufficient hints and in- leaves us in uncertainty as to the real complete suggestions.

meaning of “M.” even with the explaBut this is now the author's expla- nation he has offered. We will nation ; after first quoting our deduc- therefore state our interpretation hytions from his words, 1. “That some pothetically, and in the form of a congregational ministers ought to be question ? ordained by bishops.” 2. “ That ordina- Did “M.” mean to say, that there are tion by bishops has in it an element of certain Congregational Ministers under goodness." He says, “I could scarcely the influence of episcopal, or rather have thought that the dulness of the prelatical predilections, who, though most obtuse, or the torsion of the most they have their eye to the three orders, perverse, could have misinterpreted nevertheless continue to act as Disthe passage which is the subject of senting Ministers ; and that therefore our writer's censure. I had been com- to place themselves in a more intellibating the arguments of an independ- gible position they ought to be episent deacon in favour of episcopacy, copally ordained ? If that was “ M's" and recollecting a few ministers who only meaning, why did he add the were tinctured with the same views, clause which has created all the conI wrote the passage which has offended fusion by these mysterious* words, the correspondent of the Inquirer. “since they would thereby acquire the His first deduction from my statement consistency which is an essential eleis legitimate; but the second is a grossment of goodness.” When a dissentperversion. I did not say, and had ing minister advises (the expression he used his eyes, he must have seen, is, “ we should have been glad to see”) that I did not say, that “ordination his brethren in the ministry, secretly by bishops has in it an element of infected with prelatical notions, to goodness," but that "consistency is an seek ordination from the bishops; essential element of goodness.” and when, moreover, he tells them,

Our second deduction then is a that if they do so, they will acquire gross perversion,”—is it? Let us that consistency which is an essential

“M.” states that if some element of goodness, in our humble gregational ministers were episcopally opinion he stamps the seal of his own ordained, they would thereby acquire approbation on Episcopal orders ; for the consistency which is an essential how can a person perform an act element of goodness,"— but he de- which is to create a quality essentially nies that ordination by bishops has an good, unless the thing to be done is element of goodness in it. How can in itself essentially good ? May we he avoid such a deduction with such a do evil that good may come ? position preceding ? Can that which These being our views, if our advice is an essential element of goodness, were to be asked in a similar case, our flow from or proceed from that which is not good in itself? or, if ordination

* Thé Editor of the British Magazine, by bishops is not in itself essentially tion, professes not to be able to understand

who has also noticed the passage in quesgood, how can it possibly convey an "the consistency which is an essential eleessential element of goodness? The ment of goodness."

66

see.

con

as

language would be quite different. too might acquire that consistency We should say to these congregational “ which is an essential element of ministers whose hearts were with the goodness ;" and that, in one word, it bishops—“ By all means quit the matters not what may be the principle Dissenters; your present position is which animates a man, if only he one of deception ; the inference which carries out the principle to its full your people draw from your actions length.

a nonconformist minister must These, indeed, seem to be the inunquestionably be, that you heartily evitable deductions from our opponent's approve of the principles of non- language, in which we hope he will conformity; but this is not the case. not persist ; for we indulge the pleasYou really disapprove of those prin- ing hope, that having at first resorted ciples—it is, therefore, your clear to ambiguity of words, best suited in duty to withdraw; but if having with- his opinion to state a difficult and drawn, you should fully conform to delicate subject, he has been led on the prelacy-if you should be ordained to defend a sentence which is indea deacon and a priest by the bishops, fensible. We have had no desire to and should receive the pretended misinterpret “M.” We had no idea power of retaining and remitting sins that he wished otherwise, than to by the touch of their hands, do not recommend Episcopal ordination as a imagine that we shall approve of your

your beginning of some new scheme of conduct. No; though you may thereby accommodation, suited to the predibe consistent in your open change of lections which he confesses do exist in character and sentiment, yet it will the minds of “some congregational only be a consistency in that which is ministers.” We supposed, indeed, that bad; you will have acquired the con- he was putting out a feeler, which we sistency which is an essential element knew it to be our duty to repel with of badness.

a sharp rebuff, as it is evident that But it would seem that there is the this is not a time when any proposal whole difference between “M.” and us of priestcraft may be made with imof an ethical canon, for he says, “Con- punity. sistency in this passage does mean In taking leave of our unknown adherence to principle, as approvers of friend,“M.,” we request him to rememEpiscopacy; and in this adherence I ber that he is, by his own description would recommend the parties, though of himself, “the minister of a retired quite as sensible as my reprover of country village,” and that choleric their inconsistency in other respects”

words ill become the sequestered pas(page 179). What then? If a per- tor meditating in the calm retreat of son has only admitted or practised the rural tranquillity. We will not appeal fraction of an evil, are we to recom- to all those happy images of rustic mend him to admit or practise the repose, to which poets have recourse, totality of that evil, in order that he for calming the tumults of the human may “ adhere to his principle,” and breast, in order to lull the feelings acquire “ that consistency which is an which the “ Inquirer" has excited in essential element of goodness ;" and his bosom ; but to higher principles we are we then to recommend that old appeal, to convince our opponent that saw of popular daring boldness, " in when he talks of "

gross perversion, for a penny, in for a pound ?"

moral recklessness," and of our wantOn the same ground of moral rea- ing“ truth and honesty,” &c. &c., soning, we presume, that “M.” would when he ventures to predict that we, recommend all High Church clergy. ourselves, ere long “ shall desire epismen to be reconciled forthwith to the copal ordination, and in that case may Church of Rome, in order that they easily find a poor Greek bishop, whr

VOL. II.

T

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