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CONDUCT OF THE AMERICAN GOVERN

MENT

TOWARDS

THE CHEROKEE

INDIANS.

us ?

will suit the ceremony to our wishes” purporting to be a treaty made in - then is he indulging in a strain, December, 1835, at New Echota, by which, though it may abundantly ex- the Rev. John F. Schermerhorn, and press

his zeal for the honour of the certain unauthorized individual Chero“ London Ministers," is scarcely in kees, as a violation of the fundamental accordance with those rules of Chris- principles of justice, and an outrage on tian conduct, which every pastor should the primary rules of national interseek, both to inculcate by precept and course. The latter portion contains to express by example.

the following touching, though unavailing appeal to the American government :

" And now, in the presence of your august assemblies, and in the presence of the Supreme Judge of the universe, most solemnly and most humbly do we

ask-Are we, for these causes, to be It is a singular circumstance that we subjected to the indescribable evils should find the most flagrant violations which are designed to be inflicted on of the principles of justice and huma- Is our country to be made the nity in a government which represents scene of the “horrors which the the voice of a free and independent Commissioners “will not paint ?For people, of a people whose constitution adhering to the principles on which is based on the supposed inalienable your great empire is founded, and rights of man. Yet so it is. We find, which have advanced it to its present in the Friends' Intelligencer, a perio- elevation and glory, are we to be dedical published by the quakers, in New spoiled of all we hold dear on earth ? York, most lamentable details of the Are we to be hunted through the proceedings adopted by the American mountains, like wild beasts, and our government towards the Cherokee

women, our children, our aged, our nation. A “ treaty” was entered into sick, to be dragged from their homes, with these poor people in the following like culprits, and packed on board

16 A few worthless rene- loathsome boats, for transportation to gadoes of the tribe were got together

a sickly clime ? by the agents of our philanthropic Already are we thronged with government, and plied with whiskey, armed men; forts, camps, and miliuntil they consented to affix their tary posts of every grade, already marks to a certain document, of the occupy our whole country. With us, tenor of which they were about as it is a season of alarm and apprehenignorant as the pen with which it was sion. We acknowledge the power of written. This spurious treaty was the United States—we acknowledge never assented to by more than one our own feebleness. Our only fortress hundred of the eighteen thousand per- is, the justice of our cause. Our only sons composing the tribe, and here is appeal, on earth, is to your tribunal. a remonstrance signed by more than To you, then, we look. Before your fifteen thousand Cherokees denying honorable bodies, we, in view of the the validity of the treaty, and yet our appalling circumstances with which we government has the iniquitous impu- are surrounded—relying on the rightdence to pretend that the treaty is eousness of our cause, and the justice binding on the Cherokees, and that in and magnanimity of the tribunal to the fulfilment of its articles they must which we appeal—we do solemnly and be compelled to remove.” The “ earnestly protest against that spurious monstrance” is a spirited and well- instrument. Our minds remain unwritten protest against the instrument altered. We never can assent to that

manner:

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compact; nor can we believe that the

pears,

• collected' and marched off United States are bound in honor or in crowds, without any opportunity to in justice to execute on us its degrad- make

any arrangement for a comforting and ruinous provisions.

able journey. It would appear, that “ It is true, we are a feeble people, by this time, nearly all that portion of and as regards physical power we are

the tribe which was in the limits of in the hands of the United States; the States of Georgia, and Tennessee but we have not forfeited our rights; is on the march for Alabama." The and if we fail to transmit to our sons Decaten Observer says,

“While we the freedom we have derived from our saw some drunk, and others playing fathers, it must not be by an act of cards, one middle-aged woman we saw suicide-it must not be by our own seated alone, on a log, reading the consent,

Acts of the Apostles, in Cherokee, “ With trembling solicitude and with an air of reverential solemnity anxiety, we most humbly and respect- seldom witnessed." fully ask, Will you hear us ? Will The Red men are thus fading away you extend to us your powerful pro- before the “accursed lust of gold,' tection ? Will

you

shield us from the which is the “root of all evil;" for the • horrors' of the threatening storm ? real reason for thus dispossessing them Will you sustain the hopes we have of their lands is said to be, the discovery rested on the public faith—the honor, of valuable veins of ore in their territhe justice of your mighty empire ? tory. They are, however, not unwept We commit our cause to your favour by woman's tears. Mrs. Sigourney and protection.

thus pathetically sings the funeral dirge your

memorialists, as in duty of the race. bound, will ever pray.

“YE say they all have passed away, Cherokee Nation, Feb.22nd, 1838,

That noble race and brave,-“ Signed by Fifteen THOUSAND

Their light canoes have vanished Six HUNDRED and Sixty-Five of the From off the crested wave: Cherokee people; as will appear by re

That, mid the forests where they roam'd

There rings no hunter's shout; ferring to the original, submitted to the

But their name is on your watersSenate by the Cherokee Delegation." Ye may not wash it out.

The Friends' Intelligencer" asks • Yes, where Ontario's billow “ Can it be possible that the people of Like Ocean's surge is curl'd, this country will allow such a wicked Where strong Niagara's thunders wake

The echo of the world ; tragedy to be consummated ? Where

Where red Missouri bringeth is our sense of honour and justice.”

Rich tribute from the West, It appears, however, that the exertions

And the Rappahannock sweetly sleeps of the Quakers, and other friends of On green Virginia's breast. humanity, have procured some short “Ye say their cone-like cabins, respite in an extension of the time That cluster'd o'er the vale, allowed them to emigrate. In the

Have disappear'd, as wisher'd leaves

Before the autumn gale: meanwhile, the “treaty of removal is

But their memory liveth on your hills, in very rapid progress of execution,

Their baptism on your shore, under the superintendance of General Your everlasting rivers speak Scott. As the Indians had not pre

Their dialect of yore. pared themselves for the removal, it

“Ye deem those red brow'd brethren must be attended with great suffering The insects of an hour; and privation; and also, with the Forgotten, or despised, amid total loss of the little personal pro

The regions of their power.

Ye drive them from their father's lands, perty of which they may be possessed,

Ye break of faith the seal; and which they can neither sell nor

But can ye from the court of Heaven carry with them. They are, it ap- Exclude their last appeal ?

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DIAN

ESTABLISH

MENTS.

a

“ Ye see their unresisting tribes,

questions referred to me for investiWith toil-worn steps and slow, Onward through trackless deserts press,

gation, it is necessary that I should A caravan of wo.

state it fully, and not shrink from Think ye the Eternal ear is deaf

making known the light in which it His sleepless vision dim ?

has presented itself to my mind. The Think ye the soul's blood may not cry, disputes on this subject are now of From that far land, to Him ?”

long standing. By the Constitutional Act, a certain portion of the land in

every township was set apart for the LORD DURHAM'S REPORT ON CANA

maintenance of a · Protestant' clergy. RELIGIOUS

In that portion of this Report which treats of the management of the waste

lands, the economical mischiefs which The following opinion of Lord Dur

have resulted from this appropriation ham, on the vital question of a Church

of territory are fully detailed ; and Establishment in the present state of the present disputes relate solely to the controversy, is of the highest

the application, and not to the mode importance; and certainly must be

of raising the funds, which are now taken as one long step at least to that derived from the sale of the clergy most desirable of all political catas- reserves. Under the term · Protestant trophes, the total separation of Church

clergy,' the clergy of the Church of and State. Lord Durham does not

England have always claimed the sole deliver this opinion merely as enjoyment of these funds.

The memprivate person; but it should be

bers of the Church of Scotland have remembered, that he speaks as the claimed to be put entirely on a level representative of the Majesty of the with the Church of England, and have British Crown, the Lord High Com- demanded that these funds should be missioner, and alter ego of her most

equally divided between both. The gracious majesty the Queen. Thus

various denominations of Protestant it has come to pass, that one repre- Dissenters have asserted that the sentative of the crown returns from

term includes them, and that out of thc Colonies an avowed partizan of these funds an equal provision should the Voluntary Principle, and another be made for all Christians who do not representative, Lord Fortescue, goes belong to the Church of Rome. But to his new viceregal government, with a great body of all Protestant denosentiments openly unfavourable to a minations, and the numerous CathoProtestant Establishment. All this, lics who inhabit the province, have therefore, seems most certainly to maintained that any such favour indicate, that the day is approaching, towards any one, or even of all the when nominal Protestants must be

Protestant sects, would be most compelled to renounce one of the most

unadvisable; and have either demandvalued jewels stolen from the Papal ed the equal application of those funds tiara.

to the purposes of all religious creeds “The great practical question, how- whatsoever, or have urged the proever, on which these various parties priety of leaving each body of relihave for a long time been at issue, gionists to maintain its own establishand which has within a very few ment, to repeal or disregard the law, months again become the prominent and to apply the clergy funds to the matter in debate, is that of the clergy general purposes of the Government, The prompt and satisfac

or to the support of a general system tory decision of this question is essen- of education. tial to the pacification of Canada ; and

The supporters of these different as it was one of the most important schemes have long contended in this

reserves.

province, and greatly inconvenienced persons, this was the chief predisposing the Imperial Government, by constant cause of the recent insurrection, and it references to its decision. The Secre- is an abiding and unabating cause of tary of State for the Colonies pro- discontent. Nor is this to be wondered posed to leave the determination of at. The Church of England, in the matter to the provincial legisla- Upper Canada, by numbering in its tures, pledging the Imperial Govern- ranks all those who belong to no other ment to do its utmost to get a parlia- sect, represents itself as being more mentary sanction to whatever course numerous than any single denominathey might adopt. Two bills in con- tion of Christians in the country. sequence passed the last House of Even admitting, however, the justice Assembly, in which the Reformers of the principle upon which this enuhad the ascendancy, applying these meration proceeds, and giving that funds to the purposes of education ; Church credit for all that it thus and both these bills were rejected by claims, its number could not amount the Legislative Council.

to one-third, probably not a fourth, of "During all this time, however, the population. It is not, therefore, though much irritation had been to be expected that the other sects, caused by the exclusive claims of the three at least of whom-the MethoChurch of England, and the favour dists, the Presbyterians, and the Cathoshown by the Government to one, and lics—claim to be individually more that a small religious community, the numerous than the Church of England, clergy of that Church, though an en- should acquiesce quietly in the supredowed, were not a dominant priest- macy thus given it. And it is equally hood. They had a far larger share of natural that the English Dissenters and the public money than the clergy of Irish Catholics, remembering the posiany other denomination, but they had tion which they occupied at home, and no exclusive privileges, and no autho- the long and painful struggle through rity, save such as might spring from which alone they have obtained the the efficient discharge of their sacred imperfect equality they now possess, duties, or from the energy, ability, or should refuse to acquiesce for theminfluence of members of their body. selves in the creation of a similar But the last public act of Sir John establishment in their new country, Colborne, before quitting the govern- and thus to bequeath to their children ment of the provinc in 1835, which a strife as arduous and embittered as was the establishment of the fifty- that from which they have so recently seven rectories, has completely changed and imperfectly escaped. the aspect of the question.

It is “But for this act, it would have been understood that every rector possesses

possible, though highly impolitic, to all the spiritual and other privileges have allowed the clergy reserves to enjoyed by an English rector; and remain

their former undeterthat though he may have no right to mined and unsatisfactory footing. But levy tithes (for even this has been the question as to the application of made a question), he is in all other this property must now be settled, if respects in precisely the same position it is intended that the province is to as a clergyman of the Established be free from violent and perilous agiChurch in England. This is regarded tation. Indeed, the whole controversy, by all other teachers of religion in the which had been in a great measure country as having at once degraded suspended by insurrection, was in the them to a position of legal inferiority course of the last summer revived to the clergy of the Church of Eng- with more heat than ever by the most land; and it has been resented most inopportune arrival in the colony of warmly. In the opinion of many opinions given by the English law

upon

officers of the Crown in favour of the of the fairest possessions of the British legality of the establishment of the Crown. rectories. Since that period the ques- “ I am bound, indeed, to state, that tion has again absorbed public atten- there is a degree of feeling, and an tion; and it is quite clear that it is unanimity of opinion on the question upon this practical point that issue of ecclesiastical establishments over must sooner or later be joined on all the northern part of the continent of the constitutional questions to which I America, which it will be prudent not have previously adverted. I am well to overlook in the settlement of this aware that there not wanting some wbo question. The superiority of what is represent the agitation of this question called the Voluntary Principle,' is a as merely the result of its present question on which I

question on which I may almost say unsettled character, and who assert, that there is no difference of opinion that if the claims of the English in the United States; and it cannot Church, to the exclusive enjoyment of be denied that on this, as on other this property, were established by the points, the tone of thought prevalent Imperial Parliament, all parties, how- in the Union has exerted a very conever loud their present pretensions, or siderable influence over the neighbourhowever vehement their first com- ing provinces. plaints, would peacefully acquiesce in “ It is most important that this an arrangement which would then be

question should be settled, and so inevitable. This might be the case if settled as to give satisfaction to the the establishment of some dominant majority of the people of the two Church were inevitable. But it can- Canadas, whom it equally concerns ; not be necessary to point out that in and I know of no mode of doing this, the immediate vicinity of the United but by repealing all provisions in States, and with their example before

mple before imperial acts that relate to the applithe people of Canada, no injustice, real cation of the clergy reserves, and the or fancied, occasioned and supported funds arising from them, leaving the by a British rule, would be regarded disposal of the funds to the local in this light. The result of

any

deter- legislature, and acquiescing in whatmination on the part of the British ever decision it may adopt. The views Government or Legislature to give which I have expressed on this subone sect a predominance and supe- ject sufficiently mark my conviction, riority would be, it might be feared, that, without the adoption of such a not to secure the favoured sect, but to course, the most mischievous practical endanger the loss of the colony, and, cause of dissension will not be rein vindicating the exclusive pretensions moved.” of the English Church, to hazard one

MISCELLANIES.

Popery.-On December 29th, Frederic Lucas, Esq., of the Middle Temple, barrister at law, abjured the tenets of the Quakers, and embraced the Roman Catholic faith. He was baptised according to the rites of the Roman Catholic church, at No. 14, York-place, Baker-street, by the Rev. Father Lythgoe, S. J.

The conversions to the Roman Catholic communion, annually, in England, are computed to be about 2000.

At Marseilles, on the 12th of November last, the body of Saint Exupere, said to have been found in the catacombs at Rome, was sent by the Pope to the central council of the propagation of the faith, at Lyons; as a testimony of his high satisfaction for the services rendered by that society to “ the faith.” With this body was sent the vase in which the blood of the martyr had been collected (Was the blood in the vase?]; "and all other satisfactory marks which an

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