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believing as I do, that it is not in the that the writer (“ a Friend" from power and wisdom of man to effect Bristol, or the neighbourhood) has this, by all the coercive laws which received some gleams of light upon can be enacted, nor by all the force of the system in which he finds himself, the arm of flesh. For nothing can sufficient to make the darkness visible, destroy and put an end to sin and but not to lead him to the full recogwickedness, but a principle in man of nition of all the consequences which perfect righteousness and justice, and must flow from the new views he has this adhered to by man in so full and received. One of the questions which complete a manner, as to have no fel- the writer presses on the attention of lowship or communion, either directly his Friends, is the following : “ Do we or indirectly with any acts of injustice not falsify our testimony of the necessity or oppression. Hence, I believe, that of being · born again' by permitting our if we, as a people, were faithful and children to be considered members beobedient to this first principle of our fore we have reason to believe that their profession, we should be led thereby hearts are effectually brought to the to abstain from all kinds of commerce love of Christ their Saviour ?” The or dealings in the produce of our writer, then, has seen the necessity of country or elsewhere, which we had being " born again." We rejoice at cause to believe originated out of, or it. But whence arises this necessity ? through the medium of, the labour of From the state of death in which we slaves, wrung from them and sold by all are, by nature, born; not to the their tyrannical masters.

And I am inheritance of a nature equally free to well assured that nothing short of such choose the evil or the good; but by an exalted testimony to truth and nature, the children of wrath, “ withrighteousness will ever put a full end out strength” to obey the commands to oppression and injustice; and I of God, and working out in all our believe he who called our worthy thoughts, and words, and actions, the predecessors to exalt the testimony of proof of the inspired declaration, “So truth in the earth, and who is still then they that are in the flesh cannot calling us to advocate this noble cause, please God.” If these things be so, is looking for this testimony of strict then must it be granted that in Adam justice and righteousness in our hands." all died ; that man is not only a sinJournal, p. 339.

ner, but a lost sinner ; not strictly in

a state of probation, but sentenced alThe philanthropy of these senti- ready, and under the curse of a broken ments is excellent; but the views of law, awaiting the termination of the “perfect righteousness," through the period of God's long-suffering for good deeds of man are in accordance judgment to be executed.

Where, with the whole system of the mystics. then, is the ground for the supposition,

that man has implanted in him some light, grace, or principle of good,

which of its own nature inclines him THE YEARLY MEETING OF THE SOCIETY OF FRIENDS, AND THE QUES

to good. According to the most TION OF BIRTHRIGHT MEMBER

evangelical form of the doctrines of Friends, this notion must be admitted

as fundamental in their creed; but it 6 A LETTER to the Me ers of the needs but a very small share of spiYearly Meeting of the Society of ritual discernment to perceive that he Friends" has been widely circulated at who has already from his birth “ life" their yearly meeting, which is in ses- in him, needs not to be “ quickened sion at the present moment.

i. e. made alive that he who has of this address has fallen into our 6 Christ in him” from his birth cannot hands; and we perceive with pleasure be born again. Other consequences

SHIP.

A copy

flow from the admission of “ the neces- that the Society of Friends must, if sity of being born again,” which the they mean to adopt this testimony, writer has, perhaps, not contemplated. drop the practice of birthright memWe should have known nothing about bership. To be consistent, they should the subject, if we had not been in either erase from their Bible the third possession of the Scriptures. This, chapter of John, and all cognate -pasas matter of fact, cannot, without self- sages, or they at once remodel their evident absurdity, be disputed: for, society, making it an assemblage of who ever heard such doctrine from the those who are “ born again ;' that is, lips of an untaught heathen ; hence in Scripture language, of " called the indispensable necessity of an ex- saints.” A happy

transformation ternal revelation of God's will to man's indeed, which, if it could be effected, salvation--a proposition this never yet we should view with intense delight. conceded by “ Friends.” Again : tak- But where are the props to sustain the ing our information from Scripture, fabric while the foundation is changed? we find that those who are born again, This is a question alarming to those " are born not of blood, nor of the who are determined at all hazards to will of the flesh, nor of the will of man ; abide in this " old house." Consebut of God.We then find man's will quently, we do not marvel that the inexcluded as the originating cause of troduction of this subject in the disthe new birth, and all ascribed to God. cussions of the Yearly Meeting by Of course, those who are made alive, Mr. Robert Jowitt, of Leeds, has prorecognising this truth, must acknow- duced (as we hear has been the case) a ledge that it is God who has made

very lively sensation. So much opthem to differ: that he has

mercy on position, we believe, was excited by whom he will have mercy, and to the the mention of this question of birthquestion, What hast thou that right membership, as one cause of the hast not received ?—they must freely languid state of this Society, that it respond, “ Nothing, Lord: the very was only through the interposition of will to accept the offers of mercy in “ the clerk" (or chairman) that the the Gospel, I owe to thy preventing discussion was allowed to proceed. and distinguishing grace. Again : We have not heard that it has led to we read in James, « Of his own will

any

definite result; but we rejoice in begat he us with the word of truth ;it, as calculated to excite very profitaand this word of truth is not, as Qua- ble inquiry, and to furnish to many kerism teaches, some fancied internal minds materials for future meditation. word, but the word of the Gospel preached (1 Pet. i. 25, original). Hence the duty of preaching the word, of

(From the Bath Chronicle.) using those means, through neglect of

The following address from the which the “Friends” have so much suffered ; of reading the Scriptures,

Archdeacon and clergy of the city of expounding and teaching them with

Bath has been presented to Lord

Powerscourt, in reference to his reall diligence. But not to dwell too

cent duel with Mr. Roebuck, to which long on this fruitful theme, which must lead us beyond our limits, if pur

his Lordship has returned the answer sued into the blessed consequences

subjoined: flowing from being born again. What TO THE RIGHT HON. LORD VISmeans this worthy Friend by the So

COUNT POWERSCOURT. ciety having " a testimony of the ne- “ The Archdeacon and clergy of cessity of being born again ?" We the city of Bath beg very respectfully should have said its testimony was to express

their deep regret that, by a directly the reverse. But be it so ;

recent duel, your Lordship's sanction he is quite correct in the deduction should have been given to a practice

DUELLING.

so injurious to the best interests of trust, appreciate as it deserved. My society, at variance with the laws of own opinion upon the subject of the land, and in direct violation of the duelling coincides with that expressed precepts of the Gospel.

in your address, and this, I have no “With every feeling of regard and hesitation in confessing, although I courtesy, and in a spirit far removed am aware that, by so doing, I lay from dictation, and with a view, it myself open to the charge of having, may be, to continue to your Lordship by my conduct on the occasion to their support, without the compromise which you refer, given you reason to of principle, the undersigned have felt doubt the sincerity of this expression it to be due to religion, their repre- of my sentiments. I must admit the sentative, and themselves, to offer this apparent justice of that charge, and decided expression of their sentiments ; can only reply in that spirit of honest and in so doing, they would cherish candour which your position, as well the hope that your Lordship may, in as the kind feeling which you evince future, be enabled to manifest that towards me, so amply merits at my exalted moral courage which, in the hands. The law of public opinion matter of duelling, can set at nought the most influential of the laws of the corrupt practice of the world, by men, and too often more so than the proclaiming, whenever a fit occasion law of God-consigns a young man, may be presented, your regret that, who when either challenged or pubin your own person, the sanction of licly insulted, shrinks from a duel, to rank, position, and of character should that scorn and contempt which the have been given to a practice which imputation of cowardice entails ; and the wise and good have on such just I confess that I have been deficient in grounds so often and so reasonably 'that exalted moral courage' which, in united to condemn.

this instance, could alone have enabled “Bath, Wednesday, 24th April, 1839." me to despise the scoffs of the world

and the sneers of my associates. PerVENERABLE MR. ARCHDEACON AND

sonal resentment, I trust, had no

influence on my conduct; but I felt, “ The impression produced by the from the opinion of many whom I letter which you have done me the consulted, that if I had acted otherhonour to address to me, and which I wise on that occasion than I did, I received this morning, cannot be more must have been placed in this predifully conveyed, than in the assurance cament. I do not, however, urge this that I have received it with all the either to justify the practice, or to respect due to the character and sacred vindicate myself from an act which, I office of those who have subscribed it. candidly confess, my judgment and

“ As it is in substance the same as conscience must condemn. one which I received a few days past “ I can only say further, that it is, from certain of my constituents, and and ever will be, my constant wish to the answer that I gave to that address stand on such a ground of moral applies equally to this, I shall make elevation, that as my conscience and use of it also upon this occasion. judgment respond to the sentiments,

“ Far from imputing any want of so my conduct may always receive courtesy, or any spirit of dictation, to the approbation of those whose sacred those who have felt it their duty to office I so highly respect, and whose subscribe their names to this address, personal character I so sincerely I feel that it was inspired by a sense esteem, as those to whom I now have of Christian duty which, even if it the honour to sign myself their obewere not, as I have every reason to dient, humble servant, believe it is, mingled with kind feel

« POWERSCOURT. ings towards myself, I should still, I “ London, May 8, 1839."

66

REV. GENTLEMEN.

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WE

A SCENE FROM EXETER HALL. carried amidst the clapping of hands

and waving of handkerchiefs and copy the following curious

hats. account of the closing acts of the “ The vociferation and noise became great Annual Meeting of the New now general from all parts of the British and Foreign Temperance So- house; and a cry that Mr. Delavan, ciety from the pages of the official of America, should occupy the vacant organ of that body. It should be chair, was raised from the right. That premised for the information of our gentleman, however, did not seem to readers, that the question which had think it proper for him to interfere; and, previously occupied the meeting, was after a good

deal of distraction and noise, not whether the members of the So- Mr. Lawrence Heyworth of Liverciety should individually abstain from pool was requested to occupy the seat all intoxicating liquor (that was a point of rule, and did so accordingly. Mr. on which all were united) but whether Heyworth endeavoured to still the none should be admitted as members waves of discord, and persisted in except those who would agree not only this intention for some time. As not to “use intoxicating liquors as a well as we could hear him, he said, beverage, nor traffic in them,” but • Brother tee-totallers, if I have any would in addition sign the following influence in this society, I beseech declaration, “ that we will not provide you to impose some restraint upon them as an article of entertainment, your feelings, and to suffer the busior for persons in our employment, and ness of the meeting to proceed. I that in all suitable ways we will dis- have been a total abstainer for nearly countenance their use throughout the three

years,

and it has been the first community.”

object of my heart, to advance the “ The Noble Chairman (Lord Stan- principles of this society, by every hope) was of a different opinion: but means in my power. I represent Mr. Ball withdrew his motion, under here, 40,000 tee-totallers, and I call the loud and continued clamorous cries

upon you, in my own, and in their of · Divide, divide.'

name, to let the business of the " At this period the meeting pre- meeting go on—this is of the utmost sented an appearance of vast confusion importance. Mr. Heyworth continued and anarchy—the mass of the more at some length; but finding remoneager disputants crowded densely strance ineffectual, he bowed and around the chair--they debated across retired, and universal anarchy for a the front of the President, so that Lord time prevailed. Stanhope was concealed frequently “Some few in the neighbourhood of from the audience. Lady Sarah Somer- the seat of power seemed inclined that set,who sat on his Lordship's left hand, Dr. Oxley should occupy it, with a was evidently alarmed ; and a Quaker view to get on with the proceedings. female forced herself through the ring, By this time it was half-past six apparently with an intent to render her o'clock: another meeting was about to Ladyship any assistance that might commence its operations; and, to in. be necessary.

The confusion in- crease the confusion, some one concreased; the cross-fire of the debates nected with its arrangements proceeded became more fierce; and one person to play on the grand organ.

The cirfrom the body of the house shouted cumstances of the Parent Society had out something about the Chairman become very critical. Not only was vacating his place. In a few seconds the grand question of the pledges left we saw the Noble Earl slowly rise from undecided, but no committee for next the chair and retire, attended by several year had been appointed, and the individuals. The Chairman having power of the existing managers would retired, a vote of thanks was put and have ceased at the breaking up of the

on

666

meeting. The position of the question

“ The Rev. Mr. Baker then prowas, as we have stated, an amendment posed the following resolution, which,

a motion; the amendment pro- having been seconded, was carried. posing the American pledge on all That, in future, all matters refuture members.

lating to the government of the society “At this critical point, therefore, it be transacted at the annual meeting of was proposed, that Mr. Dunlop, presi- delegates, and that no auxiliary be dent of the Scottish Temperance empowered to send delegates, but Union should take the chair. Mr. D., such as shall have contributed during before doing so, expressly insisted the year to the funds of the society.' that he should not be prevented from “ The chairman then left the chair allowing some of the gentlemen op- ten minutes before seven o'clock; and posed to the amendment, from being thus ended the most lengthened and heard. This being so far settled, tumultuous meeting that was ever held Mr. D. occupied the seat, and pro

within the walls of Exeter Hall. The ceeded to clear the front of the chair, audience might throughout the day and cause the standing mass that closed consist of four thousand persons; and around it, to sit down all round; this the numbers were well kept up till the piece of ministerial discipline he ef- last. We have been accustomed to fected by the assistance of one of the scenes in both houses of Parliament, long wands of office used by the stew- to debates and differences in meetings ards of the meeting; and the swellings of benevolent societies, and to angry of the people being somewhat allayed, and violent tumults in political meetthe chairman was enabled to effect an ings, but we never witnessed among opportunity for the reverend Mr. Ball such vast numbers, such an intensity to be heard, on whom he loudly called of interest as was manifested on both to come forward. That gentleman had sides with respect to the issue of the gone away amid the bustle, and Mr. struggle. Others may regard this as Freeman was then called to address indicating a want of that union and the meeting, which he did in oppo- cordial co-operation, so necessary for sition to the American pledge. the attainment of an object so great

“ After this was over, it seemed to and glorious in its results, but we are be generally agreed, that, come what rather disposed to regard it as indicamay, a division must take place. The tive not only of the value of the chairman was of this opinion, and principle in itself, about which this after a good deal of trouble succeeded contest has been raised, but also as in getting the immense house into a indicative of the strong hold this substate of order, and he then took the ject has taken upon the public mind, sense of the meeting, when a large

when in so vast a concourse as the majority appeared for the amendment, present, a contest for the mastery (i: e. for the American pledge, exclu- should have been fought.” sive) which was accordingly declared to be carried. The bulk of the * There is food for profitable reflecmeeting did not wait for

any announce- tion in meditating on this scene. We ment, but received the show of hands here behold in action the “ head of with long and continued cheering. one of our numerous benovolent and

“The Chairman then requested that religious societies in the act of exerproposals for a set of managers for cising its legitimate functions -- those of the ensuing year, should be brought legislation for the body; and in what forward with as little delay as pos- language is the result summed up? « in sible.

so vast a concourse as the present, a contest for the mastery has been fought.It is with no unfriendly feelings to the

VOL. I.

GG

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