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Scriptures, but practically forgotten, and now, we fear, in a fair way to be openly denied in dissenting churches ; for wherever they admit a salaried ministry, and listen to the teachings of one man, and distinguish between the clergy and the laity, and do not admit the ministrations of the whole body of believers, there are they ignorant of the government of the church by the Holy Spirit, and thus have they set up the wisdom of man to take place of the power of God.
We need say very little more on this head---the bearings of the great principle are obvious. Let it only be acknowledged as a truth, and what will then become of the Dissenting Colleges, and the whole apparatus of the Academical Pastorate? The persons interested perceive the tendency of this alarming truth; and it is the foresight of this tendency which is the chief cause of all their outcries against the " Plymouth Brethren.” A financial panic exalts the human voice into a very loud key, and, though many other charges are brought forward against “ the new sect,” and though they are liberally accused of“ spiritual pride,” “schism," intolerance,” bigotry,” &c. &c., these charges would all be forgotten if the “ liberty of ministry” were not their chief sin; and if by divulging that forgotten truth they did not invade the tranquillity and disturb the slumbers of the ancient establishments.
The writer in the Eclectic speaks on these topics with the bitterness of personal feeling. He knows what it is to see Christians leaving the old Sectarian folds, where there is no love of the brethren, and no acknowledged government of the Spirit in the Church, in order to join those Christians who love one another, and who desire to see, in all the brethren, a manifestation of the manifold grace of God.” Many a dereliction of sect, on these grounds, he has seen and felt, and many more he will yet see and feel; and hence it is that he charges “ the Brethren” with “ zeal for proselyting persons," and with a carelessness of what spiritual ties they burst while pressing their theories” (p. 575). But let the blame be put in the proper place ; the power of making proselytes in this “new sect” is not in their own exertions, which, it is to be presumed, are not a whit more vigorous than the exertions of Dissenters to make proselytes from the Established Church---but in the spiritual debility of the Dissenting Churches themselves. It may be exceedingly galling to a Dissenting Minister to see his people leaving him, particularly when he is conscious of his own abilities, and his own zeal; but they who know what it is to sigh for a union with believers in the bonds of spiritual affection, and who can understand the power of the new commandment that believers should “ love one another"---who are persuaded that God, and not man, should rule in the Church, and that the Holy Spirit should direct the household of faith, can scarcely be expected to rest contented with the cold deadening form of mere Church discipline; and will, therefore, ever be inclined to go forth and to find peace for their souls elsewhere, “ careless of the rupture of the spiritual tie” which now exists between a paying laity and a paid clergy.
CANONISATION OF SAINTS BY THE POPE.
Bishop of Orvieto," and has the follow-
By a decree of Benedict XIV., the Beatification and Canonization of Saints are now exclusively performed in the Vatican Basilica (i. e. the Church of St. Peter). The former, with all its solemnity, is merely precursor to the latter
The reigning Pontiff has, this Easter, canonised five new Saints; and, in order to instruct 6 the faithful” in the ceremony of canonisation, there has been published in Rome, and in London, a little book, entitled “ 'The Canonisation Ceremonial,” from which we give a few brief extracts. This book is dedicated to “ His Eminence the most Reverend Lord Cardinal Francis Orioli, O. M. C.,
rite, wherein, after mature deliberation, for the canonisation of the already beatithe Pope, as Universal Doctor and fied candidates. Supreme Head of the Church, ex cathedra, “ On the day fixed for the grand event, pronounces that such a servant or ser- the ceremonial commences with a solemn vants of God practised during life the procession, emblematical of our mortal seven theological and cardinal virtues pilgrimage towards the portals of eternamely, faith, hope, charity, prudence, nity.” Here follows a minute description justice, fortitude and temperance, in an of the immense retinue of sacerdotal and heroic degree; that both before, and military pomp which the Man of Sin calls after their death, their extraordinary forth on his grand occasions of delusion, sanctity was confirmed by miracles—that when,“ with all deceivableness of unrighttherefore they are at present in the eousness, he prepares to show himself enjoyment of heavenly bliss, and that that he is God." The gorgeous procesconsequently their memories
be sion we, however, omit, till we come to the venerated, and their intercession invoked Pope himself, who, under a superb canopy by the faithful upon earth. But, before
is carried in a species of curcoming to this important decision, every rule chair, on the shoulders of the palacircumstance of the saintly candidate's frenieri, vested in liveries of scarlet silk. life is weighed with precision in the un- The canopy is alternately supported by erring scales of the sanctuary; and the eight youths, selected from the English, miracles of reputed saints must be juri- Irish, German, and other colleges. The dically proved to be genuine before the pontiff is moreover surrounded by the Congregation of Rites. To this vene- staff officers of his noble guard, together rable congregation appertain all affairs with other civil and military members of connected with canonization. Its tri- his household.” Behind the Pope follow bunal is composed of twenty-six cardinals, many other officials and dignitaries. and of an indefinite number of learned “ On reaching the portico of St. Peter's, prelates and divines ; it has also its the Father of the Faithful is borne aloft judges, counsellors, and notaries. It into the church, through four-fold lines moreover employs interpreters of foreign of white-robed Levites, holding lighted languages, and cites physicians, surgeons,
torches; and his chair of state, accomand the most celebrated men of science, panied by an additional retinue, is still to give their opinions. The depositions followed, as heretofore, by two chamberof interested parties are carefully ex- lains, bearing flabelli, or large fans of amined, and suspicious witnesses are ostrich feathers. The procession halts cross-questioned by one of its law officers. in the centre of the nave, near the Chapel called the Promoter of Faith, who is also of the Blessed Sacrament, where the sometimes nick-named the Devil's Advo- Holy Father remains for a brief space, cate. Indeed, had not the supreme pon- offer up his supplicating adoration to the tiff, to whom an appeal was made, over- giver of all good gifts.” After much more ruled the objection, it is said that the ceremony, tedious to read and still more canonisation of St. Joseph a Capertino tedious to behold, “ the Holy Father, would have been prevented, by one of seated upon his throne, receives from his these consistorial jurisconsults animad- court the customary homage. After verting upon the saint's habit of taking making a low «obeisance, the cardinals snuff, which the learned counsel con- kiss his hand-patriarchs, archbishops tended was too great an indulgence for a and bishops kiss his knee-prelates, and man, who, it was presumed, had re- others of inferior rank, kneel and kiss his nounced every luxurious superfluity.” foot. At the conclusion of this ceremony
“ After a long protracted process in the cardinal, solicitor of the process, the subordinate legal courts, after prayers approaches the throne, accompanied by have been repeatedly offered up in all the master of the ceremonies, and a conchurches to obtain light and counsel from sistorial advocate. The latter, on his on high, after the opinions and suffrages knees, presents to the pontiff, in Latin
, of the cardinals, bishops, and divines, the following petition:
:- Most Holy expressly assembled in several public and Father, the most Reverend Lord Carprivate preparatory consistories have been dinal N., here present, urgently requests collected, the Pope, like another Moses your holiness to inscribe the already amid the elders of Israel, rises again to beatified N. N. in the catalogue of Saints implore the. Divine assistance, and at of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, in length promulgates his sovereign decree order that they may be venerated as such
by the faithful of Christ.' To this peti- nobis, Sancti N. N. N.,” to which the tion the Pope's secretary-to-princes re- choir responds
“Ut digni efficiamur proan answer, by stating that his missionibus Christi." The Pope then Holiness, in consideration of the import- sings the collect appointed for the new ance of the demand, wishes, before com- saints, and their names are inserted in ing to a final decision, that the Divine the Confiteor. All this is followed by assistance be implored through the inter- " the offertory," or the ceremony of cession of the Virgin Mary, and all the offering to the Pope the oblation of wax Saints. The Holy Father then kneels torches, bread, wine, pigeons, doves, down upon the FALDISTORIUM,
and other birds, with a purse containing the litanies of the saints are chaunted
twenty-five pieces of money ; after which by the chaplains of the papal choir.” the canonisation is concluded. After other ceremonies, the Pope de- Such is this rite of blasphemy! and clares that it is requisite to invoke the by this rite five new deities have been Holy Ghost; on which they begin chaunt- added to the crowded pantheon of Rome. ing the “ Veni Creator Spiritus”—then Their names are Alfonso Maria Liguori, the farce is repeated of pressing the born at Naples, A. D. 1690, died 1787--Pope to canonise :---"the consistorial in 1816 he was beatified by Pius VII.; advocate, kneeling at the foot of the Francia di Girolomo, of Naples, born throne, pronounces aloud the following 1642, died 1716---beatified by Pius VII. words : • The most Reverend Lord in 1806; John Joseph Della Croce, born Cardinal N., here present, urgently, more at Ischia, near Naples, 1654, died 1734 urgently, most urgently (instanter, in- ---beatified in 1789; Pacificus di San stantius, instantissime), requests your Severino, born at Sapeda, in 1652, died Holiness to enrol among the Saints of our a Franciscan in 1734 ; Veronica GiuLord Jesus Christ the beatified N. N., liani, born in the Duchy of Urbino, in order that they may be venerated as A. D. 1660, died a nun of the Capuchin such by all the faithful of Christ.' The
order, in 1727. 66 She was favoured with secretary replies to this reiterated de- the most extraordinary gifts and graces, mand, that the Holy Father being now and was beatified in 1804, by Pius VII.” convinced that the solicited canonisation A religion in which scenes of this is agreeable to God, is about to make
description can take place, cannot be known his definitive decision. The Pon- considered a representation, even the tiff then solemnly pronounces the fol- most corrupt of the Christian faith--it is lowing sentence :--
entirely another religion; and the use of 6. In honour of the Holy and undi- christian names and phrases only serves vided Trinity, in exaltation of the Catho- to make the separation more complete ; lic faith, and to extend the Christian just as the insertion of christian names religion, by the authority of our Lord
and phrases in the ceremonies of the and Saviour Jesus Christ, of the Holy Hindoo religion, would have no other Apostles, Peter and Paul, and of our own, effect than to make a true Christian feel after due deliberation, and repeated a deeper degree of horror and aversion, prayers for Divine aid, and by the advice
when he discovered the holy language of of our venerable brethren, the cardinals Scripture prostituted to purposes of of the Holy Roman Church, the patri- idolatry. archs and archbishops of this city, we It is, we believe, scarcely known in define and decree N.N. N. to be saints, this country, that the reigning monarch and enrol them among the number of the of Russia, the Emperor Nicholas, has saints, ordering the Universal Church, himself, by his own high authority as henceforth, with pious devotion, to vene- supreme head of the church of Russia, rate their memory on the day of their canonised a saint! but such is the case ! birth. In the name of the Father, and and the person so canonised was the of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.'
Chaplain of Peter the Great, who refused They then sing Te Deum, and a car- to hold any intercourse with his imperial dinal invokes the new saints “ Orute pro master, when, in imitation of the fashion
then prevailing in Europe, he decorated * The faldistorium is the favourite faldstool of the Puseyites : we have already de
one of his imperial gardens with the
statues of the heathen gods and godesses. scribed it in speaking of the trinkets of that sect. Dr. Hook considers the absence of the
The reverend Chaplain, true to the faldstool an infallible mark of corrupted
well-known aversion of the Greek Church Christianity.
to images, declared that his imperial
master had encouraged the sin of idol- of God alone ; and as he pronounced them atry; and as he continued firm in his not guilty, so were they to be esteemed ; interpretation of the ornaments set up and, through grace, being thus acquitted, by the Emperor, the people considered were also to be deemed saints, not for the Chaplain a confessor of their faith, their own righteousness, but for the and ever afterwards honoured his memory righteousness of the risen and justified as that of a Saint. The present Emperor Head of the Church, whose justification was advised by his ministers to humour was proved by his resurrection, and acthe feelings of the people, and to establish counted, by grace, the property of all on a sure basis their respect to him as that believe in him; “for he was dehead of the church, by commanding
the livered for our offences, and raised again canonisation of the sturdy chaplain. The for our justification,” so that the saints Emperor is said to have laughed at the of Rome stood in righteousness in the proposal when first made to him ; but days of Paul, on a foundation not known afterwards, perceiving its policy, as part in Rome in these days; for this was their of the mystery of state, he convened a standing :-“Who shall lay any thing to synod of the ecclesiastical dignitaries, the charge of God's elect? It is God and commanded them to proceed to the that justifieth. Who is he that concanonisation, which was completed ac- demneth? It is Christ that died, yea cordingly--and the Chaplain is now a rather, that is risen again, who is ever at saint in the Russian calendar, by the the right hand of God, who also maketh will of the Emperor.
intercession for us” (Rom. vii. 34); a And these things are done in the doctrine, which if declared in St. Peter's nineteenth century; when we are told Church, would strike at the very root of the world is so adding to its intellectual Popery, and make the tiara tremble on strength, as to be able, ere long, to cast the brows of the Man of Sin. Moreover, off the bonds of superstition !
the glory of the saints in Rome came The Pope, however, asserts that he not from the works. of man, but from canonises the saints“ by his own au- God's eternal purpose and predestinathority, and that of Peter and Paul ;"- tion, “ for whom he did foreknow, he also his own authority will do all that it can, did predestinate to be conformed to the but Peter and Paul will not help him : image of his son, that he might be the for what says Paul ? he does not tell first-born among many brethren ; more“the saints,” to whom he wrote, that over, whom he did predestinate, them he their place in glory would be obtained also called ; and whom he called, them by their having practised, during life, he also justified; and whom he justified, the seven theological and cardinal vir- them he also glorified” (Rom. viii. 29, 30). tues, namely, faith, hope, charity, pru- But if the Pope should ever search the dence, justice, fortitude, and temperance, Scriptures, and, alarmed with the heresies in a heroic degree;" but, he tells the of Paul, betake himself to Peter, what Romans that they are
beloved of God, would he find in the epistle of the first called to be saints, or elect saints” (Rom. Pope? that “the saints are elect aci. 7); and these “elect saints” were not cording to the foreknowledge of God
to reign in life” by a decree of a Pope, the Father” (1 Pet. i. 2); and that who should decide a hundred years after “ Christ suffered for their sins, the just their death, that they had merited glory for the unjust, that he might bring them by their own good works; but an abun- near to God;" and that Christ “his dance of mercy, “and a gift of righteous- own self bare their sins in his own body ness, must first be received by them,” on the tree, that they being dead to sins and then “they should reign in life by might live to righteousness— by whose one Jesus Christ” (Rom. v. 17).
stripes they are also healed.” The saints of Rome, in the days of In one word, the saints of God are Paul, were not to be judged worthy of saved by grace, through faith, and that taking the office of mediator in heaven, not of themselves, it is the gift of God
, by a “congregation of rites," inquiring, not of works, lest any man should boast and cross-examining witnesses, and hear- (Eph. ii. 8, 9). The saints of Popery ing the pleadings of counsellors, pro and are placed in heaven by judgment of the con, and taking evidence of the miracles Pope and his Cardinals, as a reward of performed by the bones, and old clothes, their supposed good works, and to repay of the said saints, after their death; but them for the seven cardinal and theotheir judgmen 's to be at the tribunal logical virtues, exercised in a heroic
THE NAVAL AND MILITARY BIBLE abounded. In India it was probable
that the soldiers might be engaged in
perilous conflicts with men in the flesh; THE Naval and Military Bible Society and should they be allowed to go forth was one on the list of the “ May Meet- with arms which could only spread misings” this season. Of the speeches which chief, and bloodshed, and death ? Were it produced, the following are extracts : they only to be distinguished from idola
Captain Clark, of the Hon. East In- ters by greater skill and courage ? If dia Company, moved the third resolu- they were to wield temporal weapons, tion, as follows :—That this meeting, let them also be furnished with the sword confident that moral as well as physical of the spirit—the weapon which should strength should constitute the defence of
carry peace, and joy, and life, amidst the a Christian empire, witnesses, with heart- warfare and the conflict of the flesh. felt pleasure, the continued facilities en- Let them prove the harbingers of that joyed by the society for circulating the blessed period, when swords should be Holy Scriptures among the seamen of beaten into ploughshares, and spears into her Majesty's navy, and sailors generally; pruning-hooks; when the nations of the as also the effective distribution to the earth should not learn war any more. entire British army: and, relying upon Was he speaking of things which could the divine promise, that His word shall not be? Might not soldiers and sailors not return unto Him void, they would be heralds of that kingdom which was thank God for the past, and take courage
peace, and righteousness, and joy in the for the future. That audience, he said, Holy Ghost ? At least, they might lamight not be aware that attempts were bour in humble dependence upon God. made to poison the minds of many in the They might send out the word of life, army, both with infidel and with revolu- and they might hope for the blessing tionary principles. Those men knew not bestowed on those who laboured in the God, and that he was the only true vineyard of the Lord. They would not defence of nations. Those who had labour in vain. Much good had already designs upon them, therefore, tried to been done in India. God was working induce the belief that there was a mighty work in the army there. He God or that they were not accountable himself could look back to many delightto him; and having induced them to ful evenings, in which his brother officers shake off their allegiance to God, they and their ladies joined with a number of hoped to induce them also to shake off the private soldiers in lifting up their their allegiance to man. Thus they put hearts in praise and in prayer to Althem off their guard, and prevented mighty God. (Hear, hear.) Often they them from being subject to rulers, not had no other means of grace; and some for wrath, but for conscience' sake. But of the men who engaged in prayer if bad men were so active, should it be proved, by the richness and scriptural said that the children of this world were nature of their expressions, that they in their generation wiser than the chil- had drank deep of the fountain of life, dren of light? (Hear, hear.) No; let and that they had imbibed something of them be active ; let them rather aim to the mind which was in Christ their give them that balm of Gilead which Lord. And were such men milk-sops ? should heal all the wounds of their fallen Were they mere meditative, praying and corrupt nature, and especially those
No; they were as diligent, as atwounds occasioned by the poisoned ar- tentive, as valiant, as any that could be rows of infidelity, (Hear, hear.) Proofs found. When off the march, they would were daily furnished that the scheme of take a turn in the fields; with the Bible supplying soldiers and sailors with the in their hands; and there they found word of God was not Utopian, but that that God was with them.
Such things they themselves were most anxious to were most encouraging, and should induce receive that word. It was well said by them to furnish soldiers with spiritual one Of a truth, Christian soldiers in arms. They were surrounded with dibarracks are like bushes always burning, fficulties ; they were exposed to the jeers and not consumed. Christians should and scoffs of their comrades and their be careful and anxious to give them the officers, who were, in most instances, book which taught them that the wages however, constrained to confess that they of sin was death; and also, that where could find nothing against them, except sin abounded, grace had much more as touching the law of their God.