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expended in the erection of Upper Ca- that has been raised, and every battle that nada College, in this city; and on the has been fought with rebels and brigands ; grounds of King's College (to be built and notwithstanding I myself have given some time during the present century), my earnest support to the government, and that U. C. College is endowed to whenever I have (whether justly or unthe amount of some 8 or 10,000 dollars justly) apprehended it to be in danger. per year, and wholly under the manage- My lord, I believe that no provocation ment of Episcopal clergymen. On the or injustice co in uce me to violate other hand, it is no vain boast, but is the laws of the land ; but government is admitted by all, that the Methodist founded upon public interests, and has Church in this province has laboured claim to public support no longer than it more extensively and successfully than promotes the public good ; loyalty, howany other religious community. Well, ever enthusiastic, must become a dead a literary institution, called the “ UPPER letter, nay, disaffection itself, in course CANADA ACADEMY,” has been built of time, under any government where under the auspices of that church, at an palpable injustice is the order of the day, expense of about 40,000 dollars, upwards —where commerce declines, the trades of 20,000 dollars of which has been languish, and property becomes valueless, raised by voluntary subscription. At and the discontent of felt neglect and length an agent was sent to England, injury mantles the mind of the populawho succeeded in obtaining a Royal tion. Fully persuaded I am, that a perCharter of Incorporation, and a despatch petuation of the past and present to Sir F. Head, directing him to advance obnoxious and withering system will 16,000 dollars out of the casual and not only continue to drive hundreds and territorial revenue of this province, in thousands of industrious agriculturists aid of said institution; but the matter and tradesmen from the country, but had to be contested with Sir F. Head will prompt hundreds and thousands on the floor of the House of Assembly, more of her Majesty's faithful subjects before he could be induced to obey the (before they will sacrifice their property Royal instructions. The institution is and expatriate themselves), to advocate sustained entirely by individual effort constitutionally and openly, and decidand liberality; not a farthing is granted edly the erection of an independent out of the provincial funds; and in the kingdom,' as has been suggested even by recent legislation on the Clergy Reserve Mr. Attorney General Hagerman, as question, the Iligh Church party resisted best both for this province and Great every measure by which the Wesleyan- Britain.” Methodist Church might obtain a far- What can we say of this statement, but thing's aid for the Upper Canada that clerical rivalry is the real cause of all Academy. And, to add insult to injury, this strife? The Wesleyan ministers, the High Church presses of the province conscious of the numerical and popular denounce us as republicans, rebels, strength of their sect, can ill bear the pretraitors, and by every possible epithet ference given to the priests of the minoand insinuation of contumely, because rity. The established clergy have received, we complain, reason, and remonstrate from time to time, nearly a million dolagainst such barefaced oppression and lars in hard cash, besides grants of lands, injustice; notwithstanding also, my lord, and other solid proofs of “the piety of I am a native of this Province—the son the government.” But of all this golden of an United Empire Loyulist, who gave irrigation, of all this copious effusion of up his paternal inheritance, and fought opulence, the Wesleyans of Upper Caseven years during the American revo- nada have only been favoured with a few lution for British supremacy in America ; dribblets-scarcely worth mentioning; and, during the late war with the United and are, besides, treated with all that States, for British supremacy in Canada ; scorn and contumely which is the unnotwithstanding disloyalty to a British failing portion of the inferiors, when sovereign never appertained to the name struggling for power and place withtheir I have the honour to bear; notwith- superiors. All this is hard for flesh and standing not a single member of the blood to bear; and, therefore, flesh and church with which I have the privilege blood is up in arms against this ill treatto be connected, has been tried or in- ment. Hence all these words of menace, dicted during the late unhappy troubles hence all this editorial thunder, expresin this Province; notwithstanding more or

sive of the accumulation of heat in the less Methodists have been in every but talion Wesleyan atmosphere.

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But how is Methodism, after such Lord's work.” He states at some length stormy manifestation, to be considered his difficulties in following this impulse; a part of the church of Christ ? Where and it must be confessed that the diffiare the humility, and the passiveness, culties were not small which seemed to and the obedience of Christians, in all oppose the preregrinations of one who this ugly political contention ? And had to sustain his family by his daily how comes it that the sect of whose labour. These difficulties were, howloyalty we have have heard more than ever, in some way or other, surmounted, enough in other circumstances, should and he proceeded on

“ his visit" with thus suddenly appear before the world certificates furnished him by his society. as the most irritated and irritable oppo- His first preregrinations were in Nornents of government ?

folk; but the same year he went to DunMr. Ryerson testifies, as it will be kirk, to visit members of the Society of seen, to the military achievments of the Friends who had emigrated from North Methodists in the late disturbances; America. In the year 1793, Thomas and indeed it must be confessed that Shillitoe “felt a concern spread itself Mr. Ryerson's views, as editor of the with considerable weight over his mind, to Christian Guardian, are superabundantly pay a religious visit to King George III.” martial. In another part of the paper, This concern he “ trifled with” and conthere is a loud outcry against the dis- sequently he found himself in “ bitter arming of "suspected persons,” in the anguish of soul,” and he became tribuGore District, by command of the go- lated, a state of mind often mentioned vernment. The editor of the newspaper by Quakers, but not explicable by any asserts that those whom the government reference to an English dictionary. In terms suspected person” only differ in the year 1794,

he

says, “My divine Maspolitics from the parties employed to ter, in mercy, was again pleased to visit ransack their neighbour's houses. This me by the renewal of this concern, thereis termed “a most pernicious proceed- by putting my faith and faithfulness ing.” From all which we may gather, afresh to the test.” The workings of that the Wesleyans have been classed

are truly characteristic. amongst these “suspected persons,” and After earnestly craving of the Lord to that the government has taken the pre- be directed to the individuals to whom caution of disarming the discontented he ought to open his prospects of relisect; a precaution which some passages gious duty, he says, “ Joseph Gurney Bein Mr. Reyerson's letter to the Marquis van presented with such clear ness, I had no of Normanby would seem fully to justify. doubt remaining in my mind as to the

propriety of my so doing.” There were, however, difficulties in the way of com

municating with Joseph Gurney Bevan; THE LIFE, AND LABOURS, but after some time, on accidentally TRAVELS,

meeting this individual at the house of a TOE, IN THE

friend, the way was open, and the secret

2 vols. 8vo.- was discovered. This led to further London, Harvey and Darton.

communication, in a formal manner, to

others of the society; and after no litThomas SHILLITOE, a member of the tle preparation on the part of the Society of Friends, was born in London, Quakers, and the enacting of some A. D. 1754. He was not a Quaker by scenes which to us appear a species of birth, but was admitted into the society solemn comedy, it was at last arranged when he had passed his twentieth year. that "Thomas Shillitoe and George StaIn the year 1778, he took up his abode

cey
should

go

down to Windsor, and atin Tottenham, where he followed the tempt an interview with the king, on shoemaking trade, and where he closed Windsor Terrace. At Windsor they his long life, in the year 1836. In the were informed that their best chance of year 1790, he was acknowledged a minis- an interview was at the stables, at eight ter, by the Monthly Meeting; and that o'clock in the morning, when the king year also he yielded to an impulse of was expected to mount horse for the his mind, technically known amongst the chase. *Thither the two Quakers went Quakers as “a concern,” which made accordingly, frightened out of their wits, him suppose it to be his duty to “ leave and that to such a degree, that they his family and outward concerns in the nearly lost an opportunity of speaking,

JOURNAL OF
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OF THOMAS SHILLI

SERVICE OF THE GOSPEL OF JESUS CHRIST.

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66

which the monarch seemed willing to it is mystically termed,“ the acknowledggrant them, when they first caught his ment of unity” of his society. We now eye. After a while, however, Thomas find him in Germany; and gaining acShillitoe gained courage ; and after bolt- cess to the Crown Prince of Prussia, at ing out the words “ Hear, () King!” Berlin, with whom he pressed his favorite proceeded courageously with his “ theme, the due observance of the Sabcern,” speaking, as he supposes, for bath, in the kingdom of Prussia. This nearly twenty minutes. “It was evi- interview shewed the Prince in a favordent that which was communicated was able light; and, indeed, the courtesy and well received by the king, the tears kindness of all the continental princes, trickling down his eyes. The king stood whom Thomas Shillitoe visited, are in a very solid manner (solidity meaning worthy of remark. The traveller then apparently attention in Quaker phrase)un- proceeded on to Copenhagen, and had til I had fully relieved my mind of all that an interview with the Crown Prince and came before me.” “ It was said he did Princess of Denmark: from Denmark not pursue his diversion of hunting that to St. Petersburg, in the year 1824, day; but returned to the queen, and in- where he had two very interesting interformed her of what had passed.” The views with the Emperor of Russia. From purport of this communication is not, Petersburg to Berlin, and thence to however, mentioned in this journal. England. In the year 1826, he sailed

This was the commencement of Tho- for New York; and in the United States mas Shillitoe's interviews with sover- he remained for three years, visiting the eigns. In the course of his life he Friends' meetings far and near, and com"eased his mind" to several princes. ing into constant collision with Elias From the year 1805 to 1820, he was im- Hicks, against whom he raised the standpelled by divers concerns” to visit

ard of orthodoxy, as it is called, though Ireland and various parts of England. it is not very easy to ascertain the differIn 1812, he attempted, though unsuccess- ence of theologicai views that kept these fully, an interview with the Prince Re- two antagonists in a state of warfare. gent: at least he only gained a civil re- In 1829 he returned to England, where fusal from that prince, as he was riding he finished his days quietly, excepting an at Brighton. He left, however, with episode or two of a visit to the Prelates, Colonel Bloomfield a very curious epis- and to King William IV. at Windsor. tle addressed to the Regent, which, it Such is a brief outline of the life of would appear, that prince afterwards this remarkable Quaker, whose journal is read, though he must have been not a a very curious and interesting record of little surprised with the earnestness, and the principles of “the Society of Friends," expostulation, and reproof which was placed in as favourable a light as the thus unceremoniously addressed to him. case will admit. The benevolence, inIn 1821, Thomas Shillitoe sailed for Rot- tegrity, and purity of purpose of Thomas terdam—visited Amsterdam, Hamburgh, Shillitoe, are unquestionable ; the sinAltona, proceeded on to Kiel and Copen- cerity of his religious opinions must be hagen; had an interview. with the king conceded; and tha he endeavoured to of Denmark and the royal family. From obey the God of the Jews, with such Copenhagen he went to Christiana, in light as he possessed, seems clear, from Norway, visited the bishops and magis- the general memorabilia of his journal; trates there, and bore his testimony but that “his life, labours, and travels” there, as elsewhere, against the profana- were according to the assertion of the tion of the Sabbath. In 1822, he vi- title page in the service of the Gospel sited Basle, Berne, Geneva, Lyons, Nis- of Jesus Christ, we utterly deny. His mes, Paris ; endeavoured to see the life, labours, and travels, were in the Archbishop of Paris, but was not allowed service of the Law, not of the Gospel ; to ease his mind” to that prelate, and in the service of the law most imotherwise than in the shape of a letter ;- perfectly understood. From one end to the “ concern” being to protest against the other of his voluminous journal, there the practice of bull-baiting, on a Sunday, is no acknowledgment in the faintest dein the Amphitheatre of Paris.

gree of the Gospel of Jesus Christ; of the Thomas Shillitoe now returned home; atonement, justification by faith, the gift but in due time was again sent forth on of righteousness, the forgiveness of sins the Continent by the pressure of his through the blood of sprinkling which " concerns," and the approbation, or as speaketh better things than that of Abel,

66

and the union of believers by faith with finds a female amongst the Methodists
Christ, there is no mention. For all these “labouring under distress of mind," partly
saving truths, Thomas Shillitoe's journal because her class-teacher had deserted
substitutes benevolence, acts of kindness her. “After sitting awhile in silence, I felt
to man and beast, a peaceable, quiet, and it required of me to query with her, if she
sober life, and a careful attention to the had not reason to fear she had placed too
dictates of conscience. If an epitome of much dependence on what her class-leader
Thomas Shillitoe's theology were re- could do for her; and not enough looked
quired, it might be given in a formulary to the Lord with that single eye and
of words which should flatly contradict simple dependence he called for ? I told
the doctrine of the Apostle Paul, as thus, her how all this was to drive her home
“ to him that worketh, and doth not to the only sure help in herself.".
believe in him that justifieth the ungodly, “ After recommending her to the best of
his good works are counted for righteous- all leaders in herself, we parted” (171).
ness.” And how should it be otherwise ? Here a comparison of the two passages
for as Thomas Shillitoe has made con- places “ the inward light” in a view not
science in every man to be the God that to be mistaken ;-the harlot, had “ the
justifieth, how can he, faithful to the Divine Witness within her;" and the
doctrine of the inward light, believe other- Methodist female had the best of all
wise ? Many painful instances of this leaders in herself,” — in other words,
delusion are scattered up and down they had their conscience, whose lead-
through the two volumes : take the fol- ings and guidings are the salvation that
lowing as an example :-“ The mother, is by works, according to the creed of
this girl, two other women, and three Quakerism ! " What will the good de-
illegitimate children, were living together, sires of Friends avail,” says T. Shillitoe,
obtaining what little support they had in another place, “ unless we ourselves are
by their evil practices. We sat down willing to yield in humble submission to
with them, and endeavoured faithfully to the impressions of good thut follow us.” (59)
lay before them the tendency of their In one of the prisons on the Continent
manner of life, as it respected themselves, we find him thus preaching the Gospel to
their children, and others whom they the prisoners :-" The absolute necessity
were instrumental in drawing into their there was for them in good earnest to
company, and the punishment that seek unto God for help, to witness a truly
awaited them without true repentance. forgiving disposition of mind brought
At first they resented our interference ; about in them towards their prosecutors,
but strength was given us to plead with the witnesses against them, the police,
them, until THE DIVINE WITNESS and the tribunal, before they could ex-
in their minds wus evidently reuched; and pect fully to experience that godly sor-
they were so brought down, as to evince row brought about in their mind which
some degree of contrition, acknowledging, works true repentance, and is the only
at our parting, their full belief that we terms on which we cun witness forgiveness
wished them well, and that they were of our sins from Almighty God” ii

. 334. obliged to us for the counsel we had And thus did this diligent traveller go given them.” (i. 173.)

about the earth, vainly imagining that Here three prostitutes are declared the course he was pursuing, and to which to have the Divine Witness in them, he was propelled by his natural kindness that is, the inward light of the Quaker of disposition, was spending his life in school ; and this saving power within, the service of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Thomas Shillitoe reached, so as to make It is curious to remark how carefully the sinful women evince some degree of Thomas Shillitoe avoids naming God by contrition, i.e. they at last were civil, and those terms which the Scripture has acknowledged that their monitors wished made precious to the redeemed children them well! Is this preaching the gos

of grace.

66 The God and Father of our pel? Is this the service of the gospel ? Lord Jesus Christ,” and indeed all the Is this setting forth Christ the sacrifice expressions suggested by the spirit of for sin ? Is this teaching the word of adoption, whereby we say “ Abba Father," truth, instead of declaring Jesus to be he never allows to appear in his journal ; “ the faithful witness,” to endeavour to endeavouring by periphrastic expressions reach “ the Divine Witness" within the to evade even the name of God, as thus, bosoms of these degraded sinners.? “my Divine Care-taker,” “ Divine Di

On another occasion Thomas Shillitoe rector," my Divine Master," “my

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WEDNESDAY.

Divine help,” “Divine Presence,"

Are there distinct gifts (according to vine Wisdom,” “the good Remembran- the Scripture sense of the term) in the cer," "the Almighty Power,” “ mercifui Church now ? Do they necessarily acHelper," sure guide,” “ the good Mas

company the indwelling of the Spirit ? ter, my Almighty Creator,"

How may any gift or power which we Creator," " the good Power near at have of the spirit, be ascertained, and hand,” 6

my Maker,” “the great Uni- directed to God's glory? versal Parent of all,” “ the good Power,” What do we learn from Scripture &c.

should be the prayer of the saint conIt need not, therefore, surprise us to cerning the Holy Spirit, as to his gifts, find Thomas Shillitoe making the follow- power, or indwelling: ing remark,—he is speaking of what he God's dealing with his people, in comsaw at Petersburg :-“ Passing by one of munion and in discipline.—Is it the Fathe cansls, et the time when the labour- ther, or the Son? What instrumentality, ers on board the barges were about tak- may we ask, does God use in discipline ? ing their dinners, which consisted of Is joy the necessary result of communion ? black bread and salt, I was forcibly May communion exist without distinct struck, and somewhat reproved, by observ- consciousness of it. ing the uniform care they manifested to fix their attention on a cross placed on the top of one of their places of worship,

The olive-tree, the vine, the fig-tree. before they attempted to eat. Although Interpretation of Rom. xi. 17, in rethere may be reason to fear, with many ference to our distinct standing in disof them, this their devotion is performed pensation ? in the oldness of the letter, and not in the

The import of the Scripture-terms, renewings of the spirit of their minds ; mystiry, upostasy, remnant ? yet I have not dared to doubt, but that What are the relations in which the sincerity wus the governing principle in the word recognises the Christian, and which minds of some of this poor degraded part may be maintained to God's glory? of my fellow creatures in this act of What is his duty as to those in which duty.” (ii. 82.)

the word does not recognise him ? Doubtless, idolaters are sincere iu Is the honour, or power of this world their idolatry, as were the worshipers of any part of the endowment of the saint, Ashtaroth, and Moloch, and Baal, but according to the word ? strange it is for a Christian to put in a

THURSDAY. plea of sincerity as an excuse for sin.

The special importance, as the day draweth nigh, of giving heed to the

prophetic word ? What light does it QUESTIONS BROUGHT UNDER CONSIDERA

afford us as to the state of Christendom at the coming of the Lord ? The Spirit

in which we should ever come to it ? L. R. H. W. June 3, 1839.

The Apocalypse—its structure, and

interpretation-its relation to the book MONDAY EVENING.

of Daniel ? The value of Scripture knowledge.How may we discern that which is of the Spirit's teaching, from that which is

The bride ?—the Lamb's wife ? merely an intellectual attainment ?

Messiah's kingdom ?—the means of

its establishment ?-its duration ? TUESDAY.

Will the standing of the saints on Is the power of the Church of God earth in the millennium differ essentially,

now as in the days of the or only in circumstance, from the standApostles ? if not; what is the difference, ing of the saints on earth now? and wherefore? and what the consequent

The fitting posture

the saints at the duty of the saints ?

TION AT A MEETING OF CHRISTIANS.

FRIDAY

the same

present time.

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