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land, and have gathered clusters of its ceived, whilst the Association has renexcellent fruits. The grapes of Eschol dered itself responsible to the amount of will not ripen on the walls of Highbury, 6,000l., thus placing itself in arrears to Rotherham, and Spring Hill: Abana the amount of upwards of 3,0001. This and Pharpar, and all the rivers of Da- is surely a very lamentable termination

can only wash the body ; but of a great scheme which was to rival the there is a Jordan which can obliterate Association for building Churches. Whilst the most ingrained leprosy of the soul; the Dissenting Association has purchased and they who by grace have been led one chapel, and began to build one, for into that stream, and they only, can, in the completion of which the funds will the overflowings of a grateful heart, de- perhaps never be forthcoming, the Estabclare loudly, and joyfully, and constantly, lished Church has built its stately temples how great, how perfect, how divine, is by scores, and is building them, and will the salvation that is in Jesus.

build them, with a liberality that defies Are we then to come to this conclu- all calculation. The effect of this arsion, that some of the dissenting ministers chitectural redundancy of the state-reare experimentally ignorant of the doc- ligion on the Dissenters may be seen in trines of grace, and know little, beyond the following words of Mr. James, of Birtheir books, of justification by faith ? mingham, printed in the Congregational Yes surely ; it could not possibly be Mugazine : “ Let us build more places otherwise in such a system ; and that it of worship. It seems to be the present is so sometimes we are assured, by what policy of the Church of England to build we have seen and heard. If it were not us down and to build us out. Its members so, there would not be in the ministry of suppose that our congregations continue some of them, such long and painful pe- with us only because there are no Episriods of silence respecting all those doc- copalian places to receive them; and, trines on which the children of God acting upon this mistake, they are muldepend for the refreshments of their tiplying chapels and churches, many of spiritual life :"the hungry sheep look which are erected in the immediate viup and are not fed ;” neither would the cinity of ours, for the purpose of drawpoor saints express so feelingly their ing into them the people we have sense of famine for the bread that cometh gathered.

To prevent this, we must down from heaven; they would not la

keep pace

with them in this blessed spirit ment, as they now do, under the darkness of building. Enlargements, re-erections, around the pulpit of some chapels, which and new-erections, must go on amongst will scarcely ever allow them to catch us according to our ability, and with an even a momentary glimpse of Him, in energy in some measure resembling the whom it has pleased the Father that all Church of England........We must catch fulness should dwell.

the spirit of the age ; we must build, build, But this, as we have said, is but one build........ We cannot multiply our peritem in the system : the communion of sons unless we multiply our places. We the saints; the unfeigned love of the bre- must not wait for congregations to be thren; the union of the redeemed family; gathered before we build; but we must where is it in the Congregational plan ? build to gather them. For this, money, Where can it be when the laity is dis- much money, far more money will be tinguished from the clergy, and where a wanted : we must give it. The time is learned teacher of the schools is expected come when Nonconformists must prove their to take the place of the great Instructor, love for their principles, by the sacrifice of whose especial business it is to teach the property; and it is the only sacrifice they saints to love one another (Thess. iv. 9). are now called to make, for maintaining

To waive, however, for the present, and extending them. There must be a further consideration of subjects of this liberality far above anything we have yet deep import, let us, in conclusion, see how

We must bestir ourselves: this I the system works, as a machine of power, repeat, and urge again and again; and by the confession of the Congregational- to occupy them, we must send off, as a ists themselves. The Congregational nucleus for the new congregations, coloMagazine for August, informs us that the nies from such as are already large and Dissenters have promised subscriptions overflowing. There must be no grudging to the amount of 5,1001. to the Metro- of our members for this purpose. Conpolis Chapel Fund Association ; of which gregationalism tends, if not watched, to sum only 2,6001. has been actually re- Congregational selfishness. Ministers


such a

must be willing to part from their people, nothing but old Adam : as we learn logic and the people from their ministers, for or other things at the universities; and this purpose.” &c. &c.

one comes and scatters this

among the people, and this you call aiEvery sentence of this passage might vinity, and he is a divine : and yet this is afford a text for lengthened and grave abominable to God. And this is the remarks, but we would only draw at- reason why there are many divines that tention at present to the amusing invo- preach excellently, and yet God curseth cation of bricks and mortar, which are it. Why? It is old Adam's wisdom, called


“the spirits from the vasty and invention, and brave parts: but God deep,” without inquiring“ whether they curseth the soul; he curseth that figwill come when I do call ?" Mr. James tree, that it shall bring forth no more. . . has portrayed “ Congregationalism” as If any of you have a mind to learning, a lapsed vestal,“ built down and built go on; I discourage you not from it ; out," walled up for her sins, by a decree learning is a good thing in another eleof the state-priests.

ment: take pains and diligence to be

learned; it is good to do so. But if The remarks which we here make, or thou wilt be a gospel Christian, thou may have previously made on this theme, must thank the Spirit of God for all. are unwillingly extorted; for though Saith Paul, for all his learning, “I am not they are directed towards the system, sufficient to speak a good word;' and and touch no individual, either directly yet he was so learned a man that Festus or indirectly, and are also to be under- said, “Much learning had made him stood with large exceptions in favour of mad.' Many of the clergy and the the true saints, who, as individuals, are learned men, they extol learning to the to be found in the Dissenting Churches, heavens, and many of them on purpose and who really desire to live not unto to do despite to the Spirit of grace: as themselves, but unto Him that lived and long as they do so, they shall never died for them—and who also, we are know the will of God; neither shalt thou, persuaded, do frequently sigh for some- as long as thou keepest the Holy Spirit thing far better than that in which it is an underling and makest it a cipher. their lot to participate ;-yet still we

We are not debtors to the flesh; but we would gladly avoid the expression of must be debtors to the Spirit if we will deep disapprobation which the sentiments have one true thought of Jesus Christ. of the Dissenting publications often ge- When the Lord shall come, and his nerate within us. But when we see them Spirit shall be advanced in the hearts of as part of a settled system, setting up men, we shall have glorious times, and the power of man as the power of the never before that : and those times will Church, and assuming a place of strength

• The sun shall be turned into which “ the flesh" can rest in with com- darkness, and the moon into blood.' placency, and declaring that it ought to Men shall not so much esteem learning be so, it then seems a clear duty to any from books; but learned and great men one who perceives the error to point it and scholars shall come to one class, and out, and to assert, where an opportunity one rank, and one form, with simple offers, those opposing truths of the gospel people, all waiting on God by his word kingdom, which cannot bear admixture through the Spirit.” with the elements of the world,

The following remarks of an excellent author, Walter Cradock, may be taken as bearing closely on this subject :-“Take the best piece of old “On the 24th of February, a young Adam, and offer it to God, and it is as Protestant minister was ordained at that strange fire that Nadab and Abihu Montauban, and fourteen ministers of offered : it cannot please God. Let me that town and neighbourhood assisted at give you one chief instance that makes

the ceremony. Professor Adolphus Momy heart bleed when I think of it: that nod presided, and delivered a discourse thing that you call divinity, or those that on the ecclesiasticul state, in which he you call divines, they are good words of dwelt on the great necessity of adhering themselves; for John is called the di- to revelation, and made some judicious vine.' . But that which you call divinity, reflections as to the spirit with which a which is the great idol of the world, it is

pastor ought to be animated. After the




3 с

sermon, the following formula was read nition of the principle of confession, not; to the candidate, M. Pelet, to the inter- indeed, on so extended a basis as that of rogatories of which he gave scriatim an the Anglican Church, but broad enough explicit affirmative.

to put to silence every declaimer against 16. You promise before God, and upon a practice followed by the Jewish Church the holy Scriptures now open before of old, and adopted by the Catholic you, to preach purely and faithfully the Church from the beginning" Word of God, as contained in the books But, in truth, it must strike every one of the Old and New Testament, without as passing strange, that the ministers of adding to, or retrenching anything there- Geneva should be reminded of the duties from, as commanded in the Bible itself?' of the confessional in the ceremony of Yes, I promise.

their ordination ; for it is scarcely to be " " In consequence of this engage- supposed that they would be required to ment,

make public professions of this nature, “1st, You promise to teach, that by if it were not the practice for them to reone man sin entered into the world, and ceive confessions from the laity. The by sin, death; that all have sinned, and interrogatory takes it for granted that it are subject to condemnation; and that is customary to make confessions to the none will be justified before God by the Presbyterian ministers. Here, indeed, works of the law ?'

then, are priests after the order of Cal" • Yes, I promise.

vin; for the ministers of Geneva sit in 66 2ndly, You promise to teach, that his chair, and act on the platform Jesus Christ is our Saviour and our God; which he raised. It must be known to God over all things, blessed for ever?' all who are acquainted with the history “Yes, I promise.'

of the great Reformer of Geneva, that he “3rdly, You promise to teach, that exceedingly exalted the authority of the Jesus Christ died for our sins; and that Presbyterian body; but that we should we have in him redemption through his find the practice of confession in his blood, viz., the remission of sins; and Church in these days, is a discovery at that we are saved through grace, by once distressing and astonishing. faith ?'

In other respects, we see, in the Re“Yes, I promise.'

formed Churches on the continent, far 4thly, You promise to teach, that too many proofs of their tendency to rely no one can see the kingdom of God un- on the strength of this world, and to supless he be born again by baptism, and port themselves by the authority of man. regeneration, and the renewing of the It is a matter of rejoicing that the conHoly Ghost, which God has shed abun- . tinental Protestants should have, of late dantly on us, through Jesus Christ our

years, become fully aware of the mischief Saviour ?'

of the neological and Socinian school, Yes, I promise.'

and that the Evangelical spirit should "«5thly, You promise to teach, that have revived with comparative powerfaith without works is dead, and that doubtless, there are many pious Chriswithout holiness no

can see the tians in the reformed Churches of the Lord ?'

continent—but deep is the instruction Yes, I promise.

they require on the absolute separation "6thly, You promise also to make of the Church of God from the world, every effort to edify the Church of the

and many are the lessons that they have Lord, by living in this present world yet to learn on the nature of the kingtemperately, justly, and piously, and by dom of Christ. The following docuapplying yourself to fulfil the duties of

ment, which expresses the sentiments of your holy vocation ?

the ministers of Montauban in France, « « Yes, I promise.'

on the doctrinal aberrations of one of “67thly, You promise, finally, to keep their brethren, will afford evidence of the secret all the confessions which muy be made erroneous position in which they now to you in discharge of conscience, except are, and in which they seem well conthose which involve the crime of high trea- tented to abide :

“We have read with feelings of deep 6. Yes, I promise.'”

pain the inaugural discourse pronounced The Catholic Magazine, from which by Professor Nicholas, in the public sitthis extract is taken, is not a little pleased with the last interrogatory, “ as a recog

ting of the faculty of Montauban,
15th of last November; and we consider

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ourselves called upon to protest against God, which it will be their duty some doctrines which are not the doctrines of day to preach. our Church, and which have no other (Signed) Lacroix, Laurens, J. J. tendency than to destroy the authority Gouzy, F. Clary, Belinguier, Paugeux, of the word of God. This is our protest Th. Béard, A. Laroche, Lamotte, F. on the subject :

Lines, Larsenque, H. D’Ounous. “ The pastors and members of the Saverdun, Jan. 14, 1839." consistory of the reformed Church of Saverdun (Ariege), declare publicly that These worthy men, who themselves they reject, with the whole force of their

are the stipendiaries of the state, and convictions, the principles broached in regularly receive their salaries from a the discourse of M. Nicholas. They Roman Catholic Government, had no think that the word of God being always objection whatever to the appointment the same, his instructions are as invari- of M. Nicholas to the divinity-chair of able as his word; and that the pretence the Protestant seminary, as long as they of explaining them differently, and with supposed him to be orthodox in his variations of formulæ, in order to put views; because, by that appointment them in harmony with the exigencies of the government undertook to pay the every epoch of man, is fraught with im- professor's salary ; but when they find piety and madness (une prétension impie that the Roman Catholic, or infidel, Miet insensée), as it could have no other nister of Instruction has made a great result than to submit the infinite mind mistake, and has ignorantly promoted a to the caprice of the mind of man, which sceptical neologian to the chair of their is always limited and imperfect. We schools, they then appeal to Cæsar to think that Professor Nicholas, in repro- remove the nuisance l—they invite the bating the formularies of faith of the force of the secular arm to remedy those fifteenth century, and all those of past disorders in the sanctuary which they times, for not having cast Christianity themselves have created; for if there into a mould, so as to harmonise with were no connection between the Rethe wants of the actual epoch, and the formed Churches and the government, progress of science and of modern civili- how should these perplexities arise, and sation,-has taken upon himself a task how should they find themselves in these of destruction, and that he has thus dilemmas? added one more proof to the many which The Minister of Instruction would, we already possessed, of the incapacity with the best intentions, be not a little of human reason to substitute anything embarrassed with this appeal ; for these satisfactory in the place of the well- are questions touching their superstiknown and well-devised doctrines of the tions,” and “Gallio careth for none of Bible. M. Nicholas adinits, that the for- these things.” mularies of faith of the sixteenth century were good at that time; he ought, therefore, to admit that they were true, or, at any rate, to say that error and falsehood may be good for some purpose ; and if they were true then, they ought to be so “ My brethren, if we shut out from still; or else he should admit, that that spiritual usefulness all who are not orwhich was true at one time, may be false dained to spiritual things--if we do not at another. Deeply afflicted to see that rather excite and urge them to such one of the branches of instruction should duties—we contradict the plain combe intrusted in our Faculty to a man mands of our religion. The Scriptures who, by his convictions, does not really enjoin all Christians' to exhort one belong to our Church, the undersigned another daily, while it is called to-day ;' desire that the attention of the Ministers of to' edify one another;' to speak to one Instruction


be invited to this deplorable another in psalms, and hymns, and spirifact; and in the persuasion which they tual songs ;' to warn • the unruly ;' to have that his Excellency the Minister • comfort the feeble-minded ;' to 'assemhad been led into an error when he made ble themselves together, that they may this nomination, they hope to see him provoke unto love and to good works;' to adopting proper measures so as that the * visit the fatherless and widows in their pupils of the Faculty may not be trained affliction.' So speaks the word of God. in principles contrary to the word of And is man wiser than God? Is man

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to sce danger where God prescribes were not clergymen in the ecclesiastical duty ? To forbid when God commands? sense, they were simply believers, and Thus Satan would have it, for thus is therefore were

spiritually ordained." his kingdom maintained ; thus is dark- Let this one

error be removed, and ness perpetuated, and religion, instead the rest is excellent. But shall we ever of an active principle, becomes a super- see the phenomenon of une Bishop stitious notion. But we protest against coming forth out the labyrinth, and laying such error as the worst remaining relic down his mitre at the feet of the cross ! of papal usurpation ; bred and nourished, All things are possible; but amongst not in the times of primitive Christianity, things that are possible this may be but in the dark days of its corruption, ranked amongst the most improbable. when they chose to keep the key of knowledge to themselves, who are afraid to trust the people with it ; and allowed the priest's lips alone to speak, that he

"alone might enjoy the power which belongs to knowledge. Never, never, brethren, shall we be a Christian com- “ The primitive churches were not mere munity till this error is dispelled; till it assemblies of men, who agreed to meet is with us as it was with those who were together once or twice a-week, and to first called Christians: when every one subscribe for the support of an accomwho has the knowledge of Christ in his plished man, who should on these occasions own heart believes it his duty to bring deliver lectures on religion. They were to the same knowledge the individuals men gathered out of the world by the with whom he is connected : his child, preaching of the cross, and formed into his servant, his dependent, his labourer, a society for the promotion of Christ's his neighbour. Then, and not before, kingdom in their own souls, and in the may the kingdoms of this world • become world around them. It was not the the kingdom of our Lord and his concern of the ministers or elders only; Christ.'

the body of the people were interested The present Bishop of Chester is the in all that was done; and, according to author of these sentiments, which unin- their several abilities and stations, took tentionally come near to the all-impor- part in it. Neither were they assemtant truth of liberty of ministry, The blies of heady, high-minded, contentious good Bishop begins, indeed, with one people, meeting together to argue on mistake, to which he is in a manner tied points of doctrine or discipline, and down by the opinions of his church. converting the worship of God into “ If we shut out from spiritual useful- scenes of strife. They spake the truth, ness," says he,“ all who are not ordained Eph. iv. 14. but it was in love. They to spiritual things,” by which he means observed discipline; but like an army

66 those who have not been or- of chosen men, it was that they might dained clergymen." But how strange attack the kingdom of Satan to greater it is that one who thus searches the advantage.

Happy were it for our Scripture, to find the mind of the Lord churches if we could come to a closer imitain the directions given to the saints, tion of the model."--Works iv. 605. should not perceive that all believers are the persons of whom he speaks, dained to spiritual things." is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another, the word of knowledge DONE UNDER THE SUN-SLAVERYby the same Spirit; to another, faith by THE OPIUM TRADE, &c. the same Spirit............but all these worketh that one and the self-same The following extract of a dispatch Spirit, dividing to every man severally as from the British Commissioners at Hahe will." Are not such persons spiritu- vannah, to Viscount Palmerston, relating ally ordained ? Are not these the true to the enormous profits of the slave and the only clergymen of the Church trade, expresses the opinion of the of God? It is written in the Acts of Commissioners that it cannot be supthe Apostles, “ They that were scattered pressed, while such profits are made :abroad, went every where preaching the " With regard to the Ship Venus, word," (Aets viii. 4). These persons otherwise the Duquesa de Braganza,

to say,


66 To one


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