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not, serve two masters. The internal beauty of the Church he saw chiefly in the good and pleasant unity of the brethren; and if this love of the redeemed people were wanting, all seemed to him wanting. He much desired to have mutual exhortation and teaching established amongst the brethren; but this manifestation of an order submitted to the government of the Spirit, he never saw realised, though he once assured me that no greater boon could have been granted him, than that he should have been allowed to see a Church gathered together on the principle of visible union, separation from the world, and liberty of ministry. “I had once,” said he, “indulged a hope that I might be instrumental in bringing about something of this sort in this place; but that prayer (for an object of prayer it has been with me) has been withheld; and in my pilgrimage I shall see nothing of this
the debt swelled out to an alarming amount; and the deacons and the people, as they generally do in such emergencies, looked chiefly to the poor pastor to help them out of their difficulties, by chapel collections and all the usual expedients of pauper solicitations. Mr. King raised for the chapel about £800; but at last, disgusted with his position, and deeply wounded by some acts of unkindness and ingratitude, he resigned his charge to labour in a humbler sphere, unembarrassed by eleemosynary degradation and diaconal cabals.
His resignation, which took place in the year 1813, had been preceded by an endeavour to introduce a more searching test of discipleship, and to persuade the Church to break bread every first day of the week; but in these attempts he was thwarted by those who prefer sectarian traditions to the practice of the disciples and the testimony of the word in the apostolical era.
Mr. King now preached the Gospel in his own house, and his ministry was attended by many of those who had been his hearers in Hall Gate Chapel. After a while, however, his friends built him a small chapel in Spring Gardens, which was opened in the year 1816. In this building, which affords accommodation for about two hundred persons, he continued to preach till his last illness, two or three months before his death.
A life so noiseless, and marked with so few events, is scarcely a subject for even the humblest biography; but it is not for the sake of biography that I would burthen even one of your pages with this lowly record. My desire is to rescue from entire oblivion the name of an humble saint, who, having a sincere desire to obey his heavenly Master, did in his walk bear testimony to those truths into the discovery of which he had been led by a diligent examination of the word of God. His distinguishing sentiments may be very briefly stated. He rejected all the sectarian notions of an ordained, learned, and salaried ministry: he saw with clearness the workings of the spirit of the world amongst professing Christians, and more particularly in that portion of it which he had had the best opportunities of contemplating. The Church of God he looked on as the witness for Jesus in the midst of a world lying in the wicked one; and that testimony to be expressed by believers manifesting in their whole conduct that they could not, and would
The practice of war, and the theory by which the practice of war, either offensive or defensive, is upheld by some professing Christians, he entirely reprobated. Mr. King had a family of nine child
His stipend whilst he was the minister of Hall Gate Chapel, was £50 per annum; but on his resignation of that charge, he gave up all ideas of a salaried ministry, and supported his family by keeping a school. This was the hard part of his life ; but he passed through it with patience, and bore the long trial of scanty means with perfect cheerfulness; and in exerting the labours of his hands, he could in a clear conscience testify that he was “happy, and that it was well with him” (Psa. cxxviii. 2).
In the last years of his life, when circumstances no longer demanded this drudgery, he would look back on his labours as an humble schoolmaster with entire satisfaction. Once, when discoursing on this subject, and on the proper position of Christian ministers in the Church, he pointed out to me Acts xx.
32-35, as affording a safe and sound pressed a melancholy character on Mr. rule, which the lapse of time, and change King's thoughts and deportment. But of circumstances, would, in his opinion, who, indeed, could avert the access of never materially alter, if the Churches melancholy, when viewing the aspect of were obedient to that order which is professing Christianity as it is exhibited very plainly laid down in the New Tes- in these days, more especially when the
survey was taken in the peculiar circumIt is needless to say, that with these stances here detailed ? Mr. King little views and practices, he was completely supposed that multitudes of believers had discarded by the Dissenting clergy. To lately arisen, professing sentiments and use his own expression, “ he had quite entertaining views akin to his own: and lost his religious character amongst I doubt not that there are many persons them ;” and he was forgotten by them similarly situated, who, unknown to all as a dead man out of mind.
others, and not suspecting that their He looked for the coming of the Lord, own private sentiments are shared by and the restitution of all things in the anyone else, have come to such conpersonal reign of Jehovah Zidkenu; clusions relating to the Church of God, and the remedy of the evil that is upon as render any further union with sectathe earth he had no idea would be rian arrangements indescribably painful effected till that greatest of all events to their feelings, and irksome to their took place.
consciences. Most diligently did this good man Mr. King's last illnesss was attended search the Word. He studied the Old with much bodily suffering, but he died and New Testaments in the original rejoicing in the Lord, having repeatedly tongues every day; and being blessed testified, the last few days of his life, that also with an accurate memory, his know- the precious truths he had so long held ledge of the Word, and his power of forth were his only support in the explaining it in conversation, have not prospect of dissolution. “Happy, happy, often been surpassed by any biblical happy!” were words which he was students. Commentators and expositors enabled to utter almost with his dying of the Scriptures he little regarded; but breath. amongst Christian writers he gave a high Many documents are before me shewplace to Dr. Owen, and to Ebenezer Ing the high esteem in which Mr. King Erskine, of Stirling.
was held by the Dissenting ministers beI have often heard Mr. King preach, fore he resigned the pastoral office of and generally with much profit. On texts Hall-Gate Chapel. A letter from Dr. from Isaiah relating to Christ, and in- Williams, of Rotherham College, redeed on many other portions of Scrip- quests him (Mr. King) to send his opiture, his sermons were truly excellent. nion at length on his “Essay,” of which Some of his discourses on the 3rd of he was about to publish a second ediRomans have made a deep impression on tion, and which he desires to make as my memory; and, generally speaking, in unexceptionable as may be. He professes my judgment, his ministry was of a su- to set a high value on Mr. King's judgperior order, and always exhibiting a sur- ment. The date of this letter is 1810. prising knowledge of the Scriptures. A printed circular, the object of which
On the subject of faith he was sup- is to raise money for the Hall-Gate posed to entertain views analogous to Chapel, bears attestations from many those propounded by Sandeman; but on of the Dissenting ministers.
Dr. Pye this subject I never was able fully to Smith's attestation is as follows :comprehend the difference of his senti- " Having been personally acquainted ments from those usually held by the with the religious interest at Doncaster, orthodox. I have often discoursed with and the exertions which have so laudhim at length on the subject, but never ably and successfully been made in that so as fully to comprehend the difference. truly important sphere of usefulness, I He referred me to a well-known discourse cordially unite in attesting the merits of of Erskine's on the assurance of faith, as the case, and expressing high regard for containing sentiments with which his my esteemed brother, the Rev. Wm. own pretty nearly accorded.
King." A Christian thus circumstanced, could Attestations, varying in expression, are not but feel the darkness and solitude of signed by Mr. Parsons, of Leeds; Dr. his situation : and this solitude im- Boothroyd ; Mr. Lambert, of Hull; Mr.
Boden, of Sheffield ; Mr. Thorp, of Bris- of death, and remorse of eonscience tol; Dr. Williams, of Rotherham ; Mr. for many a deed of injustice and blood Grove, of Walsall; and several others. urging him to deeds of atonement; The date of this document is 1807.
the hungry priests surrounding his There are several letters from Mr. couch, and the vast sums lavished John Wilson, of the Tabernacle, in Lon- upon them, and upon the most redon, requesting him to come up as usual nowned shrines in India, by way of to town, and supply the Tabernacle and viaticum, the imagination is irresistibly Tottenham-court-road pulpits.
Mr. carried back to former days and to King seems to have gone regularly to similar scenes, though on a smaller London for this object up to the year
scale in our own land, to which many 1813.
a religious house owed its rich patriSome interesting letters are from one mony.”—A Friend of India.] of the most eminent of the Dissenting ministers now in London. They are “The death of Runjeet Sing, in itself an expressed in affectionate and respectful occurrence of no ordinary political imterms, every letter beginning with this portance, has been accompanied with address, " Reverend and honoured fa- circumstances of so peculiar a nature, as ther in the Lord Jesus Christ.” They to demand special notice.
It appears bear date 1815-16. An extract from a that, notwithstanding his life had been letter written by the father of this minis- one continued violation of all the rules ter is as follows :- My son, and your of Hindoo orthodoxy, he was determined son also in the faith ; for as Paul says, to smooth his passage to the tomb, and if ye have ten thousand instructors, ye to die, if possible, in the odour of sanctity, have not many fathers, for I have be- by erpiatory gifts. Finding his end gotten you in the bonds of the Gospel. rapidly approaching, like another Indian As a father, I hope you will descend to conqueror, Mahomed of Ghizni, he orthe weakness of this child, this babe in dered his treasures to be brought forward grace, who, in his natural life, has not that he might feast his eyes with them yet attained his eighteenth year.
for the last time. Then commenced a “ About this time three years, God series of gifts to brahmins and shrines, was pleased in sovereign mercy to con- the like of which has not been since the vince him of his dreadful state by nature
Golden Age. Estates of large value under your ministry at the Tabernacle ; were lavished on the priesthood ; a hunand this time last year, the last Lord's dred cows, with gilded horns; a hundred day you preached at Tottenham-court, caparisoned horses, equipped in gold the Lord was pleased, in the riches of and jewelled saddles ; four elephants, his grace, to deliver his captive soul with gold and silver seats; a golden from guilt and slavish fear, under which chair and bedstead; plate; strings of he had laboured for two years, by a ma- pearls ; swords; shields and other arnifestation of his mercy through the re- ticles of incalculable value, were ordered demption that is in Christ Jesus.
to be sent to the shrines throughout In
“ J. S.” dia, to proclaim the piety of the Rajah. “No. 17, North-place, Banner-st.,
Then the Surpeish and the string of St. Luke's, London.
pearls which the Governor-General had “Jan. 31, 1814,"
given him were made over to Mudoosoo
dun Pundit, because they were so very It is little known, therefore, to whom precious.' And at last the dying penitent this popular preacher owes, under the called for the mountain of light, the Kohdivine blessing, his first knowledge of i-noor, the unrivalled jewel which he had evangelical truth; for of the multitudes
filched from Shah Soojah, and ordered that attend Surrey Chapel, perhaps not it to be sent to Juggunnath; but here one individual has ever heard men
his son, his minister, and his attendants tioned the name of Mr. King, of Don- interposed, and represented to him how caster.
Testiş. invaluable was the diamond, worth all
the revenues of all India, and how difficult it would be for the brahmins to obtain a purchaser for it; and it appears
that his consent was given to its being (“When we contemplate his weak and retained in the royal treasury. It must
emaciated form, lying in the agonies have been a scene worthy of the first pencil
DEATH OF RUNJEET SING.
in Europe, this closing scene of Runjeet am not afraid of any of the consequences that the Lion of the North, lying on his bed are involved in a full acknowledgment that in the agonies of death ; the physicians
I THINK IT IS. I think it is plainly and momentarily feeling his pulse, while he
undoubtedly the duty of such a government, lavished away lands, gold, jewels, and
to establish, and to endow whatever they
believe to be the truth of God.”— Rev. H. gifts, estimated at the most moderate
M'Neile's Speech. See Inquirer, p. 559.] computation, at a million sterling. The mind is involuntarily carried back to the dying scenes in some castle of some da
Interview with the King-Departure for
Rangoon. ring, but penitent baron, in our native land, before the statute oi mortmain “ Now he [the king) stood erect, and was passed.
with a keen eye, full of meaning, he look“ Yet if this scene was painfully inte- ed towards the princes, noblemen, officers, resting, that which followed the death of and attendants, who were all bowed the Rajah, was still more to be lamented. down before him, and said, with a full As soon as his departure was known, voice, ‘Little teachers, you must not give the Ranees raised cries and lamentations, away any more of Jesus Christ's books. tearing their hair, casting earth on their Formerly I could see such things done, heads, throwing themselves on the ground, and take no notice of them ; but now I am and striking their heads against bricks the defender of the faith, and protect my and stones. The bier of sandal wood religion.' To this we made no reply, was prepared and embroidered with gold but bowed to him, to let him know that flowers, and Rajah Dheean Singh de- we listened to him. We then informed clared his resolution to follow his master. him, that when we returned, we designed The officers of state threw themselves at to bring with us a printing-press, and to his feet, and entreated him to alter his print books on science. Yes,' said he, resolution, as without him the affairs of with a strong and firm tone, come, and the country would be entirely deranged. print, and give away as many books on His determination was, at length, changed. science as you please.' Our business Then came four of the Ranees to the with him being now finished, we rebier weeping, and resolved to burn them. spectfully took leave of him and reselves with it. Kurruck Sing, the suc- turned home.”—Journal of Mr. Simons' cessor of Runjeet, did all in his power to Miss. at Ava, May 20, 1837.-- Amer. Bap dissuade them, but in vain. And, ac- tist Missionary Mag. cordingly, four of his queens, and seven of his concubines, were consumed to ashes on the funeral pile. This is a circumstance most deeply to be lamented ; but the resolution on the part of the women appears to have been so unexpected, as to have precluded all previous
“The Englishman of the 26th July, stated precautionary measures. Neither does
that a duel had been fought between any dividual appear to have been pre
Capt. M‘Naghten and Mr. Hollings. sent at his obsequies, to represent the
This account we copied into the ChunGovernor-General. We are certain that
drika, and we think it our duty to make his lordship would have left no stone un
some remarks upon that circumstance. turned to have averted so dreadful a
“ The English suppose themselves to catastrophe."
be a brave, wise, ingenious, strong, and
the inhabitants of this country, particularly the Hindoos, as a weak and useless body of men; but they are blind
to the faults of their own conduct. Two [“ HERE I beg no question; I only ask for
persons are, perhaps, offended with each sincerity, that a man shall propagate what
other; the one party challenges the he believes to be the truth of God. But the
other, and they fight a duel : sometimes retort then is, “What! is it the duty of a
the lives of both are lost ; sometimes Mahomedan government to propagate, to
one of them is killed, or perhaps both establish, and to endow Mahomedanism ? are wounded :- is this civilisation or Is it the duty of a Popish government to pro- courage? It is truly surprising, that a pagate, to establish, and to endow Popery?' person who has been well educated from My Lord, I am not afraid of this retort. his childhood, and who has risen to a
HINDOO COMPARISON BETWEEN
LING AND THE SUTTEE.
KING OF BURMAH-DEFENDER OF THE
post of honour, and who has a family, should be so piqued at an insult offered by another, either by letter, or by word of mouth, or in some other way, and so overcome by anger as to risk his own life. Perhaps it may be said, that an insulter deserves to be punished with death ; yet, in this case, not only is his life exposed to danger, but in endeavouring to destroy another, his own life may be lost, and his wife and children may be left destitute; so that he punishes them also. We Hindoos term this suicide ; and there is no forgiveness for suicide, because no sin can be greater than this. For this reason, our Shasters again and again deprecate suicide, and direct the ruler to prevent it; but it is a most astonishing thing that the English, who are rulers, should take no steps to prevent it. If it be said, that when a duel is fought, it is not with the orders of the ruler, but is done in secret by those who are the slaves of passion ; we reply, that we have heard that when a duel is fought, each of the individuals has two friends present as seconds. This, therefore, is not done in secret; and government might easily prevent it: otherwise it becomes liable to censure and disgrace. Ever since the English have governed this country, they have sought to prevent the evil Hindoo practice of Suttees. Had they not done this, they would have been despised by all other nations; and this they considered an act of benevolence. But this act of the Hindoos is in accordance with their Shasters. By this the woman and her husband are cleansed from all sin, and received into heaven; and thus the relatives of the woman are rendered happy: and this becomes a ground of boasting amongst her connexions, because the woman by this act has delivered three generations from misery. Such is the Shaster. Again, it is reasonable that the woman should thus die, because the husband is the wife's gooroo ; and when once a widow, she is deprived of the pleasures of life : so that it is better for a Hindoo widow to die than to live. The rulers of this country looked upon this as an abominaable act, and issued a law for the abolition of the Suttee. They thus shewed the superiority of the Christian religion, because it proved that as Christians
they would not endure such cruelty. But is duelling permitted by the Christian's Bible ? What cause for sorrow! Of these two gentlemen, he that lived in Calcutta was a learned man, and what he wrote was for the good of others; but the other, taking another view of it, and under the influence of passion, according to the custom of his country, on coming to town two or three years afterwards, enkindled the extinguished flame, and compelled him to fight a duel. If he had not done so, he would have been slighted by his countrymen: but where is he to leave his family? They have no refuge. Yet, to exonerate himself from the abuse of his own countrymen, he takes leave of a beautiful wife, and dismissing all affection for his children, makes his will. Did he not then disregard the laws of his native land ? The grief we felt on hearing of this circumstance is indescribable. Who will not coincide in our opinion that duelling is a very cruel act ? that it is a great crime, and that it ought to be prevented ? The English have abolished many customs in their own land ; and they are in the habit of abrogating many laws which they think are not good : thus, about fifteen years ago forgery used to be punished with death ; but this punishment has since been abolished. Let them now unitedly endeavour to abolish duelling altogether; otherwise, what the natives of this country say of Englishmen will be found to be true.”—Chundrika.
MISSIONARY CONFERENCE. " The subject discussed at the last missionary conference was, “What is the spirit that may be expected to pervade the mind of the Church previously to the conversion of the nations; and have we reason to believe that that spirit is now possessed by the Church ?'
“ After a very lengthened and profitable discussion, it appeared that such a state as that which may be expected to precede the Millennium, was not possessed in such a measure by the Church, as to warrant the hope, on human probability, that the Millennium glory is at hand.”-- Calcutta Christian Advocate,June, 1839.