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PREFACE.

Tue distirguishing features of the present collection are, the urusual variety and methodical arrangement of the materials ; a comprehensive grouping, such as has not hitherto been attempted, of exercises the most celebrated orators and popular debaters of ancient and modern times ; the allotment of a liberal space to original translations from the French and other languages ; and the introduction of notes, explanatory and biographical, with the dates of the birth and death of authors. Side by side with those pieces of acknowledged excellence, that justify the title of the work, will be found a large number that are now, for the first time,

presented as exercises for recitation and declamation. In the case of selections, care has been taken to collate them with the latest and most authentic editions of the works from which they are extracted ; and thus many current errors and mutilations have been avoided.

of the British parliamentary specimens, many are valuable, not only as models of style, but as illustrating the early history of our own country. Much original research has been bestowed on this part of the volume. The privilege of occasional compression being indispensable, it has been exercised with as scrupulous a regard as possible to the integrity of the text. Most of the extracts from Chatham, Pitt, Fox, and Sheridan : nearly all from Burke, Grattan, Curran, and Brougham ; all but one from Canning and Macaulay; and all from Vane, Meredith, Wilkes, Sheil, Croker, Talfourd, Peel, Cobden, Palmerston, Russell and others, are now, for the first time, introduced into a “Speaker.”

Among the familiar, masterpieces of American oratory will be fourā many new extracts, not unworthy of the association. They belong to the wholo country, and no sectional bias has influenced the choice.

Of the brilliant specimens of the senatorial eloquence of France, all but two have been translated expressly for this work. In the other departments of the volume, there has also been a considerable expenditure of original editorial labor; all the highly effective exercises from Massillon, Hng», Pichat, Mickiewicz, and many others, having been translated ; all those from Homer, Schiller, Delavigne, Bulwer, Mazzini, Kossuth, and Browning, and nearly all from Knowles, Croly, Horace Smith, and others together with the comic dialogues from Morton, Mathews, and Coyne, Laving been selected or adapted for this collection.

It will be seen that the oratory of the ancients has supplied an unusuas number of exercises. A certain novelty has, however, in many instances. been imparted here, by original translations. We have had little, in modern times, to surpass the Philippics of Demosthenes or the fiery inrective of Aschines. The putative speeches from Livy, Tacitus, and Sallust, have been newly translated or adapted. In two or three instances, the translation has been so liberal that a nearer relationship to the original than that of a paraphrase has not been claimed. The speeches of Brutus, Caius Varius, Canuleius, Virginius, and others, have been expanded or abridged, to serve the purpose of declamation. The two speeches of Spartacus, that of Regulus, with several others, are now, for the first time, published. The extracts from that strangely depreciated work, Cowper's Homer, have the vivid simplicity and force of the original, and are among the most appropriate exercises for elocution in the whole scope of Eng. lish blank verse.

Throughout the present volume, in deciding upon the insertion of a piece, the question has been, not “Who wrote it?"or, “What country produced it?" but, “ Is it good for the purpose ?" Like other arts, that of eloquence is unhedged by geographical lines; and it is as inconsistent with true culture, to confine pupils to American models in this art, as it rould be in sculpture or painting. While exercising great freedom of range in selection, however, it has been the editor's study to meet all the demands of a liberal patriotism; to do justice to all the noblest masters of eloquence, and to all schools and styles, from which a grace may be borrowed; and, above all, to admit nothing that could reasonably offend the ear of piety and good taste.

The Introductory Treatise embodies the views, not only of the editor, but of many of our most experienced and distinguished teachers, in regard to the unprofitable character of those “systems” which profess to teach reading and speaking by the rule and plummet of sentential analysis or rhetorical notation. Of these attempts the pupil may well exclaim, in the words of Cowper,

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“Defend ine, therefore, common sense, say I,
From reveries so airy, - from the toil
Of dropping buckets into empty wells,
And growing old in drawing nothing up!

The preceptive portion of the Treatise presents no particular claim to origi nality; the object being merely to give a summary of all the discoverios and hints that can be serviceable to the student, in the development of his rocal and elocutionary powers.

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CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTORY TREATISE

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System of Marks,
Walker's Elements,
Inflections of the Voice,
Rules of Inflection,
Illustration from Pope,

frim Shakspeare,

Rush on the Voice,

Artificial Rules,

Their Insulficieny,

Whately's Objections,

Failure of Walker's Method,

His own Admisson,

Edmund Kean,

Attention the Secrit,

Practical Ilints, .

John Quincy Adams,

Jyivisions of Elocution, .

Articulation,

Pronunciation,

Derects in Pronunciation,

In.portance Dictionaries,

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32

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34

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PART FIRST.

MORAL AND DIDACTIC

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Truth,

Frayssinous, 37 40. Death is Compensation, Rousseau, BC

2. Immorta!!!y,

Massillon, 38 41. Fate of Charles XII., .Johnson, 70

3 Utility of the Beautiful, Ruskin, 39 | 42. Our Duties,

Story, 71

4 The Mind of Man,

Ahensile, 40 43. Love of Country, Montgomery, 72

6. The Worlil,

Talfourd, 41 41. Nature a Hard Creditor, Carlyle, 73

8. Mechanical Epoch, Kennedy, 41 45. Time's Midnight Voice, Young, Ti

7. To-day,

Withington, 42 46. The Common Lot, Montgomery, 75

8. Duellist's Honor, :

England, 43 47. True Source of Reform, Chapin, 76

9. Day Conceals what Night Reveals, 48. The Beacon Light,

Pardoe, 77

Nichol, 44 49. Cleou and I,

Mackay, 77

9. Sonnet,

White, 45 50. Problem for the V. States, Boardman, 78

10. Man's Material Triumphs, . Fayet, 45 51. American Experiment, Everelt, 78

11 Fortitude,

Anonymous, 46 52. The Ship of State,

Lunt, 79

12. The United States of Europe, : Hugo, 46 52. Lines,

Longfellow, 80

13. The Peace Congress of the Union, 53. Art,

Sprague, 80

Ererell, 49 | 51. The Pilot,

Bayly, 81

14. The Spirit of the Age, . Beckwith, 19 55. Death Typified by Winter, Thomson, S2

15. Moses in Sight of the Promised Lanıl, 56. Religious Inducements, James, 83

Peabody, 50 57. Never Despair,

Lorier 84

16. Necessity of Law, .

Hooker, 50 58. Charity,

Tulfourd, 81

17. Justice,

Carlyle, 51 59. The Battle-field,

Bryant, 85

18. To-morrow,

Cotion, 5200. Dizzy Activities,

Everett, 86

19. Eloquence of Action, Webster, 53 61. The Good Great Man, Coleridge, 87

20. Sincerity the Soul of Eloquence, Goethe, 53 62. Taxes,

Sydney Smith, 87

21. The Christian Orator, Villemain, 54 | 03. The Press,

Elliot, 88

22. Affectation in the Pulpit, . Couper, 55 64. Defence of Poetry, .

Wolfe, 89

23. Utility of llistory,

De Ségur, 56 65. Great Ideas,

Channing, 89

24. False Coloring Lent :0 W2, Chalmers, 57 66. England,

Elliol, 90

25. Death's Final Conquest, . Shirley, 58 67. Hallowed Ground, Campbell, 91

26. Religion,

Lamartine, 58 69. Nature Proclaims a. Deity, Chateau-

27. The Saviour's Reply, . Milton, 59

briand, 92

28. Nobility of Labor,

. Dewey, 60 69. What we owe the Sword, .. Grimké, 92

29. Labor is Worship,

0. good, 61 70. Abou Ben Allhem,

Hunt, 93

30. Moral and Physical Science, . . Charin, 62 71. Polonius to Laertes, Shakspeare, 94

31. The Order of Nature,

Pope, 63 72. Where is he,

Neele, 94

32. Future Empire of our Language, 73. International Sympathies, Wayland, 95

Bethune, 63 74. Worth of Fame, .

Baillie, 96

33. Compensations of the Imagination, 75. Frivolous Pleasures,

Young, 97

Akenside, 64 76. Forgive,

Heber, 97

31. The Great Distinction of a Nation, 77. Science Religious, Hitchcock, 98

Channing, 65 78. Triumphs of the English Language,

35. What Makes a Ilero,

Taylor, 66

Lyons, 99

36. The Last Ilours of Socrates,

.66 79. The Water Drinker, . . E. Johnson, 99

37. To a Chill, .

Yankee, 67 80. The Days that are Gone, Mackay, 100

35. America's Contributions, Verplanck, 68 81. The Work-shop and Camp,

101

39 The True King, .

· Hunt, 69 1 82. The Wise Man's Prayer, Johnson, 102

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Id., 221
Id., 2:22

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ANCIENT.

41. Reconciliation with America, Chatham, 201

1. Against Philip, : ... Demosthenes, 159 43. Lord North's Ministry,

42. Repcal claimed as a Right, Id , 202

• Degeneracy of Athens,

Id., 203

Id., 160 45. On Employing Indians,

vremocracy hateful to Philip, .
Id., 161

Id., 204

45. Ruinous Consequences,

4. Venality the Ruin of Greece, . Id., 162 46. America Unconquerable, .

Id., 205
5. Demosthenes Denounced, Aschines, 163 47. Frequent Executions,

Id., 206

6. Exordium, .

Demosthenes, 165 48. Parliamentary Innovations, Beaufoy, 208

Meredith, 207

7. Public Spirit of Athenians, Id., 108 | 49. Religious Persecution, . Compilation, 209

8. Demosthenes not Vanquished, :. Id., 167 50. America's Obligations, .

9. Catiline Denounced, .

Barré, 210

Cicero, 168 51. Reply to Lord North, ·
10. Catiline Expelled, .
Id., 169 52. Bold Predictious,

Id., 211

11. Verres Denounced,

Wilkes, 212

Id., 170 53. Conquest of Americans,

Id., 213

51. Reply to Duke of Graston, Thurlow, 214

FROM THE FRENCH.

55. Present Popularity, Lord Mansfield, 214

12. Against the Nobility, &c., Mirabeau, 171 56. Magnanimity in Politics, Burke, 215

13. Necker's Financial Plan,
Id., 172 57. American Enterprise,

Id., 216
14. Disobedience to National Assembly, Id., 173 58. American Taxation,

Id, 217
15. Reply, .
Id., 174 59. Despotism Unrighteous,

Id., 218

16. On being Suspected, .

Id., 175 | 60. Iinpeachment of Hastings, Id., 219

17. Eulogium on Franklin,

Id., 177 | 61. Peroration against Hastings, Id., 220

18. Church and State,

Id., 177 62. To the Bristol Electors,

19. To the French,

Vergniaud, 178 63. Marie Antoinette,

20. Terrorism of Jacobins, .

Id., 179 64. Irish Rights,

Grallan, 223

21. Against War, : Robespierre, 180 65. Reply to Flood,

Id., 22+
22. Morality the Basis of Society, Id., 181 06. National Gratitude,

Id., 225

23. Last Speech,

Id., 182 67. Catholic Disqualification, Id., 226

24. To the Peers,

. Trdlat, 183 63. Ileaven on the side of Principle, Id., 2:26
25. The Republic,
. Lamartine, 185 69. Against Corry,

11., 2:27
26. Democracy adverse to Socialism, De

70. Union with Cirent Britain,

Id., 223

Tocqueville, 185 71. The Catholic Question,

Id., 2.29

27. Practical Religious Instruction, Hugo, 186 72. Religion Independent,

Id., 23)
28. Necessity of Religion, .. Id., 187 73. Sectarian Tyranny,

Id., 231

29. Universal Suffrage, •

Id., 188 74. American War Denounced, Pill, 332

30. Liberty of the Press,

Id., 189 75. Motion to Censure Ministry, Id., 232

3' A Republic or Monarchy, .. Id., 190 76. Attempt to make him Resign, . Id., 233

3's The Two Napoleons,
Id., 19177. Barbarism of Ancient Britons,

Id., 234

78. Results of American War,

For, 235

79. Washington's Foreign Policy,

Id., 234

BRITISA.

80. Liberty is Strength,

Id., 237

33. The End of Government, Pym, 192 81. Democratic Governments, Id., 235
84. Defence,
Earl of Strafford, 193 | 82. Partition of Polani,

Id., 239

35. Reducing the Army, Pulleney, 195 83. Atheist Government null, . Sheridan, 240

36. Against Richard Cromwell, . , Vane, 196 81. Political Jobbing,

Id., 241

37. How to make Patriots, . Walpole, 198 $5. Popular and Kingly Examples, . . Id., 241

88. Against Pitt (Earl of Chatham), . Id., 197 86. Reform in Parliament, · Lord Grey, 212

89. Reply to Walpole, Earl of Chatham, 198 87. Conservative Innova Huskisson, 243

10. Reply to Greaville,

Id., 19983. The Pensi in System, Curran, 244

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