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50. THE PROBLEM FOR TIIE UNITED STATES. – Rev. Henry 4. Boardman. Tunis Union cannot expire as the snow melts from the rock, or a star disappears from the firmament. When it falls, the crash will be heard in all lands. Wherever the winds of Heaven go, that will go, bear. ing sorrow and dismay to millions of stricken hearts; for the sulver. sion of this Government will render the cause of Constitutional Liberty hopeless throughout the world. What Nation can govern itself, if this Vation cannot? What encouragement will any People have to establish liberal institutions for themselves, if ours fail ? Providence has laid upon us the responsibility and the honor of solving that problem in which all coming generations of men have a profound interest, whether the true ends of Government can be secured by a popular representative system. In the munificence of His goodness, He pu: us in possession of our heritage, by a series of interpositions scarcely less signal than those which conducted the Hebrews to Canaan; and He has, up to this period, withheld from us no immunities or resources which might facilitate an auspicious result. Never before was a People so advantageously situated for working out this great problem in favor of human liberty; and it is important for us to understand that the world so regards it.
If, in the frenzy of our base sectional jealousies, we dig the grave of the Union, and thus decide this question in the negative, no tongue may attempt to depict the disappointment and despair which will go along with the announcement, as it spreads through distant lands. It will be America, after fifty years' experience, giving in her adhesion to the doctrine that man was not made for self-government. It will he Freedom herself proclaiming that Freedom is a chimera ; Liberty ringing her own knell, all over the globe. And, when the citizens or subjects of the Governments which are to succeed this Union shall visit Europe, and sec, in some land now struggling to cast off its fetters, the lacerated and lifeless form of Liberty laid prostrate under the iron heel of Despotism, let them remember that the blow which destroyed her was inflicted by their own country.
“So the struck Eaglo, stretched upon the plain,
51. TIIE AMERICAN EXPERIMENT OF SELF-GOVERNMENT. Eduard Everelt.
We are summoned to new energy and zeal by the high nature of the experiment we are appointed in Providence to make, and the grandeur of the theatre on which it is to be performed. At a moment of deep and general agitation in the Old World, it pleased Heaven to open this last refuge of humanity. This attempt has begun and is
going on, far from foreign corruption, on the broadest scale, and under the most benignant prospects; and it certainly rests with us to selve the great problem in human society, - to settle, and that forever, the momentous question, whether mankind can be trusted with a purely popular system of Government ?
One might almost think, without extravagance, that the departed wise and good, of all places and times, are looking down from their happy scats to witness what shall now be lone hz us that they who lavished their treasures and their blood, of old, — who opake and wrote, who lahored, fought and perished, in the one great cause of Freedom and Truth, are now hanging, from their orbs on high, over the last solemn experiment of humanity. As I have wandered over the spots cnce the scene of their labors, and mused among the prostrate columns of their senate-houses and forums, I have seemed almost to her a voice from the tombs of departed ages, from the sepulchres of the Nations which died before the sight. They exhort us, they adjure us, to be faithful to our trust. They implore us, by the long trials of struggling humanity; by the blessed memory of the departed ; by the dear faith which has been plighted by pure hands to the holy cause of truth and man; by the awful secrets of the prison-house, where the sons of freedom have been immured ; by the noble heads which have been brought to the block; by the wrecks of time, by the eloquent ruins of Nations, — they conjure us not to quench the light which is rising on the world. Greece cries to us by the convulsed lips ok her poisoned, dying Demosthenes; and Rome pleads with us in the mute persuasion of her mangled Tully.
52. THE SHIP OF STATE. - Rev. TV m. P. Lunt.
Break up the Union of these States, because there are acknowledged evils in our system? Is it so easy a matter, then, to make everything in the actual world conform exactly to the ideal pattern we have conceived, in our minds, of absolute right? Suppose the fatal blow were struck, and the bonds which fasten together these States were severed, would the evils and mischiefs that would be experienced by those who are actually members of this vast Republican Community be all that would ensue? Certainly not. We are connected with the several Nations and Races of th: world as no other People has ever been connected. We have opened our doors, and invited emigration to our soil froin all lands. Our invitation has been accepted. Thousands have come at our bidding. Thousands more are on the way.
Other thorsands still are standing a-tiptoe on the shores of the Old Work, eager to find a passage to the land where bread may be had for lubrir, and where man is treated as man. In our political family almost all Nations are represented. The several varieties of the race are here subjected to a sccial fusion, out of which Providence designs to form “new man.” We are ir this way tcaching the world a great lesson, - namely
that men of different languages, habits, manners and creeds, can live together, and vote together, and, if not pray and worship together, yet in near vicinity, and do all in peace, and be, for certain purposes at least, one People. And is not this lesson of some value to the world, especially if we can teach it not by theory merely, but through a successful example ? Ilas not this lesson, thus conveyed, some connection with the world's progress towards that far-off period to which the Laman mind looks for the fulfilment of its vision of a perfect social sliite? It may safely be asserted that this Union could not be dis. solved without disarranging and convulsing every part of the globe. Not in the indulgence of a vain confidence did our fathers build the Ship of State, and launch it upon the waters. We will exclaim, in the ocble words of one of our poets :
Sail on, 0 Union, strong and great!
53. ART.- Charles Sprague.
Man fled before his Maker's wrath,
And crossed the wanderer's sunless path.
Where her light foot flew o'er the ground;
“ The curse a blessing shall be found.”
Where noontide sunbeam never blazed ;
* H. W. Longfellow.
Earth's thousand tribes of living things,
At Art's command, to him are given ,
And point their spires of faith to Heaven
To guard the shores its beauty graced ;
See towers of strength and domes of taste;
Fire bears his banner on the wave,
And leaps triumphant o'er the grave.
Admiring Beauty's lap to fill ;
And mocks his own Creator's skill.
Ho bids the ore illume the page,
Commerces with an unborn age.
And treads the chambers of the sky,
That quivers round the Throne on high
He moves in greatness and in grace;
Links realm to realm, and race to race.
64. TIIE PILOT. -- Thomas Haynes Bayly. Born, 1797 ; died, 1830 O, PILOT' 't is a fearful night, - there's danger on the deep; I'll come and pace the deck with theo, - I do not dare to sleep. Go down! thc sailor cried, go down; this is no place for thee : Foar not; but trust in Providence, wherever thou mayst be
Ali! pilot, dangers often met we all are apt to slight,
55. DEATH TTÜIFIED BY WINTER. - James Thomson. Born, 1700; died, 1748
'T is done!-- dread WINTER spreads his latest glooms,
Those restless cares? those busy bustling days ?