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DEATH OF THE REV. 0. LEONARD. Mr. Robinson, writing under date the 28th of November last, announces the death of this excellent missionary as having occurred on the 23rd.
Mr. Leonard was one of those raised up by Providence in the country. He was a European converted under the ministry of Dr. Carey in 1808, and baptized on the 2nd of April, 1809, at which time he was represented in a letter to the Society as a singular monument of mercy. In the latter part of the same year he was appointed a deacon of the church in Calcutta, when it was stated that he had waded through uncommon temptations, which had left a deep impression of seriousness on his mind, and that he was a man of real piety and considerable intelligence, and very active among inquirers, especially the young,
In the following January Mr. Wand says, “ Having read a letter from Mr. King relative to the success attending the schools at Birmingham, brother Leonard remarked that we might have a free school in Calcutta for the multitudes of poor country-born children who are in the most pitiable state of ignorance. I took up the hint, and proposed the consideration of it;" and thus originated the Benevolent Institution, which has since been the means of diffusing its benefits to thousands. Mr. Leonard undertook its superintendence, for which he appears to have been admirably fitted; and by his affectionate attentions to the children he very soon rendered it the means of exciting the desire of the parents, particularly the females, to attend the preaching of the gospel.
In a letter he particularizes one of his scholars as coming to him under very remarkable circumstances.
Among the children just added to the school is Thomas, a distressed Malay boy introduced by Captain Williams, a subscriber to the Institution, who saved his life, with that of two other boys, who had been stolen from a neighbouring island for the purpose of being sold for food to the Battas, who are cannibals; they were at the time being fattened for slaughter."
In the year 1816, Mr. Leonard was appointed to occupy the mission station at Dacca, where his talents and attention to the Bengali and Persian schools immediately raised them from the depression under which they were labouring, and by subsequent reports the number of scholars appear to have been above 500. Here he continued for thirty-two years, faithful to his trust. " His labours," as Mr. Robinson justly states, were for many years very great, almost beyond human strength.” For some years he has been laid aside from active labour, which has been a source of great distress to him, but he rejoiced in the success of others, and the conversations of his missionary brethren on the efficacy of the atoning blood and the saints' prospect in a better world supported and animated his mind. After such conversations he would say, "Now I have something to think about during my sleepless hours.” As his end approached he said repeat. edly to his wife, in his figurative style, “I am going to Paradise-I am going to Paradise.” He was interred in the mission burial ground in the spot he had himself marked out, “in the corner under the mango-tree,” and his funeral sermon was preached by Mr. Robinson, who had travelled from Assam to attend him in his last hours, but who arrived too late to be recognized by him.
ADDITIONS TO VARIOUS CHURCHES.
The Calcutta Oriental Baptist for January contains the following gratifying intelligence.
Agra. One European female was baptized fession of their faith in Christ, by Mr. Lewis by Mr. Williams on the 5th of December. on the 24th of December,
Chitauru (near Agra). Mr. Smith writes Jessore. Mr. Parry, writing from Sátbethat he had the pleasure of immersing two riyá under date of the 21st December, says, new converts from Hinduism on sabbath the "You will rejoice with us that last sabbath 10th of December.
fourteen converts were baptized in two vilNarsigderchok (south of Calcutta). Three lages, and on the following day three more native brethren were baptized by Mr. Lewis made a public profession of their faith. Most at this station on the 17th of December. of these converts have been hearing the gospel
Dum Dum. Two persons, one an East for years, others for some months, and have Indian, and the other à native female of the been under serious impressions for a long Madras Presidency, were baptized on a pro- time.”
From a letter from Mr. Turompson, we extract the following interesting information respecting a missionary tour in which he has been engaged. Visit to Garhmukteshwar Fair. leading them to confess that Jesus alone is
che Saviour of the world. The men owned Nov. 4th, 1848. Here I am, through mercy, that they had taken our books from Hurdwar another year, to meet and labour among the with the intention of reading them, but were multitudes drawn bither at this season of the dissuaded by brahmans and others who spoke year to bathe in the Ganges, in the expecta- against them. I said their trade in the souls tion of washing away their sing and being of men was in danger. The men resolved to saved ; and I pray it may be my happiness to read and fully understand the books now. labour with earnestness in making known the On the oth a good number attended to trath, and in seeking to apply it to the condi. hear and take books, and have a better undertion of my hearers.
standing of their purport. Some think that At Dasna, as I passed a day in the serai, I the contents of our books agree with certain was happy in being recognized by a well- portions of their shastras, and therefore prospoken, respectable Muhammadan, who, be- fess to esteem them; while others will have ing no stranger to our books, earnestly desired nothing to do with them, as being contrary to to have more, and as soon as he received and generally received opinions and practices. carried them to a party of his friends, I saw them eagerly take and open them, to acquaint
An interesting youth. themselves with their contents. At Hauper A young brahman of Garh, named Hazárí, there were a number of applicants for the words said he had a great estcem for our books, of Jesus, and they were thankful for the greater than that of scores who had taken smallest portions given them. Inquiry may books from me year after year; and in proof be promoted and knowledge diffused by these of his assertion he went home and brought distributions among persons who seem not to forward a copy of the Hindi New Testament, have met with our bocks before. I here had which he said he had had six years, and that the opportunity of worshipping with three in his father had brought it from Delhi for bim; dividuals who by their situation are destitute he had this book carefully wrapped in a juzof the public means of grace.
dan or cloth case. Perceiving the binding to At ihis place, where I arrived to-day, I be injured, and that the edition was of 1818, met with an uncommonly attentive reader of I offered to exchange it for a copy of more our books in a Muhammadan, who sat for recent date, but he seemed startled at the idea hours patiently perusing them. Others from of parting with it, though it was to exchange Bijnour came, and took books, for which they it only. "No," he said, and took up the seemed thankful but did not stay long. Two book in a fright, as if it would be taken away Sikhs from Shahabad beyond Umbalah, came, from him. I wish I had the whole of the read, and took books, and desired to know Old Testament to gratify him with the gift of their purport.
gave them a brief history of it; yet if he believes to the saving of his soul, redemption, stated the objects of missionary what more does he need of divine writ to labours, and the divine purpose of subjecting assure him of salvation through the Lord all mankind to the faith of the gospel, and Jesus Christ? He is, however, young, and if
his life should be spared, and he continue to asking with great seriousness for the Qurán, love the sacred writings, he may yet meet and not a few of the latter for some one or with the entire volume of God's word, and other of their shásters ! and when informed thereby have his joy increased in God's sal. that the books are solely of the Christian vation, which appears to be the object of his faith, and distributed with the view of dissearch. A young Hindu pupil of the Rev. seminating the knowleilge of that faith, in Mr. Moore's school at Agra, seemed anxious order to lead all men of all castes to believe to become fully acquainted with the meaning in Jesus our Saviour, and look for salvation of the New Testament, and when presented to him, they stare, and cannot be made to with a comment on the parables of our Lord, believe that God has sworn that to Jesus was very glad, and said, “ This is what I every knee should bow, and to him every want! I wish to understand the New Testa- tongue confess that he is Lord, to the glory of
God the Father. A little brahman boy of Delhi recognized me, and asked for a book, on which I offered
Etfects of former efforts. him a tract: he refused it, and said he Ilth. The multitudes have bathed, and are wanted a gospel, the book of glad tidings ! going away, this being the day of the full Oh, that this would become the general moon. There have been numerous parties desire and anxious wish of all the youth of to-day also, both to hear and take books, and India, even to have the gospel, whether the desire for both is rather on the increase. preached or in its written form.
Great numbers have heard, but certainly a Missionary efforts.
very small portion of the people of the fair.
Still it is matter of thankfulness that so many A few Punjabis who are located near us, have heard the word, and some hundreds have been amongst the most attentive of our taken the books and tracts offered for their hearers these three days. On the 7th and consideration. I have had evidence at this 8th we were much disiressed by fierce west fair that the books and tracts of former distriwinds and sand storms, which through a butions have, in some instances, been pregreat part of the day hindered our doing any served, and I may venture to express my thing satisfactorily; but some scores of men hope that those now so ardently desired and caine to us at different times, and particularly so eagerly taken by numbers, will, to a certain at the close of these days. We read, dis- extent be preserved in the homesteads of the coursed, and prayed and sung proper recipients, and the contents of them engage periods. Some few bairágis, who are mad their attention and occupy their thoughts. It upon idols, when the declaration against was in this way in years past that the seed of idolatry began to be read, rose and went the word was sown, and in a few honest and away, while the rest of the hearers continued good hearts it yielded the fruits of faith, love, to the last, seemingly impressed with what and obedience. By humble prayer we are they had heard, though every thing was con. led to look for the like results
, when the truth trary to their views and practice. The greater shall have purified the heart, and the Spirit of part of those who heard were strangers to the grace have deigned to perform his office ; and doctrine of our books. One man, a Muhain. may it be our happiness to learn in the course madan, was desirous to receive our control of time, that some poor soul has been awakeneil versial tracts.
On the 9th and 10th we had by the efforts of this season, by the slow greater numbers to hear the word, ask for the operation of the truths of revelation, and by New Testament and parts of the Old. Most the power of God the Spirit. Of this, howof the latter were Muhammadans from Um- ever, I may be sure, that of those who heard roha, Chundansi, Bijnour, and Moradabad; the word, numbers carry away with them a and they were anxious also for controversial knowledge of divine truih they never posbooks and tracts, which they had heard of or sessed before ; and some few, a correct view
Many Hindus also were desirous of of the way of salvation and its relation to the Dr. Wilson's examination of their shásters. various forms of religion in the country. of the successive crowds that came to us, There are also those at this fair, who are denumbers were unable to read, and had come parting to their homes with an increased desire only to hear, and so conlentedly sat down to for our books, and whom it was difficult to listen to the reading, conversation, or dis satisfy with the portions available for them. course. Some made inquiries, and a few Muhammadan applicants seem hardly satis. pundits and brahmans joined in singing the fied without each having the Pentateuch and Artee or Adoration of Jesus. Numbers heard New Testament entire, and pandits among of the Saviour for the first time, and to several che Hindu applicants are equally urgent for the account appeared to be glad tidings, and the account of our Saviour's birth, its date, worthy of further inquiry, which they hoped the country where and the people among to prosecute with the books they had in hand. whom he became incarnate. The generality The ignorance of some people, Muhamma. of the people, Hindus in particular, like tracts, dans and Hindus, is very great as to the kind and some go away satisfied with a single traci
, of looks we offer them; some of the former the contents of which may have particularly
interested them. A few brahmans seemed superiority to the sordid motives that now pot indisposed to embrace Christianity, but prompt some worldly minds to barter for a found their future means of support to be a Christian profession. great difficulty, from their never having learnt a trade, and having been the objects of adora
Scriptures, 8c., distributed. tion of the other three classes of the Hindus. The scriptures and tracts distributed this They ask for support by an assignment of season amount to upwarıls of two thousand land, on the part of government, or a pension eight hundred, the former consisting of vol. equivalent to their gains as family-priests, umes of the scriptures, such as the entire and then they say they will be free to embrace New Testament, the Psalms, and the Gospels, the gospel. The examples of individuals and and Acts, and smaller portions, as the Profamilies, and tribes, are before their eyes, who verbs, Genesis, and Exodus, und Isaiah and under the Muhammadan emperors renounced Daniel, and the separate gospels. The tracts the faith of their fathers, and were rewarded were single, and stitched together. as above stated; but they have yet to feel the operation of a new principle, the love of Christ, leading them, without benefit or reward, to forsake all for the honour that cometh from God only, by believing in and
Arabic following Christ, according to his word. It is
Persian... 28 150
200 378 true that this principle has been developed in
520 several instances at the various missionary
Hindi.... 61 400 1166
1627 stations where the heathen or Muhammadans
Sanskrit. 35 150 14 199 have given themselves up to God in the gospel
43 53 of his Son, but the light reflected by such
18 53 instances has been, in general, a dim light,
74 and its lustre has been tarnished by human
Grand Total.... 159 / 918 1776 2853 infirmity. Yet this divine principle will prevail, will satisfy observers of its heavenly It is my earnest prayer that these precious origin and blessed effects; and lead them depositories of divine truth may not have first to admire, and then to lay open their been distributed in vain, but, under the Spirit hearts to the admission of this principle, the of grace, serve to diffuse the knowledge of love of Christ, and convince others' of its' Him who shall justify many.
SALTER'S HILL AND MALDON. A letter has been received froin Mr. Dendy, dated the 3rd of January, giving a very satisfactory account of the progress of education in the schools connected with his station. He saysSunday schools.
discussions take place, having for their object
the promotion of their efficiency and useful. There has been a considerable improvement ress. These meetings promise to become in the Sunday schools during the past year in very beneficial to the schools. the attendance both of teachers and scholars. The Sunday school at Salter's Hill appears There are still difficulties with which we have to consist of 263 children and eighty-nine to contend, but which it is hoped by steady adults, who are instructed by seventeen teach. perseverance will be surmounied and over- ers, who meet once a month for the purpose come. Education is generally progressing. of transacting the business of the school, and There are now in these schools 269 reading once a fortnight for three hours on a Saturday in the sacred scriptures, and the scripture morning for self-improvement, when the sacred classes are committing to memory the portions scriptures and books of a useful character are of scripture arranged and published by the read, and other exercises attended to calculated Sunday School Union. These are generally to increase their stock of useful knowledge. repeated to the minister previously to the The Sunday school at Maldon appears to commencement of public service on Sunday consist of 140 children and ninety-eight adults, morning. The teachers of the four schools instructed by fourteen teachers. Teachers' meet in union once in four months, when the meetings of the same character as those at state of the schools comes under review, and Salter's Hill are held here, and the inconvenience which has been experienced from In connexion with this school, one of the the room being used also as a place of wor- teachers has opened a school three evenings in ship, is removed, the congregation now the week at Hines Mountain, which is attended occupying a newly erected place of worship. l by sixteen children.
HAITI. A letter has been received from Mr. Webley, dated Jacmel, the 6th of February, containing information which will, we doubt not, gratify all our readers; and not having room for the whole, we will present an abstract rather than defer the noticing it.
It states, first, that he and Mrs. Webley have returned from a visit to Jamaica, and that the voyage has been blessed to the restoration of the health of both of them.
Secondly. That the political state and prospects of the island have undergone a great change for the better, and now assume a brighter aspect than they have for some time past.
Thirdly. That the schools have been resumed with numbers equal to those of which they before consisted.
Fourthly. That there is much in the congregation calculated to afford encouragement: that there is reason to believe several individuals to be the subjects of converting grace ; that having baptized one candidate previously to sailing for Jamaica, he is about to baptize three more, one of whom has been for some time in the habit of inviting his neighbours into his house on the Lord's day morning, and reading and explaining to them the scriptures, for which Mr. WEBLEY considers him well qualified; and that there are several others whom he considers as in a hopeful state.
Fifthly. Mr. WEBLEY presents an application, in our opinion a very cogent one, to his fellow Christians in Great Britain to provide his congregation with a chapel, there being no difficulty in rendering the tenure secure, which had been conceived by some to be the case in consequence of the law preventing foreigners holding landed property. This application he urges on several grounds. 1. That the house, of which the room used as a chapel forms a part, is situate in a marketplace, the noise and confusion of which (very far beyond those of an English market) are so intolerable as to compel the closing of every door and window in that part of the house which is surrounded by the market, during the whole of the service, but that even with the doors and windows closed, the worship is frequently interrupted by the shouting and cursing of persons at the doors, and the jingling of money on the window-sills, sometimes by all the noises together, forming, to use a common expression, a perfect Bedlam. 2. That the house, of which the room used as a chapel forms a part, is completely at one end of the town, which contains a scattered population of 7000, and that the distance from the centre of the town and the lamentable indisposition to exertion prevent the attendance of those who have not learned to appreciate the worth of gospel truth. 3. That the class among whom they are called to labour feel a very strong prejudice agaiust worship conducted in a dwelling-house. 4. That the room used as a chapel is also employed as a school-room, and that the desks and benches have in consequence to be removed two or three times a week; that great difficulty is frequently felt in procuring persons to remove them at the time required, and the missionary family have to perform that work themselves, thus employing time and strength which are valuable for more important purposes, and producing an exhaustion immediately before divine service, which it is highly desirable to avoid ; and, further, that this continual removal is attended not only with trouble and expense, but with injury to the articles removed, so that some of them are already rendered unfit for use, and their renewal at an expense of fifty or sixty pounds must be looked for
three or four years. Mr. WEBLEY states that a chapel capable of containing a congregation of 300 might be built for about £500 ; that it is not improbable the land would be granted as it has been on another occasion, by the government; that he expects a contribution of about £50 from the churches in Jamaica, and is about to make exertions in Haiti, so that if he could rely on from £250 to £300 from home, the object which he represents to be so important, in which we fully concur with him, would be accomplished.