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obligations than by pleading for a blessing on the first hill village on the 19th January, their offspring.
having been delayed a day to dry our tent,
which had been washed down the previous Missionary tour.
night during a heavy thunder storm, comYou will, I apprehend, look for some pelling us to take refuge at midnight in a account of the tour from which I have now house built for the goddess Kalee. It was returned. When my late dear brother and indeed providential that such a shelter was myself, having with us a native brother as rear, for the soil was of such a nature that cook, and two hill people, one who serves me when moistened by the rain, it afforded no as bearer, and one a young man from the hold to our small tent-pins, and it was also government school at Bhagulpore, started, it agreeable to us to find in the morning that was our intention to go direct to the hills, but the villagers, who are Bengalee blacksmiths when we arrived on the second evening at a that have formed a little colony here, and are village about twenty-six miles from Bhagul- engaged in smelting the iron ore they find in pore, we heard that a mela would be held the neighbouring hills, so far from being two days afterwards at the village of Bounsee, offended by our intrusion on their goddess's about fifteen miles distant. To that, there abode, rather regretted we had taken the fore, we decided to go, and thence to proceed trouble to put up our tent at all. Our reception on our way to the hills. We reached it on was, on the whole, very friendly. We were, January 11th, and stayed over Lord's day the at first, in villages where resided relatives of 14th, during which time we had many grati- the young man who had accompanied us from fying opportunities of declaring the word of the government school, and this circumstance life under interesting circumstances, and had led to our being accommodated with a house for the most part attentive hearers, though to put up in during our stay in the village. our discourses were frequently intermingled We preached the gospel in twenty-five with discussions with the brahmans, who villages, but to small numbers generally; compose a large proportion of the attendants being in some places grieved by their levity at the mela. It was specially interesting to and indifference, in others gratified by their declare the glorious gospel in such a locality, attention, but in most treated with respect. and we carried the glad news into the very In one of our halting (places the two head courts of Parasnaut's temple, which probably men of the village-Manjies as they are never echoed to the name of Christ before. called-proffered their services for some days
On the last day of our stay at Bounsee we in succession to conduct us to the neighbourwere favoured to see what occasioned us to ing villages, in all of which they called the rejoice, though, as in all such cases, with people together to listen, and seemed themtrembling.
selves never tired of hearing the word. Oh, Secret inquirers.
that they may retain it in their memories, and
receive it by faith to their hearts ! A pundit, who had repeatedly argued with
Cordiality of reception. us, but bad subsequently heard our discourse very quietly, came warily to our tent, careful Towards the close of our tour we came to that no one should notice him, and, sitting several villages which dear brother Hurtur down, gave us a long explanation of his dis- had visited four years before, in company belief of Hindoo worship and shastras, and, as with Soodeen, and to us it was pleasing to see a proof, showed us that, though professedly a the cordiality with which in two of the villages follower of Vishnu, he had not the customary the head men received the messenger of frontal mark, for that he had no heart to Christ, though to you it would have been attend daily to ceremonies which he knew to amusing also to have seen one of them, who be worthless. He said he had an earnest stepped out of his house with only enough of desire to become well acquainted with Chris- clothes on to prevent his being entirely naked, tian doctrine, and proposed to accompany us run up to us, take brother Hurtur's hand, to the hills. As this was, however, imprac- kiss it, and place it on his forehead, and then ticable, brother Hurtur gave him a note to the embrace us, pressing breast to breast, first on address of Mrs. Hurtur, that he might thus one side, then on the other. be introduced to good brother Bundhoo. It February 23rd. Whilst I was absent on my was a sad disappointment to us, on our return, hill-tour, our native brethren visited many of to find that he had not availed himself of the the villages around Mongbir, being absent opportunity, but I still think that, whatever during the week days, and one or both coming may have deterred him from so doing, his in to assist dear brother Lawrence in the mind is actually and sincerely convinced of Lord's day services. They were highly gratithe falseness and futility of Hindooism. May fied, and even astonished, at the reception he yet be conducted to the true Saviour ! they met, it being quite unusual for them to Shelter in a heathen temple.
find the villagers around Monghir so attentive
to the word as to come out to the bretbren's From Bounsee we proceeded direct to the tent, so that conversation and preaching should hills, by a cross-country road, and reached be continued nearly the whole day at the tent. We have been the whole morning at a We had congregations to hear the word from mela on the opposite side of the river, con- about seven o'clock this morning until one vened on account of an eclipse of the sun. I P.M., when, as the eclipse terminated early in was surprised to find so many people, and the morning, the great majority of the assem. from such great distances, assembled together.' bly had set off to return to their villages.
A letter has been received from Mr. LAWRENCE, dated the 29th of May, from which we have pleasure in extracting his account of the state of the college at Serampore, and the educational advantages afforded to youth at that place by Mr. Denlam. Our friends will find also an interesting account of the baptism of three Europeans of whose piety he had for some months entertained hopes. Serampore College.
been much more than a year under serious From Mr. and Mrs. Denham, under whose impressions, and had applied for baptism, but care I have placed my son for a short time, was kept back on account of her youth and as well as from Mr. and Mrs. Marshman, i inexperience. She is one of the tender lambs received much kindness. Mr. Denham ap
of Christ's flock. The third is the sister of pears to be particularly well adapted for the the dear Christian brother who came from care and instruction of youth. It was very Benares. She appears to have received benefit gratifying to witness the success which had from the ministry of the word since she has already attended his laudable efforts. Not been in this station, for which we desire 10 only was the college put into admirable order praise the Lord. Her views of baptism baving by the liberality of Mr. Marshman, but a undergone an entire change as well as her large and prosperous school was in daily heart, she made known her wishes to be bapattendance at the college, under the superin. tized by immersion. The ordinance of baptendence of Mr. Denham, who also had tism was accordingly administered to these gathered about him a class of intelligent and three believers on the 30th May, in the prepromising young men, some of whom may sence of a goodly number of the Christian become efficient missionaries. Mr. Marshman inhabitants of the station, as well as a large and Mr. Denham have exerted themselves crowd of natives, all of whom appeared to nobly, and I hope they will meet with the be deeply interested in the service. It was encouragement they deserve from the friends a season to be remembered with thankfulness. of education in general. Mr. Denham's duties We felt encouraged to hope that the Lord are now very numerous and arduous, and would cause his word more abundantly to under the debilitating climate of India, his prosper amongst us. health and strength will be severely tried. There is also something cheering in our May he long be preserved, and meet with native Christian community. As many as much encouragement in his important sphere seven or eight bave appeared under some of labour.
concern about their eternal interests, among
whom there are three or four encouraging Baptism of three converts.
We dare not be sanguine, but there On my return home I was delighted to find does appear to be a little refreshing shower of three Europeans waiting to come forward and grace descending upon us, after a long season make known what the Lord had done for of drought. Oh, that we may all be revived, their souls. We had entertained hopes and stirred up to greater diligence in serving respecting them for some months; and at the Lord ! length the work of grace in their hearts appeared I am thankful to say that our dear friends so evident and satisfactory, that they were Mr. and Mrs. Parsuns, as well as my own unanimously and joyfully received by the family, continue to be favoured with the church. One of them is the wife of a dear ordinary measure of health. The weather brother, a member of the church. She had has been unusually warm and oppressive; but long sat under the sound of the gospel with- cholera and other epidemic diseases, which out experiencing any saving benefit; but it usually prevail at this season,
have hitherto pleased the Lord somewhat more than a year been mercifully restrained. Peace has also ago to awaken hier mind to a serious concern been restored to the land, which is a great about the one thing needful, and after much mercy. May the gospel of peace speedily hesitation she was enabled to decide on fol- find its way, and prevail in that unhappy lowing the Lord. One of the three is the country, where the implements of war bave daughter of another dear brother. She had recently made such fearful havoc !
BENARES. A letter which has been received from Mr. HEINIG, dated the 25th of May, contains an account of his own labours, and also of the state of the schools at Benares, which appears to be highly satisfactory.
My labours are, as usual, confined for the ments, viz., the English, the Persian, and the most part to preaching to the natives, in Hindi. In the English department the first which I find great delight, and in catechising class boys read the New Testament, catethe children in our school at the Sadar Bazar. chism, geography, grammar, and learn arithOn the Lord's days in the morning we preach metic and writing; and the other classes study alternately to our native Christian congrega- the Reader No. III., catechism, and gramtion, when, generally, most of the children mar, and the younger boys learn spelling, and and teachers of our bazar schools attend. To others again their a, b, c. In the Persian our Christian congregation are from time to department the boys likewise read the New time added those that make a profession of Testament, geography, and catechism, besides faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, and of whom their own books, which are the Gulistán we have hope that they will remain steadfast Bostán, and others which contain the first in the faith. In the evenings of the sabbaths principles of the Persian language ; and in Mr. Small preaches in English in our nice the Hindi department are also taught the commodious school room at the Sadar Bazar, gospel, catechism, geography, arithmetic, and the congregation at which is very encouraging. writing. We have had lately an examination, The school house has recently been built, in which the scholars acquitted themselves which cost about 550 rupees. There is still very well. There are other schools besides a debt of £20 remaining. If a few friends that of which I have been speaking, which could collect this sum for us we should feel are also in a flourishing condition. I believe very thankful for it. The average number of Mr. Small has already given you a minute boys that attend the school is 200, and they account of them; the repetition of it I think are making good progress in their various quite unnecessary, because I suppose you studies. They are divided into three depart. I have seen our Report of last year.
DELHI. The following extract from the journal of Mr. Thompson's missionary tour to Hurdwar fair in April last is interesting, as showing a prevailing conviction that idolatry is a daring affront to God, vain and foolish, and also the baneful influence of that portion of the education in the country from which Christianity is excluded. Convictions of the Heathen.
native Christians was adverted to with respect, Hurdwar, 31st March, 1849. Again per- if not admiration, and the inconsistency of one mitted to leave home for Hurdwar, I passed individual, known to the parties, who had the following day, the sabbath, at Muradna- declined froin the faith and purity of the gur, usefully engaged through the greater gospel, was mentioned in terms of reprobation, part of the day with three parties of Muham- as an unwise act. A pandit, who had come madans and Hindus (chiefly of the latter), for books, seeing the fixed attention of the about fifty in number, reading the gospels people to the hearing of unpalatable truths, and tracts to them, calling their attention to and their eagerness for our books, stood for a particular points, and pressing upon them long time as if struck with what he saw, and belief, in the expectation that the Lord Jesus, would neither advance to take a tract, though the Saviour of the world, will, in the brief twice offered him, nor speak, or sit; but at the period of their lives, or at death, call them to end, when people were going away, he acaccount for refusing to believe in and accept cepted of what was offered him. of him as their Saviour. Nearly all who heard At this place there is a number of brahmans seeined to be impressed with a conviction who do not officiate as priests, but have secular that Christ alone is the Saviour, and that modes of subsistence, and are zamindars, idolatry is a daring affront to God, as it is vain sellers of betel-leaf, gruin, baniyás by trade, and foolish. All who could real, eagerly chaukidárs and policeman ; thus serving to asked for the precise gospel or tract read, the obliterate the distinguishing exclusiveness of particular points in which had interested the class, and merging down into the common them. In the evening we had singing and mass of the people. No civil enactment or prayer. My hearers of this day were the government interference with their long estamost untiring I have met with in all my visits blished customs, has done this, but the necesto, and ministrations at this place, and I con-sity of finding subsistence, when the faith or fess I left them with regret. Here also, for devotion of the people had declined, has led the first time, the profession of our faith by the once privileged order to devise the above and other secular modes of obtaining a liveli- of his superior knowledge to lead his more hood,
ignorant countrymen in the way of truth, but Schools excluding Christianity.
many have been known to laugh at their
benevolent rulers, and to ridicule the Christian At Moozuffer a few attended a season of faith. This is undeniable; and there have worship, and were attentive throughout. been several sad instances of the kind at the They said it was their desire to become stations where such schools exist, and in their further acquainted with the truths of the adjacent villages. The knowledge thus ac. gospel concerning the Lord Jesus. There quired has, as yet, taken an irreligious turn, was, some two or three years ago, an English but may hereafter have a political bias, and school here, which, from its unsatisfactory fulfil the prediction of a late resident of Delhi, results, has been abolished, of which some of who thoroughly understood the native chathe Christian residents are glad, as most of racter. Having taken the French traveller, the lads were distinguished for audacity, M. Jacquemont, to see the college, the latter scepticism, and a contempt for the gospel. asked what that institution was, when the This is about the upshot of the attainments of discerning M. replied, “ A nest of scorthe greater part of Anglo-Indian students. pions, whom we are training to sting us Not one has as yet been known to make use another day !".
TURKS' ISLANDS, BAHAMAS. Mr. RYCROFT has furnished some information respecting the origin of the Baptist cause in these islands, and its present state, which we doubt not will be interesting to our readers.
It appears that years antecedent to the exertions of our Society in those islands a number of the slave population who held Baptist sentiments, which had been acquired from slaves imported from America time after time, were accustomed to meet together for divine worship, and that to the best of their ability they endeavoured to bring their fellow slaves to the Saviour. At this time, some five and twenty or thirty years ago, the only evidence of the existence of a Christian sabbath consisted in the meetings for religious fellowship of these poor afflicted bondsmen, the chief part of the white population devoting that day to business or worldly pleasure, being emphatically “ without God.” This state of things brought upon the poor pious slaves the ridicule and displeasure of their employers and neighbours. Persecution in many forms assailed them, and they were often obliged to avail themselves of opportunities of worshipping God in the dead of the night, either among the bushes or in the caves of the earth; and if not thus protected, they were frequently annoyed by stones thrown at them when on their knees, and those whose duty it was to preserve the peace, sought opportunities to break up their meetings.
About the year 1830 they obtained the privilege of carrying on their religious services unmolested, by the influence of a coloured minister, originally a slave in the United States, named Sharper Morris. He had resided for some time in Nassau, and in consequence of the little flock on Turks' Island sending him an invitation, he visited them. Soon after his arrival they entered into a subscription for the purchase of land on which to build a meeting house, and some aged females gave a house, which was conveyed and placed at midnight on the land purchased, which is the present site of a commodious chapel. On this occasion Mr. Morris baptized fifty persons, and after his departure the church had rest from its persecutions.
In the year 1833, Mr. Burton being obliged to leave Jamaica, partly in consequence of the restrictions under which he was placed in those troublous times, and partly by ill health, visited the Bahama Islands, in which he found "twenty
Baptist churches existing, and a fervent desire to receive religious instruction.” Mr. Nicholls very soon followed, in the hope of recruiting his health in that somewhat more favourable climate, and they were joined in the latter part of the year by Mr. Milner Pearson, but the hopes of the poor people were grievously disappointed. Mr. Burton and Mr. Nicholls were compelled to return to England, where the latter died the following year; and Mr. Pearson, who appears to have eminently won the affections of the people, after labouring amidst much bodily weakness, was removed by fever in Dec. 1834, and now sleeps in Jesus surrounded by the dwellings of those whom he went to instruct, and who to this day often look towards his tomb with a sigh of affectionate recognition. It may not be uninteresting to know that his excellent widow, having returned to England on his decease, and finding she could not be so happy any where else as among these warm-hearted Christians, returned to the Bahamas to engage in education, and died at her post.
After the death of Mr. Pearson, Mr. Quant laboured among these people six or seven years, and was succeeded by Mr. Littlewood, who was compelled by the state of his health to leave at the end of 1846.
During this course of years the people have advanced in knowledge and in grace, and have erected several neat and substantial chapels in different islands, which are well filled, contributing largely out of their slender funds. In one of the islands, which in consequence of its distance from Turks' Island, can be but seldom visited, the deacons being good men, do their best to edify the people, and God blesses their efforts, and souls are saved ; and in another of the out islands it is remarked, that the larger number of the inhabitants are Baptists, and that they must have remained in heathenism but for the efforts of the Baptists.
Mr. Littlewood was succeeded by Mr. Rycroft, who had been labouring for some time in the out islands. The church, which had suffered from the want of a pastor, and the removal of some of the members, in consequence of the difficulty in obtaining the means of support, has revived under his ministry, many members have been added, some from the Sunday school, and the liberality of the people has exceeded that of former years, so as to relieve the Society of one half of the pastor's expenses, and to support the native teachers and pay travelling expenses.
Mr. Rycroft expresses his regret that in consequence of having no colleague, he is prevented repeating the visit he made to Haiti in 1844, where he was cordially received, and invited to send missionaries. There are other islands, also, which from their proximity seem to invite an occasional visit, if it did not interfere with the pastoral duties which press upon him.
The Committee have received the following epistle from the Baptist Association in this American Colony of free Negroes. They have perused it with feelings of peculiar interest, and have instructed their Secretary in reply to assure them of their cordial sympathy, and of their readiness to keep up fraternal correspondence. They regret, however, that they will have to inform their friends that it is out of their power to send them a missionary, but they felt that they could do no less than forward a copy of this carnest appeal to the Committees of the British and Foreign Bible Society, the Religious Tract Society, and the Sunday School