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are beneath our own roof, two more will have bazars and market-places, the heathen schools joined the class as probationary students by number between eight hundred and a thous. the time you receive this letter. A large and children, and these varied efforts, for the number of Hindoo youths and young men most part, are, as you know, sustained by are receiving in the college school a Christ- local subscriptions While we desire to reianized education. Five other youths, of cognize the grace and goodness of God, and European parents, will be entered next month entreat the continuance of his presence and as students in the college school. I need blessing, I am emboldened to hope, my dear hardly say that in the discharge of such com- sir, that my brethren at home will not forget plicated duties help is needed ; a brother of me, nor withhold from me their kind and earnest piety, and zeal, and 'real practical efficient co-operation. It is refreshing to be habits; one who has been inured to work in able to say, in times like these, that all we England.
contemplated, notwithstanding the vast outlay We have spacious grounds, halls for teach-it has occasioned, has been accomplished ing and examination, class reading and com- without asking the Society for a shilling, and mittee rooms, and a large but not very select that no debt encumbers our future movelibrary. Thus we may be said fairly to have ments. God never breaks his promises. In overcome our early difficulties, and that his strength we entered on our work. Your things are in a proper train for working. aid and influence were not withholden when Our thoughts now naturally look towards William Pearce made his appeal to the England. We feel anxious for the sympathy churches, May we not reckon upon your and prayers of our brethren, and of all who cordial co-operation with us also ? The feel an interest in India's welfare. We ask words of the immortal Carey at Kettering, you to unite in prayer with us that God will and which kindled the zeal of the churches, put into the hearts of youthful converts in were, “ Attempt great things and expect great India, to devote themselves to his sacred things." We have attempted, and may we service, and that they may receive such not expect? The responsibilities connected mental and moral training here as shall fit with the work left by such men as Carey, them to become the messengers of peace and Marshman, and Ward are not ordinary relove to a guilty people.
sponsibilities. I felt that from the day I The Directors of the London Missionary came here. Their God was Abraham's God, Society, impressed with the necessity and and He is our God. Since that day, waking importance of this subject, after due considera- and sleeping, India has scarcely ever been tion, have resolved that a theological semi- absent from my thoughts. Often during the nary for native Christians shall be formed in last year have I dreamt of my work, such connexion with every principal section of the has been its weight and burden. Need we mission field.
ask all who desire to see India won to Jesus The locality and facilities of Serampore are to pray for and co-operate with us? Stations well known, and are in no wit inferior to any and offices of trust' depend on single lives. station. There is free access to the people should God gather men like Andrew Leslie, around and on both sides the river. The John Wenger, and James Thomas to their church consists of more than a hundred fathers, you have no men to supply their members; the native preachers are in the places. There may be equally good men, ! habit of holding meetings with the people trust there are many, but it needs manifold every day, the young men and ourselves go talents and many years' discipline to make out as often as our other duties permit to the men of such habits and tact in labour.
The following letter from Mr. Dengam, dated Serampore, 28th June, gives a somewhat humorous account of a rupture between the priests of Jugunnath and those of Radhabullub, each set trying how they could make most of their god, and thereby exposing the whole to contempt. Our readers will no doubt agree with Mr. Denham, that it is evident idolatry is a doomed thing in its stronghold in India.
I intended to have written to you upon a would give you particulars, but think it may question which has been pending between the be more satisfactory to send the enclosed rival priests of Jugunnath and Bolurum for articles from the " Friend of India " of this the last two or three years or more--a kind of week. You will perceive that Jugunnath question of right and privilege. This has at has been treated rather cıvalierly this year, last been brought to an open ruplure. I and made lo exhibit a somewhat ominous character in the eyes of his friends as well as then placed on the car. When it reached its those who are anxiously looking for India's destination, both images were wrapped up in emancipation. I think you will agree with cloth, and let down by ropes, and conveyed me, that his days are numbered.
to the temple at Bulubpore, where they were At the time the car should have been exhibited together for eight days, when Judrawn, and the lord of the world” rode forth gunnath returned in his car to his own temple, triumphantly, a fracas took place among the to remain in solitude for another twelvemonth. rival priests, and blows were liberally dealt The festival has increased annually in celebout instead of arguments. The magistrate rity in proportion to the increase of wealth in was appealed to-for in questions of state and about Calcutta, and rich and poor, high religion the magistrate must not bear the and low, women and men, come from the sword in vain. Report says the parties in- metropolis and from all the villages within terested intend to apply to a higher court for fifteen or twenty miles, to visit the temple, redress or for decision. Only think, dear sir, and enjoy the spectacle of the two deities of British magistrates and British judges seated side by side. It is an object of unicalled upon to adjudicate on the imagined versal attraction. Formerly, as we learn, rights or legal claims of two non-entities, the only offerings made by the devotees conJugunnath and Radhabullub! For who are sisted of fruit and Aowers, which were throwo the priests, and what rights can they lay at the image ; but within the last twenty or claim to, unless Jugunnath be what they twenty-five years, they have begun to give represent him be? Can any thing be con- more substantial tokens of their devotion, and ceived of more exquisitely absurd than for copper, and silver, and gold have been freely the claims of Baal to be laid in form before offered at the shrine. The profits of this era British bar? I had a humorous conversa- hibition, which have been gradually increastion on Monday last with some of the brah- ing, are divided among the priesthood accordmans at the temple, who to their great con- ing to the share each one possesses in the sternation had discovered that the god had establishment. The offerings of each day are lost one of his stumps or arms! This arm farmed out by auction to that member of this appears to have been made of silver gilt, so community who bids highest for them, and that Jugunnath has not only been subjected who loses by his bargain on a rainy day, and to great insults, but actually plundered, and gains by it if the day be genial. As the at this moment exhibits the humiliating spec- source of gain was the exhibition of the two tacle that his brother Dayon did in ancient gods on the same pedestal, and one of them story.
belonged to the priests of Jugunnath, they You will probably be of opinion that the insisted on a share of the profits, and violent insertion of the accompanying paper in the were the disputes which arose on the occasion. Herald may do the cause some service; at It was at length settled by the intervention of any rate it will serve to show that idolatry is three or four wealthy and orthodox natives, a dvomed thing, even in its stronghold in that the priests of Jugunnath should permit India. Many are looking on and saying, the continued use of their image on receiving “Woe, woe unto us, for there hath not been seventy-five rupees a year. This engagement such a thing heretofore,” 1 Sam. iv. 7; and was entered into many years ago, but since many more are mocking the idol to scorn, that time the returns of the festival, owing
You will be pleased to learn that we hope either to the growing wealth or the increasing to baptize twelve or fourteen candidates next superstitions of the people, have increased to Lord's day, mostly Hindoos.
a very considerable extent. The Jugunnath
priesthood affirm that the profits are not less DEVELOPMENT OF HINDOOISM-JUGUNNATH
than 1200 rupees a year, and they gave notice to the Bullubpore men last year, that
unless their share was proportionately inA singular event has just occurred within creased, they would not permit their god to our own neighbourhood, which should not be visit his brother any longer. The latter permitted to pass into oblivion. It is well refused to advance a farthing beyond the known that within two miles of this town is former amount, and the men of Juguopath the temple of Jugunnath, the celebrity of carried their threat into execution on Friday which is second only to that of the original last. At the appointed hour the image of establishment in Orissa. The image is the Radhabullub was carried down with its acproperty of a community of priests. At the customed pomp to the half-way station, but extremity of Serampore, a mile and a half to Do Jugunnath made his appearance. His the north of the temple of Jugunnath, is the priests drew the car about fifty yards, and temple of Radhabullub, belonging to another then took down the god, and carried him to a sacerdotal family. At the annual festival of house by the way side, where they have set the Ruth the image of Jugunnath was placed up shop for themselves ; and, for the first on the huge car, and drawn down by men to time in the last hundred years, the car has the temple of Radhabullub, whose image was failed to pursue its accustomed annual jour. brought down to meet him half way, and ney. The disappointment of the people is
great, but that of the Bullubpore priesthood festival, but they felt that if they once gave greater, and they are going to carry the way, they would be subjected to annual inmatter into the courts. We learn that they crease of extortion, and have, therefore, wisely would have no objection to increase the sum determined to bring the matter at once to an allowed to the Jugunnath priests for the use issue. of their image during the eight days of the
HINDOO ANTI-MISSIONARY COLLEGE.
We have been used to hear in former times that the upper classes of Hindoos were so strongly wedded to their religion, that the safety of the government might be endangered by the establishment of schools in which Christianity was taught. The experiment has been tried, and many youths have been converted to God, but at length the conversion of a youth belonging to a highly respectable family created an extraordinary sensation in the Hindoo community of Calcutta. What has been the result? The following extract from “ The Friend of India” for the 28th of June informs us that threats were held out of the establishment of a magnificent Anti-Christian College, and means were taken for its establishment, but after all it turned out that the rich Hindoos felt a greater interest in preserving their money than their religion, and this magnificent scheme has come to nothing, while, as we are aware, the Christian schools are prospering to as great an extent as ever, and God is blessing them to the conversion of youth.
It may be in the recollection of our readers feeling was transient in exact proportion to its that about two years and a half ago, the con- vehemence; that the performance was always version of a native student of the Free Church in an inverse ratio to the blustering, and that Institution, of a highly respectable family, the movement would end, as every other created an extraordinary sensation in the effort of a similar kind during the last twenty Hindoo community of Calcutta, heterodox as years has ended—in smoke. The result has well as orthodox. The excitement extended not disappointed their expectations. Instead to the innermost recesses of native society. of £30,000, the sum subscribed was little The rich and the powerful gave vent to their more than a tenth of the sum, £3224 12s. exasperated feelings in the most furious It was vested in the four per cent. loan, and anathemas against the missionaries, and it yielded the magnificent sum of £130 a year. was resolved that any man who ventured This was the great capital with which it was to send his child, or who permitted his con- intended to extinguish all the missionary innexions to send any of their children to the stitutions in Calcutta, and to provide educamissionary institutions, should be visited with tion for the rising generation in connexion instant expulsion from all the privileges of with Hindoo associations. At the same time caste. At the same time it was resolved a sum of not less than £500 a year was put to establish a magnificent anti-missionary down by the portly, baboos and the noble college for the benefit of all those who had rajahs and Muharajah Bahadoors of Calcutta, been attracted to the missionary institutions, by making in all about £650 a year, or £54 a the gratuitous education which they afforded, month. Such were the auspicious prospects and the sum of three lakhs of rupees ( £30,000) under which this institution, which was to was promised by the wealthy baboos as an stay the progress of Christian instruction, was endowment. The sum appeared insignificant ushered to public notice. Let us now trace compared with the means of the parties, and its progress as detailed by a native corthe magnitude of the crisis. The men who respondent of the “ Englishman” in a recent professed so deep an anxiety to rescue their issue. children from the jaws of destruction, might The school opened in February, 1846, have quadrupled the amount without feeling with an establishment calculated at £27 a the loss of the money. Those who considered month, and 700 boys were admitted within the only the intensity of the exitement and the first two days. Baboo Debendernath Tagore means of the excited, might have been led to and Baboo Hureemohun Sen, were appointed think that the end of all missionary institu- secretaries ; Baboo Prumuthnath Day became tions was at hand. But others, who were the treasurer ; and seven influential native better acquainted with the feebleness of the gentlemen were placed on the committee. It native character, felt no alarm for their will, therefore, be seen that the individuals stability. They well knew that all native who had taken the institution in charge, were
among the most wealthy and powerful in great object of this noble institution! Are Calcutta, and fully competent by their sub- the objects, gained? Are the missionary stance and influence to carry it to a successful schools abolished ?" issue. At first, those who could command an The result of this magnificent effort to sub equipage visited it every hour; the teachers vert all the educational institutions of the were regularly paid, “and every thing was missionaries in Calcutta, and to establish a orderly." But the visits of the managers large and permanent seminary on Hindoo were gradually discontinued, the teachers principles in their stead, affords an additional were kept two and three months in arrears, illustration of the native character in Bengal. and the best of them left the institution, and it has no strength, or stability, or stamina. the establishment was reduced to £22. It Whatever improvement depends solely on was soon after raised to £23, but the seminary native agency, must, as a matter of course, suffered an irreparable loss by the retirement decay. But the failure in the present instance of Baboo Debendernath Tagore from the is by no means to be traced to mere giggard. secretaryship. In the month of December liness. Since the Hindoo Charitable Institulast year, the teachers of the school were in- tion, as the anti-missionary college was de formed that some of them must be dismissed, signated, was established in 1846, the sum as the school had not sufficient funds for expended by its managers and subscribers in their maintenance. The house, which had their poojahs and marriage and funeral festibeen rented at £4 a month, was given up, vals, in idle shows and pernicious gifts, has and another, in an infamous locality, rented amounted to a sum, the mere interest of which at £2 monthly. The " Englishman's cor- would have placed this institution beyond the respondent calls it the Billingsgate of Cal reach of accident; but the man who will cuita. Soon after, the establishment was cheerfully lay out two or three thousand wisely reduced to £12 a month, as the rupees in having the Muhabharut read, will managers had nothing to trust to but the begrudge the small pittance of five or six interest of the vested funds. The monthly rupees a month, which he may have put subscription, which began with £43 a month, down to the school. There is nothing so has in the course of three years dwindled intangible as a native subscription. Like the down to the sum of fourteen shillings, which rainbow, it wears a lovely aspect, but while a man was employed at sixteen shillings a you are contemplating it, it disappears. The month to collect! Well may the writer ask, man who builds his hopes on the continuity * Is the result of the conspiracy against of native liberality leans on a broken reed. the efforts of the missionaries? Where is the
A letter from Mr. PARSONS, dated the 21st of June, contains an account of the progress of divine truth, of the care taken to ascertain the sincerity of candidates for admission into the church, and of the cheerful devotedness of the native assistants, which we doubt not will be gratifying to our readers.
With much pleasure, after the lapse of the learned some of his formulas, &c., she herself usualinterval, I sit down to address you, the more came to be respected and consulted as a 80 as I am permitted to acknowledge the opera- fakeerin, but was very unhappy in her mind, tions of the Lord's hand among us, the results and, after long hesitation, at length resolved, of which you have doubtless already received at a great sacrifice of feeling, to place herself information of, in the baptism and addition of under the protection of a Christian missionary. three members to the church, whose conduct Subsequently she came down here as servant since their admission, I rejoice to add, has to Hureedas, our old native preacher. She afforded additional testimony to their having has been here a considerable time, and her given themselves to the Lord, as well as to conduct has been uniformly good. I trust his people, and to the happiness they have she is sincerely attached to the truth, and will felt in so doing.
make continual advances in the knowledge of In addition to these, I am glad to say that it
. Not long ago poor deluded men prosseveral, chiefly from our native nominal trated themselves at her feet, but she now Christian community, profess to be seeking accounts it one of her greatest sins to have after the saving knowledge of God. One of allowed this, and wishes to be herself found them, however, was, not very long since, in at the feet of Jesus. all the depths of heathen darkness. Though
Means taken to ascertain sincerity. very ignorant, not even knowing how to read, yet having been employed in the service of a We have frequent conversations with the fakeer or religious mendicant, and having inquirers, and endeavour to ascertain the
state of their mind, in order, if possible, to ance of these inquirers has gratified us much, satisfy ourselves respecting the reality of the namely, that the members, especially the change they profess to have experienced, and female members, of the native church appear ascertain and fortify them against the peculiar to have been considerably aroused, and they temptations and dangers to which their several have been much more constant in their attendshades of character may render them espe- ance on the means of grace, and as a result I cially liable; but the prevailing feature of the would hope of the divine blessing accompanyHindoo character, and the influence of their ing this, we have witnessed fewer inconformer sentiments, render it far more difficult sistencies among them lately. In our church to come at the real state of their minds than generally a great spirit of harmony and in the case of Europeans. The natives, mutual love appears to prevail, which often though I would hope not altogether strangers suggests our praises and affords us delight. to the all-important work of self-examination, are at least quite strange to our method of
Devotedness of native assistants. speaking on such subjects. The divine It is pleasing to see our dear native brethren criterion, “By their fruits ye shall know persevere in their work of faith, and endure them,” though in the long run unfailing, with exemplary cheerfulness and patience the does not always secure us from entertaining obloquy which is cast on them. They are delusive hopes respecting some individuals, enabled to reply to the most bitter revilings, since men who have not the power may which are sometimes unsparingly heaped on maintain for a time the form of godliness, and them, even by men who will pay us “sahibs it is not with native nominal Christians as it some respect, “ You but increase our joy by is with those who come directly out from the all your mockings,” Nainsook, through the ranks of heathenism. These latter have often favourable influence of our pious magistrate, to suffer the loss at one blow of almost all has lately found a sphere of labour on Lord's they had previously held dear, but those day mornings amongst the hundreds of priwould feel their respectability amongst the soners confined in the jail here, in which he community to which they outwardly belong is generally accompanied by our dear humble increased, and no great self-denial incurred, brother Bundhoo, whom we had given up to by being united with the church.
dear brother Hurter to assist him, but who One thing in connexion with the appear- since his death has returned to us again.
A letter has been received from Mr. WILLIAMSON, dated 29th May, containing an account of a missionary tour in places never before visited, and of the manner in which his message was received, an extract from which will interest our readers.
Since I wrote you last I have been itiner-, always and every where sufficiently alive to ating for nearly two months in this and a tbe interests of his kingdom, yet we must neighbouring district, and with the exception acknowledge that we were generally well of a few fairs and markets, which are regu- received ; sometimes invited to a village or a larly attended by us every year, nearly all the baboo's house for the purpose of hearing our places visited this season were new to us, our message. Nearly 1000 tracts, and about half course having been, for the most part, out of that number of gospels, were gratuitously disour usual tract. Still the gospel was by no tributed by us among those of our hearers means a novelty to all, many recognizing us who could read, who requested them of us, as persons whom they had seen and heard and who promised to give them a careful before, and of whom they had received tracts perusal, though on such promises our ex. elsewhere. I need not say that we expe- perience forbids us to place much reliance. rienced a peculiar pleasure in being where no That our books are read to some extent we missionary had preceded us, and in making cannot reasonably doubt, having had repeated known the gospel to those who had never proofs of the fact, yet I greatly fear that a vast heard it before ; many of whom appeared to number of our publications are either not listen to glad news with no litile interest. used at all for the purpose for wbich they are Though we met with some opposition, as distributed, or only very partially so. might have been expected, Satan being