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woman

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that she gradually understood and profited Yoosef, whose name occurs in these extracts,
by what she heard. About three months is the Yooseph Leflufly, who was so frequently
ago she became worse, so as to be unable mentioned in the communications from this mis-
to come to the station. As her body and
strength wasted away, her mind became sion previous to the removal of Messrs. Bird
more clear and her faith and hope more

and Goodell to Malta. His standing and charstrong. She often expressed a wish to join | acter may be learned from the journal of Mr. the church. About the middle of February, Bird which follows this article, as may that of she sent to me, saying, “I shall not live: I

Wortabet also. shall soon die: I wish you to baptise me, and give me the sacrament before I die."

An Armenian Priest. Her uniform feelings at that time may be learned from a single expression. When April 14, 1831. Wortabet has had several asked if she loved Christ she replied, “Yes. | interviews with an Armenian priest, who is He is my trust, my only trust;' and reach now visiting Beyroot; and to-day he brought ing out her withered hands, she added, "I him out to dine with us, in company with have laid hold of him: I will not let him Mr. Bird and Jacob Aga. The history of go.” When asked if she did not sometimes this man is rather interesting. He is the think of the idols, and feel inclined to trust man who baptised the converted Jews, to heathen gods, she said, “No, don't want, John Baptist and his companions, some don't want," shaking her hands and head in years ago, in opposition to the order of the disgust. On February 22d she was baptised | Armenian patriarch; for which act the paand admitted to the ordinance of the Lord's triarch procured his banishment. A consupper. As she was unable to come to the siderable number of Jews in Constantinople church, or even to rise from her mat, we at that time had embraced Christianity, and went to her house. Some mats were spread some of them began to preach the gospel so under a tree, and on them were seated a zealously among Jews and Armenians, and few of the neighbors, most of the boys in to expose the prevailing corruptions of the the preparatory school, and some of the church and priesthood with so much effect, church members. The old

that the patriarch was alarmed. When they then brought out by two females, one her applied to him for baptism, he refused it, daughter, and the other a member of the and advised them to continue Jews. He church, and supported in a sitting posture doubtless perceived that such Christians as while we asked her of the hope which she || they bade fair to be, were not likely to add had, and administered to her the ordinances. | much to the strength and stability of his To all our questions she gave such atten church. He moreover issued an order, tion and answers as showed that her heart prohibiting the baptism of Jews by any of was most deeply engaged and interested in his clergy, and procured a firman from the what she was doing. She gradually wasted || Porte, making it unlawful for any Jew to away until she was little more than an ani enter the Armenian church, and compelling mated skeleton, but her mind was filled the few who had already done so, together with the hope and anticipated joy of seeing with the priest who had baptised them, the her Savior and of being like him. The last same who was with us to-day, to flee from time I called on her before she died, her ) the capitol. He accordingly left Constanmind seemed to be in a very happy state. | tinople, and took up his residence at SmyrBefore I left, she took hold of her daughter's | na. He now seems disposed to leave the hand and put it into mine, wishing me to Armenian church altogether, after the manteach her the way to heaven. On inquiry ner of the Armenians here. He is a reshe said she brought rice and milk to the spectable man in his appearance, and is amount of three pence, for which she was something more than fifty years of age. indebted, and that she had nothing to pay. I found that all her expenses for different Growing Spirit of Inquiry. articles of food amounted to one penny a

Yoosef tells me there is some encourage day. She died on the 1st of April, and was interred in the burying ground belonging Hadet and some other places; and that many

ing excitement in regard to the gospel, in to the church.

are desirous to hear and read it. Numbers

would come to his house to hear the Scrip-
Beyroot.

tures read, were they not expressly forbid.
den to do so.

But the case of poor Assaad
is a standing and awful beacon to warn
them of the danger of transgressing the

laws of their ecclesiastical rulers. Yoosef The case of the Jews who were baptised by the has adopted an expedient for reading porArmenian mentioned by Mr. Whiting has been

tions of scripture in their hearing, which

may be useful. He invites them to his repeatedly noticed in former volumes of this

house of an evening, and reads with them work, especially vol. xxiii, p. 239; vol. xxiv, pp. the bishop's "Replý'to Mr. King's letter." 70 and 317. One of the three has recently visited In this book is embodied the whole of the Mr. Brewer at Smyra.

letter of Mr. King, with his scripture proofs

OF

MR.

EXTRACTS

FROM THE JOURNAL

WAITING.

EXTRACTS

FROM

OF

MR.

THE JOURNAL
BIRD.

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and references-each of his arguments be-
ing stated in full, and separately discussed
by the bishop. The letter itself, like the
Bible, is one of the prohibited books; but WORTABET, who is so often mentioned in the
the reply to it the people are expressly re extracts that follow, is one of the Armenian ec-
quired to read by the order of the patriarch | clesiastics who broke away from their church
himself. The priest at Hadet, Yoosef says, || and came to reside in the families of Messrs.
is somewhat concerned on account of the

Bird and Goodell, at Beyroot, in 1826. While
excitement the subject has produced; but
he cannot open his mouth in complaint, there they became convinced of the errors of
either against Yoosef or the people; for they their own church, professedly embraced the gos-
are obeying their orders, while at the same pel in its purity, and with their wives were re-
time they are reading or hearing read, the ceived to the mission church. When the mis-
whole of the execrated letter, which con-

sionaries removed to Malta, these two ecclesiastains a great deal of gospel truth, stated in

tics accompanied them, as translators, in which a very clear and convincing manner, and well adapted to cut up the corruptions of capacity they had rendered themselves highly popery by the roots. Whereas the reason

useful. While at Malta Wortabet did not fully ing of the bishop in answer to Mr. K.'s ar sustain the Christian character; and owing to guments is so extremely weak and frivo- | this, and to a partial failure of his sight, he left lous, for the most part, that people who the employment of the missionaries, and returnhave even a moderate share of discernment

Since that are not likely to be much impressed by it. || ing to Syria, settled near Sidon. Sometimes they will acknowledge that the

time he has generally, so far as has been ascertruth is with Mr. King, and the bishop is tained, maintained a good Christian character, wrong, and on some of the topics discussed and manifested much courage and zeal in dethey think the bishop has the best of the fending and propagating the truth, in spite of the argument. They are afraid, however, to express their opinions very freely, lest their obloquy and persecution he has been obliged to own reputation for orthodoxy should be

encounter from the ecclesiastics and the people. brought in question. Thus, as was remark

He appears actually to have assumed the chared on another occasion, Satan seems to acter of a missionary, and to have been as. have overshot his mark, by setting the siduously engaged in preaching the gospel. bishop to write a reply to Mr. King, and is likely to do serious injury to his own cause.

Journey to Sidon. We wish that every intelligent Maronite on Mount Lebanon would read this reply; For a considerable time past our friend and we should be quite willing to see many | Wortabet, at Halalia, near Sidon, has been other bishops and priests attempting to re- | urging us to pay him and his neighborhood fute Mr. King's letter. It was while thus a visit. From the moment of his arrival engaged that Assaad was first convinced there from Malta, he seems to have been that the peculiar doctrines of the church of laboring hard to instruct the people about Rome are anti-scriptural,

him in the way of the Lord. In this work 15. Yoosef says that in every part of the he has of course been entirely alone. He mountains, the people are inquiring about has thought, therefore, that it would add the gospel, and desiring to hear and read it. weight to his instructions, if the people Some complain that the Bible is withheld could hear the same from other mouths. from them, and ask why they cannot have the desired visit was accordingly made by the privilege of reading the whole of it, in myself a few weeks ago; and although attheir own houses, instead of hearing only tended with few very important circumselected and brief portions of it in their stances, you may not dislike to be furnished churches. Yoosef is firmly of the opinion with some short account of it. that thousands would renounce popery im I set off from Beyroot in the decline of mediately, if the fear of persecution and re the day (May 4th) in company with a sinproach were taken away. On representa- | gle attendant and two young Ďruzes, muletions of this kind, however, we cannot rely: 1 teers.

In about three hours we reached But surely it will not be possible to shut Khan El Khuldi, where we were to spend out forever from this land liberty of con the night. It was sunset.

Our prospect science and the light of heavenly truth. on the left for the last hour having been The way of the Lord is preparing.

entirely shut up by the vicinity of the 17. Sabbath. A number of Armenians mountains, I was desirous of obtaining a being in Beyroot, Wortabet spent most of momentary view of the surrounding coun the day in conversing and reading the try from some neighboring height. ImmeScriptures and tracts with them. He camediately on leaving the Khan I found myself home at evening; quite exhausted. He in the midst of a multitude of tombs, hewn preaches with all his might, and never grows in the high hard rocks that cover the marweary of the subject or the employment, gin of the mountain. A massive lid of the even when the people answer him with same kind of rock, and well fiited to its ridicule and scorn, as was the case in some place, first by the chisel and afterwards by

cement, formerly closed each of these

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instances to-day.

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tombe: but through the curiosity or cupid- || khan called Nabi Yoonas (the prophet ity of modern days, they have all been || Jonas) most forcibly and agreeably remind. forced from their positions, and either lented me of the stormy night I spent there in lying obliquely over the excavations, or January 1823, in company with Mr. King. thrown upon the ground. If our Savior's My Druze muleteers were hired for Sidon, tomb was shut like one of these, the women and to Sidon they would carry me, though might well have asked, “Who shall roll us it was my intention to go directly to Halaaway the stone from the door of the sepul- lia, whose distance from Beyroot is just the chre? for it was very great.” But our Sa same as that of Sidon, and whose distance vior's tomb was doubtless of a somewhat from Sidon itself is about 25 minutes. I different construction.

offered to pay them well for the additional Passing on from the tombs, I found the trouble of turning aside to the village, but height, to which I had expected to arrive they were sullenly obstinate. very soon, keeping at a distance. I was, therefore, obliged to quicken my pace as Stay at Sidon and Halalia. much as possible, or lose the advantage of daylight for my view and my return. As I

We stopped at the gate of the city and was climbing up in this hasty manner, my sent for Yoosef Leflufly, whose shop was eye, which was of necessity much upon the

near at hand, and who in the most friendly ground to pick my way among the rocks, | manner took me to his house. This man struck upon something that appeared like a

will be recollected as the brother-in-law of whitish colored stick. Two steps more

Wortabet, and the former agent for our would have placed my foot beside or upon schools. While he continued with us and it; but before they were taken I had traced

for a consideralbe time previous, he was a the stick to its termination in a triangular, bold assertor of the doctrines of the gospel living head. It was a little elevated from in opposition to the prevailing corruptions the ground, and with a steady fearless look, || of his church; yet we never saw in him seemed to challenge my approach. I had

that prudence or that humility and sense of certainly no wish, without weapons, to en

sin which are the necessary indications of a counter such an adversary, and weapons Isaving faith in the Redeemer. For some had no time either to search for or use.

time after he left us, he appears to have contherefore turned aside and passed on, leav-tinued to follow the decisions of his under: ing the reptile to destroy or be destroyed standing in regard to the gospel, in opposiby some future passenger. Without making tion to his worldly interesi,

suffering a good any important observation I moved over

deal of papal oppression, being obliged to the remaining rocks with a light step, and flee from his native city and seek an asylum reached the Khan with affecting views of from place to place in the mountains

. the nearness of death and the necessity of Friendless and pennyless, and out of emconstant preparation for it. On subsequent ||ployment, it is no wonder that his mere inquiry I have been told that serpents are found in these mountains whose bite has sustain him in such a vagabond life, and

worldly, principles were found unable to proved, to the dogs of hunters, almost in- that he sought a restoration to his home and stantaneous death.

comforts by a partial submission to prevailDuring the evening 1 made it my busi- || ing religious customs. This sacrifice has ness to inquire of the young Druzes and evidently been attended with a falling off others of their sect who were present, some in his morals. Truth has lost with him things relative to their religion. They much of her sacred character. Yet there coulã give us no information; for none of is little doubt that his understanding re: the common people or uninitiated have any mains as thoroughly convinced as ever of knowledge of the secret principles and cere the errors of his church, nor does he hesimonies of their own religious system. This tate in some situations to expose them withis reserved as the peculiar privilege of the Aakils or knooing ones. I pressed them As we entered the gate of the city we with the unreasonableness of professing a saw a youth of distinction sitting in a chair, religion which they knew nothing of, and surrounded by attendants, one of whom blamed their aakils for hiding their light was fanning from his face the flies and heat. under a bushel, and then begged the privi- He was dressed in small clothes, in full like lege of explaining to them the nature and a European, with the single exception of doctrines of Christianity, and that peculiar the red skull-cap upon his head instead of point in which it differs from all other re

a hat. He is a nephew of the pasha. The ligions in the world, viz: the pardon of sin Moslems, as they pass and see him “sitting through the atoning sacrifice of the Son of in the king's gate" in his new dress, gaze God." They listened with attention and I at him with astonishment, and curse the trust not without profit, but, as is very com sultan anew. All that is now wanting, they mon, expressed their regret that shekh such | say, is the berneyta (the hat,) and the beg, a one was not present to carry on the dis as he is called, will be a complete Frank. cussion in their behalf. Next morning we resumed our journey added, for the report is, that the sultan has

And this article they expect will soon be before sunrise. The sight once more of the il forwarded a large supply of hats to Acre to

out mercy

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be stuck upon the heads of the pasha and | what we had formerly known of her charall his servants and connections.

acter. She was taken seriously ill the very
In the evening I had a visit from the evening of my arrival, and 'so continued
agent of the papal Greek church, who sat through nearly the whole of my visit. Per-
and conversed, for nearly an hour, in a haps it was on the whole a desirable provi-
mild and agreeable manner. In fact the dence, as it afforded me an opportunity of
primates of the church at Sidon, and even witnessing a trial of her submission, and of
at Beyroot, appear to be actuated by far less introducing with increased effect religious
of sectarian jealousy than their more pow- conversation. I was happy to see in her
erful and vigilant brethren, the Maronites. 1 whole demeanor proofs ihat we have not
They even say their masses here in the been deceived in her character, but that the
same church with the Greeks, and have gospel has indeed made upon her its per-
till lately lent the poor Greeks their mass manent and saving impression.
books.
Next morning went up to Wortabet's at

Visit to Sarepta.
Halalia.* It was pleasant once more to
meet him and his family under their own

The next day (Friday) rode out with
roof, and partake of their free but humble
hospitality. Wortabet, on losing the use of Yoosef three hours towards Tyre, to visit
his eyes at Malta, and leaving the business the heights of Sarepta. This rather inter-
of translation, came back to Syria with the esting village seems still to exist from the
intention of supporting himselt by the labor days of Elijah, but is now called Sarefand.
of his own hands. He succeeded but poor: ing up and down the coast, the view is ter-

Standing on the cape of Beyroot, and lookly. The return of the ophthalmia, also, not

minated at nearly equal distances by two only made further destruction of his eyes, but kept him many weeks, if not months, north, this side of Tripoli, the Greeks called

very similar promontories. That on the out of all business. He has, of course, | by the remarkable name of O:CUTSOOFTOY, been reduced almost to his last penny

or Cape of the Divine Countenance. That Except a few chests, a mirror, two bed

on the south is the promontory of Sarepta. steads, and a brass lamp, they had scarcely we were favored with a most excellent an article of furniture in the house. A box

natural road along the sea-shore, and as I with a loose covering or lid upon it was

looked abroad over the wide plain, in front their table, two niches in the wall held

and on the left, I could not help figuring their books and cups, and their clay foor, || in my imagination the thousands of chariots with a flag mat in one corner, served them

which probably rolled here in clouds of dust, instead of chairs and sofas. In addition to

when Tyre and Sidon were in their glory. these privations,

they had, as heretics, | But now, notwithstanding the invitations borne the coldness and reproaches of the

of nature, such a vehicle is known here village as well as of their connections and

only in story. relations at Sidon. But so far from deny

It was now the time of the return of the ing the faith, Wortabet

, in particular, by || pilgrims from Jerusalem, and we were conevery one around him night and day,

and stantly meeting large companies of them. to exhort them to repentance toward God | They were nearly all Armenians, who and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. I had I spoke nothing but Armenian and Turkish.

Women and children

were among this opportunity to see that he conversed much

number. Their appearance was dirty and in a spiritual manner, that his words were

squalid, and as the plague was reported to listened to with deference, and that he was

be among them, we were doubly inclined held in good estimation by the most respec

not to approach too near thein. table families of the village. One old man

As one comes near the promontory of and one youth appeared under the strong Sarepta, which, at a distance, seems to influence of the truth, and two or three overhang the sea, a plain rises up between others listened with pleasure and attention.

the foot of it and the of considerable These persons acknowledged that, before width, which now presents fields of barley, Wortabet came there, they had no more

wheat, and pulse, all whitening to the harknowledge and no more thought about religion than the beasts. One of them has

vest. Nearly opposite to the village of Sa. lately opened a little school under our in- repta, on the sea shore, are also ruins of a spection in the village.

former city, which some travellers have As to Susan, W. s wife, she enjoys the suggested might be the site of the ancient reputation of being a model of humility and Sarepta; and

a little south of the ruins you patience, meeting all events as dispensa- which is reported to be, or to point out, the

see a modern building, with a low dome, tions of her Father in heaven. I found this report of her to agree very well with what

house of the widow who entertained Elijah. I saw; and, indeed, it well accorded with || Elijah is generally called among the Mos

It is called El Khoodr, the name by which

lens. On a near approach to this place, * This village is situated about a mile and a half | also, that which appears at Beyroot to be a east of sid... it is inhabiled by about fifteen papa! single height or promontory, is discovered Greek families, ainong which are those of three respectable Sidonian merchants.

to be divided into two. From the furthor VOL. XXVIII.

15

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sea,

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of these two only can be seen the city and | favorable atmosphere, we might have dis-
environs of Tyre. To this height we there covered Mount Carmel. Having staid out
fore paid our first visit. We discovered our time, we descended by an easy pathway
upon it an old well nearly filled up and the on the north side of the height, and reached
evident remains of a large wine-press. In Sidon just in time to escape being shut out
regard to the distant prospect, we were dis- of the walls.
appointed of it, as is very often the case in

Grceks at Sidon.
this country, by the foggy appearance sud-
denly assumed by the atmosphere. We In the evening we had a long conversa-
did, however, discover Tyre and some other tion with the young Greek priest, the only
villages.

one in Sidon. The Greek population here At a little distance from the brow of this is small, and can by no means afford to height, we passed, on our way to Sarepta, build a separate house for worship. They, the small village of Seksekia. We asked therefore, worship in the house their fathers for a little water. They readily brought it; (built when they were orthodox, but of but we were careful to pour it into our own

which their brethren who have turned patin cup for drinking, for this sect of Mos-pists have, by an overwhelming majority, lems very generally break the jar, if it be obtained almost entire control. They were their own, out of which a person of another too poor to possess their own prayer-books, religion has drank or eaten. What might but, as has been remarked, used those of have been the case here, had we chosen to their copartners in the place of worship. make the experiment, must be left to con- | Very lately, however, something has fallen jecture. It rather appeared from what fol out between them which has influenced lowed that their superstition was not so their indulgent brethren to discontinue strong as that found in some other districts; their indulgence. The books are removed for, being told by my companion that I had and the poor priest is in a sad dilemma. It some knowledge of medicine, they flocked is just as if some rude foot had trod upon around us with their sick, and suffered his watch, and crushed every wheel in themselves to be handled and bled and pre-pieces. He has no more idea of public scribed to, as if we had been no less Meta-1 worship without his books, than of telling walies than themselves. Among other the time of day without his watch. He things they expressed an earnest desire to has, therefore, written to the bishop at receive vaccination, acknowledging that for Beyroot, and not obtaining help, afterwards that valuable antidote they were indebted wrote to the patriarch himself. Here the to the Franks. For want of time we forced matter rests. But if the patriarch should ourselves away from them, but they would feel as poor as the bishop, and say with not dismiss Yoosef, till, in token of satisfac- him, “If I send you Damascus books, what tion, they had filled his handkerchief with will Damascus do?” then must the light of eggs. The valley beiween the two heights the church of Sidon remain extinct; the extending upward some considerable dis- | candlestick must be removed; the angel tance, we were obliged, in getting from must quit his charge and quit the worship Sekse kia to Sarepta, to descend to the level of God, because, forsooth, he has no maof the plain and ascend again. The latter chine to work with. I endeavored, though village is situated on the declivity of the think without success, to convince the northern height, not far below its summit, // priest that however useful prayer books and presents a solid cluster of about one might be, the want of them could be no hundred low huts, all inhabited by Metawa- | good reason for abolishing the worship of lies. The stones of which these huts are God, or breaking up a Christian assembly, composed are evidently from the ruins of The painful state of ignorance in which an ancient city; and on the ground above most of these so called spiritual guides are, the village are to be seen rubbish and grows more and more apparent, the more wrought stone strewed about, indicating we extend our acquaintance among them. that that ancient city was on the site of the This man's attempts to quote scripture were modern one. There may, therefore, be distressing. He said it was one of the ten said to be a probability that Sarepta of the commandments that we should hate our scriptures was, after all, upon the hill, and enemies. He brought the text "shew thynot upon the sea shore. Åt any rate, this self to a priest” as a proof of the necessity spot must have furnished a delightful sum of auricular confession. He, moreover, asmer residence for the wealthy or invalidserted that some kinds of ceremonial unPhenicians, overlooking as it does the whole cleanness ought to prevent a man from beautiful plain of Sidon, and commanding a engaging in the public worship of God. view of the innumerable and picturesque | Some time ago he expressed his desire to heights of Lebanon and Antilebanon, I have us open a school among his people, sweeping around eastwardly from the cape but now he says he shall probably leave the of Beyroot to cape Blanc. At intervals, we place altogether. could plainly discern through the floating clouds the sñowy sides of Jebel Esh Shekh,

Tombs near Halalia. on the other side of the sources of Jordan, Took the opportunity to enter some of and I am almost persuaded, that, in a more the ancient tombs that appear in the hills of

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