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in my work, and yet not my work, but

God's. Never before did I feel so much Oliveways.

the truth of the declaration, “Except the

Lord build the house, they labor in vain EXTRACTS FROM A LETTER OF

that build it.” To say all in a word, I have WELL, DATED AT FORT BRADY, SAUT DE STE MARIE, JAN. 26.

not worked, but God has worked in me,

and by me. Mr. Boutwell, who is destined to the Ojibeway I shall leave the Ste Marie for Mackinaw.

On Monday next, Providence willing, I mission on Lake Superior, did not proceed with

Do you ask how I go? I answer as others Mr. Hall immediately 10 La Pointe, but has

go, on snow shoes, taking my axe, blankets, spent the year at Mackinaw and the Saut de Ste and provisions on a dog-train, which is the Marie, in order to avail himself of the greater only mode of travelling here at this season, advantages there offered for prosecuting his

unless I should carry them, as some do, on studies, as stated at p. 334 of the last volume.

Progress in the Ojibeway Language. Effects of the Gospel at the Ste Marie.

my back.

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Four months have now elapsed since I I leave my friends at the Ste Marie, left Mackinaw. Time never glided more when I am most inclined to remain and swiftly, and I can also add, seldom more gratify the wishes of those whom I love, pleasantly, Dr. James, of the U. S. army, and to whom I feel much indebted. At this has treated me with the utmost kindness, 1 time God is in our midst. Some of the and not only the Dr. but Mr. School- || soldiers in this garrison are now trembling craft, Indian agent, and other friends who in view of a coming judgment. My little understand and speak the language, have study has become a place of resort for the given me every aid L.could desire in ren anxious inquirer. dering my stay profitable as well as pleasant. Though I do not carry away so much Mr. Boutwell states that the officers and sol. spoil as I could wish, yet I am constrained

diers of the garrison attended public worship to acknowledge that God has helped me to accomplish more than I ever anticipated much more constantly and seriously than they You will not conclude that from a residence had previously done; that interesting classes for here of four months, I feel as if I had ac studying the Bible had been organized, and met quired the language, or that I am able to regularly every week; and that some gave enspeak it. No; I feel that God has helped couraging evidence of having been born again. me, and helped me much, in enabling me,

A missionary of the American Home Missionary though imperfectly, to understand another as he speaks, or to make myself understood Society was laboring at the place. by him.

The Indian mission here, under the The language, so far as I can judge, is not so difficult of acquisition as l'anticipated, superintendence of Mr. Bingham, is also but far more regular in the variation of the sharing richly in the blessing? verb, which seeins to be the grand key to a

Among those who give evidence of a saycorrect acquisition of it. ii may seem al- ing change, are two or three Indian young most incredible when I say that I have

In a conversation with one of them, written out between 3,000 or 4,000 different

17 years old, I asked him how he used to forms of one verb--the verb to hear. Dr. I feel before he heard of the Christians' God James is of opinion that a few other verbs and the Christians' Savior? He replied, are even more copious in their variations,

“When I was a boy, very small, as we were than this

. From the comparatively little ilmoving from one hunting ground to another, have been able to acquire, 'I am fully satis- | the old

men used to collect the children at fied, that when you have once conquered night and spend the evening in telling them the verb, you have acquired the language.

what they had heard from their fathers. Since I left New England God has

One thing they told us was that the Great before me, not only spreading my table, Spirit, who made heaven, and made earth, but in raising up friends most dear to me,

and made all the people on the earth, would who have vied with each other to help me

one day destroy all that he had made. This

made me feel very bad, and I would go ce Every affirmative form has its corresponding away and lay down, and cover my head in negative. Our English auxiliaries and some ad

my blanket, and cry all night, and could verbs are merged in the verb itself. Some of the

not sleep. Sometimes I would wish I never Fariations which I have written out are the fullow- had been made, if I could live only a few ing-intransitive, affirmative and negative; transi days and then must die. But now, since I tive, inanimale, affirmative and negntire; transitive animate, uffirmative and negative; passive, affirma

have heard of the true God, and of the pieve and negative; reflex, affirmative and negative; Savior, and of heaven; and since I have reflex, causative, affirmative and negative; recipro- | loved God, I am willing to live while God cal, affirmative and negative; indefinite, causative, affirmative and negative. To all the animate and

has any thing for me to do, and I am not inanimate forms there is also a causative affirmative

afraid to die, for I hope then to be with God and the Savior. My friends laugh at



and negative.


1) me.


me because I pray, and try to tell them very entrance on the missionary work. She died what I have heard about God; but I do not about the middle of January, after enduring mind that; I cannot help pity them, and pray

much suffering. Her bereaved liusband remarks, And when I think of my father and mother, my brothers and sisters, who do | "I hoped that she would be my example and connot love God, I feel so bad I cannot help solation. She loved the cause of Christ. She crying and going away and praying for loved the Indians. She was willing to sacrifice them.'

her all for their salvation. She had previously Having proceeded thus far, I said to him, | sacrificed her all to Jesus, and when he came I am soon to write my friends, have you

and called for her, she was ready to relinquish any word you wish me to say to them? “Yes," replied he, "tell them I am glad that

that hope for which alone she manifested any God has sent you to my people, and I wish

desire to live." you to ask your friends to pray for me, that I may love God more, and that he will give Admissions to the Church at Sencca. me a heart to serve him till I die. I am only a little child, very small, very weak, The serious attention to religion which prehis eyes are just open, he is just getting up

vailed at this station about a year ago, resulting and learning to stand, he can only walk a little, he has heard a little, and he knows

in the conversion of a considerable number, has only a little. But your friends have always been repeatedly noticed before. heard of God, they know how to pray for

Our communion was on the 15th ult. at He visited me, almost daily, wishing to

which thirteen members were received. be instructed. He now can repeat the ten

One of these had been baptised in childcommandments and several hymns in his hood. The church renewed their covenant own language. Before he left this place engagements; and, in addition to the forwith his father for their hunting-ground, I

mer covenant, engaged that no present or proposed to him to accompany me into the

future member of the church should drink interior. He was much pleased with the any ardent spirits, except when prescribed thought of being instructed, and expressed by a regular physician, in case of sickness; a desire of doing something to benefit his

and that no one should enter into the marpeople. He can address them directly, riage relation without having the ceremony pray in their language, and give them a performed in a Christian manner. The latpractical demonstration that the white man's

ier article was one of their own proposing, religion is better than the Indians' religion and an exceedingly important regulation. His father is an Indian well known and The following Sabbath, nine men, some of much respected in the interior. This cir them chiefs of high standing, came forward cumstance will, under God, secure their with those with whom they had lived as respect for him, and gain an influence for wives, and were solemnly' and publicly me that I might not otherwise be able to

united in marriage; thus in a measure re. exert. His father cheerfully consented that moving one of the greatest stumbling blocks he should go with me. He is very modest

which has been thrown in the way of the and unassuming. Hisconduct and influence, people. On the same occasion fifteen chilso far as I have been able to see and learn, dren were dedicated to God in baptism. are strictly Christian. He is quick of apprehension, and exhibits the characteristics Churches at Cattaraugus and Alleghany. of a strong mind. His Indian name is Poquotcheninithe wild man. I trust that During the latter part of January I visithe is no longer what his name signifies, but ed Cattaraugus and Alleghany. Though sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in neither of these places enjoys a revival at his right mind.

present, the Lord is still granting to both the churches a good degree of prosperity.

At the former place three persons were ad-
Indians in New Kork.

mitted to church-membership,
married, and six children baptised. At the

latter eléven were received to communion; EXTRACTS FROM A LETTER OF MR. WRIGHT, there were thirteen marriages, including DATED AT SENECA, FEB. 11.

one couple, the principal chief of the nation

and his wife, belonging to the Buffalo reDecease of Mrs. Wright.

servation. Fifteen children were baptised.

Several more would probably have been re The health of Mrs. Wright was poor when she ceived into the church could we have found joined the mission last fall; and it was thought time for their examination. Both these expedient that she should spend the winter with churches have adopted the same regulaa relative in Hudson, Ohio, with the hope that

tions respecting ardent spirits and marriage she would be able to engage more actively in place. The former now has 53 members.

which were adopted by the church in this missionary labors in the spring. But the Head

During my absence, twelve days includof the Church has seen fit to remove her at her "ing two Sabbaths, four persons belonging to

one couple

the Christian party, and I believe two of ally. I have received no formal invitation to the heathen party, were called into eternity. ' attend, but presume they will expect me; Another was buried yesterday: These and if present I shall endeavor to have some solemn visitations will I hope produce some new measures adopted for the purpose of good effects on the people, if not upon the giving greater efficiency to the temperance missionary. One young woman expresses

societies on all the reservations. The meeta hope, who says her feelings were excited | ing will probably continue through the by these providences. We hope she will not | greater part of the week, and most of the prove to have deceived herself. The In- ll church-members from the different reservadians have, of their own accord, called a tions will be present. Probably this year convention of all the mission churches, will not present another so favorable opwhich is to meet at Cattaraugus on the 27th portunity for giving an impulse to their inst. I believe the object is to make ar- spiritual feelings. rangements for a similar convention annu

Proceedings of other Societies.

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of refuge. There is never war in the interior of Shoa; on that account, a white man can easily make friends, in a moment of danger, with two

chiefs of opposite parties. For instance, the Church Missionary Society.

greatest enemies of Oubea, who have authority at Gondar, have asked me if I was a friend of Oubea; to which I have always answered plain

ly, "Yes; it is my interest to be the friend of The mission of Messrs. Kugler and Gobat lo

every one.

This has been sufficient to gain me

their friendship. Abyssinia has been repeatedly noticed in previous volumes. The following extracts from a Distribution of the Scriptures in Gondar. letter of Mr. Gobat to the Rev. Mr. Blumhardt,

When I left Tigre, it was my intention to reprincipal of the Basle Seminary, presents various

main only ten days at Gondar: therefore I beparticulars respecting the state and prospects of lieve it is for some purpose that the Lord has thus the mission in June 1830.

shut me in: at least, it gives me a better oppor

tunity to make known the gospel than I have Disturbed State of Abyssinia.

ever before had. If I had a thousand copies of

the Bible, I could advantageously. dispose of I shall be compelled to take up my winter them; but in Abyssinia, and especially at this quarters at Gondar, without knowing how it may season of scarcity, the Bible must be given; for please God to support me. I have, as yei, the Abyssinians really bave not the means of wanted nothing: and, although there have been buying. For several weeks past, persons have many disturbances at Gondar since I came,

been continually coming 10 me, to ask for a goshave had no cause to fear. One day, however, pel. I have distributed them in all parts of I was told that there had been a battle in the Abyssinia, and I find that in many places they midst of the city, in which several lives had been

have been copied. At first they did not set lost, and that plunder had commenced: friends much value on it, because it was not the Ethiopic pressed me so strongly to take refuge in a neigh- gospel, the language in which they are accusboring church, that I yielded at lasi to their en comed to read. When I found that, I gave six treaties: and on the morning of the next day the copies to the Etchegua, to distribute them as he soldiers entered my house, to sack il; but they pleased; and since he has disposed of two copies, only found a little bread, which they devoured all who can read come to ask for them. I have

reason to believe, that whenever we multiply The interior of Abyssinia is now in a worse copies of the Bible in Abyssinia, it will soon et state than ever.

sect a great change in the country; for those who In the midst of all these troubles, there is one are instructed a liule particularly admire the spot at Gondar which is as tranquil as Berne: \ writings of St. Paul, while the other sects that I when any one apprehends danger, he takes have seen in the Levant scarcely know their refuge there, and is in perfect salety:

The province of Tigre and the little kingdom of Shoa are very tranquil: all the rest of Abys

Discussions with the Abyssinians. sinia is more or less in distress and trouble: for all that, I see much less of danger in travelling At first, when they questioned me on critical or dwelling in Abyssinia than I could have be- l points, 1 spoke with caution: but the Abyssinlieved. In Tigre, even when there is war, the

fans have much less prejudice against Europeans. person and property of private persons is almost than I expected after reading the works of Bruce always safe. In the interior, when there is no

and Salt. I have almost always my house ful} goes on well

: and if war suddenly rises, of people; and every day some priests come, there are many cities of refuge, where there is no with whom I speak as freely as I should speak in danger; as, Waldeba in Samen, Taras, Sabar, England: for, to the shame of my country, I must Avagara, the Etchegua's quarters at Gondar,

own that, up to this time, the Abyssinians are and Conaral, on the borders of the Lake of Dem

more tolerant than the Swiss. I do not conceal bea. The numerous churches are special places "a single opinion, nor keep back any information;

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war, all


and now I find myself respected by all the priests, and, I may say, beloved by many others. The governor of Gondar, Cantiba-Cassia, is, above

Various miscellaneous notices respecting the all, particularly attached to me; and, like many others, he is not yet quite certain whether I am a

interesting mission of the Church Missionary man or an angel. They talk, very generally, of Society in Tinnevelly were inserted at p. 355 of requesting me to become Abuna, or bishop of the last volume. Extracts will here be given Abyssinia: even the Etchegua, some time ago, respecting the state of the mission as reported at thought the same; but I imagine that now he has changed his mind; for the two last times that I the end of the year 1830. It can excite no won. was with him I had some serious discussions der, considering how imperfecuy the natives with him; once, on auricular contession, and ab- ' have been instructed, and from how mercenary solution given by the priests; and the last time I spoke against the worship and invocation of

motives they have been accustomed to act, that saints. When I began to prove to him that the the hopes of the missionaries are in many invirgin Mary was a sinner, and that she was only stances disappointed. saved by the same grace of God in Jesus Christ which saves us, he became a line angry; and

State of the Congregation. having no scripture proof in his favor, he contented himself with maintaining that Mary was in It appears, that at the end of 1830 the congre. berselt pure and holy, as well as Jesus. I also gations in 201 villages consisted of 2,289 tamilies grew a little warm; but when my servants, who or houses, containing 8,138 souls; but, comparwere at the door, saw that he was angry, they ing the present list with the abstract prepared in came in to beg him, according to custom, io let July 1830, it seems that during the last six mouths me go; saying, that we had much to do.

there has been a decrease or seven villages, with

! 116 families, containing 237 souls. The actual Prospects of the Mission.

deficiency is more than this; but is made up by

the accession of new villages and families. My chief aim in coming to Gondar was to se

This deficiency, during the last six months, cure friends, in order that, eventually, if we has arisen from various causes.

One is, that should have enemies at Tigre, there might be persons who join the Christian church from no here a right view of our faith; and that, if we other than worldly motives soon find themselves should be perseculed in Tigre, we might find an

disappointed, and then go back again to their old asylum in the interior. And i think that I have ways; saying, "What have we got by Christian; suiticiently succeeded. The Abyssinians very seldom contradict me; because I prove every

ity? Why then should we stay any longer in it!"

Another cause is, that such persons as at first thing I say by the Bible, for which they have joined the church from better motives, find that much greater respect than papists and Greeks.

ihey did not count the cost well: they do not like It would be very difliculi for me to tell you, spoilations and other persecutions, get frightenon the whole, my opinion of the Abyssinians; for ed, and then, after a ume, leave of professing there is not, perhaps, a people in the world who Christianity. These persons usually get wiser, unite so many virtues with so many vices. One and return again; as several have already done day I am all ' joy, with the hope that in a short

since the list was made. A third cause is, calamtime the Abyssinian mission will be crowned

ities, such as sickness and death; which occasion with glorious success: the following day I am the enemies of the gospel to endeavor to excite cast down to the very dust, by the idea that all

old superstitions in iheir minds. For instance, if attempts will be useless: for the Abyssinians a child falls sick and dies, the heathen relations very quickly yield to the truth; but il is only for and priests immediately beses its parents with a while; they cannot make up their minds to quit such words as these: "I'his calamity has befallen so much as one of their customs.

you because you have left your swamy (idol god) are told of their evil deeds, they confess that we and become Christians. Return, therefore, imare right, and appear to be humbled on account mediately, and sacrifice as before; then the of it; and when they are told of the love of God

swamy will do you no harm.”' in Christ, they appear sensible of it for the mo But the Lord does not fail to slew them their ment, but very soon forget it.

folly: For example: a man backslid on the The men think they are made for war: they deaih of one of his children, and offered sacrifice are very idle. The women are active; and as again to devils; but whilst going on in this way, long as they remain with their first husband, they two more of his children died. His eyes were are, in general, virtuous. When the Abyssin then opened: he and his wife returned to the conjans restrain themselves within the bounds of de

gregation, contessing their sin, and requesting to cency, they are of a lively and agreeable char

be received again. acter. They are not such boasters as the Arabs, There have also been instances of persons beand, in general, they are not slanderers: and if á

ginning to profess Christianity with every ap superior be ever so little exempt from the grosser

pearance of sincerity; bui, secretly, designing vices, they never speak evil of him. In ihis re only to force their enemies lo desist from further spect they are superior to Europeans.

opposition in their temporal concerns; who, beu I cannot say that I know of any one truly ing their relations, yielded to them, in order not converted; but I have some friends among the

have the reproach of some of their number young scholars, of whom I have much hope. being Christians. This is chiefly the case among There is, especially, a young Abyssinian of the higher castes, It has occurred, also, that Shoa who seems likely to be very useful. When people mistake the cause and design of aftlicI shall return to Gondar with a greater number tions and persecutions: indeed, it is common for of copies of the gospel, he will conduct me to them to think, that since they have renounced Bhoa, introduce me to the king, bis friend, and idols and serve the true God, they ought to be then go with me to establish a mission among the free from them, at least that they ought not to Galla.

suffer on account of their conversion; and it

When they

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naturally puzzles them still more, when they see The Duties and Conduct of the Catechists.
themselves ill-treated by European Christians
themselves. On such occasions, some, who have At the end of June 1829, there were 53 cate-
not the root of the gospel much in their hearts, chists and assistant catechists: now, at the end of
begin to murinur, as the Israelites in the wilder December 1830, there are 68an increase,
ness, and grow indifferent in their attendance on therefore, in the last eighteen months, of 15.
the means of grace.

There were,

for a few months, four assistant The love of case and money, the natural at catechists more, in new stations where it was tachment to early habits and superstitions, and hoped the small beginning would be successful; the countenance of the great and powerful, are hui the people soon discovering other views, the mighty instruments in the hand of the arch teachers were recalleda enemy, to deceive many here, as well as every Five catechists were dismissed during the where else.

year, partly for continual negligence in the great
Still, the power of Christ and his gospel is ap- l work, parıly for ill-behavior. One who was dis-
parent, and spreading. While in a congrega missed for ill-behavior soon shewed signs of true
tjon some are overcome by the enemy, the rest repentance; and freely acknowledged his error
remain stedfast and endure many afflictions; de betore his congregation, with suitable exhorta-
claring, that they will lose everything, and even tions to them lo beware of the spirit of lies.
life itself, rather than return again to heathenism;
and divine providence helps them. In many During the year 25 native converts were pre-
villages, the number of Christians, or rather paring to be catechists; of whom 19 had been
catechumens, has, during the last six months, ll stationed. In the seminary there were 31 youths,
increased. Fourteen new villages, in various
directions, have been added to the list, where a making 81 received into it since it was opened
larger or sinaller number of families have re in 1821. The number of schools, December
nounced heathenism: so that, notwithstanding | 1830, was 65; containing 1,803 boys, and 83
the defect noticed above, the knowledge of the
gospel has been spreading considerably for the girls: making, during the preceding 18 months,
lası six months; and more temples to the living an increase of 20 schools, 766 boys, and 30
God have been reared.

Since July 1829, during the last eighteen
months, the number of baptised has increased by
377 souls; of which the newly baptised are

Men, Women, Child.

89 29 51
Baptised formerly as
Roman Catholics,
55 72 81


144 101 132 The society held its eighth annual meeting in Total, 377 souls. Many inore might have re Philadelphia, January 4, 1832. The society has ceived the sacred site, but for the want of or suffered much pecuniary embarrassment, which dained ministers. Only a very few of the baptised have been induced to backslide, from the

has occasioued a partial suspension of its operacauses before mentioned. I trust the Good Shep-|| rions. It is, however, now going forward with herd, who gave his life for them, will seek thein, better prospects. About $3,000 of its debts and lead them back to the fold. The rest hold steadily on their way, and are more and more

remain still unpaid. One legacy of $500 was edified.

received during the year. In the report of the We have but few congregations of the low society it is stated that the most important fields caste; among whom, as heathen, drunkenness is

of its labors are the valley of the Mississippi, the very common, to the great annoyance of the rest: In one place where they have become colony al Liberia in Africa, and the Burman Christians, they are now so much freed from this Empire. Eighty Baptist churches in Missouri abominable vice, that the heathen enjoy more and Illinois, and seventeen in Kentucky have quiet, and express themselves much pleased with the change effected by Christianity. The liquor- / received a donation of a set of the society's sellers, likewise, have been greatly reduced in tracts during the year. It is estimated in the

report that at least $2,000 ought annually to be They have likewise improved in dealing justly. This is appreciated even by the heathen expended by the society in these fields. For instance, the brahmins of p, several

PRESBYTERIAN EDUCATION SOCIETY. years ago, gave some land for the formation of a Christian village, which is now in a pleasing The following statement respecting the organistate, consisting of a church with 41 houses. "I'he same brahmins, pleased with this village, gave,

zation of this society is taken from the Journal a few months ago, another piece of land, for the of the American Education Society: formation of a second Christian village in their neighborhood: and now they have requested us

The Rev. William Patton, of New York city, to accept of at least a part of the heathen village has been appointed Corresponding Secretary of of Pm-m itself, for the same purpose; with the the Presbyterian Education Society, in the place express declaration, that all their cultivators

of the Rev. E. Cornelius, who resigned that should he Christians, because the Christians are

office to become Corresponding Secretary of the more faithful and prompt in paying their dues to

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign the land-owner than the heathen are. This is Missions; and Mr. John .. Owen, an agent of certainly very gratifying, and comfortable to our

the society has been appointed Assistant Secrobearts.

tary. VOL. XXVIII.


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that quarter.

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