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but a short time before for China. As distance to a pagoda, which he has been
5. This morning visited the city and ed success to the labors of his servants.
went to the walls of the palaces. Among There must be a commencement to the work in China, and who can tell but that white elephants of the king, supposed to be
the objects of curiosity are the famed this is the time and these the appointed the habitations of former sovereigns and means. Oh that the churches would lay kept with the greatest care. None but the the subject to heart, and cry mightily to most honored and virtuous are thought to God for the recovery of such a multitude of be favored, after the present existence, with their fellow immortals from the captivity of such a rare and dignified residence. The
size of these and many others of a darker July 4. This afternoon we called with shade much exceeded those we had seen Mr. Carlos on the Prah Klang, the director | before. Their hue was far from being of all commercial affairs, and one of the white, though it approaches nearer that principal ministers of state. On our way to color than the opposite. We walked nearly his establishment we had an opportunity of around the palace walls, but were not al. seeing part of the city, or its suburbs. For | lowed to enter. From the roofs and spires a long distance, the houses are built on they appear to contain gaudy and extenrafts on each side of the river, and the only sive buildings. We visited a large pagoda, communication is in boats. The dwellings surrounded by many smaller apartments and stores are very contracted, built of a and lofty pillars. The principal temple slender material, and covered with atlap. was closed, and the indolent priests, who The boats employed by the natives in trans were lying about on their mats, had no ferring their persons and light effects are disposition to gratify our curiosity. One exceedingly small and crazy. They are of them, with whom we attempted to conpropelled by paddles; their progress is very verse on the folly of idol worship, threatrapid and their safety precarious. The ened to tell the king that we were defamwomen take a full share in the labor, anding his gods. The priests in Siam are probecome exceedingly coarse and immodest verbial in other countries for their gross in
appearance and discourse. We landed immorality; and Budhism here, as well as abreast of the Prah Klang's dwelling, and in China and India, has no basis but ignornot finding him at home, proceeded a short || ance, no support but depravity. "May the
EXTRACTS FROM THE JOURNAL
POOR AT BATTICOTTA.
time soon come when the very name shal} I then prepared the telescope, and took a be an offence.
view of Venus and of the moon, which was
in her first quarter. The old brahmin ex-
telescope on account of his infirmities, and
directed me to one of the young men.
partially enlightened, and when looking at
the moon, to its convexity. Thuogh these
phenomena were entirely new to them, they Conversation with Brahmins on Astronomy. I manifested little or no interest in the sub
ject, nor did they care to have any explanaApril 19, 1831. Having occasion a few
tion of what they had opportunity to witweeks ago to propose through Dashiel a
The circumstance most worthy of question to Vesuvenather, the native astron
notice, which occurred during my visit
, omer in this neighborhood, which I was aware he must answer in a manner con
was, that, on some reference being made by
me to the Cunda Puranum, the old brahmin trary either to his own judgment or to the
observed that the statements made in the popular belief, he replied, after a moment's
Puranum related to the state of things in & reflection, “I perceive I must act the part former oogum, or age, and are not applica: of the eel, which shows his head to the ser
ble to the present times. I inquired if it pents, and his tail to the fishes." He then gave a correct answer to the question pro- the moon was twice as far from the earth
were then true, that, in the age referred to, posed. In the course of a week or two he gave an intimation that he was now willing serpents, &c. "Such," he replied, " was the
as the sun, that eclipses were occasioned by that I should call on him, and that he wished to have a view of the moon through the otherwise." In confirmation of this le re.
state of things formerly, but now it is quite telescope. This evening, agreeably to appointment, intimates that great changes in nature were
ferred me to a verse in the Puranum which I went to see him. On my approach to the house I was met by a person who conduct
to be expected. I then inquired why the
Puranum was so much read at the temples ed me to an adjacent field, where I was in throughout the district, in as much as its troduced to the aged brahmin and to two
contents were not applicable to the present other brahmins, his relatives. As he could
state of the world. not receive me at his house without being though the statements there given on
His reply was, that, subjected to some defilement, he spread some mats and placed a chair
, table, &c. apply to the present order of things, still, i
astronomy and some other sciences do not for my accommodation at a convenient diswho is a very infirm old man, seventy-two think it best to pursue the subject, as there tance from his dwelling. Vesuvenather, I great part of the Puranum holds true in all
ages, and is useful to all people. I did not years of age, was seated on a platform in had been a previous understanding, at his the manner in which the natives sit on the suggestion, that we should have no disground, about three feet
square, ed two or three inches from the ground. Dies Indeed the old man was evidently
a little embarrassed in consequence of the After various inquiries respecting company. Before taking leave of him, I
intrusion of some of his neighbors into our his family and ancestors, I gave him at some length my own history,
made a proposal to him to teach the Sanscrit
language to five or six members of the semiparticularly the motives which induced me to take up my abode as a missionary in
nary who would attend weekly at his house.
He manifested some interest in the proJaffna. I then presented to him a copy of the Four Gospels and the Acts of the Apos-posal, but was evidently under some em
barrassment. tles, from which, as I informed him, he
He intimated, however, that might become more fully acquainted with private way, but his fear of the people
he should be willing to give assistance in a the subject which I had endeavored to ex
would prevent him from acting openly as a plain to him. He received the book as an
teacher. He proposed to recall his son-inact of civility, but manifested no interest in
law, who is teaching Sanscrit in a distant what I had stated of its contents. principal remark he made, and which helling to serve us as a teacher in Sanscrit.
parish, and who he thought might be wilrepeated from time to time, was, “All that
They all seem pleased with the idea of it is necessary for us to know on these subjects is clearly made known in the Agamas will atone for the offence of receiving me
my leaving them, and I know not how they books, which are not within the reach of
as a visitor. the people of this country." When I told him that we have some parts of the Agamas,
Admissions to the Church. and are acquainted with the contents of others, his reply was, that there are no persons within our circle capable of explain- | this occasion thirty-four persons were ad
21. Quarterly meeting at Oodooville. On mitted to the church, of whom eighteen
belong to the seminary. Their names are and the children of heathen around them, it is
Special Exertions to render the Instructions 2d class. N. H. Raymond, I. Scott, J. Tappan,
of the Schools effectual. 8. Mills,
3d class. T. Emerson, H. Middleton, F. Row An interesting duty to which I have atland.
tended since my return froin the Neilgher4th class, $. Cone, S. McKenstry, C. Mather, B. ries, and which I have not mentioned in Paliner, A. Phillips, E. Rockwood.
former communications, is the religious in. 23. At the church-meeting this evening struction of the children of my brethren and arrangements were made for a systematic sisters, who assemble monthly at my house. attention to the numerous boys and girls who
In 1828 meetings of this kind were held at attend at the station on Sabbath morning
our several stations in rotation, but since from the native free schools. Most of the
my return they haye been held at Manepy,
which is a central station. At this meeting church members in the seminary will in
the children are formed into classes, and future set as Sabbath school teachers to
recite the Christian lessons to which they classes assigned to them for instruction.
have attended during the month; after Between thirty and forty members of the
which I give them an exhortation, or preach Beminary attended a meeting appointed for those who wish to be considered candidates attend is now sixteen, who are from four to
a sermon. The number of children who for admission to the church at our next
thirteen years of age. quarterly meeting.
It is to be regretted that so little can be
done, even by schools, towards preparing la a note, added July 21, Mr. Poor remarks
the way of the Lord. The difficulties are that ten of these were received to the church on
Among those which we conthe preceding day.
stantly feel, may be mentioned the want of
suitable teachers. This difficulty, I trust, 28. As Ashbury and Martyn were be- / will to some good extent be removed ere coming skilful in hinding books during long. But there exists another, which to their leisure hours, the former was sent to human view camiot be removed till the Madras, where he practised for a few weeks people generally participate in the blessings in a book-binder's shop, that he might of the gospel. I allude to their poverty. acquire soine further knowledge of the busi A great part of the population are so poor, ness, and also procure a few tools. They and value learning so little, that their chil have lately begun to bind books on a small dren, who generally attend school when scale, which will evidently be a great con quite young, are frequently called away as venience to the mission.
soon as they have become large enough to May 1. Preached from the text “These watch a fruit tree, or pick up manure in the having not the law are a law unto them- fields. As soon as they can profitably enselves." This sermon was preached with gage in the work by which their parents reference to the question frequently propos- obtain their livelihood, their connection ed, "What became of our ancestors who with the school is generally dissolved. never heard of the only name given under | Thus they are frequently taken from our heaven whereby men can be saved?". reach just as they have learned to read, and
15. Preached from the passage, “Visit- | begun to comprehend something of the iming the iniquities of the fathers upon the portant truthis which we have for years children." This text was selected with been laboring to instil into their minds, reference to a question recently proposed by Hence it is a matter of vast importance one of the schoolmasters; viz. "What jus- that the most effectual means should be tice is there in punishing children for the used to form their minds early for the rebad conduct of the parents
ception of Christianity. For the accom29. Preached in two villages on the ad- plishment of this object, I possess one adjacent island of Karadive. In one of them vantage which my brethren at the other I had a large company of men and women, stations do not. All the schools at this staand a favorable opportunity for preaching tion are so near the church that they can be the word.
easily assembled for religious instruction,
During the past six months I have endeavESTRACTS FROM A LETTER
ored to do more than formerly for the direct WARD, DATED AT MANEPY, SEPT. 3074, personal application to the children of what 1830.
is learned by them. For this purpose I
have all the members of the first class in ALTHOUGH this communication is of a much the several schools assembled at the church earlier dale than others from the same mission
on Monday morning, at nine o'clock, where which have been published, yet as it tends to
they remain till noon attending to various
exercises, such as a brief examination in show in a striking manner by what varied means their Christian lessons, reading tracts or and with what assiduity the missionaries labor to Scripture, and instruction on some impor. promote the welfare both of their own children, tant truth or doctrine, which is generally
OF MR. WOOD
given in the catechetical form, attended || made some impressions were more or less
may appear in part by the following facts. In order to avail myself of the influence of On the twenty-first of April, we held our the masters for securing a regular and gen- | quarterly season of communion at Oodooeral attendance of the children, their month- | ville; at which time eighteen lads belonging ly pay is to some extent regulated by the to the seminary, four from the prepara. punctuality of their children at these meet tory school, two from the central school for ings.
girls, seven schoolmasters and three women, About three months ago I commenced an (making thirty-four) were added to the English day school at this station, supported church, and all but two received the ordi. in part by parents or friends of the children
nance of baptism. Most of those received who attend it. The present number of pu on that occasion had even previous to the pils is nineteen. This, with similar schools revival been almost persuaded to be Chris. which we hope will be generally establish- tians, but from various hindrances were ed in the country, will be preparatory to either unwilling to come out from the world, admission at Tillipally. In consequence of or were deficient in the exhibition of that the establishment of this school, my Tamuli Christian character which we now think grammar school was reduced to so small a
we see in them. number that I have been obliged to suspend it for the present.
On the twenty-first of last month we held our quarterly meeting at Batticotta, on
which occasion we received ten lads from JOINT LETTER OF THE MISSIONARIES, DATED the seminary, one girl from the female cen. AUGUST 8, 1831.
tral school, eight schoolmasters, six other
natives, and the two oldest children of the Enlargement of the Church. mission-H. B. Meigs, and M. A. Poor.
Of these twenty-seven, nineteen received A particular account of the revival with which baptism. the mission in Ceylon was favored during the
Both these days were solemn, interest
ing, and encouraging. The latter was fall and winter of 1830-1, was given in the num
peculiarly calculated to affect 'our own bers of this work for July, August, and Septem- hearts, from the fact that two of our own ber, of last year; together with a brief notice of children came forward with natives of the growth of the mission church. The results | almost all ages, from twelve to sixty years, of this revival, with a summary view of the
to enter into covenant with the church and church are given in this article. It very clearly
with him who purchased them with his own
blood. shows that the Spirit of the Lord can cause the
There is still a large number, including gospel to take effect on the hearts not only of seminarists, youth in the preparatory and those who are trained in the boarding-schools, female central schools, schoolmasters, neighunder the eye of the missionaries, but of school-bors, and children in the native free schools,
who retain to a considerable degree the masters, villagers, and even men who have
old in the practice and with all the prejugrown
impressions made during the revival
our hope is that the truth thus impressed dices of idolatry, and with whom no more pow on their minds in some instances has prov erful means have been used than preaching, the ed, and in others will prove, the power of circulation of portions of the Bible and tracts, God and the wisdom of God unto their saland occasional religious conversation.
When we take into consideration that In a letter, dated the 1st of December sixty-one have already been admitted to the last, we gave an account of some special church on credible evidence that they have encouragement in our work. Lest our
been born again, and that there are many friends should be eventually disappointed others whom we hope hereafter to admit
, we stated with some caution what our eyes we have great cause for thankfulness and saw and what our hearts felt. During that praise, that the fruits of the revival have month and until near the close of February, I been so great. the excitement continued with very little Since the first admission to our church in abatement. Our meetings with school- | 1816, there have been two hundred and masters, seminarists, youth in the prepar- four admitted to Christian communion; of tory and female central schools, with the whom all but six are natives. Of these 117 children in our native free schools, and with have been connected with our boarding such persons in our neighborhood and vil. schools and seminary-30 schoolmasters and lages as were disposed to listen, were fre- / superintendents--and 50 villagers, including quent and sometimes solemn and interest some of our domestics. of the last two ing. During this time most of those on classes, 30 are more than 40 years old-13 whose minds the gospel had previously | are over 50—one is 70 or upwards and one
above 80. Besides these several others candidates for adinission to the church
Our native free schools still continue to sion have been gathered from the boarding furnish a very important field of labor. We schools, and though the greater part of have 93 connected with the mission, in those received into the church are young, which there are about 3,500 children. Of yet a sufficient number of adults have been
these 430 read in some portion of the received to show that God in the dispensa scriptures daily, and as many as 200 are tion of his grace is not confined to the ris- just beginning to put words torether and to ing generation, and that the opinion too
Tead in ssnall tracts. All those who read commonly expressed of the hopeless state
in the scriptures have finished our smaller of adult heatheu is not warranted by ex
and larger catechisms, and are committing perience. If missionary efforts, instead
to memory a scripture history of 120 duoof being so desultory as they often are,
decimo pages, and some of them parts of were more concentraied, and consequently the Bible itself. With the exception of a brought to bear more directly and constantly few distant schools, all the children under upon a small population, instead of being
are formed into Sunday school wasted on a large surface, we are persuaded classes, under our own inspection, and not that more converts would be seen, even only attend on the Sabbaih, but most of among the adults.
them on one other day in each week. It Considering the blessing which God has should also be remarked that from 150 to already conferred upon missionary labors, 200 of the most forward boys and girls we think that young men may find new leave our schools every year, and, though encouragements to devote themselves to the they are in a great degree under the concause of missions; and surely Christians in trol of those whose whole influence is England and America should be excited, by heathen, still they are not only able to read, what God hath already wrought among but have many impressions in favor of adults, as well as among the children and Christianity. The masters are also required youth, to send many more laborers into this
to attend ai our stations one day each week, large and populous field before all the pre- besides the Sabbath, when they enjoy most Bent generation go down to the grave. of the advantages of a Bible class, and are
The appeals in behalf of India, made in urged to attend immediately to the salvathe little work called, “The conversion of tion of their souls. To give our instructhe world," are not out of date. Whether tions more force, we hold a quarterly meetwe look at the want of missionaries, whose ing with them, when in a united and number has increased very little in the solemn manner we urge on them the great eastern world for ten years-at the number responsibility of their situation as individof stations commenced, but imperiectly sup- uals and as teachers. These meetings have ported at the incipient churches which been uniformly interesting, and at some of (instead of being wells without water) them we have had very special evidence of should be living and overflowing fountains, the presence and approbation of the great fertilizing and enriching the whole neigh- Head of the Church. borhood-at the millions included in brali a In the distribution of tracts, in preaching generation who have gone down to the on the Sabbath, and at other times our engrave since that appeal was made with the
couragements are gradually increasing, not marks of their god on their forehead-mor, at so much from larger congregations than the probable, yea certain results of that day formerly or from individual conversions, as when Christians and heathen must all stand from evidence that heathenism is gradually before the judgment seat of Christmwe re- declining. This appears not only from a peat it-the appeals made there are not out greater manifestation of desire to obtain of date. On the contrary they have gained Christian knowledge, but from the fact that additional force~and still the same appeal many who were formerly strong heathens echoes from the grave of every missionary are now deists, and though they oppose the who has fallen in India, as well as from the pure truths of the gospel, they have very testimony of every one who has been little desire to support heathenism. Caste, obliged to leave on account of ill health, or custom, and idolatry, the three great barwho still has the privilege of preparing in riers to Christianity, which have bound this wilderness the way of the Lord. these people so long in fetters of iron, are
The religious state of the seminary, pre-gradually yielding, and we have every reaparatory school, and central school for girls son to believe that the patient, persevering, may be learnt in part from the number in and constant preaching and teaching the each admitted into our church. In the two gospel on our part, and an unwearied and latter, however, the larger proportion being prayerful supply of aid on the part of our
young to be received to Christian privi- friends at home, will secure the gift of the leges, all who in other respects would be Holy Spirit--without which we labor in VOL. XXVIIT.