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1. GREENLAND.Commenced 1733. glens, succeeded is reaching the station, an awful picture of deformity and suffering, all but 4 Settlements --New Herrnhut, Lichtenfels, in a state of nudity, covered with large wounds Lichtenau, and Fredericksthal. to the number of fourteen, amongst the most 23 Missionaries.-Married, Eberle, Grillich, ghastly of which was that of the head and face, Ihrer, Kleinschmidt, I. Koegel, Lehman, Mehlwhere the wolf, having endeavored to grasp the hose, Mueller; unmarried, Baus, De Fries, whole head, had torn the mouth open to the ear, Herbrich, Lund, C. Koegel, Tietzen, and Uland stripped the head of the upper part of its bricht. covering, and made a ghastly wound of eight Converts.--1,750 Greenlanders. inches. Through the mercy of God she is quite The mission had to suffer from two trying cirrecovered, and scarcely at all deformed; but

cumstances; from the dispersion of the members refuses ever to return to those who forced her to

of the congregations by order of the Chamber of the woods to die. I am happy to add, that a Commerce in Copenhagen, and the delay in few days since, as I was walking a little distance sending the necessary timber for building the from the house, I heard some one as in fervent church at Fredericksihal: but the state of the prayer; and as I could discover it was the voice

mission was encouraging, and the two southem
of a child, I made towards it, and found in a lit settlements had received an accession of num-
tle secluded spot amongst the weeds my little pers from among the heathen, In Fredericks.
patient, who was earnestly pouring out her soulthal, however, upward of tbiriy natives died of
to the God of her mercies, where she thought no the pleurisy.
eye saw or ear heard her but God.

This boldness in the woll, as also his passing
by every other sort of prey for a human body,

4 Settlements. Nain, Hopedale, Okkak, and

must, I inink, be attributed in the first place to
the horrible custom of leaving their dead un-

28 Missionaries.Married, Henn, Knaus, buried; and, in the second place, to the frequent

Koerner, Kunath, Lundberg. Meisner, Mornardi, wars in this part of Cafiraria, by which these Stock, . Siuerman, Beck, Glitsch, Mentzel monsters have been led to the 'full; and the late unmarried, Fritsche, Herizberg, Kruth, and Chaka scarcely deserves a better appellation

Freyrag. than that of caterer to the wolfish tribe

Conrerts.806 Esquimaux.

Since his death, these animals, instead of feeding, as in

The establishment of a new station, called his day, on bodies plentifully provided for them,

Hebron, has been greatly assisted by the brethare (with a few cxceptions) obliged to take them

ren's society for the furtherance of the gospel in while alive. I am, however, happy to be able

London, who have kindly sent materials for to add, that within the last iwo or three months crecting the necessary buildings. A desirable there has scarcely an instance of the wolf's

opportunity of hearing the gospel is hereby ravages been heard of; there is no more war, and

afforded to the northern Esquimaux, of which they sleep quietly in their houses; as to food,

we pray that they may be disposed 10 avail God has given them this year such an abundance

themselves, as their southern brethren have done. as they have scarcely ever had; and what is

III. NORTH AMERICA._1734. most remarkable is, that I have not found a man

3 Settlements.--New Fairfield, in Upper who does not acknowledge these blessings to be Canada; Spring-Place, and Oochgelogy, Cherofrom God.

kee nation. How much do such a people need the gospel

10 Missionaries.—Married, G. Byhan, Clau

der, Luckenbach, Micksch; widower, Haman; nol only to sustain them under their sufferings widow, Gambolu. and prepare them for death to which they are

Comerts-About 273 Indians, chiefly Delaimminently exposed, but also to introduce among

wares and Cherokees, and a few negroes. them the blessings of good government, improve

The cougregation of believing Delawares, in

Upper Canada, consisting of not quite 300 pertheir social condition, and instil into them kind is diligently attended by the missionaries, and humane feelings towards one another in

whose labors have been productive of renewed their distresses.

fruit. The same may be said of the mission among the Cherokees, notwithstanding the many

difficulties with which it is encompassed, owing SUMMARY VIEW OF THE MISSIONS OF THE

to the political state of the country.

This summary is taken partly from the annual 1 Settlement.-Paramaribo.
circular of the synodical committee of the

14 Missionaries.-Married, Boehmer, Graaff, Brethren, dated October 24, 1831; and partly

Hartman, Passavant, Schmidt, Voigt, Treu.

Comerts.--2,723 negroes. from a list of missionaries and stations, contained Brother Passavant has been appointed superin the Missionary Intelligencer for the first quar intendent of the mission, which proceeds under ter of 1832.

the divine blessing. The society for promoting

Christianity among the heathen population The receipts during the year 1830 amounted

affords willing assistance; and many plantations to about $49,113. The disbursements a little near Voozorg and Fort Amsterdam are visited exceeded that sum.

by the brethren.

V. DANISH W. INDIES.-1732. At the close of the year 1830, the number of 7 Settlements, or Stations.--New Herrnhut brethren and sisters employed in forty-two set. and Niesky, in St. Thomas Friedensberg, Uements amounted to 209, of whom 15 are Friedensthal, and Friedensfeld, in St. Croix; newly appointed. Five brethren and sisters re Bethanv and Emmaus, in St, Jan. tired from service within the year, and two de 38 Missionaries.Married, Blitt, Bonhof, Da. parted into the joy of their Lord. Twelve of mus, Eder. Junghans, Keil, Klein, Klingenberg, those employed are children of missionaries. Meyer, Mueller, Plattner, Popp, Scbmidt, VOL. XXVIII.




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162 Protestant Bible Society of Paris— American Home Missionary Society. Mar, Schmitz, Sparmeyer, Staude, Sybrecht, Wied, // more. At Hemel-en-Arde, brother and sister Freytag

Tietze were eagerly received by the poor lepers, Conierts.-About 9,616 negroes.

as successors to brother and sister Leitner; and The seven congregations oi believing negroes their labor is not in vain. At Elim, the number in the Danish West-India Islands have continued of converts, as well as of residents, is on the into enjoy oulward peace and many spiritual crease. The great and destructive drought blessings from the Lord's hand; and, at Frieden- | throughout the cape colony did great injury to sthal, a new mission-house is in course ofercction. Enon. The mission among the Tambookies, at VI. BRITISH W. INDIES.

Shiloh, affords the means of instruction to many (Jamaica.-1754.)

savages of different tribes; and numbered 113 6 Stations.---Fairfield, New Eden, Irwin-Hul, lindrabitants at the close of the year, whose spir. New-Carmel, New Fulneck, Mesopotamia,

itual and temporal welfare the brethren seek to 16 Missionaries.—Married, Ellis, Light, Pem

promote, by every possible means. Brother sel. Pfeitler, Renkewitz, Ricksecker, Schole

Hallbeck's visit was productive of many useful field, and Zorn.

arrangements. Converts.- About 4,100 negrocs.

TOTAL.—7 missions, 41 stations, 209 mission(Antigua.--1756.)

aries, and about 13,600 converts. 5 Stations.-St. John's, Grace-hill, Gracebay,

Cedar-hall, and New field.

24 Missionaries.- Married, Bayne, Brunner,
Coleman, Coates, Harvey, Newby, kochte, || Tus Society held its annual meeting April 13,
Muntzer, Simon, Thraen, Wright, Zellner.
Conrerts.—15,087 negroes.

1831. Count Ver Huell, peer of France, and

one of the vice presidents, in the chair. After an 2 Stations.-Sharon and Mount Tabor. address by the president, the annual report was 6 Missionaries.-- Married, Taylor, Zippel, read by M. Henry Lutteroth. From this report Morrish. Converts.-915 negroes.

it appears that the receipts during the preceding (St. Kills.-1775.)

year from subscription, donations, and the sale 2 Stations.—Basseterre and Bethesda.

of books, amounted to 43,751 francs, while the 10 Missionaries.—Married, Hochi, Robbins, || expenses rose 10 only 24,615 francs; and this exChick, Seitz, Biegler.

cess of receipts over the expenditures, added 10 Converts.-5,026 negroes. (Tobago.--1790-renewed 1820.)

the sum of 31,210 francs remaining in the treas1 Station.—Montgomery.

ury at the beginning of the year, left in the 4. Missionaries. -Married, Eberman and treasury at the time of the mecting 50,345 francs. Zetsche.

The society had distributed during the year Converts.-572 negroes.

The missionaries bestow much attention on the 4,434 Bibles and 4,001 Testaments, and had rework of negro education; and the schools in maining in their depositories 7,301 Bibles, and crease in number and useiulness. In Jamaica, || 12,646 Testaments. The society had voted to a new settlement has been begun in St. Eliza- make gratuitous appropriations amounting 10 beth's parish, called New Fulnec; and the mis.

5,721 Bibles to five of the departments, for the sion at Mesopotamia, in Westmoreland, has been renewed. In Antigua, many changes have taken purpose of supplying the destitule. The attempt place among the missionaries, owing to the made in some places to put a Bible in every lamented decease of brother Johansen: there are

family which would receive it had been attended five settlements in that island: at St. John's, the

with good consequences. spiritual charge of nearly 7,000 negroes is attended with much labor and not a few difficulties, arising from various causes. In St. Kitt's and Barbadoes, the meetings in the church and

DOMESTIC. schools are well attended. In the island of Tobago, where a mission was renewed three years ago, from 500 to 600 negroes attend the brethren’s AMERICAN HOME MISSIONARY SOCIETY. ministry. VII. SOUTH AFRICA.-1736.

Statement respecting its Pecuniary Concerns. After being relinquished for nearly 50 years, the mission was renewed in 1792.

The Home Missionary Magazine for April gives 6 Settlements. -Gnadenthal, Groenekloof, a view of the present extent of the society's Enon, Hemel-en-Aarde, Elim, and Shiloh (on operations, and of the embarrassment which it is the Klipplaat.) 36 Missionaries.—Married, Clemens, Fritsch,

now suffering from its limited pecuniary reHallbeck, Halter, Hoflman, Hornig, Lehman, sources. The vast amount of good which the Lemmertz, uttringshausen, Meyer, Nauhaus, 1) society has already accomplished, in the frontier Sonderman, Stein, Teutsch, Tietze, and Genth.

parts of the country especially, and the urgent Unmarried, Shoppman and Bonatz. Widows

need which ihere is of its continuing and extendKohrhammer and Schultz.

Converts.—2,732, chiefly Hottentots, a few | ing its labors ought to secure for this statement Caffres, and Tambookies.

and appeal a prayerful perusal. We have here six seulements. The missionaries are diligently employed, and God's grace In the five years and ten months, since its prevails among them and their congregations. organization, it has aided in the support of more At Gnadenthal, the schools flourishmore and than 850 ministers, in congregations and mission



ary districts, which, without such assistance, fisies, and tens! And then what a multitude of
must have remained but partially, or not at all, those who are less able, might, with a little self-
supplied with the preaching of the gospel. These denial, or none at all, pour their ten thousand
ministers have reported an amount of ministerial offerings into this treasury of charity to the poor?
labor performed in the service of the societyo, if the professed disciples of Christ but hall do
equal to the labor of one man for 1,250 years. their duty, in relation to this object, the Hone
Sabbath school and Bible class instruction have Missionary Society would experience no embar-
been pursued with great success in most of the rassment for the want of funds. It might, at
congregations aided. Numerous and interesting once enlarge its operations, to the full extent of
revivals of religion have been enjoyed, and not the wants of the destitute, who now, alas, some
less than 15,000 souls have been reported, as the times plead in vain for their aid.
kopeful subjects of renewing grace, under the
labors of our missionaries.

Or the whole number of ministers, in whose
support aid has been granted, 238 have been
located and employed west of the Alleghany

Appropriutions for Foreign Distribution. mountains, which is ncarly one half of the present number of Presbyterian ministers on the whole In the number of this work for March, p. 89, it field; thus furnishing religious instruction to many was mentioned that this society bad adopted a of the new and rising settlements in those frontier

resolution to endeavor to raise the sum of slates and territories, of which they must otherwise have remained destitute.

$10,000 for promoting the distribution of tracts In the prosecution of an enterprise so extend in foreign lands; and a brief view was given of ed, it is apparent that Jarge means are required; some of the fields which were opened for its yet the society has no permanent funds, but is

labors. From an article in the Tract Magazine dependent entirely on the yearly contributions of the benevolent. Until the two last years, these

from which the following paragraphs are extractcontributions were sufficient to sustain its opera-ed, it appears that the society has already enlertions but of late they have not increased in pro

ed on the great and interesting work which it had portion to the necessary expenditures of the society. At the last anniversary, the number of proposed for itself. The work is rendered inmissionaries reported was 163, and the amount creasingly interesting from the circumstance of of expenditures, during the year, was $47,247. its bringing this society into a close and fraBut the receipts of the year, from ordinary ternal alliance with other institutions whose sources, fell short of this sum more than $4,000, and would have left the society so much in debt, general object is to Christianize the world. had it not been for the very providential and timely reception of a legacy of $5,000, leaving Tract Society at their meeting, March 19, 1832,

The executive committee of the American in the treasury 8877, at he end of the year, in May last. Since that time 86 new appointments unanimously adopted the following minuie, viz have been made, making the whole number of The sum of $3,000 dollars having been received ministers, in whose support the executive com

into the treasury for foreign distribution, and mittee is pledged to render aid within the current

about $2,000 more having been subscribed for year, more than 500. These, at an average of

the same object, soon to be paid, 8100 each, will require an annual expenditure of

Resolved, That, with a view to afford some more than $50,000. For this amount we have immediate aid to stations from which applicaendeavored to provide, by the appointment of tions have long been lying before the committee, agents to solicii funds in different parts of the

and as an earnest of more enlarged benesactions country, and by other means. But notwithstand- ll wbich the committee trust the liberality of the ing these provisions, the payments of the society, Christian community will hereafter enable them to meet the current demands of the missionaries,

to make, the sum of $5,000 be now appropriated have greatly exceeded its receipts. The treas

for the distribution of tracts in foreign lands, lo ury, on the 1st of January, 1832, was overdrawn

be remitted under the direction of the finance $12.000, for which individuals of our own num

committee, as follows; viz.
ber were personally responsible.
The contributions to the society, since the first

For the use of American Baptist Missiona

ries in Burmah, of January last, have been barely sufficient 10


Ainerican Missionaries in China, enable the treasurer to pay the current dralls of

Bombay, the missionaries. The ireasury is therefore still

Ceylon, over-drawn nearly $12,000, for which the com

Sandwich Islands, 500 mittee are individually responsible, and must re

do. of Protestant Episcopal Church main so, and even increase that responsibility, or

in Greece,

Do. do. of Á. B. C. F. M. on the Medicurtail the operations of the socieiy, unless the

terranean, friends of its benevolent object can be persuaded Do. Moravian Church of United Brethren, 200 to increase their contributions. Cannot this be Do. Paris Religious Tract Society,

400 done? Will not Christians ponder these state

Do. Lower Saxony Tract Society, Hamments in their hearts? How many wealthy pro


200 fessors of religion there are in our cities and

Do. Wm. Ropes, Esq., St. Petersburgh,

flourishing villages, who might contribute to this
object 8500 or $1,000 each, the present year,

$5,000 without diverting a single dollar from the contributions, which they are accustomed to make, Resolved, That, in connection with the an. to other objects of benevolence, or denying

nouncement of the above appropriations, a copy themselves or their families, a single earthly com

of the following letter from this committee be fort, which can be purchased with money. How communicated to our brethren laboring at the many there are who might give hundreds, and several stations.



do. da. do.

500 COO 500

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In the letter addressed to the missionaries and AMERICAN BAPTIST HOME MISSIONARY SOothers, under whose immediate direction these

CIETY. appropriations are to be expended, after mer

Contemplated Organization. tioning the sum appropriated, it is remarked

PRELIMINARY measures have been taken to This sum the committee desire you discreetly organize a Home Missionary Society, the leadto appropriate, as speedily as possible, in the cir- | ing object of which shall be to combine all the culation of tracts, coming within one or other of these four classes: viz. (1.) Tracis published by

friends of domestic missions in the Baptist dethis society; or (2.) translations of ihe same; or nomination, throughout the United States, prin(3.) translations or portions of the Bible; or (4.) cipally with a view to exerting a religious in. tracts, translations of which into English shall be

Auence on the western states. After taking a approved by the publishing committee of this society.

survey of the destilule condition of the churches

at the west, the imperfect qualifications of many AMERICAN TRACT SOCIETY AT BOSTON,

of those who preach the gospel, the various

errors and dangers to which the people are exGratuitous Appropriations.

posed, and the demand for special exertions The Tract Magazine contains a statement of

from the Baptist denomination at this time, the

circular which has been issued and from which the gratuitous distribution of tracts and money for printing tracts, as they appear on the re

this article is gathered, proceeds to slale what cords of the society which have been made dur

steps have been taken towards the organization ing the last four years.

of a society. To benevolent societies, including For

At a meeting held in Boston in November last, eign and Domestic Missionary Socie

it was resolved, that measures should be taken to ties, American Education Societies, Pages.

arouse the Baptist community to systematic and Seaman's Friend Society, &c.

2,531,268 For distribution among semen, and not

vigorous efforts in the cause of domestic missions to societies, for that purpose,


in the United States, and particularly in the valFor distribution in foreign countries, 722,926 ley of the Mississippi; that a general Home For distribution in destitute sections of

Mission Society ought to be forined; and that the western states,

321,896 || Rev. Jonathan Going be requested 10' relinquish For distribution in destitute towns in

hois parochial charge, and devote himself to the Maine and Vermont, for three years,

interests of such society. Similar meetings were and in New Hampshire and Massachusetts for four years,


subsequently held in New York and Philadel.

phia, which resulted in the cordial approval of Total,

6,373,892 these measures. These circumstances were conWhich at one mill per page, the price of

sidered as indications of the divine will, that a tracts when alınost all the above were

mighly movement should be made by the Amer. distribnted, amount to

86,373 89

ican Baptists in favor of home missions. AcIn money to distribute tracts among the destitute, including one edition of

cordingly a society was virtually formed in New tracts in the langunge of the Sandwich

York, a constitution, subject to future revision, Islands, $.300 to Greece, $500 to France,

adopted, and an executive committee appointed. $100 to Russia, and over $2,000 to the

The committee was organized by the election of western states,

86,005 10

Williain Colgate, Esg. Treasurer, William R.

Williams, Esq. Recording Secretary, both of Total,

$12,378 99

New York; and Rev. Jonathan Going, of MassaDuring this time the society has lost by fire

chusells, Corresponding Secretary. A commitabout $2,500, and as much more by other losses. circular, stating the object of the contemplated

tee were at the same time instructed to issue a The committee feel grateful for having been society, with the reasons for its formation, and made the instrument of doing so much to enlight- including the proposed constitution; and also to en the heathen, to warn the protigate, to comfort invite the meeting of a convention in the city of the afflicted, and to bring divine truth to bear

New York, on the 27th day of April, for the pur• upon the consciences of men.

pose of formally organizing the society.



course with the people, and distributed many

books and tracts among the Chinese and Malays SOME extracts from the communications of Mr. whom he found there. Of the Chinese there may Medhurst, respecting the character and state of be about 25,000; and the Malays are quite the population of Borneo, and the prospect there

numerous on many of the large rivers. The was that a missionary would be received there, Diaks, or Dayakkers, constitute the mass of the were inserted in vol. xxvi, p. 291. These re- population, occupying all the interior, of this and marks of Mr. M. were written about the close of many other islands. the year 1828, while on a visit to the western A somewhat extended account of these Diaks coast of that island, where he had free inter- ' has been published in the New York Obgerver,

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prepared from the journal of Mr. Dalton, insert- || pitiate as a head. A Diak who has taken many ed in the Singapore Chronicle, by Mr. Abeel, heads, may be immediately known from others

who have not been so fortunate

he comes into missionary of the Board, now on an exploring the presence of the rajah and takes bis station lour in southeastern Asia and the adjacent without hesitation, whilst an inferior person is islands. Mr. D. is said to have penetrated fur- glad to creep into any corner to escape notice. ther into the interior of Borneo than any other

Mr. D. mentions a singularly degraded race in European who has lived to retum. His more

the northern part of Borneo. important statements relating to the character and habits of the people accord with those of Further towards the north of Borneo, are to be Mr. Medhurst, and are of a truly horrid charac.

found men living absolutely in a state of nature,

who neither culuvate the ground, nor live in huts; ter. Selgie, the chief with whom Mr. D. had the

who neither eat rice nor sall, and who do not most intercourse, exercises despotic control over associate with each other, but rove about the a great extent of country and 150,000 people. I woods like wild beasts. The sexes meet in the Their study and trade seem to be massacre, and jungle, or the man carries away a woman from

some campong. When the children are old the only measure of their wealth or honor seem

enough to shift for themselves, they usually sepato be the number of human heads they can pro-rate, neither one afterwards thinking of the other. duce. According to the representations of Mr.

At night they sleep under a large tree, the D. they seem to have no other object in going to

branches of which hang low. On the branches

they fasten the children in a kind of swing; war but to obtain heads. Alter describing the around the tree they make a fire to keep off the secrecy with which a party approaches an wild beasts and snakes. They cover themselves enemy's settlement, he proceeds

with a piece of coolit kayu, and in this also they

wrap the children. It is soft and warm, but will Should it be a solitary but, they surround it,

not keep out the rain. These poor creatures are and take care that no one escape; but should it

looked on and treated by the other Diaks as be a considerable campong, they go much more

wild beasts. Hunting parties of twenty-five or warily to work. When the boats have arrived thirty, go out and amuse themselves with shooting within about a mile of a campong, they prepare

the children in the trees with the sampit, the same themselves. About one third of the party, who

as monkeys, from which they are not easily disare sent forward, penetrate the thickest part of tinguished. The men taken in these excursions, the jungle, arriving at night near the houses,

are invariably killed.
which are surrounded, men being placed in every
footpath leading from them, for the purpose of

Respecting their religious notions Mr. D. intercepting all who may attempt to escape into

remarks the wood. In the mean time the remainder of the party in their boats arrive, about an hour be I cannot ascertain that the Diaks have any foce day-lighit, in perfect silence, within a few religion amongst themselves, or entertain an hundred yards of the campong. Most of the

idea of future rewards and punishments. None warriors then put on their fighting-dress, and of the Bujis or Agis were able to give me furcreep slowly forward, leaving a few men in each ther information on this subject than what I was boat, and about a dozen with the women, who myself enabled to pick up from personal obserremain in the jungle. About twenty minutes

vation, and that was very little. They have no before day-break, they commence operations by fear whatever of dying, either in battle or otherthrowing upon the aitaps (roofs) of the huts, wise, provided they are in no danger of losing lighted fireballs, made of dry bark of trees, and their heads. They have, however, the utmost damar, which immediately involves the whole in dread of losing their heads, which they conceive fames. The was ery is then raised, and the the greatest, and indeed the only misfortune that work of murder commences; the male inhabitants can befal them; and this feeling seems to aniare speared, or more commonly cut down with mate them, from their kpowledge of the triumphs the mandow, as they descend the ladders of their their enemies enjoy in getting possession of this dwellings in attempting to escape the flames, greatest of all treasures; for all Diaks in every which Selgie remarked to me, give just sufficient part of Borneo and of the Celebes have the same light to distinguish a man from a woman. The predilection for cutting off the beads of their women and children endeavoring to gain the jun- || enemies, and every stranger is regarded as an gle by the well known paths, find them already 1) enemy. occupied by an enemy, from whom there is no It is, however, most certain that they have escape.

some idea of a future state. This not only apThe heads are what they want, and there is no pears in their burials, but on other occasions. suffering a Diak will not cheerfully endure, to be There is a certain bird, of which they stand in recompensed by a single one. From the last great awe. When they hear the note of this excursion, Selgie's people brought with them 700 bird, no inducement can urge them further on the heads, of which 250 fell to the share of himself same line of road. I have frequently been out and sons. The women and children all belonged shooting when we heard it. On such occasions to him in the first instance. Many of Selgie's they invariably would stop and tremble violently, tribe are cannibals; some, however, will not eat

and immedialely take another road. I never human flesh, and others refuse to do so except could obtain a sight of this bird of ill omen, for on particular occasions: as a birth, marriage or

such it is considered. If I attempted to advance funeral. All these events are celebrated with a single step nearer the sound, they took hold of fresh heads. Nothing could be done without me, pointing to the sky, and with gestures of apthem. All kinds of sickness, particularly the prehension forced me a contrary way. The small pox, are supposed to be under the influence notes are very similar to those

of our blackbird, of an evil spirit, which nothing can so well pro. W oqually sweet, but much stronger. Notwith?

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