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Proceedings of other Societies.


of the Deity; as well as greatly enlarged conceptions of his glorious atributes, his perfections, and his godhead.

While, however, the names of God, the maker WESLEYAN MISSION IN SOUTH AFRICA. of all things, were retained in their language, no

worship of any kind was paid to him. ThroughThe following comparison between the present out the length and breadth of the land, amongst and former situation of the Caffres is taken from

a!! these tribes, there was no Sabbath, Day and

night succeeded each other from year to year a communication of Mr. Shrewsbury, missionary without the hallowed day of resi. All days were in Caffraria, dated June 30, 1830.

alike common to them while they lived without

God, and without hope in the world.” But the Christianity cannot be said to make rapid pro word of God creates a Sabbath wherever it grons amongst the inhabitants of this country, comes; and in this respect it hat wrought a new yet we have reason to be thankful that the work ihing in this land. Not that I would wish to intiof the Lord is advancing; some fruit appearing mate that there is any thing like an universal on almost every station. Thirty years have now reverence for the day of the Lord, for any statepassed away since Dr. Vanderkemp visited the ment of that kind would be untrue: but at the Catires with the gospel of Jesus Christ; and same time, glancing at the houses of worship nearly ten years the Wesleyan missionaries, and which have been built, the average number of those of other denominations, have been resident those who rest from labor, and who assemble amongst the people. A comparison of their for together to bear the word of the Lord in these mer and present condition, in regard 10 know). dark regions, may be taken to be near 700 souls. edge and morals, will lead to a just estimate of Now seven hundred Sabbath worshippers of God the degree of good which has been effected in a country where a few years since none amongst them by missionary labors.

sought him, will afford ground for holy rejoicing Idolairy was never known amongst the Caf to those who have learned not to "despise the fres; they have no name for idol, nor any con day of small things." Prayer was vever perception of what is meant by idol-worship; which formed in a devotional manner till the preaching circumstance renders it exceedingly difficult 10 of Christ crucified was accompanied by a mea. translate the second commandment into language sure of the gift of the spirit of prayer and suppliintelligible to them. Neither can it be maintain cation, given to the hearers. It was indeed cused that the first missionary found them absolutely lomary tor them when going into battle to say, without a knowledge of the true God. For they "God, look upon me," or, "God, take care of had three names of the divine Being preserved me." And, singular enough, not a few when amongst them from time immemorial. Hin they l going to plunder the colonists, were wont to called Utixo, Uundali, and Umenzi. The sigui. I pray while lurking for plunder, ibat God would fication of the latter two names is clear; Umdali look upon them, and that no man might catch is the Foriner, from dala, to form, fashion; and them. This, however, shows what low views Umenzi is the Maker, from enza, to make. Thus they had of ihe divide character; and these are they had scriptural names for the Deity before perhaps all the instances in which any address the word of God came amongst them; which is was made to the divine Being. The good sought a very striking and singular faci, pot io be met was not salvation; but merely preservation froin with in the history of other pagan nations. And some temporal calamily. Now there are praying with this Former and Maker they associated no men, and praying women, and praying children, secondary or inferior deity. But then, though 10 be found in various places, “who call upon these words were in their mouth, they were not the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, borb theirs in their heart; and it may be questioned whether and ours." a single individual could be found, who ever Till the servants of God came forth from thought for one moment of the weighty truths Britain there were no teachers of religion, either which the words so nigh unto them imported. true or false; for the Caffres never had a priestThere were “none that did understand, or seek || hood, nor so much as a single native priest exafier God.” But now there are many who under-clusively set apart for religious purposes. The stand, that "in the beginning God made the notion of sacrifices which remained amongst them heavens and the earth." The names for the

was so exceedingly faint, that it was but the Deity long current amongst them, have greatly l shadow of a shade. And though circumcision is assisted us in teaching this primary trulh; al- practised on all youths at about the age of thirthough the proper idea of creation it is more dif ieen, yet it is exclusively a civil rile, and not in ficulí to make ibem comprehend. I suppose this any way connected with religion. An uncircumbranch of knowledge is at this time general cised son would be incapable of inheriting his amongst the Caffres; and further, in the vicinity

faiher's properly. The origin of this rite is with of mission stations, God is also known by his them completely obliteraled. To this people name Jehovah; and some hundreds are acquaint: British benevolence has given though not to the ed with that "name which is above every name," extent that is required, Christian ministers

, who Jesus. Moreover, they have heard concerning teach them to worship God in spirit and in truth; the Holy Ghost, whom they denominale Umoya, who direct them to the sacrificial offering of which signifies both spirit and wind--primarily ihe Christ as the sole ground of pardon and acceptlatter, for they have not separate terms for these ance with God; who have established amongst two different ideas. All that they have learned them the Christian sacraments of baptism and concerning Jesus Christ and the holy Spirit is the supper of the Lord; and who are providing new; and this gives them an entirely new view"for another generation the word of God in their

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longue, and preparing the young to read that God.” But by the word of salvation this change word by which they may be saved. For these hath been effected; and there are now Catfres 10 nations formerly had no learning. They were be found who may truly be denominated moral a people without a book. They had no leller, men: for obedience to the faith” is manifest in no hieroglyphic, no character of any kind. For the truth, honesty, and general integrity of their the origin of these things they are indebted not lives. And throughout the whole community lo infidelity, but to Christianity; in which mdeed there is now exhibited a moral standard of right is all our happiness and glory.


wrong; to which, whenever we appeal, the 'Though destitute of religion, superstition, consciences of the people force them to submit, which is too often substituted for it, was abund and pronounce senience of condemnation against antly found in this land; and it still prevails to a themselves. Being without literature, they have very awful extent. Superstition is everywhere neither shasters nor koran 10 oppose io our connected with cruelty. In this land, almost scriptures: and, therefore, however heedless and every kind of afiliction and disease, and even the neglectful they may generally be of divine truth, infirmities of old age were wont to be attributed whenever it is brought home to the heart, they to the influence of witchcraft; so that whenever will, in a great majority of instances, acknowl. an individual fell sick, a doctor was sent for, por edge that it is holy, jusi, and good. only to administer medicine, hut also to ascer Some of their present national customs are lain what individual or individuals had been great barriers to the spread of holiness and guilly of troubling the afflicted with his malady. I truth. Polygamy is universally allowed. This Chachabi, the father of our late chief, Islambi, is in itself a vasi evil; and it so connects itself was famous for the punishments he inflicted on with all their domestic and civil concerns, that many innocent persons who had been accused of to destroy it seems more difficult than to break this crime. By the river Xakoon there is a tre the power of casie in India. Connected with mendous craggy precipice, called by the Cattres this subjeci, is another, that is attended with Uwa Amaqira, or the Doctor's Precipice, be many evils. A father has absoluto authority cause they who were accused of bewitching over his daughter, and can dispose of her in their neighbors by those deceivers, were brought marriage as he pleases. Sometimes a degree of by Chachabi to this place; and, being bound allention is paid to the inclinations of the child, hand and foot, were cast over, and falling from but in general the predominant principle with crag to crag, were dashed to pieces ere they the father is, 10 make the best bargain for himcame to the bottom. In olie of ny late itinerai self that he can. The man that will give him ing journeys I rested and breakfasied at the foot the greatest number of cattle has no need to of this precipice; and there for the first time doubt of his success in preference to all other probably since the creation of the world, offered rivals; no matter what his age or character may up prayer 10 God. For many years past no be, or the number of wives already living with victim has perished on this spot; nor is it likely || him. But the authority of the father does not that any more authorised murders will take place cease here; disputes may arise, or self-interested there. The more general way, however, of views may studiously occasion disputes, and the punishing the accused, has been by applying hot father may dissolve the relation, return the stones to the tenderest parts of the body, till the dowry of cattle again, and sell his daughter to miserable victim is deprived of life, or ruined for

another man. And this may be repeated as all his future days. "This horrible practice still often as be pleases, if he can only persuade his continues, but not to an equal extent. The chiets child to consent, which is seldom a work of much are ashamed of it, and keep the knowledge of it difficulty. And even if the parent be deceased, as much as possible from their respective mis the eldest son succeeds to nearly the same sionaries. The influence of superstition has cer- | authority over his sisters. Marriage, therefore, tainly been lessened, and it continues to de such as it is, is seldom marriage for life. From crease, although it still opposes a mighty obsta this circumstance such a strange commixture of cle to the full success of the gospel. But in our

families arises, that all domestic enjoyment is work there are no insuperable difficulties; the poisoned at ils source, and by it the whole frame gospel has never met with an evil it could not of society is miserably disordered. The civil overcome, nor will it to the end of the world. rite of circumcision before mentioned, is attend.

As to morality, neither the theory nor practiceed with impurities that cannot be named. A thereof were discernible amongst them in their youth whom Mr. Shepstone baptised at Morley, pative state. There was no justice, no mercy, last year, was, I believe, the first instance of a no holiness, no truth; there were none that did successful resistance against submission to this good, no, not one.

On the contrary, wicked rite, and as such it is worthy of being recorded. ness overspread the whole laud, which was full | The youth stood firm against all the commands of "thefts, coveiousness, lasciviousness," and | and entreaties of his friends, as well as against almost every species of crime. Iniqnity thus the soliciiations of his former companions: and at reigned unto death, uncontrolled, unchecked. length they yielded, and agreed that baptism and unreproved, so far as the eye of man could I should he admitted' instead of circumcision, as discer; for the people seemed io be without any the boy's qualification legally to share in his law which condemned vicious propensities, or

father's subsiance. This was a great point gain. any fear of the righteous indignation of God. 1 ed, and will open the way for similar admissions Though they had the universal law

in future instances also. from God himself, still "ihe vail was on their From this comparative view of the former and hearts," and through the love of sin their eves present state of this country, in regard to religwere blinded that they could not discern il. Sin ion and morals, as well as from other sources of abounded to such an alarming extent, that they information, a tolerably correct judgment may appeared to be without law; and unless “grace be made of the degree of success which has had much more abounded," by sending unto

hitherto attended missionary exertions; and of them the gospel, none would have been “re

the magnitude of those obstacles which oppose deemed from his iniquity;" or "urned from dark-themselves to a general spread of the Christian Dess to light, and from the power of Satan unto religion throughout the land.



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The demand for Bibles having marginal refer-

ences and headings to the chapters, has induced
the society to issue an edition containing those

appendages, as they are inserted in the cditions

published by the British and Foreign Bible So

ciely, which are the same as those contained in SIXTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE AMER the English Bible translated under the authority

of king James. The following abstract of this report is taken, with considerable abridgments, from the monthly

General Supply.-It was hoped that the man

agers would be able to report on this occasion periodical of this society.

that every tamily in the United States had been During the past year the society have been furnished with a Bible. They have not, howa called to mourn the loss of their president, Col. changing nature of our population, perhaps they

ever, this satisfaction, and irom the growing, Richard Varick, and the Hon. John Cotion

never may be able to make such an explicit Smith, of Connecticul, bas been appointed liis report. But the managers feel, at the present

John Adams, Esq., the former time, not so much soliciiude about the entire suptreasurer, has resigned his office, and Mr. Gar-ply, in those few portions of the country referred

to, as they do about the re-supplying of those rett N. Bleecker bas been appointed to fill bis i portions where a general distribution was made place. Mr. Robert F. Winslow has been ap some years since. Instances have occurred pointed recording secretary in the place of Dr.

where societies, which were supplied four or five

years since, have recently been found to contain Pintard, who has been made a vice president,

from four to nine hundred households without the

Bibie. Some auxiliaries have determined to Nero Auriliaries.- In addition to the former

make reinvestigation the coming year, and it is list of auxiliaries, thiriy-iwo others have been re

the earliest desire of the Board that this species cognized the present year, making an aggregate of labor may become general. of 848, exclusive of numerons branches.

Agents. --The society has now in its service Receipts — The receipts of the year, deducting eighi agents, and the Board have recently resolvthe sims borrowed, amount to X107,059. Of this sum 840,193 88 were received in payment

ed to procure two general travellmg agents, the

one for the Atlantic states, and the other for the for books; $4,571 74 from legacies; $23,555 40 as donations toward the general supply; $677 07

great westem valley. The object of these

agents will be to allend ihe anniversaries of auxfor the distribution of the scriptures in foreign iliary societies and co-operate with local tempocountries, and the balance from other sources

rary agents in the different states. Such a specified in the treasurer's report.

measure is now decmed highly important. Il was stated in the last report that $34,190

Foreign Distributions. The managers feel were due to banks. This debt has since been

that the time is now come when they are called reduced to $22,000, and the debt for paper has

to enter on the work of foreign distribution in been somewhat reduced. The number of Bibles and Testaments printed good earnest. They feel that they have reached

an important era a crisis in the history of the this vear amount to 156,500.

society. To a very considerable extent the Books Issued.-From the subjoined table will

families of our own country have been once supbe seen the number and varieties of Bibles and

plied with Bibles. Just at this moment, when Testaments issued from the depository in the

the country has got ready to embark in forciyn course of the year.

distributions, the cry for ihe bread of life comes

from two of our aboriginal tribes, from Russia, English Bibles,

Dn. .


from different parts of Greece, from Smyrna, French Bibles,

from Bombav, from the Burman Empire, from

1,266 ihe Sandwich Islands, and from under the walls Spanish Bibles,

of China. Some of these cries are urgent, and

182 the assistance wanted great, and becoming more
German Bihles,

so every day.

280 Welch Bibles,


For the purpose of aiding foreign distributions, Gallic,

measures have been taken to form young mens' Dutch,

Bible societies in our various cities and large Irish Testaments,


towns. Dutch,


Stereotype plates for a modern Greek Testa. Russian Testaments,

100 Slavonian,


ment are now in preparation, and when finished, Russia Slavonian,

a large edition of this work is to he printed and Russian Perliere,

sent in the afflicted people for whom it is deMohawk Gospels,

signed. Delaware Epistles,

To prepare ihis work, and to meet other wants

where encouragement of aid has already been Total,


given, the managers will need numerous and Making a total since the organization of the large contributions for the coming year. $20.000 society of 1,442,500 copies.

of this money is wanted the present moment, and The distributions of books the present year,

while it is withheld ihe dying heathen around the (as was anticipaled,) are less than those of the

mission stations, who are heginning to ask for the iwo preceding years devoted to the general “sacred books," must he told to wait and wait supply.

until American Christians have time to make
collections. With such wants as these now






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pressing, and with every prospect that these || copies of these several publications, containing wants are to multiply from year 10 year, the 66,160,457 pages have been put in circulation. managers feel that a weight of responsibility is

The whole number of copies of various publicadevolved on them, and that they must be crimi. pal if they were not prompt and urgent in their tions printed by the society since its forınation is appeal tor aid.

22,996,487, containing 463,665,982 pages; the

whole number of copies put into circulation is The managers have received most pressing requests from the missionaries at the Sandwich | 25,411,086, containing 384,837.720 pages; leayIslands, St. Petersburg in Russia, the Meditering 4,585,401 copies, containing 78,828,262

pages. The amount printed the past year exranean, and in China for aid in publishing and

ceeds that of the preceding by 19,761,000 pages. distributing Bibles and Testaments, and other

Graluitous distribution. The society have portions of the scriptures.

appropriated tracts at home and in foreign coun-
tries, as stated below,


Publications of the Society. Forty-six new

Ships for foreign ports,

24,440 Navy,

111,140 publications have been unanimously sanctioned

Berievolent institutions, 256,850 and stereotyped since the last anniversary, Sunday schools,

100,469 making the whole number of the society publica Colleges,

42.876 tions six hundred and fourleen, in seven different Individuals,

1,199,750 languages, exclusive of tracts approved for pub

Distribnted by agents,

227,070 licatiou at foreign stations.



3,473,110 Of these publications seventeen, containing together 248 pages, belong to the general Eng. Receipts and Erpenditures.- The society has Jish series; one containing thirty-six pages to the received during the year for tracts sold occasional series; tive to the children's tracts; $37,430 29; for donations, life memberships, one 10 English handbills; four containing 10 &c. $24,474 78. The disbursements of the sogether 96 pages in the series in French; one of ciety during the year have been, for paper, eight pages to the Italian series; two containing printing, &c. $44,001 56; for home distribution,

pages to the Portuguese series; ten containing including agencies, 6,225 98; for foreign distri190

pages to the German series. The society burion, $5,044; for services of corresponding have also published five occasional volumes, secretary, general agent, and assistants, together containing in the aggregate 1,230 pages. They | with the expenses of the depositories, &c. have also examined and approved for publica- | $6,536 86; making in the whole, with the tion, under the direction of missionaries, four balance in the treasury, $61,905 07. tracts in the Burman language, six in the Tamul, and one in the Cherokee. An edition of 5,000

Five months ago the society's expenditures

had been 88,000 more than its receipts, the decopies of the American Tract Magazine, is pub- ficiency being supplied hy loans. Now those lished monthly. The Christian Almanac for arrearages are met; all hills which became due 1832 is published in 20 editions.

previous to May 1st were then paid; and $5,044 have been remitted, as the beginning of a great

work, to which the commillee trust God has Authenticity of Tracts.--Of the 280 tracta now emhraced in the principal and occasional

called this society, in conveying a knowledge of series, about 168 are didactic presentations of

his gospel 10 millions sitting in darkness and the Christian dociries and duties; about 20 are

shadow of death. Indeed, it has heen while directed against Infidelity, Universalism, Popery, lahoring for the destilule abroad, that God has and Judaism; and ahnut 20 against intemper- l circumstance to which ihe committee will more

supplied the society's recuniary necessities, a ance and other prevailing vices. Ahout 72 are narratives: of which a reware palpably allegori particularly advert in presenting the claims from cal, as "Parley the Porter." and the “Inter

ihe foreign field. preter's House;" and notwithstanding the great

Branches and Auriliaries - The number of variety of sources from which the remainder new auxiliaries recognized during the year, is have been derived, and the difficuliv of obtain. 146, making the whole number now on the soing definite information concerning ihe origin of Iciety's list 997—if 10 the 997 auxiliaries now on a few, the evidence of the authenticity of most the society's list, there he added 664 connected of them is abundant; and not one is retained of ll with the society at Boston, and 429 with that at which the committee have decisive evidence Philadelphia. as stated below, and 1.927 others that it is not, so far as it imports to be, a narra

to which the 'Tract Magazine is sent, the whole umher of auxiliaries directly and indirecuy con

nected with the parent society is 3.297. Some During the past year the society has printed of these, however. have become inefficient, if of the several series of tracts, handbills, hroad- they have not entirely ceased to act. sheets, Christian almanacs, &c., 5,529,750

Visiting and Financial Secretary.---Rev.

Ornan Eastman has been appointed visiting and copies; containing in the aggregate 88,547,000 financial secretary of the society, with special pages. During the same period 4,957,322 || reference to planting and directing the society's

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tive of facts.


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agencies, promoting the activity of auxiliaries, state the operations of the society during the and obtaining funds.

past year. Agencies. The society has eleven different Number of beneficiaries. During the

year now agents now engaged in collecting funds and pro past, there have been assisted from the funds of moting the objects of the society. To show the

this society, (including the Presbyterian Educa

tion Society,)
importance of agents, and the wide field open
for their labors, it is remarked

15) young men in 11 Theological seminaries.

25 Colleges.

do. 77 Academies. The census of 1820 extenderl, within a small 15 do.

under private instruction, fraction, over 600,000 square miles. It from this we deduct 60,000, embracing portions of the 673 young men in 113 institutions nf learning, country, where the privileges of the gospel are

More than one third of ihe whole number, is it a most richly enjoyed, we have remaining 510.000

pears from the preceding statement, are in the first

stage of their education square miles of inhabited territory, probably em.

Sixty-seven are in fuur

teen institutions in the valley of the Mississippi. bracing 9,000,000 of our population, more than half of whom, it is estimated by those best ac

Noro applicants.—The whole number of new quainted with the subject, are unsupplied with

applicants who have been received during the stated evangelical preaching. If we divide this

year, is 129, of whom 127 are members of various inhabited territory into fields, each containing

academies, 44 of colleges, and 51 of theological 500 townships of six miles square, or 180 miles

seminaries. This number is greater by 43 than in length by 100 in breadth, we have thirty such

were admitted last year, fields; each township embracing, on an average,

Number licensed io preach the Gospel.-Ahout 600 inhabitants, and each agent's field, 300,000.

sixiy individuals, assisted by the society, will be Foreign distribution.-The Comunillee have licensed this year to preach the gospel. Not far appropriated and remitted the following sums

from ten of the number expect to engage in forfor foreign distribution, viz.

eign missions.

Amount refuruled.---The amount refunded For the rise of American Baptist missionaries since the lasi annual meeting is $1,312 77– in Burmah,

$1,000, making the whole suin within the last six years For the use of American missionaries in

pearly $7,000. During the preceding ten years China,

500 For the use of American missionaries in

it was aboul $100. Bomhay,


Receipts.—The receipts for the year, as apFor the use of American missionaries in pears by the treasurer's report, amount to Ceylon,

500 841,927 15. Of this sum $4,325 05 were reFor the use of American missionaries in ceived on account of scholarships, and $37,606 10 Sandwich Islands,


for current use. For the use of Ainerican missionaries of Protestant Episcopal church in Grepre,

Erpenditures. The amount of expenditures

301 For the use of American missionaries of

during the last year, was $41,362 56, which A. B. C. F. M. on the Merditerranean,


with the debt of last year leaves at the present For the use of Moravian Church of United

time, a debt upon the society of 83,588 05. Brethren,

200 Amount of Earning - The individuals assistFor the use of Paris Religious Tract Society, ed hy ihe society have various opportunities to For the tree of Lower Saxony Tract Society, aid themselves in part, by school keeping, by Hamburgh.

200 For the use of William Ropes, Esq. Peters

performing agencies in vacations, and by manual burgb, Russia,

labor. The amount earned in this way, last

year, was $15,568. Of this sum, 56 men in Total,

$3,000 seveni theological seminaries earned $3,282 or

858 on an average; 149 men in 18 colleges The sum of $44 has also been appropriated earned 99,270, or 962 on an average; 116 india for printing an edition of 3,000 of a scripture viduals in 47 academies earned $3,016, or $26 tract, of 12 pages, in Cherokee.

each. No earnings were reported from 352 men.

The whole amount of earnings for six years past The report contains a brief but very impres- I is 955,915. In 1827, they amounted io $6,000, sive view of the claims of foreign countries on last vear to $15,568. the society, especially of those where American Obligations cancelled.-During the last year,

the obligations of 24 individuals, at their request, Christians have established missions, for aid in

have been cancelled in whole or in part. Of this printing and distributing religious tracts, as one number 19 are missionaries, four foreign, and 15

domestic of the best means which God has put into the

General results -Since the establishment of hands of his people, for diffusing a knowledge of

the society 1,426 individuals have been aided. the gospel among the unevangelized.

They may be distributed as follows:


Foreign missionaries,

Licensed to preach the gospel, now in this


Now under patronage, exclusive of licentiates, 620 An abstract of the report is taken, with some Temporarily enployer as teachers, abridgments, from one prepared by the secreta Permanently employed as instructors,

The number who have died, is ries of the society for the N. Y. Observer. Failed for want or health, Afler noticing the death of Mr. Cornelius, the

Unqualified persons, most of whom after trial


were dropped, lale secretary of the society, to whom under

Number entered other professions, for various God, it, in a very great measure, owes its en

Number about whom we have no recent infor

65 largement and efficiency, the report proceeds to mation,




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