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Lann, an Honorary Member of the Board, 50;) Beardsley’s Prairie, Michi. Ter. A lady, for Luther Lairton in Ceylon, Bedford co. Va Pi-gah chh. 20; S. F. L. a child, dec'd, by her mother, 6,60; Beech Spring, O Indiv. Belchertown, Ms. Mon. con. 10,53; indiv. 2,02, for Cher, miss. Bethlehem, N. H. Mlon. con. Beyroot, Syria, Rev. Mr. Parnell, Big Hollow, N. Y. Mon, con. Blue IIill, Me. Coll. in Rev. Mr. Fisher's so. Brighton, N.Y. Benev. so. Brownritie, Me. F. Brown, Bucksport, Me. Alrs. M. T. Blodget, for Hannah Thurston at Dwight, Bufield, Ms. Fem. boarding sch. for Sandw. Isl, miss. Carlisle, Pa. Coll. in presb. chh. Castine, Me. Gent. asso. 34: la. asso.
A. 2; 19826 Rorbury, Ms. L. M. Sargent, Jr. 52 Sand Creek chh. Indi. Coll. 14 00 Shawangunk, N. Y. Rev. J. H. Brevier, 3 50 She eham, Vt. A sem. friend, 10 00 Spring Creek, Pa. Aux. so. 15 00 Stockholm, N. Y. En ENEzen Hulbund, which constitutes him an Honorary Meitober of the Board, 100 00 Telcksbury, Ms. Chh.. to constitute the Rev. Jacob oggis an Honorary Member of the Board, 50, mon, con. 6,75; 56.75 Union, N. Y. Mon. con. in İst presb. chh. 23 00 Union Tourn, Pa. Mon. Con. In presb. cong. chh. 15 50 Mandalia, Illi. W. H. Brown, 10 00 Washington, Pa. Rev. D. Elliot, 10 00 Wellington, O. Mon. con. 2 25 West Alexandria, Pa. Rev. J. McCluskey, 35) West Union, Pa. Mon. con. 8 50 is' hitefield, N. H. Mon, con. 2 (0 Wythe co. Va. By Rev. G. Painter, 15 o 6
Jan. 2, 1832. The priest who was introduced to us by letter from Mr. Gutzlaff, and who has frequently called upon us since, came again this morning, in company with another of high rank, who had also visited us before. They had heard before entering the house, that we both were oing, and appeared more than usually at*ctionate and thoughtful. We spent all the evening in endeavoring to persuade them to turn from their idols to the true God. They listened with attention—asked many questions, one of which was (we hope the suggestion of at least a partial awakening) whether the God of heaven had denounced the worship of images. The supeor has a mind of ready and comprehensive Powers. He has copied nearly two of the £opels and appears generally to understand what he reads. He spoke of the fig-tree which Jesus cursed, and we endeavored to onsorce its application upon himself. We *We reason to believe that he is convinced of the folly of idolatry, and impressed in some dogrée with the reasonableness, if not ocessity; of the Christian religion. But his rank is high and the consequences of changing his faith will probably produce a *ruggle before he is made to submit. Much "ust be sacrificed—much encountered— Perhaps much endured. His own plea for * being a Christian is ignorance. He oys he knows but little yet." It is worthy "much intercession, that he and his com. Polon, in some respects as hopeful as him*ls, may be made the first fruits of Siam unto God. *, Spent the principal part of the day in e boat and at some of i. pagodas, con**ing with the priests and others. While
°king at the idols in the first temple at WOL. xxvi II.
which we called, a priest came, and, probably in the simplicity of his soul, asked us why we did not worship. We told him that we worshipped the God of heaven— not such blind, dumb images as knew nothing, neither could do any thing. It gave occasion for much conversation and he listened with the attention of a child in hearing a marvellous thing.
At the next pagoda we found three priests in one of the temples, at their noon-day and last meal, all far advanced in life. They put the usual question and received our usual reply. Here the conversation was much protracted. A number of worshippers and others who came in, listened with attention, while we pointed out some of those plain truths which Christianity surgests and idolatry cannot endure. The .# priests, who at first would have little to say to us, perhaps offended at our irreverence for their gods, when they heard us converse in their own tongue, became very civil and attentive.
In passing to the boat, we encountered another coinpany of priests, and amon them a man who manifested some knows: edge of Christianity and a conviction of its truths. He asked, in the presence of the Priosts, whether it was right to worship idols according to the custom of the Siamese. His object appeared merely to got our reply, which he no doubt anticipated, that he might make it a subject of remark to his more ignorant auditors.
5. As we passed up the river this morning, the gilded temples and spires of idolatry gleamed in the first rays of the risin sun and appeared too beautiful not to be: long to Him, whose is the silver and the gold. Priests in crowds were passing about from house to house, while women, with large vessels of boiled rice and other provisions, were sitting before the doors of the floating houses, or in their boats, measuring to each his portion. This finished, they put both hands to their foreheads, intended to be an act of worship, while the priest appears not to notice their reverence,
... We called upon a man in public office, and were informed that the king is preparing to consecrate eight new and newly repaired temples. On the occasion he throws away a vast sum, in support of his royal estate. A fixed estimate is placed upon his person, his so some of his wives, his i. his plate and other articles. Each distinct sum is written upon a scrap of paper and put within a lemon. Some of them are said to amount to a thousand dollars. His majesty ascends an elevated place and scatters these lemons among the assembled crowd. Every sum, to the amount written upon the paper, is promptly paid. Thus like the afflicted at the ...} of Bethesda, the most needy are thrust aside, while the more strong and less miserable come before and divide the spoil.
A Funeral Scene—A celebrated Pagoda with its Images.
We passed a funeral nrray. The body was placed in a coffin, shaded with a large white canopy. From the coffin a piece of cloth was passed over the shoulder of , a lad, who sat a short distance in front of it, and who was dressed to represent an angel, and fastened to the garment of a priest, sitting near the bow of the boat. By this means, they say, the priest conducts the deceased to happiness. The body is taken in this manner to a temple and consumed. Before returning, we called at two of the most spacious and magnificent pagodas in the city. The superiority of the one consists principally in the situation and arrangement of its buildings—the other in their number and magnificent furniture. In entering the outer court of the latter, the attention is first arrested by large images, more like horses than any other living animals, occupying the place of wardens. All the gates are guarded by these and another class of still stranger figures, intended to represent the body of a man, with a face of mixed features—a combination of bird, man and beast—all distorted and giving the countenance a frightful expression. Within the outer court are a large temple, an oratory, (an open building where the priests §§ their discourses) two or three high towers, and an extensive row of smaller open buildings, for what purpose I do not know. Having passed through this court, you enter a second gate, and find a more spacious area surrounded, by walls, and decorated with spires of still larger proportions. In the centre, is, in external appearance, a stupendous block of o having temples on four sides facing the area, opposite each other and connected with rows of smaller dimensions. We entered one of the large temples—desirous, if possible, to Fo through, and examine the interior. number of priests were stretched mpon their beds sleeping—-others were wasting their time in trifles. Before thein and a large idol, (objects of nearly equal
reverence,) women were worshipping, Again our contempt of their gods was a subject of conversation, and again we pointed them to Him who has denounced such abominations and will punish every transgressor of his law. Some were silent and sullen, refusing to open the inner door. One, who had perhaps received a ray of true light, o us in explaining our message. After almost compassing the block, which proved no inconsiderable walk, we sound an open door and entered. The whole outer range, which we had thus surrounded, with another of almost equal extent, a few feet within, and a third, somewhat sm: ller, between the two, were com: pletely filled with rows of gilded images of different sizes and in different attitudes, The number of idols was variously s by the priests and others. Our own calcula: tion made the aggregate between six and seven hundred, though we probably did not see them all, and none of them would admit that there was less than a thousand. The largest image was about thirty feet high. Enclosed by these ranges of buildings we sound another court, containing a number of tastesul ornaments, something like pyra" mids, and with a splendid temple in the centre, Had “holiness to the Lord” been inscribed here, this inner court, as guard as the “sanctum sanctorum,” would have appeared delightful. While our eyes were employed in examining these objects of admiration and horror, our tongues were near } as active with the priests and others, who ollowed us. The longest discussion took place in presence of the monstrous image spoken of, with two young men, who were more zealous for the honor of their gods, than any we had before met. One of them insisted that he could speak, for, pointing to a large tablet before him, he said," has all been dictated by him.” The other, retorting our exposure of such folly, scorn" fully represented the cross with his o: believing that all foreigners were Catholio idolaters, and plainly showing that their abominations had been made a stench eye" in a heathen's nose. We were assisted in correcting this mistake (alas, how commo" among the heathen) by an intelligentloo. ing man of middle age, who had evidently received some correct and impressive knowledge of Christianity—probably from the books, and who told them that ourbo lief was not the same. In this interesting man, who all along assented to our remark*, and appeared sincere in his belief, wo thought we could discover another, ray 9 light piercing the shadow of death, and calling upon us for gratitude and encour* agement. Thus we Thave had another op: |...". of scattering the seed of etern ife, and of learning that our labor is not." vain in the Lord. Twe have attacked idol. atry in its strong holds. In their most magnificent temples—surrounded by the roudest displays of their blind devotionin the very presence of their most venerated gods, we have fearlessly exposed their folly and guilt, and preached to them Him, who has determined soon to sweep idolatry from earth, and who has provided salvation for the perishing of all kindreds and tongues on earth.
EXTRACTS FROM THE ANNUAL REPORT OF The Mission, for 1831.
The annual report of this mission for 1831, which has been recently received, contains many facts which have been already published, and which it is unnecessary to repeat. As the seminary at the Batticotta station occupies a place of high importance in the mission, it will be first noticed. No class has been admitted or dismissed the past year, though eight of the students, for various reasons, have left.
Wumber and Studies of the sereral Classes in the Seminary at Batticotta.
First class, 17 students. Lennie's Grammar and Exercises—Blair's Lectures on Rhetoric—Porteus' Evidences of Christianity—Euclid through 4th book—Blair's łrammar of Natural Philosophy through optics-Translating, Declamation, and Composition—Tamul Classics. Second class 18 students. Woodbridge's ...loo Grammar—-Euler's and Bonnycastle's Algebra—Mental Arithmetic, (reviewing)—Tamul and English Phrases—Euclid 1st book–Pronouncin Testament—Tamul Grammar of the # ". and Tamul Classics. hird class 18, and fourth class 30 stu
ents. Lennie's Grammar—Colburn and Joyce's Arithmetics, through Logarithms— Phrases—Native Arithmetic–First Lessons * Astronomy—Writing in English and Tamul—Construing the English New Tes. *ment and English Tracts—All the classes have attended to the study of the Bible, in both Tamul and English, in connection with Chronology.
A particular account of the examination of the *minary in April, 1831, in the presence of *hop Turner and other English gentlemen, may be seen p. 103 of current volume. The do*tion of twenty pounds sterling, made by one of the commissioners, for the encouragement of "anslations and original composition, has given **alutary impulse to students in these branches.
Salutary Influence of the Seminary.
The principal of the school remarks, “The year has been distinguished by appli. cation to study, and general good conduct on the part of the students; both they and it parents are evidently forming a more
definite and correct estimate of the value of an education. Many of the parents have been induced to attend church, at our several stations. Even those who have for various causes left the seminary prematurely, as Avery, Hedges, and others, have so profitable employment in teaching English. The people of Batticotta, on witnessing the operations of the seminary, have been moved to jealousy, and manifested considerable interest in the establishment of an English school in the village, that their children, even at this late day, may have opportunity of preparing to enter the seminary. The parents of these children also attend church.”
The seminary is evidently exerting an important and increasing influence, in favor of Christianity, not only on the students, who in consequence of the enlargement of mind produced by their studies easily throw off the shackles of idolatry, and through the power of divine truth, frequently and affectionately urged upon them, are almost constrained to attend seriously to religion, but upon their parents and friends, who, by their means, are sometimes brought to hear the gospel preached, and through them, in various ways, especially by their conversation and by their distributing tracts when at home during the vacations, are made acquainted with the nature and evidences of the Christian revelation.
Attention to personal religion, among the students, has been greater the last, than any preceding year. The special religious excitement, which so happily marked the close of 1830, continued through the early months of this year, and as fruits of it, and of former awakenings, twenty-eight of the members of the seminary have been added to the church, since the year commenced. Of the whole number, eighty-three, in the seminary, thirty-eight are members of the church, and there are several candidates for admission. In all the classes, but especially the first, the weight of character and inuence is, decidedly Christian. Idolatry may possibly have its secret advocates, but it is avowed by none; and though, while the heart remains unchanged, there can be no security that any one, on leaving the school, will not turn back to heathenism, yet the folly, if not the sin of idol worship. must be so apparent to all, as to have little prospect of its ever being again heartily embraced by any. Some few, who were for a longer or shorter time in the institution, and in one or two cases even members of the church, now are seen marked with holy, ashes, and bearing other badges of heathenism; but it is more in compliance with the wishes of their friends, or from a spirit of opposition to Christians, than from any reverence for the gods, to whose worship they thus profess to return. In most cases, even where there has appeared no saving change in those who have left the seminary, after having finished or nearly finished their course, there has continued to be manifested an outward respect for the institutions of Christianity, and an utter disregard for the brahminic superstitions. The facts disclosed in the study of geography, astronomy, and the elements of natural philosophy, are so entirely discordant Wils the doctrines of the Puranas, as, if believed, necessarily to overthrow their authority as divine records; and though such is the perverseness of the human mind, and especially when warped and biassed as here, by most inveterate prejudices, that it will sometimes obstinately cling to any system which is loved, however shattered and sinking, * in general, truth will ultimately prevail. One instance in proof of this, as given by the principal of the seminary, will close these few remarks. “Shortly before the eclipse of the moon, on the evening of the 26th of February, a printed tract was put in circulation, on the nature and causes of eclipses; showing the fallacy of the arguments urged by the brahmins and others, in support of the Hindoo mythology, arising from their ability to calculate eclipses; pointing out also the errors noticed in the native calculations of eclipses, within the past three years, and awakening the attention of the people to an error of twenty-five minutes, in the commencement of the then ensuing eclipse. This tract had the desired effect, so far as our observation extended, upon all who noticed the eclipse.”
The native free schools at this station, though some of them suffered a temporary suspension, for want of funds, are more prosperous and have given greater satisfaction, during the past, than any preceding year.
The congregations at this station have been larger and more attentive, than at any former period. Not only has the chapel been filled, but an adjoining room also. The latter has been particularly useful for the accommodation of the native women, who to the number of from 15 to 30, have of late attended. Seven of the schoolmas. ters have induced their wives, or if not married, their mothers, or sisters, to come out. “This is indeed," remarks Mr. Meigs, “a new era at Batticotta. Six months ago it was considered a thing quite impracticable. Many were disposed to say, should the Lord make windows in heaven could this thing be! Two of the women (wives of schoolmasters) have been induced to attend, principally through the influence of their sons in the schools."
There has been regular preaching on Fridays, often by missionaries from other stations, or the native preachers, as well as on the Sabbath; and evening meetings have been well attended, sometimes in two different villages at the same time. Some women attend these meetings, and usually from 20 to 30 men. No considerable opposition has manifested itself, except from a
brahmin often mentioned in the notices of the station, who has lately forbidden Mr. Meigs to pass along a path near his temple, as he has been accustomed to do for fifteen years, lest the sacred place should be polluted by his horse's feet. But “why do the heathen rage?”
Besides the twenty-eight members of the seminary, added to the church as mention: ed above, there have been four others added at this station, including two children of the missionaries. There are several candidates. A little Christian neighborhood, consisting already of four families connected with the station, is forming near the mission premises, and promises, by its contrast to the state of heathen society around, to recom. mend Christianity. “On the whole," adds Mr. M., “though I see many deficiences in myself, and many obstacles arising from the wickedness of those around me, when I reflect that “they that be with us are more than they that be with them,' I feel that I have no cause for despondency but abundant reason to thank God and take courage, assuredly believing that our labor will not be in vain in the Lord. I think I never felt inore earnest desires literally to obey the last command of our blessed Savior, 'go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature,' than I have during the last month. My encouragements to do so are also abundant. May the Lord, according to his gracious promise, ever be with me and enable me joyfully to take up the cross and follow my blessed Redeemer wherever he shall lead me.”
Oodoorille.—The female central school, at this station, eives continued and increas: ing satisfaction, as the education of females appears more and more important, and the success and influence of this establishment are more and more manifest. By means of it, in part no doubt, the prejudices of the natives against sending their daugh. ters to the free schools in the villages are diminished; and in some cases female teachers have been prepared in it, for those schools. The principal object of the school, to raise up suitable companions for native Christian assistants, is also in a more fair way of attainment, by the greater facility of getting girls of good family to enter it, and greater readiness of our young men to seek them for partners, than perhaps at any former time. The universal custom here, of marrying, if possible, among rela: tives, and especially of marrying those of the same caste, and seeking, as an indispensable condition, a good dowry, has always operated as a hindrance to settling the girls suitably in life. As this gradual; ly, lessens, the prospects of the school brighten. The last year three of the girls were married to Christian young men, one of whom is appointed as a reader in a dis. tant village, and with his wife, therefore, occupies a sort of native station, where they have opportunity to do much good.