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here till October, then removed with his | seasons, been baptised and received to fel-
Removal of the Jesuits from the Islands.
Allow us here to mention some particuuniformly twice a week; that is, once at the chapel on Sabbath morning, and once
lars of a providential character not immein the evening at a private house, with diately connected with our labors, but not special reference to the benefit of foreign less interesting to the nation on that ac
You have heard of the disastrous residents and seamen, mostly at the house | enterprise in which Boki and Manuia emof Mr. Johnson, who has also devoted spe- | barked, soon after the visit of the U. S. ship cial attention to that class of men.
Vincennes, and the loss of Manuia and Mr. Shepard, on account of declining most of his crew, and the almost certain health, has been induced to leave the care loss of Boki and his crew and vessel, and of the printing office, and without any very the consequent change of the government apparent change, has gone with his family | of this island. You are aware also of the to Lahaina; and Mr. Goodrich, agreeably fact that, subsequently to those changes, the to the arrangements of our last meeting: government ordered the Jesuits to leave the takes his place for the present, but not with islands within three months, or be liable to sound health, and superintends native be treated as strangers in other countries journeymen and apprentices in printing || who refuse to comply with the laws, or who and book-binding.
render themselves obnoxious to governMiss Ward, who from June till the close of the year gave more uninterrupted atten
During the three months alluded to, tion, perhaps, than any of the other females Captain Hill, a member of the church of at this station, to the instruction of females | England, from Liverpool, made a visit to and the superintendance of female teachers this part of the world as a philanthropist, and their classes of children, has gone to and exerted a direct influence to second the Kaawaloa, where Mr. and Mrs. Ruggles orders of the chiefs, both in respect to the would otherwise have been more alone than | removal of the Jesuits, and the suppression usual, in consequence of an arrangement || of the injurious traffic in ardent spirits, carfor Mr. Bishop and family to spend some ried on chiefly by foreigners against the months with Mr. Baldwin at Waimea. wishes of Kaahumanu and nearly all the
It will give you pleasure to know that principal chiefs in the islands.
He labored with the Jesuits thernselves tion have, by the aid of Providence, been to persuade them, as they desired the good continued in the different departments here of the country, as they hoped to be useful to the present time with the same encour to their fellow men, to remove without deagement to prosecute them with courage, | lay to some other part of the world where as has been given in former periods; for their labors would be more acceptable, and which, we doubt not, the patrons of the to leave the natives in quiet possession of mission feel bound to give thanks to the the Scriptures and of the Protestant faith; great Dispenser of all good.
While, by the assuring them that the doctrines of the undiminished labors of the press and pul- || Romish church are so different from those pit, by school instruction, and daily per of the Reformation, that they can never sonal interviews with the natives who coalesce, and that the islanders were not throng around us for some cause or other, | able to digest them both at once. He lawe have been endeavoring to sow the seed bored also with other foreigners to produce of the divine word,--we have reason to think the same impression. that the Holy Spirit has been watering it, During the same period, General Miller, and in some instances making it effectual an English gentleman distinguished in the to salvation.
revolutionary struggles of Peru, in a voyNumbers have appeared to hear with || age for his health, arrived as a passenger in good attention. Hundreds have sought to a Prussian ship, the Princess Louisa. Kaahave their names enrolled with those who humanu said, "This ship will perhaps help profess to be seeking in earnest the king- | to accomplish our wishes by carrying away dom of heaven, and hundreds more have the Frenchmen.” General Miller seemed expressed a desire to be baptised. We labor during a stay of four months, to take a with them long, and are slow to hear their lively interest, not in the case of the Jeapplications. But during the year past suits, but in the general state and prospects there have been successive classes of pro- of the country. He encouraged the king pounded candidates for church-membership, and chiefs to endeavor to improve the form who, excepting a class of twelve that still and character of their government; to look semain, have, at the successive communion II well to the future interests of their country;
to encourage industry and commerce; to Two Jesuit mechanics, a carpenter and establish reasonable and equitable laws for mason, still remain as a part of that corrthe security of property, the promotion of pany which visited the islands, at the suggood order, and the regulation of inter- I gestion of Rives, to teach his people relig. course with strangers, and to enforce them ion, and cultivate his lands. without the fear of interference.
It is due moreover to both these gentle The removal of these Jesuits in the manner in men to say, what we are happy to acknowl
which it was performed, was the violation of edge, that they treated your missionaries with kindness and respect, and as we be
none of their natural or acquired rights, and lieve exerted an influence favorable to the therefore cannot properly be regarded as perseinterests of the nation.
cution. No permission was ever given them to The Princess Louisa brought presents remain on the islands: it was expressly refused, from the king of Prussia, and a letter from and they were repeatedly requested, and even his majesty to the king of the Sandwich I ordered 10 go away. The advice and authority Islands, acknowledging the reception of a letter and war-cloak from him, recom
of the government being equally disregarded, mending to his protection any of his sub-) that government exercised the right claimed by jects who might visit the islands, and wish all civilized nations, of determining whether foring him all prosperity, peace, and happi- | eigners at all events shall remain within its
Among the presents were a portrait limits; and, in a manner the most considerate of his majesty, Frederick William, and another of his field marshall, Prince Bluch- 1) and humane, sent them to another country proer. The friendly letter of the king of Prus- fessing the same religion with themselves. sia, and the account which the pious author While endeavoring to estimate the merits of of the two interesting portraits give of the this case, we should endeavor to place ourselves subjects of them, afford new and happy
in the circumstances of the chiefs of the Sandevidence to the king and chiefs of the Sandwich Islands, that it is not beneath the
wich Islands. dignity of kings and princes, the enlightened nobles of the earth, to encourage learn
Christian chiefs in the Sandwich Islands ing and religion, or to promote by their “say their missionary friends--have an personal example and influence, the diffu- argument against Romanism, which is to sion of the inspired oracles, both at home the conclusive, on the supposition that and abrcad.
their former system of worship was wrong. Kauikeaouli returned a friendly answer Their religion, formerly, consisted much in in his own hand, which for style, matter, the worship of bones, and other relics of and execution, was highly creditable to their predecessors and of various living himself; and the autograph, with a transla creatures, of numerous tubus (inhibitions) tion into English, was forwarded to Berlin in respect to flesh and other kinds of food, by Capt. Wednt, of the Princess Louisa. and rehearsing prayers and making ges
The three months expired, and the chiefstures before images of the various objects waited till the fall ships arrived and sailed of their adoration-not that they supposed again, some to England, some to the United the image itself to be the real god in all States, and some to other coasts. They cases, but either the place of residence of then fitted out the brig Waverly, one of the spirit, or the mere representation of the their own vessels, and on the 24th of De god in whom they trusted. Now if all this cember sent her with the two Jesuits on was without exception wrong,
how can the board, to the coast of California, at an ex same thring, or what appears to them to be pense of about a thousand dollars. The the same thing in Romanism, be right! king, Kaahumanu, and Kuakini, jointly And if it was right for them to prohibit the signed the commission to William Sumner idolatry of their former worship, it is in for that purpose, which was as follows: their view right to prohibit idolatry or the
"], Kauikeaouli, king of the Sandwich worship of pictures, or images, or the relics Islands, and Kaahumanu, and Kabua (one of men, in whatever shape it is attempted of the names of Kuakiwi] governor of Oahu, to be revived; unless it can be shown that do hereby commission William Sumner, the infinite God has commanded it
. This, commander of the brig Waverly, now lay so far as we know, the Jesuits have never ing at Oahu, to receive on board two attempted to prove from the holy ScripFrench gentlemen and their goods, or whatever they may have to bring on board, and to proceed on to California, and land The facts, concisely stated, appear to be them safe on shore, with every thing be these. The Jesuits were four years in Oahu, so longing to them, where they may subsist; that the intelligent chiefs had an opportunity to and then to return back to the Sandwich
gain some correct notions of their religious opinIslands." (Signed) KAUIKKAOULI,
ions and rites. The chiefs also satisfied their KAAHUMANU,
minds, by conference with their Protestant KUAKINI.
teachers, by reading a translation of Mr. King's Oahu, Nov. 5, 1831.
simple and excelleni letter to his Maronite Ro.
man Catholic friends in Syria, and by examin- || able to read; to which they replied in the ing the portions of the word of God which exist negative, as the two women had before. I in their language—that all sorts of idol worship | asked again, if they did not wish to learn. were utterly at variance with the letter and
Nearly all maintained a suspicious silence:
One man signified that they did not wish spirit of Christianity, and that the opinions and it. "Why," continued 1, "do you not wish ceremonies of the Romish church were in general to learn;" All were silent. "On what are contrary to the Scriptures: and they regarded your thoughts placed?" They deigned me the introduction of the papal religion among the
The man who had answered people as little better than a revival of the bale one or two questions and who had returned ful superstitions, from which they had been so
my salutation, rose and went to the lut I
had left. A woman, who I suppose to be recently disenthralled.
the sister of one of the inembers of our The following reasons were assigned by Kua-church, came up from towards the sea kini in writing for sending away the Jesuits. shore. I bade her aloha, which she return
ed; but not recognising her distinctly, I "This is our reason for sending away the | asked her her name, which most natives Frenchmen. In the first place, the chiess are pleased with the opportunity of making never assented to their dwelling at Oahu, known to us. She declined an answer. I and when they turned some of our own repeated my question, and made several in. people to stand opposed to us, then we said quiries, but she appeared speechless, and to them, “Return to the country whence ye soon disappeared, and those who remaincaine.' At seven different times we gave ed in and about the hut would not speak to them that order; and again in speaking to them, we said, 'Go away, ye
Frenchmen: I left in the hands of a friendly native, we allow you three months to get ready.'who had daily intercourse with them, a But they did not go during the three number of copies of a tract containing the months: they remained eight months, say ten commandinents, as we teach and exing, "We have no vessel to return in.' || plain them, directing him, if he found any Therefore we have put them on board our of them who would read it, or who would own vessel to carry them to a place where take it, to give it to them. He thought they the service is like their own. Because would be averse to reading the Scriptures, their doings are different from ours, and and not desirous to learn to read at all. O because we cannot agree, therefore we dreadful delusion! to be willing slaves of send them away.”
ignorance, without the desire or means of knowing the truth! How dreadful to have the offended Author of eternal truth send upon us strong delusions that we may believe a lie, that we night be damned, be
cause we receive not the love of the truth. Influence of the Jesuits upon the Natires.
I rode home with some feelings, I hope, of Dec. 3, 1831. After spending several compassion for these thrice deluded childdays with my family at Punahou Spring,
ren of pegans, who had now been led, apjust at the opening of the valley of Manos, | parently, to hate the only light that shines
in this dark world to give the knowledge of I called, as I was returning, at a little cluster of huts, where a number of the follow
the glory of God. ers of the Jesuits sojourn; being engaged, with many others, in building a wall for the
Various Labors and Occurrences. king to protect his plantations from the herds of cattle on the plain. At the door of
Dec. 4. Preached Sabbath morning to a the first hut I met two women of about full congregation from the interesting inmiddle
age, and, alter the cominon saluta terrogatory and injunction of Moses when tions had passed, I asked, “Do you know
Israel had turned aside and made and worthe palapalo?" " Aole,” no, was their reply. shipped a golden calf—“Who is on the "Do you not desire the palapala?" I asked Lord's side? Let luin come unto me." again. "Aole," was readily returned. But Shewed the occasion on which Moses made
you could obtain a teacher who would in- this inquiry, and the fitness of our attemptstruct you in the palapala, would you not || ing to answer for ourselves—shewed the like to learn, that you may know what is character of those who are on the Lord's right?..“ Aule," was again prompily and side, and the reasons why we should be on emphatically pronounced. I had taken a
the Lord's side, and show ourselves, by handful of tracts with a design to give them word and deed, to be there. to them, if they wished to read them, and
5. In the evening addressed a company asked again, "Have not any of you learned of seainen from the ship Fanny. I read to read:" "None," was their reply, though the 4th of Isaiah, and remarked on the it was not strictly correct. I passed on to
character and condition of all the true the next house, or hut, where a larger church of God, as obedient, happy, and number were together. I saluted the house, safe, while all others were disobedient, un. and very soon inquired if any of them were happy, and in danger of endless ruin. VOL. XXVIII.
EXTRACTS FROM THE JOURNAL
BINGILAM AT HONOLULU.
FROM THE JOURNAL
6. Attended the monthly meeting of the iv. 12-17; the bible class-lesson for this native church, and urged them to live and act week. Insisted on immediate repentance, as children of the same blessed Father-to obeying and imitating Christ in diffusing encourage, to reclaim, to strengthen one light, and preparing for the coming of his another-to labor together-lo act in con-kingdom. 'To-day one of the members of cert and unison—to show clearly, by lives the church was called away from his laborg of holy obedience and zealous activity, that to his last account. we are on the Lord's side, and that we use 15. Attended the bible class this afterno weapon, in assailing or opposing the noon-reviewed the discourse of yesterday; enemies of truth, but the word of God or rather, by questions on Matt. iv. 12-17, that as church members we have no sword brought out what they were able to answer but the word of God, though rulers had, in as to the prominent points, on which they a different capacity, a sword put into their manifested a good degree of readiness. hands by God hiinself, for the punishment 16. The funeral of Amos Kupo, who of evil-doers.
died on the 14th, was attended at the 8. Held a church-meeting for the exam.
church this afternoon. Probably 2,000 perination of candidates: examined four, and sons were present, chiefly belonging to the selected eight to be examined to-morrow. | Friday prayer-meetings. I preached from Made some remarks to them to show that | Gal, i. 23, 24. Described the character of not those who were simply regular in their | Paul before and after his conversion, shewlires, but those who were renewed in heart, || ed the cause of his conversion, and gave and engaged in God's service, were suita some account of the character of Kupo, a ble candidates.
former sorcerer, who appears to resemble The native members, who were well ac- (Paul in many respects. quainted with the candidates whose names 18. Preached in the morning from Ephe. we announced, were allowed to express sians, vi. 14, on the duties of parents and their opinion in favor or against their being children: baptised eleven children. brought forward; which would, we thought, tend on the whole to promote union and fellowship among the members; though we take the principal responsibility and direc
Constantinople. tion of their examination and admission. The ninth whom we announced, had been recommended by several of the members, and was distinctly approved by a consider
[Continued from p. 328.) able number present who appeared to be acquainted with her; but John li said, "If
Dec. 20, 1831. P, informed me that we know any reason why she should be de
most of the Greeks in the village visited ferred, it is not right to conceal it. I do the school yesterday. They came in a body, not censure her as evil, but it is my opin- and were much gratified: but when, at the ion she ought to be deferred." She was ac
close of the prayer, they saw no one make cordingly deferred.
the sign of the cross, they exclaimed 10. The eight above mentioned were
against the omission of it, and ordered the to-day examined, all of whom gave evi- children to cross themselves. P. simply dence of loving the truth, and of desiring remarked that the church was the place to follow Christ and to trust in him for sal- for religion, and that the priests were spee: yation.
ially set apart to give instruction on that 11. Sabbath. I preached in the morning, subject; but that the school was for science with reference to the olemn transactions and literature, and that he had been emanticipated for the afternoon-the admis- | ployed to teach them solely these latter sion of members, baptism, and the Lord's things. As however, a great deal of relig. supper. My theme was the declaration of ious instruction is given in the school daily, the good king Hezekiah, who said, “Now as well as from Sabbath to Sabbath, the it is in my heart to make a covenant with
not altogether satisfactory; the Lord God of Israel, that his fierce and the children in obedience to the order wrath may turn away from us." 2 Chron. of their fathers and guardians made the xxix. 10. Illustrated the nature of the sign of the cross in the Greek orthodox transaction of making a covenant with
I told P. I thought he had better God, and the advantages of such a transac say nothing to the children on the subject, tion,
but leave them to do every one according 13. Phelps has been taking the census to his own pleasure; or otherwise, an inof the village of Honolulu. He makes portance might in their view, be given to 5,522 inhabitants, including 180 foreigners. I the subject, to which it was by no means efThe inhabitants living on the plantations of || titled. It was sufficient for our purpose not Honolulu are not included. These, when to enjoin it on them, nor teach them, the added, will probably make from 7,500 to orthodox way of making it. P. said, a few 8,000.
days since one of the boys brought a com14. I preached the Wednesday lecture plaint to him against some of the others man exposition and application of Matthew ] that they were eating cheese, and that he
told them, they might eat whatever they versed with much apparent interest about chose, or their parents chose to have them: America, schools, &c. The patriarch was he would be no judge in such matters. For | very inquisitive respecting our religion, and the teachers of the schools not to enjoin it wished to know whether we followed Calupon the scholars on pain of corporal pun vin or Luther. The vicar having previousishment to keep the fast, go to church, kissly laid it down as an incontrovertible prothe pictures, pray to the saints, &c., is position, that all protestants were followers something entirely new. Heretofore, they either of one or of the other. I replied have always been perfect tools of the that in America there was the most perfect priests, and the schools the very gate of freedom in regard to religious sentiments the church.
and worship; and that of course there were 21. In return for some specimens of our various denominations of Christians, and Greek school books which Commodore that though some of these, it was true, Porter sent to the Russian ambassador, l were called Calvinisis, and some Lutherans, he received to-day a very polite note, 11 and others by still different names; yet I thanking him for the favor, and saying, knew the fact to be, that they did not genthat the American institution was a noble 1 erally inquire what Luther, Calvin, or any and benevolent one, deserving of patron- other man believed in order to know what age, and that he and the Spanish minister to believe themselves, but were remarkably would have great pleasure in visiting the free from all sliackles of this kind, and inschool in this village on any day it might ) quired simply what God had said in his be agreeable to us:
holy Word. To this they at once bowed
assent. The patriarch then inquired about On the report of a friend, that the papal priests missionary operations in China, which led were greatly alarmed and offended, because the me to speak of the missions recently estabNew Testament was read in the Greek school,
lished there; of those also in India and Mr. Goodell replied
Burmal; and of the wonderful change that
had been produced in the moral condition That the school was for Greeks and not
of the inhabitants at the Sandwich Islands. papists; and that so long as the former He was very anxious to know what kind were satisfied, it was no concern of the lat
of Christians our missionaries made them; ter what books were used: moreover, that
what sect they were made to follow; what the Greeks did not consider the New Tes
name they took, &c. I told hiin, that they tament as heretical, but had always been
were not baptised in the name of Calvin, accustomed to make more or less use of it | Luther, the pope, or any one else, but simas a school book; and that, instead of its
ply "in the name of the Father, of the Son, being now forced upon them against their and of the Holy Ghost;" that they embracwishes, they had themselves purchased for
ed Christianity in its primitive purity their children every copy which was found
without any thing foreign being mixed in the school.
with it, and that they were formed into There are not less than five Latin priests
churches that "knew no man after the in this village, and I think there are more.
flesh," but received the pure unadulterated Several of them are chaplains to the differ.
word of God as the sufficient and only rule ent embassies, and one of them is found in of faith and practice. To this he with his the palace of a minister, who represents a
vicar gave the fullest assent, but seemed Protestant government. The Russian min
at the same time to be filled with wonder at ister has also his chaplain, a man of a most
so extraordinary and yet so reasonable a cheerful and animated countenance, and
He expressed for me and for much apparent friendliness. In the Greek
America much of the oriental kind of love, church are three priests and one deacon. of which every man here seems to keep The papal Armenians and Greeks are not always a large stock on hand, and said, if deficient in this particular, and there are
he had not seen me, he must have gone besides a Syrian bishop and a Georgian there, but in being favored with a sight of priest, both papists.
he had seen America, and was glad. 28. As yet I have seen neither ice nor In regard to Lancasterian schools among frost in this country, nor till this morning his nation he expressed himself favorably, have I seen snow. The surrounding hills and called up Boghos, (the very man we are now partly covered with it, and it is wanted) and said he might come to be inalso falling here, though it melts as fast as
structed in the new system, and then com
mence a school according to it, as an exJan. 14, 1832. Went to Galata, and periment. On rising to depart I gave him thence down nearly to the seven towers to
my blessing, which he received with a make a visit to the Armenian patriarch in smile, remembering, I suppose, that “withbis palace. He appeared to be about fifty out all contradiction the less is blessed of years of age, of deliberate habits, his beard
the greater.' long, black, and thick, befitting his exalted
Returned to Galata, and spent the night station, and his deportment in all respects with a pleasant Greek family--the aunt of marked with dignity. Both he and his I. C. He also was with us, having invited vicar received me very graciously, and con
Commodore Porter and myself to accom