Imágenes de páginas
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

into the fields to their labor and the heat of we ascended the mountain. We found the the sun rendered it dangerous to be expos- | path very winding among rocks and brushed, we saw but few people here to converse wood, and the ascent to be longer and more with them. As soon as the heat had abated difficult than its appearance in approaching we rode twelve miles further to Koopoolu, the mountain indicated. We first came to a village at the foot of the Ghaut moun a small temple of Maha Deo which serves tains.

as a kind of gateway to the cave. On

passing through this temple we came in This village was found to be an important view of the portico of the great cave. place, as it was a kind of general resting place Several natives here made their appearance, for pative travellers. Not less than 1,000 bad professing their willingness to show us the stopped to pass the night. At this place they | In the front of the portico but a little to the

curiosities of this wonderful excavation. found a Hindoo devotee—a class of people who left hand is a large octagonal pillar sur travel about the country in a state of almost

mounted by three figures of lions seated entire nakedness, their hair being generally long, || back to back. This pillar is five feet in disshevelled, and filled with ashes. It is consid- | diameter and must be nearly or quite fifty ered as a great merit to give alms to them. feet high. On the right and left hand of

the entrance, are three large figures of eleOct. 29. Leaving the village, we began phants looking towards it with their heads

, to ascend the mountain usually called the tusks and trunks, boldly projecting from Pshore Ghaut. The whole length of the the wall. The surface of the portico to the ascent is more than three miles. The road height of 10 or 12 feet, ie wholly covered is very winding, made so in some places to

with images of different kinds, and all of diminish the steepness of the ascent, and very fine workmanship. Above these figures in others to avoid the deep ravines which

are two rows of windows on the front and are frequent on the sides of the mountain. on each side. The portico is nearly 50 feet This road, which was an exceedingly diffi- || long by 12 feet wide. The door or entrance cult and expensive work, was built by gov

is 12 feet wide and 18 or 20 feet high. The ernment. Near the top of the mountain, / size and workmanship of the temple corresthe western prospect is very extensive as pond to its external appearance. The length well as singularly grand and beautiful, in

is 126 feet and the breadth is 46 feet. A cluding a large part of the valley through

row of octagonal pillars extend around the which we had passed the day before, with cave except on the front side. These pilmany mountains terminating in high and

lars stand 10 feet from the wall. On the inaccessible peaks, and beyond all, the ocean

tops of these pillars are carved figures of apparently blending with the clouds, was elephants, two on each pillar and two distinctly visible. Soon after reaching the figures of pennons highly decorated with top of the mountain, we came to the vil

crowns and garlands, &c., sitting on each lage of Kundalla. This place is celebrated elephant. for its salubrity and is often resorted to by invalids from Bombay and other places.

The followiug Sabbath, the missionaries passed Leaving this village we rode to Kurlu at the government bungalow. On their return where we passed the Sabbath. On our way to the house from a short absence they found a we passed several large droves of bullock's

"man possessed with a god," as it was termed loaded with various kinds of merchandise. This is here the usual mode of transporta: I writling his body as if in agony, making sirange

an individual resting on his hands and knees, tion. The common load of a bullock is 160 pounds, and they travel twelve miles in a gestures and uttering indistinct sounds. His asday. As the fields are open, having neither sistance, it seemed, had been sought by a map, walls nor fences of any kind for protection, who had lost some property, and who had in the bullocks frequently turn aside to graze vain tried to find it. to the great annoyance of their drivers and the cultivators. The droves often contain

Oct. 31. Rode fifteen miles to Tallagaum, three or four hundred bullocks and they go a large village containing by common estito places four or five

hundred miles distant. | mation 1,500 persons. Just before reaching These large droves, however, are generally the village, we left the road to Poonab, and the property of different owners, who find took the road to Joonnur, which is 45 miles it for their mutual advantage to associate distant in a northerly direction. While together on their long journeys. We asked here we stopped in a small house, near & one man who had the care of part of a large tank outside of the village. This drove, to what place he was going. He house which was open on one side, and said he was going to Nagpoor, and that it partly so on the other and much filled with would require 45 days.

rubbish, was the usual resting place of trav. We arrived at Kurlu just in time to visit ellers passing that way. We found only the celebrated cave near the village and two schools in the village. One of them which takes its name from it. Having pro was taught by a young man of the tailor cured a guide, we rode nearly two miles caste, and the other by an aged brahmin

. Across a plain, and then leaving our horses | The former received us very civilly and re

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

quested a supply of books for himself and || era, which cut off its inhabitants till only his scholars which he proinised should be one or two were left to escape. This has used in school by all who could read. The been known in several instances in this other teacher did not want any books for country. Perhaps from some other cause. himself, nor was he willing that those un

We stopped at a temple of Hunamunt. der his care should receive any. Most of The people soon guessed out our business, his larger scholars, however, came to our and one or two who had probably seen us, resting place, as soon as they were dis or heard of us at Ahmednuggur, inquired if missed and asked for books with which we

we had books. About eleven o'clock the were glad to furnish them.

brahmins came to worship. Their daily In the evening while walking in the vil routine of services here seems to be this; lage an unexpected incident brought us they first worship their God, pour water on into the company of some of the chief men his head, bathe his body, put red or yellow of the place with whom we had a long con paint upon his forehead, breasts and arms, versation on the evidence and clairos of the and frequently prostrate themselves for ten gospel. They were very civil and on our or twelve times quite to the ground before leaving them they requested copies of the him. After this they go to a river or tank books we had with us, which treated of the and bathe, then eat the principal meat. subject of our conversation. While con Except they bathe they eat not. The Hinversing with the people in another part of doo sacred books prescribe a mode of life the village, an aged brahmin made objec- 1 much more strict than this which they praction to Christianity. He said it was a new lice. The brahmin must rise long before religion; not near so old as Hindooism, the sun, go abroad into the field, wash his that the English having got the govern- hands, feet and face, go to the river and ment into their hands were wishing to in- || bathe, all before sunrise. He must then troduce their religion and would perhaps worship his gods, read his shasters and succeed in doing it as all classes of people meditate in private-bathe again at eleven were becoming very wicked. He complain- or twelve--dine--and go to the business of ed that the brahmins had lost their power the day. According to the Hindoo shasters, (referring to the government which was a brahinin must not eat any thing whatever formerly in their hands) and were fast losing till after 12 o'clock. He must bathe again their influence. He concluded by saying, at four or five in the afternoon. Although "as our worldly hopes are now gone, we they hope by such works of the law to obhave only to be earnest in performing our

tain forgiveness of sin, they are as you seo prayers, rites, &c., with the hope of obtain far from keeping the law. Instead of bathing something better in the next birth." ing three times a day, and once before sunThe people listened attentively in several rise, they bathe no more than once and places in the village, and we distributed a that very much when it suits their con. large number of books. An unusually large venience. proportion of the inhabitants appeared to be The brahmins at first requested me to of the brahminical caste.

establish a school here. But when they [To be continued.)

learnt that the object of our schools is expressly to teach the Christian religion, they

said no more about schools, and I left the AHMEDNUGGUR.

subject to be considered by the common

people, who have less interest in their sys. EXTRACTS FROM A JOURNAL OF A TOUR BY teni of error, and less hostility to the relig. FEB. 1832.

ion of Jesus.
25. Stopped at Balegun,

a small village Feb. 23. Left Ahmednuggur this morn seven miles to the south. The people here ing to make a short tour to several villages suppose all Englishmen and white men to to the south and southeast. Babjee, our be in the service of government; and when native brahmin convert, accompanied. Our they see them travelling they suppose them object is to make known to these villages on government business. I asked if they the gospel of Jesus Christ. None of these knew on what business we had come. places we contemplate visiting, have ever || They said no, but they were ready to reyet been entered by a missionary. Oh, for || ceive the hookum, or command.' I told the spirit of the great apostle to the Gen- 1 them I had no hookum from government, tiles. Oh for the spirit of Jesus, to go with

but had come to declare to them the com us. Felt this morning some true desire, 1 mand of Jehovah, who is far greater than trust, that God may be glorified and the any earthly king and to be adored above all wretched heathen benefited by our contem

that men call gods. They said they would plated endeavors to preach to them the hear; and accordingly sat down and listened Savior of the world.

attentively to the word of God for some Halted at Warlakee, a village ten miles | tine. During the six or seven hours we south of Ahmednuggur. This contains four staid, the temple was for the most part of or five hundred houses. We passed a vil- | the time filled with people of different lage on our way entirely depopulated-per-castes. The Mohas or lowest caste are not haps by some mortal disease-as the chol- Il permitted to come into the temple. They


[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

sat upon the steps without. If they enter, after another made the best of his retreat. the temple becomes polluted. There are it is not, however, a common thing that but two or three brahmins in the place, and they will desist from their worship, let who those too ignorant and careless about reliy

will be present. ion of any kind either to fear any thing The temple is built of elegant bewn from another religion or to defend their stone, and is one of the largest and most own. Consequently all heard us with at

expensive I have seen in India. The court, tention, and acknowledged the truth of which is two or three hundred feet square, what we said.

is surrounded by a thick wall which defies 26. Mundagun contains 2,000 or 3,000 the ravages of lime. On every side are inhabitants. It is owned by a native prince.

rooms or cells for the accommodation of Came here last evening. Had prayers in devotees or strangers. From this place I our quarters this morning as usual. Several descended by a broad flight of stone steps Hindoos, brahmins, and others were pre

which lead down through the south wall sent. All was new and appeared strange to into a garden. This contains ten or fifteen them. They rose in time of prayer, and acres of ground, is surrounded a high gave profound attention. During the whole wall, has a beautiful tank of water in the day, people of all classes came for books, and centre, and is covered by a variety of shade to hear what we might say of the new re

and fruit trees. The whole is a stupendous ligion. Babjee and I talked alternately, and work and built at enormous expense. I am both quite expended our strength. A brah told it was built by a single brabmin, about min read nearly the whole of one of our a liundred years ago. It will remain for tracts to the people. Though we here centuries to come, a monument of his folly, spoke of the truth with more plainness than and of the depravity of man. As this will we had before-and unhesitatingly told the undoubtedly stand unimpaired when this people that they were trusting in a refuge heathen land shall be given to Jesus for his of lies which would surely fail them at the inheritance; looking through the eye of last day, they heard us patiently and no faith, I seem to see hundreds and thousands one gainsaid.

Such was the demand for of the true worshippers of God ascending books that our whole stock would not have these lofty steps, and occupying this spaanswered it. No inissionary had been here cious place as a temple of the one living before, and no one seemed to know any and true God. thing about Christianity.

In the evening of the following day, the Went in the evening to see a large tem 27th, passed two small villages, on our way ple a few rods north of the village. As I to Merajganm. The first was the most was walking towards it two or three of the striking picture of poverty I ever saw. It brahmins wino had listened with much at- | contains forty or filly nuts, so low, small, tention, and made many very civil inqui and dirty as scarcely to be more than bura ries, came to accompany me. They repeat rows in the ground. Many of these seemed ed what they had said before, that ihe word to be quite forsaken and gone to decay, and spoken to them, was true, and inquired in none so comfortable that the poorest family what part of Ahinednuggur we lived, saying in New England would think them habithey would call on us there. The temple table a single week. The people were at is on the side of a hill. We ascended two work abroad. Only one man, a religious long flights of stone steps and came first in mendicant, was to be seen. Poor as the a large yard in front of the temple. It is people were, they had a temple, an idol, enclosed by a thick wall of hewn stone. and this idle ignorant fellow who could not

The whole north side is taken up with cells read, for a priest and spiritual guide.
or sheds built of hewn stone and brick, for The next village, though miserably poor,
the accommodation of devotees and stran-

appeared so much better ihan the last as to gers who came from a distance to worship, wear somewhat the appearance of comfort. In the centre is a brick tower forty feet Some of the lower caste passed near where high, and eight or ten feet in diameter with

I sat down, but no one would stop. The a Hight of winding stairs in the centre. bralınin of the village at length hearing From this yard or outer court, I passed that a sahit was sitting under the great tree through a large gate on the west into the where travellers halt, with a book in his inner court in front of the temple. I had

hand, came to me. The people then lost just entered the gate when I saw four or their fears, and came and sat down before five of the brahmins who a few moments Here I reasoned with the brahmin for before sat hearing the word of the true God, some time on the folly and sin of worshipperforming revolutions aroand the pimple ing wood and stone; and exhorted the peotree, and bowing very obsequiously before

ple to escape from a system of superstition an image which stood at the foot of it. This

which can only blind their eyes, but never is a very common kind of worship in this save their souls. The brahmin plead in region. They run round this tree one afler favor of Hindooism, the custom of their another sometimes for hours. It is done to

forefathers, the antiquity of their shasters, procure some particular favor from their

and the ignorance of the people. The latter gods. As soon as they saw me they ceas is often adduced as a strong argument in ed repeating their incantations, and one favor of idolatry.

The ignorant, say they,

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]


[ocr errors][ocr errors]

must have something tangible on which to were unlading their beasts of burden at stay his mind while worshiping the invisi some resting place or watering them at ble Jehovah.

some neighboring well. Here too might be 27. Evening. Came to Merajgaum about

seen the women coming with pitchers on five o'clock. The village contains 5,000 or

their heads to draw, and Rachel's sheep 6,000 people. Stopped at the common and Laban's cattle coming to drink. resting place. There are in almost every The sun had not yet set. The people village one or more of these resting places, seeing us disposed to talk with them soon called choudeces. These answer very nearly gathered around us.

We sat down upon to the caravansaries spoken of in the the steps of the temple, without the walks, western part of Asia. They are sheds open and there preached to them Jesus. Among on one side, with walls of mud, fat roofs, some objections which as Hindoos they and a hard earth floor. Here travellers urged against Christianity was this common stop at pleasure, cook their food, eat, "that a rast number professing to be smoke, sleep, and tell stories. These places Christians lead most ungodly lives." A huare mostly built by some rich native, or at iniliating truth which cannot be denied. public expense, and are always open and Their rulers, they said were Christians, but free to all. I need not say they are not many of them were living in the open infurnished, for native travellers need no fur dulgence of sins which are most expressly niture except a cooking vessel or two, and forbidden in the ten cominandments which a cup to drink water from. These they I had been repeating to them. Would to always carry with them.

God, that it were not too true, that the 28. Most of the brahmins who came

world over, the ungodly example of men yesterday were shy of us to-day. Two or

called Christians, is one of the most stubthree came about noon, and brought with

born obstacles against the propagation of them a learned, proud gooroo,

who evident Christianity. ly came to brow-beat and abuse 118. I told Returned home in the evening of March him if he could use soft words, I would talk 1st much fatigued. Had been absent eight with him, but it was not our custom to rail days-rode 90 miles-recruited my healthand dispute with rancor.

He became more

revived my spirits, visited sixteen villages, calın. We then conversed for some time.

and made known the words of salvation to At length I used with him the argument

some thousands of deluded Hindoos, The which I did with the people yesterday; and

bondage to which the people though wilassured him that he must according to the ling slaves, and the tyranny with which confession of his own people seek some

brahmins lord it over the consciences of an other refuge, or lose his soul. He rose and ignorant and bigoted populace, never apwent away in a rage. His mind was doubt-peared to me so abominable as during this less irritated on this subject before he came.

short tour.
Many of the common people heard us glad.
ly. We had promised to distribute what
books we could spare, at three o'clock.
Long before the hour arrived our place was
thronged with urgent applicants. "In a few

In our last number, we noticed the lamented moments we distributed nearly all our

death of Mr. Hervey. In a moment, bis toils stock, reserving but a few for the villages for his perishing sellow-men were closed. Most we shall pass on our way home. Four impressively are his fellow-laborers reminded of times our whole stock would not have an

the importance of effort while the day lasts, and swered the demand. When we said, "we

of being also ready for the coming of the bridecan give no more" they still pressed their applications.

groom. We have not yet the happiness to know Mr. Hervey was born on the 22d of January, in this part of India, that these urgent ap 1799, at Kingsbury, Warren county, New York. plications for books are often or generally He graduated at Williams College, in 1824. made on account of the religious truth

After leaving college he taught school in Bloomwhich they contain. They are oftener made on account of the scantiness of books ing Grove and Albany, New York, for one year, among the people—the demand for schools, and in the following year, performed the duties curiosity, and perhaps a desire to get a book of tutor in Williams College. The three years because another has got one. In either 11 succeeding, he spent in the study of theology in case we have reason to believe the books the theological seminary at Princeton, N. J. In will be read, and therefore ought to rejoice the winter of 1823, while in bis junior year in that so wide a door is open to set religious college, he was hopefully converted to God. truth before the people.

The perusal of the life of David Brainerd first 28. Evening. Rode to Goomerpiper a led him to consider seriously the subject of desmall village on our way to Ahmednuggur. The cultivators were just returning from

voting himself to the foreign missionary service. the field. The herdsmen

were driving In September, 1829, he was ordained in the their flocks into the village. Travellers || Park-street church, in Boston, as a missionary to


[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

the heathen. On the 30th of June, 1830, he was

ning he came upon the verandah where married 10 Miss Elizabeth R. Smith, daughter of Mrs. Read was sitting, with the little mothDeacon Jacob Smith of Hadley, Mass. On the

erless boy.

He appeared ill-said he had 2d of August 1830, in company with several been vomiting. As the cholera is prevailother missionaries, they embarked for Calcutta ing to some extent in town, Mrs. R.imme.

diately expressed fears that he might be alin the brig Corvo. They arrived in Bombay

tacked. She urged him to send for a phy. on the 7th of March 1831. Mrs. Hervey died at

sician, and in the mean time to take some Bombay on the 3d of May 1831. Mr. Hervey cholera medicine. He said, no, he should removed to the new station at Ahmednuggur, on be well soon. He then went to his own the 21st of April, 1832.

room, which is but a few yards from our The following account of his last moments is house. Mr. Jackson, the chaplain, called furnished in a letter from Mr. Read to the afflict

at this moment, and on being informed that

Mr. Hervey was ill, he immediately went ed parents of Mr. Hervey, who now reside in

to him. He then appeared cheerful, and Troy, New York.

did not regard himself much ill. As he

grew worse, Mr. J. persuaded him at seven Ahmednuggur, May 13, 1832. o'clock to have a physician and accordingly My dear Mr. and Mrs. Hervey-We

sent for Doct. Graham. I had gone into have heard with much joy of the gracious the village and did not return till alter visitation which your dear family have ex seven o'clock. I then found him on the perienced from on high. The Father of all bed. He was so hoarse that he could mercies has been pleased to show you a glo- scarcely speak loud, and deaf with one ear. rious manifestation of his goodness. Gold The hoarseness as also the deafness came and silver and all precious treasures cannot on him suddenly, when he was first attack buy what God has freely given you through ed. His visage was already marked with his dear Son. I doubt not you will point death. The doctor came about half past back to your dear son William as the in seven, and to our great alarm and astonishstrument, to some extent, by which this i ment, declared he had the spasmodic cholera. good has come to you. You will not won No time was lost. Medicine was impie. der that we say we have rejoiced to hear diately given, and all done that human skill such blessed intelligence from Troy. To could do to save his life. But it was too hear that a single soul is born again, and late. All was lost. He was fast failingthereby made heir to all the glories of the was exercised with severe spasms--his eyes upper world, is a subject of unspeakable joy sunken- iis countenance fallen, and the to all who love the Lord Jesus. If then,

cold sweat of death was pro the title to the unfading, incorruptible in When I first saw him, he said he thought it heritance is a just ground of such joy both very doubtful whether he should live. I to men and angels, how much greater joy | asked him how death appeared to him. He ought the actual possession of it to give? replied, “I have been an unprofitable ser, Suppose your heart fixed on this world, and vant.” He requested us to pray that God your son

were made heir to an earthly would have mercy on him, a sinner." ihrone, you would, in consequence rejoico; When I referred to his parents and friends but, on account of the contingencies of this in America, he said, "I wish you would life, your joy would not be full until you write them. Tell them all I love them, and saw him in the actual possession of it. Will | hope to meet some of them in heaven;you then rejoice, or will you mourn, when but," added he feelingly, "I fear I shall not I tell you, that your beloved son William meet them all there." To Mrs. R. who was has taken his crown. He has actually taken sitting near him, he said, "My little boy,,

! possession of the incorruptible inheritance. commit to you. Take him, and the little The unspeakable joys, to which, as an heir I leave, and take care of him till you can of God, he was intitled, are now his. He send him to America.” About ten o'clock has finished his course.

His pilgrimage is

he requested me to read the 26th chapter of ended, and he safely landed beyond the Isaiah, and


with him. I also read the swelling flood. To you, to us, to all his 12th chapter of the same book. This chapdear friends, it seemeth not joyous, but ter his dear Elizabeth requested might be grievous. But to him, we trust, it is joy read at this time in the evening, just one unspeakable and full of glory. We shall year and ten days before, when she was go to him, but he will not return to us. about to enter her eternal 'rest. I well reBut, dear brother, much as I loved thee, I member she then said to her afflicted huswould not call thee from thy mansions of band, "You will follow me soon." Whether

I would not take the crown from she had a presentiment it would be so soon, your head, or the harp from your hand. I know not. We did not understand it so. But why do 1 keep you from the distressing Our dear friend and physician, Doet. Graevents of William's death?-Yesterday he ham, to whose kindness we are daily inwas, for aught we saw or heard to the con debted, scarcely left him a moment till be trary, as well as he who now writes you.

died. But the cold hand of death was upon We saw him at two o'clock. He then ap him. Medicine, a hot bath, and every peared well. At half past six in the eve

means which was used to restore the heat

v upon him.

[ocr errors]


« AnteriorContinuar »