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ica wish that they could read this chapter | months for a wind. In the afternoon, we in the same place, where we read it? Per had a season of devotion in the cabin, and haps they will be perinitted in the Provi- || I read a sermon I had written at Malta, dence of God to do so. But under whatever on the nature of the Jewish sacrifices. circumstances they may at any time read it, Towards evening I took a bundle of Greek may they be animated by the same spirit of tracts, and in company with Mrs. Goodell devotedness to Christ, which was so con and captain and Mrs. Smith, went ashore. spicuous in Paul.

We met with no human being, but we saw 4. Contrary winds. Beat up between grasshoppers of an uncommonly large size, the island of Tenedos and the coast of Troy. and some other curious animals; and Mrs. The former place is still celebrated for its | Goodell and myself were delighted with the wines. And it was behind this island the sight of swallows, the first we have seen for Greeks, it is supposed, concealed them- alınost nine years. They seemed like an selves, when they made a pretence of re old acquaintance. The ground where we turning to their country, and abandoning walked, was uncultivated, but appeared not the siege of Troy. The stratagem of the to be sterile; it was clayey, and was hard wooden horse, and other parts of the story, and cracked; but there were many shrubs, together with the interesting associations, thorns, and a sort of tall wild grass growing. under which I first read the Æneid, were From what is called the tomb of Ajax, a revived in my memory, and for a while I large and high mound of earth, we had a seemed to be living over again my academic very extensive and delightful prospect. life in the presence of a revered and beloved! The hills and valleys and plains of Troy, instructor, and surrounded by my old school overspread with focks and herds and fieids fellows. What would some of them not

grain, and interspersed with towns and give to read those elassics here.

villages and habitations of men, the waters The Troas of the New Testament, built of the Illespont, flowing like a majestic by order of Alexander the Great, is not on river; the great and wide sea," with the the site of the ancient city, but is several islands of Leninos, Imbro, Samothraki, and miles south, and is now called Eski Stam. Tenedos, rising up like water nymphs out boul. Whatever was its former splendor, of it; vessels of different nations, lying moit has the appearance of being now only an tionless at our feet; and the lightnings of insignificant village. Paul informs us, ihat, heaven playing on a

distant cloud; all when he came to Troas to preach Christ's these, with other interesting objects, were gospel, a door was opened unto him of the in full view: but as the sun had already reLord.” It was at Troas a vision appeared to tired, and distant objects soon became indisPaul in the night, from which he assured- tinct, it was only for a few moments we ly gathered that the Lord had called him to could enjoy so lovely a scene. preach the gospel in Macedonia.' It was at 6. Between nine and ten o'clock this Troas, he "abode seven days;" on the last morning, a breeze sprung up, and we of which, “when the disciples came together i weighed anchor. About one o'clock P. M. to break bread, Paul preached to them. we succeeded in passing the first castles of ready to depart on the morrow; and con Europe and Asia, the guard of the straits, tinued his speech until midnight." And it said io have been built by Mahomet IV, was at Troas, (probably when he

more than 20 years ago.

A little farther minded himself to a foot to Assos,') that on was the routh of the celebrated Scamanhe 'left his cloak, which, in prospect of der, now called Mendere, and the fruitful suffering from cold in prison at Rome, he valley on its banks could be seen a great desired Carpus to bring with him,' together | distance into the interior. Mount Ida be. with the books, but especially the parch- yond, with an intervening range of hills ments."

sweeping round to the right and left, forms About sunset we came to anchor nearly with this valley a vast amphitheatre. The opposite a town at a short distance from the channel of the Dardanelles, the ancient entrance of the Dardanelles. Sull nearer

Hellespont, is variously estimated at from the entrance were other vessels at anchor.

48 to 60 miles in length; it is generally waiting for a favorable wind. A very stiff from three to five miles wide, but in two or breeze was now blowing directly out of the three places is much narrower; the current channel, against which and the current it is is frequently strong; and altogether, it has impossible to make any head way. The inuch the appearance of a river, inoving on evening was cold, and some of us were glad with grandeur and beauty through a coun: 5. Weighed anchor in the morning, and petuall; varying prospect. Herds of bufia

try of great fertility, and of rich and perwith much labor succeeded in getting nearer loes were here and there feeding quietly on the entrance of the Dardanelles, but the the banks; villages were sprinkled wind was too light for us to stem the cur rising ground; and though there were rent, and we again cast anchor. Around wastes and unimproved lands, y'et gardens us were many vessels, some of which had of fruit trees, and groves of olives, with been lying there for three days. It is not fields and pasture grounds, were uncommon for vessels to lič here three seen on hill and dale. We were now and weeks, and there have been instances of then surprised by quite a New England their being detained here more than three scene opening unexpectedly upon us.


over tlie


Near sunset, as we were, passing the finally became quite a fleet, consisting of second castles of Europe and Asia, the wind | tweniy square rigged vessels, besides smaller failed us to such a degree, that we had to craft of the country. About four o'clock return, and anchor below them. These P. M. we passed Gallipoli, the most concastles, like the others we had passed, do siderable of the towns situated on the Helnot appear capable of sustaining a vigorous lespont. The Grand Signor himself was and determined assault, but some of the there with his fleet. We were told at Darcannon are certainly very formidable. They danellos this morning, that he was expected look as if a man might easily crawl into to make them a visit, and that preparations them. And indeed if one of the largest is, for his reception were making accordingly. as it is said, “two feet in the diameter of

A novel thing this with the Turks, for the its bore," and has thrown "a granite ball of Sultan to leave Constantinople; said not to 800 pounds on board a line of battle ship," have been done before for several generanot only a man, but a small family might tions. almost find shelter there for the night.

On the Asiatic side, nearly opposite to Near us was anchored a country vessel, Gallipoli, is Lamsaki, famous in ancient loaded with slaves from Alexandria for the

story for its gardens and vineyards. It was Constantinople market. The deck was

once given to Themistocles to furnish him crowded with them, and their only clothing with wine; and it was once also the abode seemed to be a long coarse shirt.

of Epicurus, who lived here for some time, 7. The town, below which we, with various other vessels, are lying at anchor, is enjoying the society of the wise and learned

men of the city. Dardanellos, famous for its extensive manu

After passing Gallipoli, the shores began facture of earthen ware. Early this morn to recede, and we soon found ourselves ing, an old Jew with his son cime off from

stretching away into the Sea of Marmora, town to make the Banian a' visit; and the island itself, which gives the sea its slovenly as the old man was, he called him

name, rising before us. self the American consul. He brought to

8. A very light wind during all the forthe captain a present of fresh fish, for which

mer part of the day. We formed a little he of course expected a' great or a greater circle, and read letters we had recently represent in return, and of which he seemed

ceived from various dear friends in Amerto think more, than of the coming of the ica. In this sea, of which with scarcely any Messiah, judging from his answers to some interest we ace used to read at school in questions I put to him on the subject. the days of childhood-in the midst of this Between nine and ten o'clock, vessels

little sea

we conversed about far distant were seen coming up with a south wind, relatives and acquaintances, and friends to and the cornmand "heave up" being imme the missionary cause, scattered over our bediately given, we were prepared to use loved country from one end of the union to its first brcezes. The channel is here nar the other., How many precious recollecrow, and the current proportionably strong. tions were awakened in our bosoms by the At a short distance above the castles, is the mention of a place, or of an individual! place where Xerxes is supposed to have How many streams of public charity we constructed his bridge of boats, and where followed up to the streamlets. thence to the he looked down upon his immerse fieet and rills, and finally to the little springs, whence wept. No one has ever passed through this thev took their rise, so insignificant, pervale of tears without weeping; but alas! haps, as scarcely to engage the attention of how few tears, comparatively, have been the passing traveller! Our friends at home shed to any good purpose! How few per can hardly imagine how they live in cur sons have wept over their own follies and remembrance, and with what delight we wickedness, ihe depravity of their hearts, frequently turn our thoughts to a country, and the awful ravages of sin in the world. blessed with such a government, such inThe sorrow of Xerxes was but momentury, stitutions, and such civil and religious privand was altogether a selfish feciing; and he ileges, where the little hills rejoice on did vastly more to increase the suin total of human misery, than to diminislı it. Instead In the afternoon, when off the island of of being disposed to dry up the tears of the Marmora, so named from the immense millions, wliom his sword had made widows

quarries of marble it contains, the wind and orphans, he would rather that millions freshened, till at evening it became quite a of other hearts should bleed, and inillions of gale, and bore us rapidly on. other graves be watered with tears, than was stormy and tempestuous, and some of that his own ambitious schemes of conquest us again suffered from sea sickness. In the should be defeated. "Godly sorrow worketh latter part of the night the captain, knowing repentance unto salvation not to be repented that he must be in the vicinity of cape Steof; but the sorrow of the world worketh phanos, "lay to" till morning light. death."

9. We a}rose at an early hour to see The south wind kept along with us, or Constantinople. The storm had passed rather we kept along with it, and, till the away, the stars were fading out of their middle of the afternoon, we continued to places, the "winds breathed soft," and the find vessels waiting, as we had done in the morning had all the freshness and coolness morning, for its indispensable aid. Thus we of one at this season of the year in New

every side,

The night

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England, after a refreshing shower, when and gratuitous services, gave him every atthe wind is from the northwest. The view tention in their power. But they, with us, of Constantinople was at first indistinct, and had the unhappiness to see their unwearied presented nothing striking; and we began endeavors to save his life, entirely unavailto call in question the correctness of the ing. The medicine which, by long expeopinion generally expressed by authors ofrience, has been found most efficacious in the unrivalled beauty of its situation and of removing such disorders, could not be made the scenery around. But as we approached to produce the wished-for effect, and he the city, our first impressions were succeed rapidly sunk towards the grave. Every ed by others more in unison with those of succeeding day, and almost hour, found him the authors above alluded to, and the pros. worse than before, until the 14th, when our pect at length became enchanting.

hopes of his recovery were nearly extinct.

On the evening of that day he adjusted and Mr. Goodell’s description of the splendid ap

took leave of all his worldly affairs, and

with calmness and joy waited his dissolupearance of Constantinople, and the adjacent tion. The angel of death continued with a country, as one approaches the city by water, || steady and resistless hand to fulfil his comwas inserted at page 319 of the past volume. mission to take down the earthly house' till

about 11 o'clock on the evening of the 16th,

when he ended his sad work, gave the

spirit of our beloved brother a joyful en-
trance into the house not made with hands,'
and left us to gaze in mute affliction upon
the ruins before us, while he seemed to say

to us all, “See what I can and shall soon do We have now the painful duty of announcing the

for you!' death of another of the laborers connected with

Thus this mission, which has so often felt the mission at Bombay-Mr. JAMES GARRETT, || the chastening hand of the Lord, is deprivfor ten years past the active and faithful superin- ed of one of its most efficient helpers; his tendent of the printing establishment. The cir- | afflicted family of a tender husband and cumstances of this afflictive event are described

father; all of us of a kind friend and symin a letter from Mr. Hervey, dated July 20,1831. | pathising brother; our little church of one

of its most active and useful members; the The persons referred to in the first paragraph, poor heathen, of one who was willing to are Mrs. Allen and Mrs. Hervey, who died, one sacrifice health and life for their good; and on the 5th of February, the other on the 3d of the general cause of true religion in this May.

place, of one of its most self-denying and
zealous supporters.

But while we feel this You will have heard, dear Sir, before this afiliction deeply, and mourn our loss, and reaches you, how our hearts were pained to the loss of all, we are comforted in the aslearn, on arriving here, that one whom we surance that it is infinite gain to him. His had expected to see, and with whom we had dying deportment exemplified in a pleasing hoped to be associated in prayer and effort manner the power of faith to support its for the salvation of the heathen, had finish possessors in the hour of severest trial, and ed her work and gone to her final rest. was a complete victory over the king of You will probably have heard also that in terrors. In his sharpest sufferings no murless than two months after we first saw this murs fell from his lips; no impatience dislong desired field of our labors, we were turbed the calmness of his spirit; no anxiety called to follow to the grave another whose to live distracted his mind, or withdrew his memory will ever be dear to the writer of attention from

avenly things; and not the present communication.

even a wish was known to escape him, that Now, at the request of an afficted sister, I did not correspond with the divine will. I set down to inform you, that death has Before his case was considered hopeless, he made a further diminution of our little was asked whether his desire was to live or number.

to die? He replied, “that he did not know Our dear brother Garrett is no more. He as he had any desire on the subject; his died on the 16th inst., the day which com-only wish was that the will of the Lord pleted the 34th year of his age. The disease, might be done.' Afterwards, when it ap; which terminated his valuable life, was a peared that he could not live, he expressed bowel complaint, or dysentery, of a very a decided choice to depart and be with obstinate kind. His health had been de. Christ. clining for two or three weeks before he One morning, as Mrs. G. went to him, he was attacked with this complaint; but he said "Well, my dear, do you think I have continued his arduous labors in the printing got on my way any the last night?'-meanoffice, and in other departments of the mis-ling, have I advanced any towards the sion, till the 8th inst., when he was obliged grave? She replied, 'You appear to be to desist and commit himself to the phy- weaker.' 'Well,' said he, come, help mesicians' care.

help me to contemplate that glory-glory Two eminent physicians, to whom the which is opening. O can it be? Is it so? mission are much indebted for their frequent' Is my work done? Let there be singing.'

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He mentioned a hymn, which he wished to and consolation Christianity administers to have sung, beginning with the lines, its true disciples in that trying hour. All

the arguments that I have hitherto been Jesus, with all thy saints above, My tongue would bear her part, &c.

able to use with my Pundit in favor of the

religion of the Bible, and against his own, in which he joined as far as he was able. seem not to have had half so much effect, Afterwards he wished us to sing the one as this peaceful and happy death, of which beginning with the words 'Guide me, o las I was living with Mr. Garrett) he was thou great Jehovah,' &c. Many times an eye witness. And here permit me to during his sickness he tried to sing some make a similar remark respecting what ocfavorite hymn or verse.

curred in the last hours of my dear wife. The day before he died, the workmen of As three or four native females stood in the office, about twenty in number, called tears beholding her, she made use of the litat his request, and agreeably to their own tle Mahratta she had acquired in endeavordesires, to see him. He addressed them in ing to show them how happy she was that Mahratta, and exhorted them to repent of she was going to Jesus. At the same time their sins, and believe in Christ as the only her countenance was brightened with smiles. Savior. They were all in tears, and many Her words and appearance took fast hold of of them sobbed aloud. He conversed with

our young woman, who has since often them as long as his strength would permit, I spoken of it as an unheard of thing that a and then bade them an affectionate and final dying person should be so happy as to farewell. It was with difficulty that they laugh. If then the gospel is to be the power could be prevailed on to leave the room. of God unto the salvation of these people, All the men that have been under his care by the deaths rather than the lives of your say of him, 'He was a kind master and a missionaries, may their lives be such as that good man,' and they evince their sincerity their deaths shall preach! by their tears and mournful looks when his name is mentioned.

Mr. Garrett entered the service of the Board For the last twelve or fourteen hours before he ceased to breathe, he had his reason

in the autumn of 1819, with high testimonials only at short intervals. During this time

from his minister and others in Utica, N. Y., he talked considerably, sometimes in Mah

where he had spent the six preceding years, as ratta, and sometimes in English. His suf to his qualifications for the station of a missionary ferings in the former part of his sickness, | printer; and his subsequent life justified the confiwere pretty severe, in the latter part they

dence reposed in him. His original destination were less so, and in the closing scene they

was to the mission in Ceylon. On being forbidappeared to be comparatively light. On the 17th, at five o'clock P. M., his

den to remain as a missionary on that island, by funeral was attended at the mission chapel, the lieutenant governor, Sir Edward Barnes, he and although the rain fell almost incessantly repaired, with the press under his care, to the in sweeping torrents, the assembly of Eng- Coromandel coast, and from thence proceeded lish and natives was so large as nearly to fill the house. The natives were addressed

to Bombay, where his assistance had become in Mahratta by Mr. Allen, and the other very necessary. This was in May 1821. part of the congregation in English by Mr.

The loss which the mission sustains by his Ramsey. After prayer and singing, the death is, for the present, irreparable. It is, mortal part of our dear friend and brother however, very desirable that a successor be was conveyed to the mission barying ground, provided immediately. The post is one of imwhere, with other precious dust previously portance, and it is hoped that the Committee will deposited there, it must remain,

not be subjected to long delay in finding the saitTill to its centre, this vast planet shakes, able man to occupy it. And the Archangel's trump proclaims aloud,

Arise! come forth! The glorious morning breaks, Which night and death again shall never cloud.' We trust that the recent, severe, and suc

It has not been heretofore stated, that Messrs. cessive afflictions, with which it has pleased Ramsey, Read, and Hervey arrived at Bombay a mysterious Providence to visit this mis. on the 7th of March, 1831. sion will serve to quicken those of us who Mr. Ramsey and Mr. Hervey reside for the survive, to greater diligence and fidelity in our Master's work, and awaken a spirit of present at Bombay. Mr. Reed is stationed at friends; while we are not without hope, where Mr. Graves formerly resided. His prosper aver in our behalf among our distant Mahim, a place about six miles from Bombay, that they will be followed by some good ef

pects there are encouraging. fects upon the heathen in the midst of whom we dwell. These poor creatures are accus. We have, he says, two schools in Mahim, tomed to view death as the most awful of which I am able to take the superintend event that can happen to man. And truly ence. Scarcely a day passes, in which I do it is so to them, in their present state. But not have applications of some sort to essome of them have now seen what support tablish schools. Teachers, scholars, and



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parents plead for the means of educating little book of about 100 pages, containing the rising generation. The higher castes Paley's argument on the divine existence,

very desirous of having their sons in 40 pages, and followed up in the remaintaught English. I have had numerous ap- ing pages by the doctrines of the New Tesplications of this description. At length 1 tament, they distributed more than 700 have under my tuition four young brahmins. copies: also several hundreds of another litThey are already able to read in the Eng. tle tract written by Afat. They had frelish Testament, and begin to repeat the quent opportunities of giving oral instruccatechism. They are of considerable ser tion. Atat and his companion have now, vice to me in studying the Mahratta. It for a little while, taken up their abode withhas also opened the way for the distribution in the walls of Canton; in the house of a of our books among several of the principal man that was determined to be a priest, but, brahmin families in this place. The lads after trying the business a while, left it with are from ten to fourteen years of age, and I dislike. Whether he will have any greater trust my labors with them will not be in vain. regard for the service of the Most High

Afat will doubt. Five persons have been admitted to the mis. God, remains to be seen.

less bring some strange doctrines to his sion church since Oct. 1, 1830. The first was an ears. I have two tracts of Afat's now beaged European, who had lived in India forty fore me in manuscript; one on Slander, the years; the second was a Malay woman, of the other on Redemption. He writes, prints, Mohammedan faith; the third was a convert from and circulates the books, all with his own the Romish church; the fourth and fifth were

hand. He has been considerably with me Hindoos, named Dajeeba and Moroba. It is

during the present week, and I have select

ed scripture proof texts for the ground work stated in the Oriental Christian Spectator, that

of a couple of new tracts. This course Dr. after the admission of the last, which was in Morrison recommends for our mutual adMarch, “the sacrament of the Lord's supper was vantage. The only expense of books exeadministered in the American mission chapel to

cuted by Afat, is for blocks and paper, and

when the blocks are once cut, the nineteen communicants, among whom were the


paper descendants of Shem, Ham and Japheth—from into his hand two dollars, for which, in ten

the only item of expense. I have just put the four quarters of the globe. The services days, he will return me 100 copies of a were conducted in the Mahratta language. The tract of eighteen pages, on the immortality novelty of the scene drew out a large number of of the soul. I will say more on this subject natives, to whom the nature and design of the

another time.* ordinances were clearly explained, and who listened to the instructions, and watched the move *There is a description of this process of stereotypments, with much apparent concern."

ing in the buighly interesting and valuable mission

ary travels of Messrs. 'Tyerman and Bennet, lately It is pleasing to add, that Mr. Charles Theo-republished in this country, dore Huntridge, an inhabitant of Bombay lately

Sple were much pleaseil with observing the prodeceased, has left a legacy to the American mis

cese of Chinese printing m Mr. Aledhurst's office.

Nothing can be riore simple or more effective, in its sion, for the support of public worship at the mis kind. All the characters are cut in wood, or a tine, sion chapel, amounting to 7,000 Rupees, or up-inch in thickness, and the width of two pages. Be

but not very hard, texture. Each block is about an wards of 3,000 dollars.

ing planned and smoollied on the upper surface, to
receive the characters, these are, in the first place,

carefully written upon paper, which islaid upon the

wood with the written side' downward, and then
pasted over Before the paste is dry, the paper is

peeled off, when the characters are seen transferred EXTRACTS FROM MR. BRIDGMAN'S COMMUNI to the face of the block. The blank spaces are then

accurately cut away, by means of a sharp-pointed

1001, and the written parts remain in alto relievo, The Chinese teacher mentioned in the following about the eighth of an inch high, like figures and paragraph is the same with Leangafa, whose in letters in metal types, or pictures in wbat are called

Wed-cuts, among us.

Mr. Medhurst employs two teresting letter to Mr. Evarts was inserted in the

China men in this work, to whoin he pays seven volume for 1830, p. 319. Mr. Bridgman's letter

riipees (about twelve shillings) for every thousand

characters. Eaclı man will execute about three is dated Nov. 13, 1830.

thousand of these in a month, or a hundred a day,
on the average.

The blocks being finished are Afat has returned from his tour, which, placed upon a table, at which the printer sits. The though it was not what was anticipated, is paper, squared ready to the proper size, is laid dry on the whole quite satisfactory.

He went

before him; and, ori a board at his right hand, die

ink, which is little else than suot and water well in a southwest direction, and with his fel

tempered. With a brush, made of fine vegetable low traveller, who seems to be a firm be- fibres, he first blackens the characters; then, having liever and a true disciple, threw himself nicely, with both hands, sprend the paper over the into the train of one of the examiners of the

same, with another flat, 'soft brush, 'he rubs the public schools. In this way they passed on, taken off, exhibits the perfected impression.

sheet down upon the face of the block. This, when from one district to another, without having clever printer will throw off' several thousand such their trunks examined, and had free access

copies in a day. The paper is brooghit from China; to the young literati, among whom they thin, and never printed on both sides." - Vol. iü,

it is manufactured from the bamboo, is exceedingly distributed their Christian books. Of one

Pp. 41, 42,

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