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servation the missionaries from Seneca and Cat one white Seneca of this church, the other taraugus bave frequently preached, and a flour- | Zechariah Lewis, a young man about ishing church has been organized. On each of twenty years of age, of the Cattaraugus the reservations, except that at Tuscarora, about church, were solemnly set apart for the du

ties of their office, and afterward the sacred half the Indians adhere to their heathen customs

ordinance of the Lord's supper was adminand have little intercourse with the portions who istered to perhaps sixty communicants from have embraced Christianity.

the different reservations. The great Mas.

ter of the feast was evidently with us, and It appears that proposals had been made it was a precious season. To see members a year or two since, for such a general con of five Indian churches, all except one vention, but owing to some little difficul- gathered within ten years, from among a ties the plan had been relinquished. Dur. ll people, till then involved in the darkness ing the visit to Alleghany, mentioned in and guilt of heathenism, with joyful hearts my last, Young King, the principal chief of now gathering around the table of the Lord-. the Senecas, brought forward the proposi. to see the same hands which once grasped tion again, and the influential members of the tomahawk and scalping knite now the church from the reservation being pre

stretched forth in Christian meekness to resent, unanimously concurred, and appoint- | ceive the memorials of the Savior's suffered the time and place of the meeting. After | ings—to hear the same voices which once our return to this station, little praying cir- | made the forests ring with the war-whoop cles were formed, in reference partly to the and death-yell, now sweetly singing the stale of religion here, which was at that praises of redeeming grace-oh, it was time more than usually interesting, but enough to make your missionaries rejoice with special regard to the expected conven that they had devoted their lives to this artion. At the same time it was thought ex duous service, and bless God that they pedient to open a weekly meeting for in. were not laboring in vain, or spending their quirers, which for a time continued to be strength for naught. attended by from five to twelve or fifteen As we left the house, we said to each anxious sinners. Previous to the conven- other, the witnessing of this one scene is an tion also, our temperance society held its ample compensation for all the sacrifices quarterly meeting, and voted to propose the we have made, of home and friends and organization of a general temperance so comfortable parishes in New England. ciety, to which the societies on the sev During the afternoon the pagan party at eral reservations should be considered aux- Cattaraugus had assembled at their council

. iliary.

house, and at the request of some of the On Monday evening the 27th of Feb-Christian chiefs had consented to listen ruary, the exercises of the convention were to a discourse. Accordingly Mr. Elliot opened by a sermon from Mr. Elliot of the went immediately after the communion Tuscarora mission, on the subject of educa- service and preached to a crowded assem. tion. In the morning the necessity of ef bly. As usual in such cases some were fort for promoting the cause of religion was angry, some mocked, and some seemed in. urged upon Christians from the text, “Thy clined to hear further upon the subject. la kingdom come;" after which the male the evening, after another sermon in the members of the churches separated from the meeting-house, the anxious were called congregation to attend to the business of forward, and eight or nine requested the convention, while Mr. Elliot contin- | the prayers of Christians. It was hoped ued to preach to the impenitent.

that one or two of them submitted to Preaching was continued in the after- | Christ before they left the room; but it renoon and evening of this day. The fore- || quires so long a trial for the full developenoon of Wednesday there was preaching ment of character among Indians, that in The allernoon was devoted to the cause of all such cases we dare not speak with contemperance, and in the evening there was fidence. It was expected that this evening preaching again. Thursday morning was would terminate the exercises of the meetoccupied in addresses from the Indians. A ing, but a death having occurred in the chief from this reservation (Seneca White) || neighborhood it was thought best for one spoke on the subject of missionary exer of us to stay and attend the funeral on Fritions, in behalf of their brethren beyond the day, P. M., and therefore we continued the Mississippi, urging with great force and meeting during the whole day. Many papropriety the claims of those perishing pa- / gans attended the funeral, and the whole gans, and the obligation and practicability || assembly appeared more deeply affected of sending some of their young men at no than at any previous time during the meetdistant day to teach them ihe gospel. ing. Seldom have I listened to a more consistent, lucid, and impressive appeal to the sympa. Measures adopted by the Contention. thies of Christians in behalf of the heathen. In the afternoon another sermon was delivered with reference to the communion convention, the more important were the

In regard to the measures adopted by the which was to follow. Then two deacons, I fixing of a time for a similar meeting ab

cause.

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nually, on the second Wednesday of Feb-11 clude her at the next church-meeting, She ruary, to be held on the different reserva had appeared the most promising of all the tions in rotation; the next to be at Alle converts since my arrival here, but now we ghany: the formation of a general temper- || have but little hope of her. Doubtless it is ance society 10 which the reservation so for wise reasons that the Lord permits such cieties are auxiliary, and of a general mis disappointment of our expectations. None sionary society whose auxiliaries are the but those surrounded by heathen can know several churches; and the adoption of a res- how bitter such trials are to missionaries. olution to abrogate the law of non-inter As yet but one person has been excluded course with the pagans on the subject of from this church, and that was on the 9th religion. It appears that some agent of the of June last. He had been a church-memUnited States government, in order to quiet ber five or six years, and for a time had the dissensions of the two parties, had in been very zealous, and apparently sinstructed them that they ought not to inter cerely devoted. But for three years past fere with each other at all on the subject of his conduct has been a scandal upon the religion, but let each worship in peace ac

The crimes for which he was excording to his own views of duty. To this pelled were intemperance and violation of both parties gave assent at the time; but, the inarriage contract. ever after, the pagans considered it a breach About the middle of July the cholera of contract if any of the Christian party

peared among us and became the all-absorbspcke to them at all, in ever so friendly a ing subject of anxiety and exertion. For a manner, on the subject of religion. It was

while its progress was rapid, but a merciful against this perversion of the contract that

God soon stayed its ravages;-not, howthe above resolution was directed, and the

ever, till it had taught us many solemn lesadoption of it gave occasion to many very sons in regard to missionary zeal and faithspirited addresses, only a part of which 1 fulness. As nearly as can be ascertained was able to get interpreted. Among other there were about a hundred cases on the things, a brother from Tonawanda remark reservation. Some of the Indians reckon edin substance, that Christ had commanded

many more; but perhaps they do not dishis children to preach the gospel to every criminate between the malignant and comcreature; that this gospel was making rapid mon cholera. There were only eleven or progress through the earth, and would soon

twelve deaths, and these were most of them overspread it. 'You might as well attempt in the heathen party. In much mercy the to prevent the water of a river froin flow whole church, and I believe all excepi one ing downward by building a dam across it, member of the temperance society, were as to prevent the progress of the gospel, spared; and this one had recently violated It will either flow over, or cut a channel his engagements. around or under the dam, and you cannot stop it. Shall we then allow ourselves to

Religious meetings Additions to the Church be hindered from preaching the gospel to

at Alleghany.
our pagan brethren, by their perversion of
our agreement? Is that perversion a dam

In the mean time, after the pestilence sufficient to prevent the water of life from

had left us, the Indians became anxious for flowing in this channel? &c. &c.

a protracted meeting; and accordingly the

16th of August was fixed upon for its comChurch at Seneca~Cholera.

mencement. About a week previous to its

commencement I was attacked with a slight For several weeks after this meeting the bilious fever, which prevented my taking a state of religious feeling in this reservation part in the meeting, except preaching a appeared to be improving: Several persons short discourse at its close. The neighborexpressed hopes; iwo or three of them such ing ministers, however, very kindly assistas till within a few weeks had been reck ed us, so that we were able to continue the oded with the pagan party. But when the meeting six days. season arrived' for making maple sugar. We hope there were a few cases of conmany families removed for that purpose to version; one or two of them of a very intera distant part of the reservation. Some of esting character. But the apparent results them were absent three or four weeks; and of the meeting would scarcely warrant a the business of their farms claiming imme similar measure again, though we would diate attention as soon as the sugaring was by no means allow ourselves to despise the finished, the worldly spirit began to pre

day of small things. vail

, and our hopes of a powerful revival, I should have mentioned in the former were blasted in the bud. Our church re part of this communication that Mr. Hall, ceived an addition of five, however, on the ihe young gentleman employed in Mr? 8th of April. One of these was James Ellioi's place at Tuscarora during his ab. Young, the scholar who aided brother Har sence to New England visited Cattaravgus ris in his translation of the gospel of Luke, and Alleghany in my stead about the last of &c. Two out of the five had been baptised

June. At the latter place he held meetin childhood. One has since fallen into ings three or four days in succession. griesous sins, and we shall probably ex

There was much apparent interest excited

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both among Christians and the impeni- || munion. Perhaps an equal number are
tent. A few weeks after, Mr. Cowles of cherishing hope and waiting with much
Napoli, went down to Alleghany at my re anxiety for another opportunity of uniting
quest and administered the sacrament, and with the church.
received thirteen new members into com-

Proceedings of other Societies.

THIRTY-EIGHTH REPORT OF THE LONDON

MISSIONARY SOCIETY,

FOREIGN.

has been an important increase in the most ef-
fective means of good, and under the divine
blessing, a proportionate addition of fruits, anong
which, with deep humility and holy gratitude lo
Him to whom alone all praise is due, the direc-

tors would notice the addition of 820 converts to The following paragraphs are taken from the

the church on earth, besides the numbers who

have left the most satisfaclory grounds to conlast Report of this society.

clude, that they have departed from Christian Summary of the Missions of the Society. || made perfect before the throne."

sellowship on earth, 10 join the spirits of just men In the several parts of the world, connected with the society's operations, there are 113 stations and out-stations, 92 missionaries, 19 Eu

CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. ropean assistants, 133 native assistants, 54 churches, 4,771 members or communicants, 891 The Rev. Joseph Knight, of the Church Mis. schools, 22,193 scholars.

sionary Society in Ceylon, thus reviews the diffiBeing an increase during the year of 22 branch stations, iwo missionaries, four churches, 820

culties which a missionary in the east is called to members or communicants, 39 schools, 1,496

encounter in the prosecution of his labors. "It is scholars.

well to know the nature and extent of these diffiThe society has 13 printing establishments, ar

culties," says the editor of the London Missioneight of which 139,000 books, including 33,000 | ary Register, “but when we call to mind the diportions of Scriptures, have been printed. And from nine stations 115,000 copies of books hare vine commission under which the missionary been put into circulation.

goes forth, and the triumphs which the gospel, as Missionary Students. The number of young the power of God, has achieved over the most men desirous of serving the Redeemer among the gentiles, who have placed themselves under

formidable opposition from the day of pentecost the auspices of the society, is nineteen.

lo Ibe present hour there is no cause for desponFunds. The contributions for the ordinary | dency or discouragement.” purposes of the society, during the past year, have been 34,5681. 33. 8d.; for special objects In addition to the obstacles which arise from 5171. 3s. 2d.; making a total of 35,0851. 6s. 10d.; || the depravily of human nature, and which, though being 6,5011. 168. 8d. less than the receip!s of the differing in degree among diferent people

, are preceding year. The expenditure during the

common to all, there are many peculiar to this past year has been 39,2401. 108.7d.; being 4,1551. country, which, therefore, demand particular no3s. 9d. more than the receipts during the same

tice. period.

Of these, one of the most obvious is, the ex. The experience of the society in the year that clusive and consequently forbidding and unsocial is past, has added to the evidence of each one pature of their institutions, both civil and relig preceding it, in confirming the testimony of scrip- ious. These are blended together, and rest on iure, that the advancement of the divine glory in the same authorities; viz. the Shasters, remote the conversion of souls, the ultimate aim of all

antiquity, and universal practice. They are re: missionary efforts, must be the work of the Holy garded as of divine origin, and as coeval will Spirit. To his divine influences alone, the di their existence as a people. They so insinuate rectors look for success in the labors of their themselves into every teeling of the mind, and brethren; and encouraged by the promise of the every action of the life, that ihe views, and habHoly Spirit to them that ask him, they rejoice in its, and character of the people are formed from the increased attendance at the missionary | them; and they totally exclude all, except where prayer-meetings in the metropolitan districts, and the hope of gain, or some such motive, operates, some other portions of the country; and regard from familiar intercourse with others. this as one of the most favorable indications of 1. Among the institutions of the country, divine approbation. The directors notice also caste stands first. This pervades the whole na: with pleasure, the increasing number of holy and lion, and prescribes the rank of every individual devoted young men, who, in answer to the claims in the community, the trade and occupation of the world, and the prayers of the church, I which each must follow, the duties to be dotie, have been led, they would hope by the Holy | the connections to be formed, &c. &c.; and Spirit, to consecrate themselves 10 missionary | these are all practised from generation to gener service, and are now training for the work. ation, with the most undeviating scrupulosity. The tenor of communications from every quar

2. ' Included in the above is a system of beredter has shown so strongly the need of vigorous itary priesthood; forming an integral part of the effort, that the expenditure of the year now clos- | nation, and from time immemorial claiming and ed has equalled the income of the preceding one, exercising an indisputable supremacy over all and exceeded that of the current period. There the other classes. Notwithstanding the refer

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ence occasionally paid to individual brahmins, ll states of existence, issuing into an endless sucthey are regarded as little less than divine cession of transmigracious and their aliendant especially such as hold the sacerdotal office, by enjoyments and sutierings, has an inconceivably those for whom they officiale: and, without any poweriul kold on the mind. Joyous or adverse reference to the morality or immorality of their events, and even future destiny, being supposed characters, they are, by the highest sanction, es to happen merely as things of course, or as the leemed as the represeníatives of the Deily, and result of past actions not at all within their connot uufrequently receive divine honors.

Troul, and but little affected by present conduct, Though the contributions which form the sur an inconceivable ajaiby perrades the mind with port of this class are, for the most part, voluntary, I regard to tulurity. The feeling runs into all the yet such is the bondage in which the people are occurrences of life. All their hopes and lears are held by custom, superstitious dread of demons, regulated by it; and the stupitying salvo is conthe auibority of their sacred books, &c. &c., that stantly applied to lull the feelings under misforilie amouni paid annually by each respeciable tune and disappointment. This doctrine is found person to this object is said to be very great. in all their books, is inculcared by all their teachOccasions (or such payments are endless. Nos and is ever recurring in conversation, as the only from the very birih, but, in some castes, or source to which all events are referred, whether by such as strictly conform to preseribed riies, ll they regard themselves individually or otherwise. even from the very conception, and onward Hence a superintending Providence is kept out through life, offerings are frequently made, or of sight; but their system does not properly adrites performed, which require llie offices of the mit of the idea. It powers are ascribed to the family brahmin, who always immediately re gods to do them good or evil, it can happen only ceives the accustomed dues. Bue not only according to their former merit or demerit; even through life are hurdensome and expensive cere the gods themselves, whether individually, or in monies performed: feneral obsequies, and rites their operations for others, being subject to the to the manes of progenitors, are deemed very same unalterable influence. important; and these are continued annually, and This doctrine is one of the most difficult to reeven monthly, so long as children or descend- fute in the whole system, and is probably the last ants survive, to bear in remembrance the name that retains possession of the mind of the convert or any knowledge of the individual.

10 Christianiiy. li accounts for all the evils that 3. As the shasters are held in such high vene

exist in the world, whether moral or natural; aud ration, and regulate to so great an extent the

furnishes a reason wherefore one is poor and views and practices of the people universally, another rich, one a prince and another a beggar, they also must be regarded as forming a mos!

one wise and another a fool, one a man and powerful obstacle to the spread of truth. These

another a brute or vegetable. All nalural deare writings undoubtedly of great antiquity, Il sects, as blindness, decrepilude, &c., among the deemed sacred, inculcaiing the rigid obser

brute creation, as well as among the human spesance of the riles and custoins prevalent in the

cies, are ascribed to it; nor is there any thing in country; and totally excludiug foreigners, and

the whole range of creation beyond its influence. all who are uot by birth of approved caste, from Though shewn the absurdity of this doctrine all participatiou.

again and again, excepe convinced by more than 4. The monstrous tales contained in these human power, ihe poor bewildered Hindoo still books also form a difficulty of no mean impor-clings 10 it with the utmost tenacity. tance. All the puranas (sacred poems) are filled 6. The very obscene character of these with the most extravagant and wonderful ac writings may also be mentioned. They furnish counts of the exploits of their gods and heroes, an almost inexhaustible fountain of impurity. calachieved in remote ages; which, strange as it culated greatly 10 strengthen the depraved feelmay seem, are all received with the mosi unhesi- ings of ine natural beari; and thus form no intaling confidence, being universally considered considerable barrier to the spread of the religion of divine autborily. Provided such accounts, of the holy Jesus. In other systems, purity and whether ancient or modern, be in accordance virtue are taught by precept and recommended with, or is support of, their systems, no evidence for imilation, how much vice and obscenity is required of their authenticity. No inquiry is soever may be found in practice: but here, the ever instituted as to their truth or falsehood; for puranas, which are the class of sacred books doubt seems never to enter the mind. With a chiefly read. and by which the views and feelings people so credulous, the evidence arising from and general character of the people are for the real miracles has liule weight. The miracles of most part formed, are full of the grossest alluthe Bible are scarcely deemed worthy of notice; sions. No adequate conception can possibly be and abstract fruth, however supported by argy formed of the very low and debased characier of ment, makes little or no impression on the mind. these writings, except by those who have read Their intellects are, as it were, blunted; and their l them; and yet they are chaunted and explained thinking powers but little bronght into exercise, in their temples from day to day, to companies of except within certain prescribed limits; the both sexes and all ages, and it is considered very writings and opinions of the ancients always de meritorious to hear them. As might naturally termining the bound of investigation. The ut he supposed, the state of morals in the country most apathy characterizes the great mass of the is exactly the counterpart of their books. people, with regard to every thing bul what im 7. The degradatiou of the female character, mediately affecis the senses; so that the passions arising from The low estimation in which it is are not casily wrought upon by affecting repre

held, and the proscription of female education, nor the conscience roused by fear of also proves a very powerful obstacle to the spread impending danger in a future state.

of knowledge. To be born a female is univer5. The doctrines taught in their books are not sally considered an evil, both to the individual less pernicious. The doctrine of destiny, or hersell, and 10 the family in which she is born. rather of works of merit and demerit, supposed Ali through life she is treated as a being of inseto have been performed in consequence of the

rior rank in the creation; as unfit for society, and connection of the soul with matter is former II incapable of comprehending subjects conversed VOL. XXVIII.

52

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sentations,

on by the other ses. When married, she is re 9. The length of time requisite to acquire garded by the husband as his slave; she cannot such a knowledge of the languages, customs, eat till he has eaten, nor go to rest till he has re &c. of the country, as is pecessary to qualify a tired, nor do any thing but in obedience to his person to become an efficient teacher, among a will. Though women frequent the heathen tem people so sternly untractable, so rigidly adhering ples, and are more superstitious than the men, to their superstitions, &c., also forms a difficulty when spoken to by Christians on the concerns of of very great importance. religion, of the soul, a future stalc, &c., their 10.' 'l'he intluence of climate on the European common answer is: "Speak to our lords about constitution ought not to be lost sight of "The this: we cannot comprehend such things.” Igno- | greater parl of those who come out as missionarance is a universal characteristic; and they are are incapacitated for labor before they ac. not only regarded as incapable of learning, but quire a competent knowledge of the native laninstruction in a female is considered a thing to be guage. deprecated and avoided: hence, one of lier 1. The natural tendency of his system, connatural and most estimable qualities, as given in || sidering the invincible holý vi has ou ihe mind, to their vocabularies, and found generally in their induce the Hindoo 10 regard all others with con books, is ignorance or incapacity.

tempt, or even with abhorreucemas life takers, 8. Another obstacle to the spread of divine beei-ealers, &c.-should also be taken into actruth arises from its teachers being obliged 10 count. employ terms, which, from their heathenish use 12. The want of a full exhibition of the Chrisand application, necessarily convey different tian character, by persons of their own natinn, ideas from those intended. Thus, if God be may also be regarded as proving a check to the spoken of, except the hearer has long been under spread of divive truth. Many have formerly as. Christian 'instruction, he will probably under- sumed the Christian name, in different paris of bland by it some one of his deities, who yields to southem India, and large parties bave been the vilest passions, and allows his worshippers to formed; but their Christianity has been, for the do so too. By sin may be understood nothing most part, it is believed, merely nominal. Their more than ceremonial defilement, or an evil com religion has not been fully exemplifieri in life; and mitted in a former birth; for which the person the heathen, therefore, have had but little opporfeels himself no further accountable than as he is uniiy so to appreciate its excellencies as 10 pronow suffering in consequence of it; or, if it be re duce conviction. In this island it was formerly ferred to present actions, it is not an evil against propagated by force. It may well be interred a God of holiness and justice, who punishes the ihai the resule on the nalive mind is any ibing sinner for the violation of his law, bui a principle but favorable. ascribed to God as its author, equally with what 13. The natural character of the people may is good, and alike pleasing to bin. Almost also be considered as unfavorable. They are every theme that forms the subject of our ad credulous to a high degree, in what refers to their dresses is perverled in a similar way: so that own system; bui generally fickle, imbecile, and when we think we preach in the clearest and easily affected by what strikes the senses. Ex most intelligible manner, and hope we are fully terior decorations are their foibles. Public exhiunderstood, and that distinct and powerful im- bitions always work on their minds

. Idolatrous pressions are made on the mind, it is often found, || processions prove exceedingly imposing, inde on inquiry, that scarcely a correct idea has been pendently of the superstition which operates

. retained, and that most that was said was greatly Scripture truth, therefore, simply promulgated, misconsirued by the hearer. The newly arrived and unaccompanied by exterior show and pa. missionary is more especially liable to difficul- || rade, finds, in the habitual constitution of their lies of this class.

minds, no congeniality of soul.

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.

SECRETARIES.

tendence of agencies, the visiting of theological THE Rev. Benjamin B. Wisner, who was, at the

seminaries and meetings of the principal ecclelate meeting of the Board, appointed one of its siastical bodies, &c.; Mr. Anderson will conduct Secretaries, was, on the 12th ult., at his own re

the foreign correspondence, with the missionaquest, dismissed, by an ecclesiastical council,

ries and with other societies; and Mr. Greene from the pastoral charge of the Old South

will have charge of the correspondence with

missions Church in Poston; and, on the same day, com

among the Indians, and of the editing of municated to the Prudential Committee his

the Missionary IIerald. Other duties there will acceptance of the appointment; and bas en be common to the three, and each will assist the tered on the duties of the office. Mr. Ander

others as occasions shall require.* Bon and Mr. Greene, who have, till the late

*it may be proper to stile, that the nummeeting of the Board, sustained the office of ber of laborers now in the department of corres, Assistant Secretaries, and were then also chosen

pondence, is the same that it was during several of

The last years of Mr. Evarts' life. The presentato Secretaries, continue in the service of the Board rangement neither diminishes por increases the in this new relation. The three Secretaries will

urucunt of labor then performed by Mr, Anderson

and Mr. Greene, for they were lien fully employed, be jointly responsible to the Prudential Commit and nearly in the mariner in which ihey will be tee in regard to the business of their department; || laries, instead of one Secretary and ewn Assistant

now. The appointment of ihree co-ordinate Secre. but, in its execution, Dr. Wisper will attend to the Secretaries, was with a view to a more equal diris Homestic correspondence, the general superin. " m the performance of the multifarious duties of the

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