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Haweis. On reviewing the dealings of our you; but I can do nothing for you but pray. Heavenly Father towards us on our jour- | I pray for you, and I pray for the people ney, we find ourselves under renewed ob- that put you in prison; 'I do not hate them ligations of gratitude. The weather was in because they treated you so; I think it the highest degree favorable. We every may be that the Savior will give them new where found kind treatment, and the health hearts. of Mrs. Worcester and Mrs. Chamberlin is My dear brother, when I think of your evidently improved.

suttiering I think you will remember that Christians have to suffer a great deal in this world, before they go to heaven. And I

think you will reinember too, how much Interest felt in behalf of the Imprisoned the Savior suffered when he was upon Missionaries.

earth. I remember your instructions and

thank you for them all. I will try to keep RESPECTING the company of Cherokees men up the meetings the same as if you were tioned in the letter of Mr. Chamberlin, on a pre

here. ceding page, it should be remarked that they

You know how my health was when you were from the Valley Towns, the most mini- left. I am now betier. My arm is much structed and uncivilized part of the nation. been sick, but I come to your house and

better. Almost all your neighbors have They had probably never seen Mr. Worcester find your family and the Cherokee children or Dr. Butler, and knew little more concerning in your family all well. I wish to have this them, than that they were teachers who had read to Mr. Worcester, and tell him, I feel during a series of years been laboring gratuitous, that he is my brother too, and that I hope ly for the good of Cherokees.

you will both put your trust in the Savior.

This is all I can say to you now. A similar feeling of interest in the case of

Your brother who loves you, their teachers, who are suffering imprisonment

SAMUEL J. Milis. for their attachment to them, and a readiness to afford assistance as far as they are able, prevail The writer of the foregoing letter is a full extensively among the Cherokees. Mrs. Butler, Cherokee, and was among the first fruits of misin a letter dated October 27th mentions a num sionary labor at Brainerd. lle has for a number ber of instances.

of years been an exemplary elder of the church Mr. Ross, the principal chief of the nation, in at Haweis, and highly useful in conducting a letter sent her soon after Dr. Butler's arrest, meetings among his own people and in his own says, “Any service within the range of my language. power to render you will ailord me pleasure ai While attending the council which was held all times to perform. I therefore musi entreat last fall at Chatooga, within the chartered limits you not to feel any delicacy or hesitaney in of Alabama, instead of New Echota, in order to commanding it on any occasion." One or two avoid any conflict with the Georgia guard, Mr. other gentlemen sent a similar message to Mrs. Boudinot, the editor of the Cherokoe Phænix Butler,

wrote as follows to Mrs. Worcester, under date Indians who have visited her bare manifested of November 1st. the same feelings.

“I inclose $15 which a few individuals One said, after Mr. Butler's cruel treat have contributed for your benefit. Perhaps ment, in his last arrest, "If I could do any you will now have enough to bear your thing for him I would; I would go and expenses to Milledgeville and back, and walk for him, if it would do him any good purchase for Mr. Worcester a couple of After I heard he was taken I could not

blankets. I could collect as much more, if sleep, I could do nothing but pray for him it were necessary. I shall not probably see all night.” When my husband related to you before you start. I wish you a pleasant me his treatment, the imminent danger his journey and a pleasant interview with your life was in, and the support and comfort he beloved husband; give my best and kindest received from his Heavenly Father in the regards to him. Tell him that the Cheromidst of his afflictions, it was truly pleasant kees sympathise with him. He lives and to call to mind, that, at the same hour of he will live in their affections and rememmidnight, a Christian Cherokee brother in brance. Pennit me to assure you, also, the church, was engaged in prayer for him.that you share in their affection and reIn my last letter to him, at the request of a membrance." number of Cherokees, I inserted letters from them. I will copy one as a speci

The sums mentioned above and in the note

were made up by contributions froin the follow“Doctor Butler, my brother, I have come ing persons, all except two of whom are Cheroto your house to have a letter written from me to you. I think a great deal about you,

* Mrs. Worcester had previously received $23 and wish I could do something to comfort


frora the same source, Ed.

kees.-Lewis Ross 85, Joseph Vann 5, James of the Georgia escort, savor more of the Daviel 5, Capt. David M'Nair 5, John Ridge 5, | lawless barbarities of an Algerine banditti, Richard Fields 5, John Martyn 4, George M.

than of the customary decencies and civiliLavender 2, Elias Boudinot 1, John G. Ross 1;

ties of an American guard. making in all $38.

2. That the severity of the sentence

which, according to the laws of the state, Not only do the Cherokees manifest an interest

has consigned to imprisonment and hard in behalf of the missionaries who have been forced

labor for the term of four years, some of from them and thrust into prison, but intelligent | the missionaries in question, can find no and candie men in all parts of the country feel apology cither in the moral turpitude of for them, and express similar view's respecting their general character, or in the heinousthe outrage on their religions and civil rights initted, but must he ascribed to the violence

ness of the offences which they have comwhich they have been parle to cudure. The

of party politics and imbittered feelings disSynod of North Carolina, at its session in Octo- | playing themselves in the arbitrary enactber last, adopted the following preamble and ments of a high-handed domination. resolutions.

3. That the following assertion found in

a letter bearing the signature of the ExecuThe Synod of North Carolina in the ex tive of the state: namely, ercise of a right which they possess in com “The missionaries of the different religmon with their fellow citizens, of freely 1 ious societies stationed among the Indians, and fearlessly expressing their views in re had found their situation too lucrative to lation to public measures and events which give them up willingly"-contains an inaffect the honor, the dignity, and Christian sinuation altogether gratuitous, and uncharacter of their beloved country, feel it worthy the high station whence it proto be a duty which they owe to themselvesceeds: and until the contrary is made to and to that part of the community which appear, must be regarded as ungenerous they represent, to notice with expressions and unfounded. of deep regret and unqualified remon 4. That the Synod recommend to their strance, the treatment to which certain churches and to Christians generally to Christinn missionaries of different religious unite (especially at the monthly concert) denominations have, under form of legal in fervent prayer to God that he would process, recently been subjected in the direct and sustain by his almighty power state of Georgia.

and grace the missionaries of the cross of Having examined the subject as present- || Christ in the state of Georgia, who have ed to them through the medium of the

been traduced and persecuted for righteouspress, and presuming that the details which

ness sake- That He would pardon the have been given to the public are substan- guilt of all concerned in the transactions tially correct, they are constrained to say

alluded to, and that He would not lay their that in the case alluded to there has been

sins to the charge of our beloved country. a spectacle exhibited more shameful and shocking than any within their recollection, which has hitherio disgraced the annals of A similar course has heen pursued by the our free institutions.

Union Presbytery of East Tennessce. A copy To the honorable and high-minded au of their preamble and resolution is here given. thorities of their sister state, they would say, respectfully in the words of the eloquent Deseze, one of the learned counsel

Whereas the Rev. Samuel A. Worcester, who defended Lewis the Sixteenth on his

a member of this Presbytery, and a miss last trial

sionary in that part of the Cherokee nation **Recollect , that history will judge your gin, has been arrested and sentenced to four

included within the chartered limits of Georjudgment."

And when the political a citations of the years hard labor in the penitentiary, for reday shall have subsided, and when reason

maining within the aforesaid chartered and humanity shall have resumed their limits, without taking the oath of allegiance ascendency over the baser passions of the

to the state of Georgia, Therefore, human mind, the Synod cannot but believe Resolved, That we as a presbytery symthat the transactions of the summer of 1-31 pathise with our brother and his family in will be remembered only to be associated all their afflictions, and will unite our ardent with the fell deeds of dark ages, when prayers that God's grace may sustain and tyranny and oppression were deemed no comfort them under all their trials; that crimes, and when the principles of tolera they may exhibit the spirit of the gospel; tion and the rights of conscience were but and that our dear brother may soon be imperfectly understood and scarcely recog-liberated, and again permitted to labor in nized: Therefore,

the vineyard of Christ. Resolved, 1. That the unrestrained in Ordered that the stated clerk be directed sults, wanton indignities, and brutal cruel to forward a copy of this preamble and retirs to which some of the missionaries were solution to Mrs. Worcester and family. subjected after their arrest, by individuals

Knoxville, Oct. 5. 1831.

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Mr. Hoyt, the gentleman who forwarded the hope that all the rising generation will be resolution, adds

saved from the iron grasp of intemperance.

Thirty-one have joined the temperance The foregoing preamble and resolution society within a few months past. are in unison with the feelings of thou The revival has had an important bear. sands, in this as well as in other parts of ing upon the industry of the people. The the country, Could the voice of the ma fact that they have erected and finished a jority, even in Tennessec, be heard. I verily school-house at their own expense is proof believe that the Cherokees and their mis- ' of this statement. A year since no man sionaries would soon receive that protection could have persuaded them to do this. which they ask. I am more than ever en Again, this work of God nas effected couraged in the belief that there is a re much in relation to the Sabbath. Formerly deeming spirit in this Christian republic. I great ignorance and stupidity prevailed in

reference to the sanctity of the Lord's day.

Some members of the church could conEndians in New york.

verse upon worldly subjects, and haul in hay and grain, if there were an appearance

of rain. This they have acknowledged to EXTRACTS FROM A LETTER OF MR. ELLIOT,

me and said that they had been encouraged DATED AT TUSCARORA, Dec. 14, 1831.

in this work of supposed necessity. All

persons in this village now rest from labor Reriral of Religion and its Effects. on the Sabbath; no trifling conversation is

allowed by members of the church, and no The progress of the religious attention which i visiting. The young men used to meet on prevailed during the past year among the Tus. Saturday to play ball; but this diversion has

was noticed repeatedly in the last been entirely abandoned for more than volume. In the letter which follows, Mr. Elliot eight months past. The same season is has given some further particulars respecting it

now consecrated to prayer, as a preparation

for the duties of the Sabbath. and its results.



The revival commenced with power on These are the legitimate effects of the gospel Feb. 15th. The church then consisted of! upon the minds of an menlightened and wicked fifteen members, who, with a few

cxceptions, slumbered and slept. But the Lord 'people. It is the power of God to salvation. did rend the heavens and came down, the!' The change in the character and habits of these mountains did flow down at his presence. Tuscaroras is just what might be expected. Ifit The church now numbers 56 members, in I should be enduring, they may be said to be new good standing, 41 having been added since

creatures. It is should not be enduring, still the the 15th of May last; 38 of whom were members of the temperance society. Our

change from intemperance to sobriety, from a church is now a temperance society in the i, disregard of the Sabbath to its religious observstrict sense of the term. Since the fiance, from unfaithfulness to the marriage covemencement of the revival there have been nant to strict fidelity, from idleness to industry, fourteen marriages. All efforts to effect an is all gain while it lasts. It is seen to extend, acknowledgment of plighted faith in

also, not merely to those who are hopefully conmatrimonial engagements were useless, previous to the awakening. The reforma verted; but the public sentiment is improved, tion has had a powerful tendency to bring and a restraining influence is exerted on the order out of confusion in this particular. whole population. Within the last six months 21 children The school-house built by the Indians is 24 have been baptised, and it is believed the

feet by 20, well made, comfortable and conparents of these children feel their obliga.

venient. It was erected without the use of ardent tions in relation to their offspring to a degree hitherto unknown. They can now

spirits, and entirely at their expense, except the find time to meet and pray for their conver

value of ten or eleven dollars furnished by the sion to God.

mission. This work of grace has greatly checked and retarded the progress of intemperance

EXTRACTS FROM A LETTER OF MR. WRIGHT, out of the church as well as in it. There are now in this village but three or four


1831. habitual drunkards. We have by divine assistance given this hydra serpent, Intem Mr. Wright arrived at the station and comperance, a serious blow. But le yet lives; menced his missionary labors on the 9th of Noand lias recently troubled the church. None of the 41 who have joined by recent

vember. Special attention has prevailed among profession have been poisoned by this mon.

the church and people at this station during the ster; but two who had been suspended and past year. After being among the Indians about cut off for years fell into this beastly sin a few weeks after they were restored. Weil writes

a fortnight and taking a survey of the field, he

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The Christian Indians manifested quite attend. Only six came forward to be exas much joy at the arrival of their mission- ; amined. The meeting on the Sabbath was ary as any one could have expected; but solenn and interesting. Aiter the second the state of religious feeling has evidenily sermon, the sacrament was administered, declined within the last two or three months. and the six natives, five men and one I have seen but few of the recent converts, woman, were received into the church, and but am told there is cause to fear in respect one brother who had been excommunicated to some of them, though most appear quite for intemperance was restored. He has apwell. We have a church meeting appoint pared well since the three days' meeting ed for ascertaining the expediency of re in May. In the evening Mr. Elliot preachceiving some of them into the church. ed a ihird sermion, aiter which he invited

The congregation was quite small on the j all the impenitent, who were willing to sub-
first Sabbath after my arrival, but was much mit their hearts immediately to God, to
larger last Sabbath. In the afternoon, just come forward that special prayer might be
before sermon, George Turkey and Lydia oftered for them. Eighteen came and knelt
Moore were united in marriage, and as this down while four prayers were offered in
was the first marriage ever solemnised in their behalf.
the meeting-house, or, I believe, in any Two of the young men who united with
public manner, it was thought best to im- 1the church lasť Sabbath, Gardiner Spring
prove the opportunity for teaching the peo and Joseph Sandford, have been scholars.
ple the nature and design of the institution, They are very intelligent, active young
and the duties resulting from the conjugal | men. There are several others of the same
relation. This seemed the more necessary class who hope they love the Savior, and
as the Indians are said to be very frequent- will probably come forward before long. It
ly guilty of conjugal infidelity, and there is, is peculiarly interesting to see those who
perhaps, reason to fear that this charge have attended the school come out and take
does not rest exclusively against the payan a decided stand on the Lord's side.
party. The people here say that the In-
dians not unfrequently make the marriage
contract for two or three years only, and

when the time has elapsed, separate and
marry others. But Lydia Moore, one of

the persons mentioned above, has rejected
several suitors because she said when she
was married she meant to stick to it," and A notice of the departure of Mr. Hall from
she was sure she should not wish to, if she Mackinaw, 10 proceed to his field of labor, was
married those persons. She has now a very inserted at p. 334 of the last volume. Under
promising young man for a husband; but
the sisters here mourn about it, for he will

date of Sept. 17th, he gives the following actake her to Cattaraugus, and thus they will

count of his lose her as an interpreter in their female meetings. The wife of Twenty Canoes Journey from Mackinaw to La Pointe. came here last Saturday to know if it would be right for her to leave her husband. Her

We let Mackinaw on the 5th of August, plea was, that he had been drunk, and when and arrived at this place on the 30th. We he married her he promised that he would

were very much favored on our passage not drink to excess. Accordingly I preach-with good weather, and made the journey in ed from Matthew xix. 6. Contrary to

less time than is usua). The manner of my expectations the meeting was quite travelling in this part of the country, as you solemn.

know, is in open boats, when it is perform

ed by water. Though we were out above EXTRACTS FROM A LETTER OF MR. THAYER,

three weeks, and exposed to a hot sun by CATTARAUGUS,

oct. 31st day, and the cold dews by night, none of 1831.

us suffered by exposure.

'We had nothing

to shield us from the direct rays of a very Admissions to the Church.

hot sun, but an unbrella. And a tent was

the best protection we had from the storm, As there is no ordained missionary at Cattarau- / and from the damps of night. Our food gus Mr. Elliot, of the Tuscarora station was in

was such as we took along with us, and was vited to go there and administer the Lord's supportunity, after we stopped at night, or at

prepared by ourselves as we found an opper, and aid in receiving members to the church. other times. Of course there could be but After his arrival Mr. Thayer remarks

little variety, and often what we had wag

but indifferently prepared. But through I immediately notified the Indians of his the kindness of Providence we experienced arrival, and that there would be a meeting | no bad effects from it; not even the women on Saturday preparatory to the sacrameni, took a serious cold while on the way. We and an opportunity for any to offer as can

had scarcely any wet weather on our pasdidates for admission to the church. As sage, except a day or two while we were at the notice was short many were unable to

the Sault Ste. Marie, at which time we were VOL. XXVIII.


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kindly entertained by Christian friends. We have not attempted a school so soon as
We passed the Sabbath there and were hos we should have done, if the Indians had all
pitably entertained by the Rev. Mr. Bing- been here who belong to the place. A con-
ham, [Baptist missionary) at his house dur-siderable number of them have been absent
ing the time we remained there. We were at their gardens, a dozen or fifteen miles
very cordially received by him and his famn-itrom this place. We thought best not to
ily, who gave us several little articles for do any thing of the kind till we had called
our comfort on the way. I preached twice the Indians together in council. They came
for him. Dr. James, also, (of the United together this week to celebrate their yearly
States army] and his family were very medicine dance.” After they finished their
kind to us. He furnished us with several feasting we succeeded in collecting them
manuscripts which will be of use to me in for a walk.” I told them the object of the
acquiring the Chippewa language. I shall Board in sending us here, and explained to
feel myself very much indebted to him. I them the benetits they would derive from
Mr. Warren has been very kind, and done having schools and in receiving the gospel,
every thing for us which we could have and told them the advantages of their culti-
asked. We are indebted to Mr. Aitkin and vating the land. They said that what I
Mr. Oakes also for favors. They assisted i had told them was all true and very good.
us in getting on here by taking a part of our | They knew the English and Americans had
goods on board their boats, and bringing missionaries in different places among the
them a part of the way. The Lord appears Indians, and they were pleased that it was
to be inclining the hearts of all the principal so. They were pleased that we had come
traders to favor inissions to these Indians. I here. The second chief said he had been
There has undoubtedly been a great change to Penetanguishine, (which is on the Can-
in their feelinys with regard to the gospel, ada side of Lake Huron.) where the Metho-
within a few years. None of them, I be- dists have a mission, and was pleased with
lieve, were disposed to travel on the Sab- what he saw there. He said the children
bath, on their return this year, or to permit might attend school, but the adults must
their clerks to do so. We had public relig- hunt. They told us that they should not
ious exercises in our tent every Sabhatil, compel their children to attend school, but
while on the journey, at which the princi- if any of them were disposed to attend, they
pal traders and others were present. as a should not hinder them. Every thing ap-
large part of the boatmen understood no pears as favorable as could be expected with
language but the French, we had one ser regard to them. We have made some at-
vice on the Sabbath expressly for them, attempts to collect the Indians a few times
which prayers were offered and the Scrip- for religious instruction. The number who
tures and tracts read in French. Sometimes attended our meetings was small. We
thirty or forty attended these exercises. | shall probably need much faith and perse-
The French are mostly Catholics and some
refused to aitend a Protestant meeting. I felt myself compelled to promise the

Indians that the school should be continued, The men employed by the gentlemen engaged if they would send their children. They in the fur-trade to hunt and collecthe furs, say, if the school is to be kept only one manage the boals, and perforin other labor, are

year, it will not do much good to send principally Canadian French. They are very they will learn in that time. Our success

their children, as they will soen forget all much under the infuence of the Catholic priests, at present depends much on the impression as are the Indians also. There is, however, no we give relative to our continuance in the Catliolie mission in the interior. nor are any country. If they think we are to stay with regular efforts made to bring the Indians over

them but a year or two, they will not be
disposed to listen to us.

I therefore told to their faith.

them that we had come to spend our lives Prospects of the New Mission. with them, to do them good, and that the

school would be continued from year to

year. With regard to our prospects for immediately benefitting the Indians, I hierdly | degree of certainty on meeting with oppo

I suppose we may calculate, with some know what to say.

We have not yet made sition more or less from the Catholics. an attempt to collect a school. We shall How much influence they will have to reopen one next week. It will probably be tard our work, is doubtful. The French small at first. It will be difficult to keep are nearly all Catholics. children long at school among these Indians, unless they are fed, on account of This mission is designed to exert an influence their migratory habits and the difficulty of upon the bands of Indians occupying the terobtaining provision. Many of them reside ritory that lies between lake Superior and the at several different places during the year. We have visited the Indian lodges fre

head waters of the Mississippi. The rocite by quently since our arrival, and the Indians | lake Superior presents the best way of access are frequently at our house. They always to all the tribes north and west of it, from Iludconverse pleasantly and freely with us. son's Bay to the Rocky Mountains.



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