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favorable one with all the motives I could urge. was much gratified to notice the apparent corOne replied, his son was with the Christians, and diality of the teachers. I pressed them also very that was enough. The other said, bis son also particularly, if there was any little animosities or was with us. As for themselves, they would bickerings among them, not to bide them, but stand aloof, and abide by their former principles. show me all, that we might attempt to remove I begged them, if they maintained their old prin- every evil. They all declared there was nothing ciples, to live in peace with those who differed of the sort, they were comfortable together! Prefrom them, and who embraced the gospel. I pared the cast-away gods for a sea voyage, and had, during the discussion, frequently urged them strange objects indeed they were, having nothing to hear and learn the new religion. One of the to recommend them except their antiquity. In heathen chiefs said, it was quite agrecable to the evening met the people to hear whai they them, (that is the chiefs) the two kings were the understood of Christianity, in order to their haponly obstacles; if they would go over to it, all usm' a goodly number present. Some of them would soon follow; but they could not think of were ignorant, others had a pretty good knowl. leaving them or going before them. The assem edge of the leading docirines of the gospel, conbly broke up, and I returned to the teacher's sidering the time they have been under instruchouse to take a little refreshment, and prepared tion. Spent part of the day in visiting the peoto return on board. One of the old heathen kings | ple at work finishing their large Are Bure Raa. came to shake hands with me; a cheerlul, lively | It is about eighteen fathoms bv cight wide. The old man: they are both old men. The people people appear numerous, and so far as I can who had embraced Christianity came in proces see, pretty tractable. sion to salute us, each bringing a small piece of 20. This morning preached from Acts xviii, 8. cloth in his hand. I took my leave of them with The place was crowded with attentive hearers. some emotion, feeling very much interested in If I walk out, wherever I go, or if I sit down, a their welfare.
number collect round me, making their inquiries
concerning what they have heard, or what they Atiu.
find in their books. They appear highls delight.
ed when they get to understand anything which Jan. 18. This morning, at day-break, the before was difficult to them. The surf was so new place of worship on Atiu was full in view, great 10-day that we could have no communicaas it stands on the highest part, about the centre tion with the vessel. Made a square and rule for of the island, where is also the settlement. After the teachers; and went through a part of the setbreakfast went ashore; was put ihrough the surf | tlement to view its exterior. They are building as usual, and very nearly upsel into it; but a good substantial houses, apparently for another man, just as the canoe was going over, jumped generation, as they build them very strong, in into the sea, and put his shoulder under the out comparison with what the Society islanders do. trigger, and so prevented a most unpleasant hath. The principal chief has a neat house not quite We were so loaded, that a part only could land finished. during the recession of the wave; on the ap
21. The people have been busy these last proach of the next wave, we were pushed out to
two days, in putting their fine new place of worsea again. Thus I was twice pushed out to sea
ship in order, intending to open it for divine serbefore I c uld get a footing on the reef. The island is surrounded by a natural barrier, higher and plastered, with floors raised at each end,
vice. It is a substantial native building, wattled than the low land, apparently the work of the sea, like Mauti, only much higher. Travelling and also in a part of the front; which give the
forming two inclined planes towards the centre through it was not so difficult as at Mauti, beis the general road. The had places which, when the building is completely filled,
benches a gradual rise, one above another, and have been filled up, and the sharp points broken making the hearing more casy, and the appear. off. After passing this outwork, we descended
ance better: it is after the model of our old place into the rich delighusul valleys before we ascended the hills in the centre, where the settlement ship. I spoke from Haggai ii. 8, and attempted
at Borabora. To-day opened it for divine wor; stands. We found the teachers well, as were
to show them that the true glory of their house their families, and all apparently steadfast, pur would be in God's being spiritually worshipped suing their work with alacrity. Things wcar a
there; in many souls being there born again, and pleasing aspect. As we arrived at the inp of the
in manv departing thence to glory. After ser hill, the people who had not been at the beach
mon. haptiked a number of adults, with their came out in companies to meet and salute is.
children, and concluded the services with the each giving us a shake of the hand, with their administration of the Lord's supper to the teachtanrana, which detained us no little time. Spent
ers and such members of churches as were the remainder of the dav in getting the books and
present. We also admitted four, three of them little stores on shore, distributing them to the
teachers' wives. It was a most interesting octeachers, and encouraging the people to prepare
casion. We were indeed a little band (ahout their new place of worship to open it on Wednes.
twentv) celebrating, for the first time, in this day or Thursday. In the evening allended heathen land, the mysteries of redeeming grace their meeting for conversation on what they have and dving love-proclaiming the efficacy of a heard on the Sabbath. The house was full or Savior's blond in this formerly cruel land, so inquirers.
foully stained will human blood. We were sur 19. 'Till a late hour last evening we were rounded by at least a thousand spectators. What kept awake hy earnest inquiries concerning the effect the witnessing of the holy solemnities of sense of scripture, and of words the meaning our religion may have upon them time must deof which they did not know'This morning at velop. May God incline their hearts to aspire tended school, for both children and adults; a more after his holy ordinances and union with great many present. About twenty men read to himself. "The teachers consider one or two as ine in the Acts of the Apostles, Tahitian version, il fit persons to be admilled to the church; but as which appears quite intelligible to them, and the brethren are about to visit them again on their about twelve children out of the same book. [!! voyage, I recommended the teachers to form
them, with any others they might think fit, into a The thirst for the knowledge of salvation mans
friends of the Redeemer can put forth. In the 22. Took our leave of this interesting people east, we behold the inhabitants of a heathen vlloaded with their kindness. The teachers were lage inviting the visits of the missionary, receive much affected at parting with us. We were once ing his message with attention, and aiding in the more pushed through the surf, which was running erection of a building in which the word of God rather high. They put Mai and myself in a is regularly dispensed.We hear of brahmins canoe on the beach, and carried us 10 the edge shrinking from argument, and reasing to defend of the breakers, till they were up to the middle; their system-in one place, the pupils of a Hinand it required all their strength and exertion to doo college encouraging the missionary, whom stand against the dashing waves, while they re their Tutor had opposed; in another face, twelve, mained a considerable time with us, with the chietly young brahmins, weekly altending the canoe on their shoulders, waiting for a proper missionary, to be instructed in the Christian revewave, the waves coming in quick succession, lation; and, in a third, we hear of a heathen roaring, and hissing, and foaming. An oppor- teacher, with four of his pupils, travelling 200 tunity at length offering, after a large wave had miles to a missionary station, in search of Chris. expended itself
, they launched us through with tian instruction. When, further, we find a school all their might, when a number of them sprang | supported by a native member of one of the into the canoe, and pulled away on the next
churches, and find another church of converted roller before it broke: danger was then over. heathen described as a church of missionaries Our boat was outside, waiting, into which we one object filling every mind, one theme emgot, and pulled to the vessel. Wind a-head of|ploying every tongue, and that theme the gosus. Set sail, not without emotion in comparing | pel of Jesus Christ-we feel that negligence on what I have scen here with what had been for our parts would be criminal, and apathy would merly. Not many years have rolled away since the oven was heated to bake these very teachers who are now so highly prized. Surely this is the Increasing Interest in the Society awakened at Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes.
Increasing Encouragements in the Society's home, the directors desire to express their thank
In the retrospect of the year, with regard to Labors.
fulness to God, for the increasing interesi mani
fested in the operations of the society. Thus The general remarks, which are subjoined, encouraged, they will pursue their labors with are taken from the Society's Report.
additional cheerfulne and, they hope, with more efficiency. Deeply convinced that the in
fluences of the Holy Spirit are essential to all Abroad, all things combine to excite our syro
success whether at home or abroad, and im. pathy and arouse our energies. Whether we pressed with a sense of the intimate relation contemplate the continent of Europe, or the most
which subsists betweere the enjoyment of such temote regions of the earth, we behold, in mo- influence and the exercise of prayer, the direction, a resistless current of pnblic sentiment,
tors regard with unseigned thankfulness the im which appears destined to change the moral and provement happily observable in the missionary social aspect of the world.
prayer-meetings as one of the most important VOL. XXVIII.
and encouraging manifestations of the divine || prayer, becomes in proportion just so much the favor.
more urgent. If we think to see our hopes real
ised or our fcass disappointed, we must look, not The following most exemplary instance of
to man--except as an instrument-but to God. public spirt is recosded in the Report.
We are too apt, indeed, to prescribe even to
mind, we are full of regrets and despondency, Mr. and Mrs. Smith embarked [for the South We forget how little capable we are of governSeas) in the Tuscan. belonging 10 Messrs. Alex ing the world, or even of judging of the ineasures ander Burnie and Son; whose desire to aid in which God adopts in the governinent of it. We communicating the blessings of Christianity to the cannot comprehend the complicated machinery distant tribes visited by their vessels, has long in which He employs--the wheels within wheels duced them graluitously to provide the society
the relations of events as causes and effects; with the means of conveyance, for its missiona some of them promoting, others counteracting a ries and supplies, to the South-Sea islands. On particular design, yet all of them combining to the present occasion, these gentlemen not only accomplish one grand end--the establishment of furnished freights for numerous articles needed Christ's kingdom in the world. In a large proby the missionaries and a free passage to Mr. | portion of cases, indeed, the plans which God and Mrs. Sinith, but made very generous pro pursues are not only different from, but are vision for the comfort of the passengers during | diametrically opposed 10, those which man
would have formed: in nothing does He more stain the pride of human wisdom, than in the
means which He employs to accomplish His own SCOTTISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
purposes. He often acis, as it were, by contra
rieties; bringing light out of darkness, order out Tue Report of this gociety concludes with a
of confusion, and good out of evil. Yet an angel
never sees any thing to regret in the government forciblo appeal on the
of God: it is only man-ignorant, foolish, feeble
man--who views the divine procedure with sor.. Drity and Pririlege of Prayer in the present earth, when translated to a place in heaven, feels
row and despondency. Even an inhabitant of shaking of the nations.
no longer as he used to feel: he sees there can
be nothing wrong in the government of God: he We live in extraordinary times. If, as we reposes with implicit confidence in the wisdom firmly beliere, the gospel is destined to be uni and the power which direct and control the afversal in the earth, it is obvious that great fairs of the universe. We may not be capable, changes must take place in the world, before this from the weakness of our nature and the relacan be accomplished. There are many coun tions in which we stand, of rising to a state of triesm-Popish, Mohammedan, and heathen-in such high and holy feeling: we may often bave which the existing state of things presents to the causen-nay, it may even be our duty to regret eye of man insuperable barriers to the propaga
and to condemn the conduct of men: yet, when tion of Christianity in its native purity. Now,
we consider that all the actions of creatures, in these barriers, or whatever nature they are, must
fact the whole affairs of the universe, are under be removed, that "the way of the Lord may be the government of a Being of incomprehensible prepared. Every valley shall be exalted, and wisdom, of irresistible power, and of unfathoma. every mountain shall be made low; and the ble goodness—and when he has commanded us crooked shall be made gtraight, and the rough to commit them into His hands in prayer, as a places plain.
means, not only of relieving ourselves of a bur. In the close of the last Report, it was remark den which we are totally unfit to bear, but of of causes are ordinarily in slow and silent opera: | things for His own glory and for the good of the ed, "that, in the govermeni of God, a variety bringing into operation His own gracious purtion, previous to the accomplishment of any great event that these causes, multiplying and human race it might be hoped that Christians combining together, often at length acquire an
would unite with one heart and one soul in overwhelming energy; and, within a short period, I prayer, especially at such an important crisisproduce changes in the whole frame of society that the shaking, which is at present taking which, in the ordinary course of events, it would place among the nations, may usher in the comhave required ages to accomplish.”
ing of Him who is emphatically styled, the desire Of the truth of this remark, we have had some of all nations. Let the chains of popish superstriking illustrations since our last annual meet stition, by which so many countries have been for ing. The changes which we have witnessed, age, bound, be only burst asunderlet the im there can be little question, have an important pediments be removed out of the way which at bearing meither for good or for evilmon the in- present check or prevent the preaching of the torests of the Church of Christ. Of these events, uncorrupted gospel of Christ let there arise a men form different views--some hailing them as race of ahle, faithful, evangelical, useful minis, the harbinger of better days to the great family ters of the New Testament-and we shall behold of man; while the hearts of others "fail them for the beneficial result, not in Christendom only, fear, and for looking after those things which are but, at no distant period, in every quarter of the coming on the earth." But, whatever be the habitable globe. '"Awake! awake! put on thy light in which we view them, there is a duty re strength, O Zion: pul on thy beautiful garments, sulting from them, which we apprehend is buto Jerusalem, the holy city. I have set watchlittle felt, even by the professed disciples of men on thy walls, o Jerusalem, which shall never Christ--the duty of prayer. Yet the higher the
hold their peace day nor night. Ye, that make hopes which some, on the one hand, form, and I mention of the Lord, keep not silence; and give the greater the fears which others entertain, the hin no rest, till he establish, and till he make obligation of both to "give themselves into Jerusalem a praise in the earth."
In Maryland a law was passed, at the last scs. DOMESTIC.
sion of the legislature, exempting all persone, who have resided in the state four months, from imprisonment, when the debi shall not exceed
$30. There were imprisoned in the city of BalABSTRACT OF THE SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT
timore, alone, for less than $20 each, during the OF THE PRISON DISCIPLINE SOCIETY
year 1829, seven hundred and twelve persons.
The law of the last session will probably save THE statements composing this report arc ar
from imprisonment, in a single year, nou less than
twelve hundred persous, in the state of Mary. ranged principally under the following licads:
land. Imprisonment for debt, State Prisons, Houses of To show the injustice and bad economy of the Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents, and Asylums common system of imprisoument for debt, it is for poor Lunatics.
stated that seven persons lay in jail one hundred
and seventy-two days in the city of Philadelphia, Imprisonment for Debt.—This subject has in the suininer of 1830, for seven debts, anountrecently attracted special attention. The gov-lling together 10 82,84. Of the whole sever, one emors of several of the states have introduced it only paid the debt, and that was a debt of 25 into their messages, and pressed it upou the al
cents. It was ascertained that six could not pay;
and of these, five lay in jail at least thirty days tention of the legislatures. In seven slaves the each. laws respecting ihe imprisonment of poor debtors Penitentiaries. The stare prison at Thomashave received important modifications. In Ken ion contains about as many cells as convicts, so tucky there has been no imprisonment for debi
constructed as nearly, if not entirely to prevent during the last nine years; and for a number of large part of the time, therefore is spent by the
evil communications. Each cell has a Bíble. A years there has been noue in New Hampshire for convicts in solitude and silence, with ine word of a sum less than $13,33.
God in their hands; and with none to take away
the good seed sown in their hearts the moment in In Maine a law was passed in March last, to is planted. A Sabbath school has been instituted abolish imprisonment for debt, and to punish for those who cannot read, which is superintend. fraudulent debtors. The ostensible object in ed by a chaplain, who also preaches the gospel. passing this law was, to exempt the honest Joini labor is performed, under close inspection, debtor from arrest and imprisonment, except in
when the convicts are neither in solitary confinocases where fraud is alleged and proved, by ment, nor under instruction; so what the whole competent witnesses, before an impartial tribunal. Lime, except that allotted to sleep and food, is The provisions of this law apply to all dents ex lesigned to be filled up with reading and reflecceeding five dollars. This law, if properly ad- sion, wstruction, supervision, and labor. With ministered, may probably save from imprison- this system, we believe the instances are not soliment in Maine about one thousand persons tary, in which the grace of God has proved sufannually
ficient to wrn the heart from sin to holiness. In Vermont the subject was introduced by the In New Hampshire it is not more apparent in governor in his last message, and a law was the county prisons, by the small number of passed during the session of the legislature, giv- | debtors that are confined in them, than by the ing the poor debtor power to take the oath, it be state prison at Concord, by the small number of is judged a fit subject to take it, within two hours convicts, that this is a favored state, in regard to afier judgment is rendered. This provision of its prisons. Two of the principal causes of the the new law will probably remove ahout one
small number of convicts are its debtor laws and third or one fourth part of the evil of imprison-pauper laws. The county prisons have few Inent for debt in Vermont,
debtors in training for villany and state prison In Massachusetts the governor introduced the punishment, and the poor houses are not sustainsubject in his message ai the last session of the od by a heavy state tax, for the support of foreigu legislature; and a law was passed exempting || paupers. females for all sums, and others for sums less l'he new prison in Vermont, containing 1.36 than ten dollars, on contracts made subsequent to
cells for solitary confinement at night, is nearly July 1, 1831. Though this may appear to many
finished, and will be soon occupied. When the a small law, it will save from incarceration, if it is convicts in an old prison are renioved from an obeyed, about five hundred persons annually. old building, where they have been associated,
In the legislature of New York a bill was without restraint, in large night rooms, to a new brought in, adopting the principle of no imprison- | building, like that here spoken of, separated from ment for debt except in cases of fraud; this fraud || cach other, and placed under constant inspection to be alleged and proved before an impartial tri and restraint, an amount of profaneness and bunal by competent witnesses, and, when thusblasphemy, lasciviousness and mischief, is preproved, to be punished as a misdemeanor. The il vented, far beyond the conception of those who law passed boih branches of the legislature by a have not been tamiliar with the dreadful corrupfarge majority; but does not go into operation tion of old state prisons. 61) March 1, 1832.
The discipline of the Massachusetts stato The great evil which this law is intended 10 | prison continues as described last year. SepaTemedy, whether it shall prove effectual or not, is ration at night, sidence, order, industry, respectful the incarceration, according to the best estimates
and cheerful obedience among the convicis, harWe are able to make, of 10,000 persons anmally; mony, mildness, and authority
among the officers, - incarceration, too, not according to the com are its leading features. The moral and religious mon form; but with no provision by law of bed- instruction, by the chaplain, on the Sabbath, in ding, fuel, or food to protect the subjects of it
the chapel, by public worship, by the Sabbath from cold and hunger-and this, in a multitude school, and, during the week, by morning and of cases, for very small sums.
evening prayers, and reading of the scriptures,
and by private admonition, sympathy, and coun: is a most noble and extensive institution. During sel in the afternoon of each day, is su-lained with the year 11-1 immales have been received; and punctuality and encouragement. And in the since the opening of it, six years ago, it has se. Sabbath school, which was instructed last year, ceived 800), of whom 650 have been disposed of under the superintendence of the chaplain, by in different ways. The managers add, "that convicts, there are now found willing one hun they can already point to hundreds of cases in dred and thirty or foriy persons, from twelve or which idle and dissolute, and even criminal hiteen churches, of ditierent denominations, in children of both sexes have been reclaimed, Charlestown and Boston, to engage, alternately, snatched as it were from the steep leading 10 by lens and twenties, as teachers in the Sabbath inevitable destruction, and moulded into wellschool, in the state prison.
behaved, sober, moral, industsious, and modest The state prison in Connecticut is still in a
young artisans, farmers, seamen, seamstresses, state of progressive improvement. Nothing can show this more clearly, than a comparison of the An act of incorporation las been obtained for earnings and expendienres, during the whole a house of refuge in Baltimore, and expectations period. The enrninge of the convicts exceeded are cherished that it will be speedily established. the whole expense of the establishment, for the Similar institutions are much needed in all the six months ending March 31, 1328, 91.017 16; i states, and especially in connection with the large year endng March 31, 192, 43,229 11; year: citics, ending March 31, 18:50, $5,068 9k; year ending Asylums for Lunatics. In the states of March 31, 1831, 87,821 02; making a total gain
Maine, New Hampshire and Verniout there to the state, in 3 1-2 years, of $17,139 53. This
no asylums for this unhappy class of is after deducting the expenses, not only of food,
persons, though the number in each stale who clothing, fuel, medical attendance, and incidental
are poor and friendless, probably exceeds 200, expenses of the prison, but the pay of officers, The expense of the old prison, during the same
A building for this purpose has been commenced
and will soon be completed at Worcester, Masperiod of 3 1-2 years, exceeded the income, sachusetts, by the authority and at the expense 824,338 78; making a difference to the state, between the old and the new prison, in 31-%
of the state. In the state of New York, where
arc 51%) or 600 poor lunaties, a committee of years, of 941,478 31, in the keeping of an average of about 150 convicts. The women, who betore
the legislature have reported in favor of an asy;
lum, which it is expected the public spirit and were crowded together in one appartment, and humanity of the state will soon carry into effect. left to themselves, are now separated at night, A Generai l'iew.-In regard to imprisonment and employed by day under the constant care
for deht, by the laws which have been passed in and supervision of a marron. The chaplain saya, in a letter dated May 7, 1831, 1 suppose the aftern thousand persons will be saved from im
a single yoar, in all probability, from twelve to female department here is the best arranged of prisonment for sinall debts. By these laws, perany in the world. Formerly, when they were all in one room, the noise which they made might be ivy, are in some measure relieved; but while so
sonal liberty, public morals, and common humanheard at a distance; and hair, torn from each other's heads, might be scen strewed about the forget the far greater number who will be incar
many are saved from imprisoument, let us not floor. Now, they are lodged in separate cells, cerated in those states where no such laws bave more than support themselves by their labor, and
been passed, and where the remedy is applied are much changed for the better as 10 their out
only in a small degree. ward appearance."
In regard to our stale prisons, we can now The prison at Sing Sing in the state of New begin to look upon many of them with complaYork is highly commended by the inspectors
cency, as places of separation at night, superboth as to discipline and health; and the duties of
vision, silence, order, neatness, bard labor, the chaplain have been performed in a satisfac
economy, and good government; and, connected
with all these improvements, we see, in each of The course of diecipline adopted in the new penitentiary in Philalelphia, embracing both chaplain, the chapel,' the Sabbath school, the
the reformed prisons, the Bible, the resident solitary confinement and solitary labor, is thought private admonition, counsel, and instruction; in by the inspectors to have thus far succeeded well.
one word, in some good degree, what we may No prisoner is seen by another after he enters the
suppose the Lord Jesus Christ would require a walls. Great terror is known to have been impressed on the minds of the convict community prisons.
conimunity, calling itself Christian, to make its are more than balanced by the receipts
. Four Deljaquents, our country has given a noble ex
regard to Houses of Refuge for Juvenile hundred additional cells are to be built imme- ample to other nations. The houses of refuge diately. A new county prison is to be erected in
in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia have Philadelphia.
onstantly under their paternal roofs almost five The new building in Baltimore for the accom
hundred youth and children. How incalculable modation of nearly 100 convicts in separate cells
must be the good, in a course of years, resulting is occupied, the discipline improved, and the from this most noble charity!
We would deem earnings of the convicis exceed all expenses of it an object worthy of a life, to add another to their support.
the number of these institutions. That in BaltiA new penitentiary at Nashville, Tennessee,
more we hope soon to see in operation. has been erccted on the plan of that at Aubum. In Ilinois a small penitentiary is erectinging has been done in the way of reform; and we
la regard 10 our County Prisons, little or nothon the same plan. "In Virginia, Ohio, and Kentucky, the peniten- pull down the Sd county prisons and build
freely acknowledge, that we have no heart to tiaries remain much the same as heretofore.
greater, while the principal cause of any such Houses of Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents.com vecessity arises from the fact, that about three to That in Boston continues to sustain its former
one of all the persons committed in them are for good character. That in the city of New York li debt, and about two thirds of these are for debts