« AnteriorContinuar »
under twenty dollars, and from one half to two been heretofore paid in consequence of the old tbirds of the whole number, on writ, without process of collecting, but probably pay the whole judge, jury, or witness. The country at large amount of the debts. does not appear to be disposed to enlarge iis In regard to Asylums for Poor and Imprisoned county prisons, and adopt the improved princi- Lunatics, Massachusetts has taken the lead, in ples of prison discipline, viz. solitary confine- this new department of benevolence; New York ment, rigid discipline, and hard labor, and this, || is preparing to follow the example; and we are too, át a great eipense, for the sake of persons confident, that nothing is necessary to cause a incarcerated for small debts. The public opinion beautiful sisterhood of these needful institutions, of the country, and the legislation of the coun but a knowledge of the facts proving their necesIry, so far as we are able to judge, are tending sity. to a different result, as the laws of the last win In regard to Establishments for the Pauper ter sufficiently prove. It appears to be a great | Population, particularly of large cities, we bewaste to expend time and money in building new lieve many important principles concerning their and large county prisons, for the accommoda- | construction, discipline, employment, and intion of those, many of whom public opinion and struction, have been, and may be, derived from the laws are likely so soon to relieve in another the improved prisons. way. A county prison, properly constructed for In view of the whole field of labor fairly emthe accommodation of the thousand or twelve braced by the Prison Discipline Society, it is hundred persons saved from imprisonment, in large enough, and sufficiently interesting, to enthe state of Maryland, in a single year, by the courage patient and persevering labor without very brief and small law of the last winter, pro deviation or despondency. hibiting the imprisonment of persons for less Thanking the Lord, therefore, for the mercies than $30, would cost, probably, not less than of the last year, we consecrate ourselves anew one hundred thousand dollars. The interest on to his service, in this department of benevo. this sum would not only pay as much as bas "lence,
CHINA A8 A FIELD FOR PROTESTANT
N19- || ing the vast empire of China; and in March,
1812, arrived at my destined mission, in the pro
vince of Sutchuen. I was at first employed, for The more we know of the populous nations of some months, in the study of the language of the southeastern Asia, and the vast neighboring country; and since then have devoted myself to
the functions of my holy ministry, with so much archipelago, the more probable it seems that all satisfaction, that I have never had reason to reof them either are now, or will soon be, open to gret my situation, In 1815 a severe and very the labors of discreet Protestant missionaries. I general persecution against the Christians was In respect to China, supposed to be among the excited, in all the provinces of the empire, and fields most inaccessible, we find some interesting jury on the cause of Christianity throughout this
especially in Sutchuen, which inflicted great ir and encouraging statements in a number of the mission. My predecessor, Monsignor Dufresse, Wesleyan Methodist Magazine just received bishop of Trabbaca, and vicar apostolic of this from England, which will be subjoined. We province, was arrested, and condemned to death
by decapitation, obtaining thereby the crown of first copy a letter from a Romish bishop, resid- | martyrdom. The bishop of Zela, coadjutor, was ing as a missionary in the city of Tcong-Kin-driven from his home, every where pursued and Teheon, province of Sutchuen, one of the interior persecuted, and at length died in Toncino, sinks provinces of China. The letter is dated Sept. of Sutchuen were arrested, and condemned to
under his fatigue and sufferings. Nine priests 20, 1829, and was translated from the Italian.
various punishments for the glorious cause of
religion: four of them obtained the palm of marn The following letter is from the “Gazetta di tyrdom; two being strangled, and two others Venezia," which refers to the Piedmont Ga- dying in prison, in consequence of severe
scourgings, and other cruel tortures: three wero We have received a letter of Monsignorexiled into Chinese Tartary, and two others conJacobo Suigi Fontana, bishop and vicar apos- || demned to the punishment of the kanga, and tolic of Kutchuen, in China, which gives proof of perpetual imprisonment. Many Christians, of the rapid progress the Christian religion is now both sexes, and of all ages, gave heroic exam. making in China,
ples of constancy in the confession of their faith, After having explained the causes of his long showing themselves ready to die, and to suffer silence, namely, that couriers found with letters every kind of torture rather than abjure it; and in their possession, written in European charac- consequently great numbers of them suffered as ters, are exposed to the punishment of death, or martyrs. Some were strangled; some condemnperpelual cxile; that such discoveries might ex ed to suffer the kanga, some to exile, others to pose the native Christians to more frequent per imprisonment for life; and many died in prison secution; and that, therefore, he was obliged to from the scourgings and other tortures cruelly send his correspondence only once a year to
inflicted on them. During this severe persecuMacao; the venerable pastor thus proceeds:-.
tion, I passed through many perils and much "As to myself, afier' travelling five years in suffering. Having been denounced before the various parts of India, after frequent delays of Mandarins, I was sought for, and pursued so inany months each, for want of vessels in which I furiously, that I was often obliged to fly to the to embark, and after many vicissitudes and forests, and take shelter in the caverns, among various dangers, I at length succeeded in anter. I the mountains on the borders of Sutchuen and
Yun-Nan, venturing only by night to leave my The author goes into lengthened details conhiding-place, for the purpose of visiting the sick, cerning the late severe persecutions. He states and exhorting the Christians of the two provinces that the Italian and French missionaries had to firmness and constancy in the exercise of drawn a map of China, in which certain places their religion, and the confession of their holy were marked, as being converted to Christianity; faith,
that this map they were sending, with a young “At present, the persecution has much dimin native convert, to the pope; and that, owing to ished in violence, but is not quite over. We the machinations of the Portuguese, the messenhave here five European missionaries, including ger was arrested, and his papers laid before the the two bishops, the vicar apostolic, and the coad-government. The emperor' was immediately jutor, We have been able to establish a small filled with suspicion lest the pope should pretend clerical seminary in my district; and in the gen lo exercise authority in any part of the celestial eral seminary of the French mission, in Pulo- | empire. The author then proceeds:Pinang, there are already twenty students. We "In consequence of this occurrence, a fresh have thirty native priests; and the number of persecution was commenced against the ChrisChristians” in my district' (Vicariato) is sixty lians. They wanted to oblige them to trample thousand.
upon the cross, and to abjure their errors: those “Although the government has lately issued who refused were threatened with death. At very severe edicts against those who endeavor | Pekin many thousand persons were discovered, to spread Christianity, and especially against who had embraced the Christian religion, even European missionaries, a great number of pa- || among the members of the imperial family and gans annually embrace our holy religion. Whilst mandarins. The enraged monarch commanded examining the state of Christianity, and visiting that the common people should remain unmothe converts of this province, I have often been | lested, and directed all his vengeance against the discovered, and was twice arrested; but I was members of his family. He appointed a special not carried before the Proctor, because the commission, composed of the director-general of Christians, not without danger to themselves, the police at Pekin, (Ti-Tou,) of a prince of the rescued me from the hands of the officers. God blood, and the president of the department of has hitherto given me only to see, and not yet to
criminal affairs, and ordered all those who obdrink, the cup of the holy passion (il calice della stinately refused to abjure Christianity to be imsanta passione;) but I am not without hope that I || prisoned, and tortured in the most cruel manner; shall finish my life like my glorious predecessor; after having been deprived of their rank and formy divine Master requires that I should be wil. I tune, to be beaten on the cheeks and thighs, 10 ling to sacrifice my life for the welfare of the have incisions made in the soles of their feet, and flock committed to me.
the wound filled with horse hair, finely cui, then "I have now reached fifty years of age; and I closed with a plaster, and sealed up. It is affirm. know not when or in what manner my trail lifeed that such tortures had never before been prac. may end. May it please the Lord 10 grant that used in China. I may have a holy death! If I should obtain the "Several of these miserable beings, chiefly grace to die, like M. Dufresse, my predecessor, || Chinese soldiers, lost their courage during these under the axe of the executioner, the day of tortures, but the majority remained faithful to death will be far more happy than that of their religion. In the sequel, the president of the birth."
criininal tribunal, baving learned ihat, in his own Since the bishop's letter was copied-says the house, nearly all his relations and servants were correspondent who transmitted the foregoing | Christians, was less rigorous in his examinations, letter for publication in the Magazine I have
and more indulgent towards the Christians. An seen a work on China, which appears to come
order was issued for seizing, in the four Catholic from competent authority, and which, among Christian religion, written in Chinese or Mant,
convents in Pekin, all works relating to the made by Christianity, even among the higher choo, as well as the blocks which served for classes of that country; as also, the constancy printing them; but the priests succeeded in savdisplayed by most of the Christians, under
ing the greater part. persecution: and as the author is a Russian,
“Thus the distrustful character of the Chinese, his testimony cannot be suspected of partiality and the indiscreet zeal of the Jesuits, in sending towards persons of another nation and another map and the young Chinese to the pope, crced.
were tie principal causes of the persecution It appears that, for more than a century past, I against the Roman Catholte Christians; for othera Russian mission, composed of ecclesiastics,
wise the Chinese government is, in many rehas not only been tolerated at Pekin, but pro- | spects, distinguished for its great toleration.” tected, and in a great measure supported, by the This observation of the author, as to Chinese Chinese government. The individual members toleration, is supported by the following pasof the mission are changed every ten years; and it appears that Timkouski, the author of this * March 20th. The Chinese Christian, Pierre work, was the officer appointed by the Russian Bourjoie, told me that the procurator-general of emperor to superintend the mission, on its journey one of the southern provinces has sent a report to to and from 'Pekin, in 1820 and 1821, when it the emperor, respecting several Chinese, who was last changed. He appears to be an impar- || had been condemned for having embraced the tial observer; and his book' has also the benefit Christian religion. The emperor asked in what of the notes and corrections of the celebrated their crime consisted. The mandarin replied Klaproth, who himself, I believe, many years that they had abandoned the faith of their ancesago, was inspector or superintendent during one tors, to follow foreign doctrine. The emperor, of the changes of the mission.
finding nothing in this action which could disturb It appears that the conduct of the Chinese the tranquillity of the empire, ordered them to be towards European Christians depends more upon
sent home at the expense of the government. the disposition of the reigning monarch, than on “All religions are tolerated in China. The any fixed law.
policy of the Mantchoo conrt has adopted the
maxim of leaving every man 10 believe what he || equally the protection of the laws, and live upon
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.
FRON DECEMBER 16TH, TO JANUARY 15TH,
1. AUXILIARY SOCIETIES.
New Hartford, Mon. con. in presb. so.
17 85 Salina, Mon. con. 20; J. H. 6; 26 00 Sherburne, lat presb. ww. mon.
con. 19,21; av. of beads, 9; 28 21 Smyrna, Mon. con.
8 00 Trenton, L. Younglove,
14 28 Utica, Benev. asso, in 1st presb. so.
200 00 Vernon Village, Presb. so.
26 00 Verona, Mon. con. in 1st cong. chh.
6 45–569 60 Strafford co. N. H., A. Freeman,
Ir. Dover, Contrib. 30; la. 14; mon. con. 2,79;
46 79 Effingham, Indiv.
2 50 Ossipee, Asso.
10 00 Rochester, Asso.
18 57 Wakefield, Asgo.
12 00-89 86 Tolland co. Ct. J. R. Flynt, Tr. Ellington, Extra contrib.
17 67 Tolland, Mon. con.
65 Vernon, Extra contrib.
130 00148 32 Windham co. North, Ct. E. New
bury, Tr. Abington, Gent. 39; la. 30,11; 69 II Brooklyn, Gent. 40,50; la. 32,84; mon. con. 30,42;
103 76 Eastford, La.
34 81 Killingly, A friend,
37 80—330 96 Windsor co. Vt. D. Peirce, Tr. Norwich, 8. par. Fem. so.
12 00 Woodstock, Widow H. P. L. N. par. Mon. con.
541-17 91 York co. Me.C. Williams, Tr. Alfred, Mon. con.
20 00 Kennebunkport, A fem. friend, av. of beads, &c.
4 42 Saco, La.
4 65_-29 07 Total from the above Auxiliary Societies, $4,776 52
Addisor co. Vt. E. Brewster, Tr.
20 00 Boston and tic. Ms. C. Stoddard, Tr.
700 00 Central aut. 80. N.J., J. S. Green,
Tr. (of which to constitute
160 87 Fairfeld co. West,"Ct. M. Marvin,
17 00 -18 25 Hartford co. Ct. J. R. Woodbridge,
4 31 Hartford, Ist 80. Mon. con. 28 67 9. B0. MẪon. con.
30 00 Manchester, Gent.
160 00—264 16 New York city and Brooklyn, W. W. Chester, Tr.
1,748 06 Norwich and vic. Ct. F. A. Per
kins, Tr. Bozrah, Gent.
14 37 Bozrahville, Gent, andla.
fr. a friend, in constitute the
161 01-679 37 Oneida co. N. Y. A. Thomas, Ty. Augusta, Mon. con. in lst cong. chh, and so.
1 62 Herkimer, Fem. miss. so.
23 00 Lenox, For. miys. 80.
28 00 Litchfield, Mon. con.
8 72 Madison. 'The sum of 852,04,
ack. In Aug. as fr. Hamilton,
was rec'd fr. Madison.
84 60 15 00
Albany, N. Y. 4th presb. chh. 50; mem
bers of 2d chh. and cong. 34,60; Alexandria, D. C. 2d presh. chh. Alleghanytown, Pa. 1st presb. chh. 27;
a little boy, 25c. Amherst, Ms. Mon. con. in 1st par. 25;
do. in college, 8,08; Mrs. Hamphrey, 5; Andover, Ms. Mrs. L. B. Edwards, for
ed. of hea. females, Arkport, N. Y. Fem. miss, so. Bangor, Me. Mon.con. Barre, Ms. Mon.com. in evang. 80. Barrington, R. I. Mon. con. in cong.
chh. Belchertown, Ms. Mon. con. 20; Mrs. R.
Walker, 10; Berlin, Ms. Mon. con. Boston, Ms. La. so. for pro. chris. among
the Jews, for ed. of Jewish chil. in Bombay, 100; for trans. of scrip. and
12 00 12 00 62 00 12 00
30 00 20 00
Prattsburgh, N. Y. Fern. mise. so. to recir. of relig. tracts amung the Jews in
pair loss by fire in Manepy, Palestine, 100; for oulat and expenses 668 27
10 00 of Mr. Schautler, 456,27; a friend, 12;
Prince Edward ca. Va. So. of inquiry in
36 12 Union theol, Sem. Brigiton, Ms. Mon. con. in evang. so.
13 25 5 00
Princeton, N. J., T. Van Doren, a thank. Brownsburg, Pa. D. Wynkoop,
otr. Canandaigua, N. Y. Toward the support
20 00 103 65 Providence, R. I. Benef. cong, miss. so. of a missionary,
7 00 Canton, Ms. Fern. miss. so.
Robert:' M. H., S. C. Coll. by Rev. G.
29 43 Carmel cong. S. C. By Rev. G. W. B.
25 81 Charlestown, Ms. Fem. relig. char. so. in
Royalton, Vt. Mon. con, 30 00
18 00 Jst par. Charlotte Hall, Va. T. S. Pinneo,
10 00 Scotchtown, N. Y., S. M. ]0; Rev. M. B. Chaty, N. Y. Mrs. A. Hubbell, *; asso.
5; J. McIV. 4; J. M. McWil;
20 00 12 50 Sharon, Cl. A friend, by Rev. W.C. 4,50,
100 00 12 00 Simsbury, Ct. Mon. con. Cleveland, O., C. L. Lathrop,
Somers, Ct. Mon. con. Cliftur, Eng. Mrs. Hannah Vore, for
12 00 Barley Wood school in Ceylon, 101. stg.
Somerville, NJ. Miss E. V.
5 00 and prem. 48 77 Springfield, Vt. A sab, sch. teacher,
2 00 Corsackie, N. Y. Fem. miss. so.
75 28 Springfield, N. J. Miss. 50. 33,69; mon. Danby, N. Y. Fem. cent so. 12; a friend, 3; 15 00 con. 13,31;
47 00 Dancers, Ms. Indiv. in S. par. 189 00 Toronshend, Vt. Mon. con.
12 00 Danville, Vt. I. P. Dana,
9 32 Donegal, Pa. Fem. asso.
50 00 Dudley, Ms. La. asso. 26; mon. con. 24;
Wells, Me. Thanksg. coll. in 1st cong. so. 20 12 to constitute the Rev. JAMES H. FRAN
West Amesbury, M: Mon. con.
13 00 cis an Honorary Member of the Board, 50 00
Williamstoton, Ms. Young la. sewing so.
10 00 Durkirk, N. Y. Mon. con. for Sandw
Wilmington, Ms. Coll. 10,23, mon, con.
10 00 East Machias, Me. Miss Foster,
15 00 Elmira, N. Y. Miss Emerson,
30 00 Worcester Ms. Three sisters, to aid the Faircior, S. C. Coll. by Rev. G. W. B.
mission families who suffered by fires Fort Royal, Va. J. Stevenson, 10 00 at Manepy and Constantinople,
100 00 Grafton, Vt. Mon. con.
19 00 Green River, N. Y. A young lady,
50 Harpersfield, N. Y. Mon. con. 12; indiv.
Whole amount of donations acknowledged in the 24;
preceding lists, $8,601 37.
7 00 Hartford, O. Miss. 8o. Ipswich, Ms. G. W. Heard, to constitute the Rev. DANIIL Fitz an Honorary
III. LEGACIES. Member of the Board,
50 00 Keene, N. H., A friend,
1 00 Kingsburo' N. Y., La asso. 21,57; P.
Gilmanton, N. H. Mrs. Eunice Wells, Milis, 50; D. Leonard, 40; Rev. E. Yale,
dec'd, by D. Smith, Ex'r,
30 00 15; J. L. 10; DR. 5; W. W.5; C. M.
Woodstock, Cr. Miss Thankful Skinner, 5; J. S. 5; A. A. J. 5; 8. S. W. 2; H.C.
dec'd, (81,972 having been received
267 57 2, J. H. 1;S. J. 1;
previously,) by T. B. Chandler,
76 07 3 53 Kinsman, O. Miss. so, 2,53; D. C. B. 1;
12 50 Lancaster, Pa. W. Kirkpatrick,
6 57 Lincoln, Ms. Mon. con.
IV. DONATIONS IN CLOTHING, &c.
5 00 Loudon co. Va. S. D. Williams,
10 00 Lunenburg, Vt. E. Clark, Lyons, N. Y. Fem. asso. 23; mon. con.
Abington, li par. Me. A bedquilt, &c. fr.
41 00 17; Miss G.'s infant sab. sch. l;
a friend, 50
6 00 Marlboro', N, H., A friend,
Boston, Nis. Binding of books, fr. A. 15 50
Haskell, Maryville, E. Ten. Miss. so.
Gill, Ms, A box. Mouson, Ms. A. W. PORTER, which constitutes him an Honorary Member of
Hartford, 0, Clothing, fr. fem. mles 80.
100 00 the Board,
4; a blanket, fr. Mrs. S. B.; two pillow 7 00
cases, fr. Mrs. T. B; 2 yds. annel, fr.
A. H.; a dress and quill, fr. indiv.
North Brookfield, Ms. Stockings, fr. la. rine Dimmick in do, 13; mon. con. in
Perham, N. H. Cloth, 16 yds. fr. fem. 3d so. 93,73; la. asso. 63,88; a mother's
char. 80. thank off. 3; a friend, 39c. fem. Jews
Shoreham, Vt. A roll of cloth, fr. Mrs.
for wes, miss,
Springfield, Ms. Books, fr. S. Warriner, 20 00 124 00
Sullivan, M. H. 3 yde, cloth, fr. C. Lock.
Ware, E. par. Ms. A box, fr. la, asso.
following articles are respectfully solicited from
Manufacturers and others. 15 00
Printing paper, to be used in publishing portione of the Scriptures, school books, Tracts, &c. at Bombay, and at the Sandwich Islands.
Writing paper, writing books, blank books,quille,
slates, &c. for all the missions and mission schools: 362 31 | especially for the Sandwich Islands.
Shoes of a good quality, of all sizes, for persone
Blankets, coveriets, sheets,&c.
Neeleytown, N. Y. Mon. con.
so. for Med. miss. 9; New York city, R. S. 2; a friend, 50c. Norfolk, Ct. OLIPBR B. BUTLER, which
constitutes him an Honorary Member
& Battell, 12;
Stephen Church in Ceylon, 12; a
presb. chh: 122,76;
2d presb. chh. 7,83;
chil. in India,
Sept. 18. In company with Miss Farrar went to Mazagaum to converse with Mr. S., Mrs. H., and Mrs. C., respecting their Christian knowledge and experience. They
have all requested to be received into the In the number of this work for September, of | In the judgment of charity their Christian
mission church at our next communion. last year, the journal of Mr. Stone was brought knowledge and experience are such as to down to the 11th of August, 1830.
justify their request and the church's re
ception of them to her communion. Mrs. August 18, 1830. Spent part of the day | H. cannot read, and speaks English very in giving Christian instruction to Bapoo | imperfectly. Her experience shows very and Dajeeba, two candidates for baptism, || strikingly that it is the work of the Holy and to our Portuguese catechist.
Spirit to enlighten and renovate the soul. 20. Evening had twenty hearers at my
Mrs. C. is the wife of Mr. C. who was relecture at Mazagaum, a larger number than ceived into the church two years ago, and has before attended since the rains com who is now employed as a catechist in the menced.
mission. They were both formerly of the 22. Sabbath. Preached to the natives Romish church. at the chapel in Mahratta, in the morning, 20. Attended the annual meeting of the and in English in the evening. in conse Bombay Auxiliary Bible Society, held at quence of a Hindoo festival, not so large a the vestry of St. Thomas church. Several number of natives as usual attended. This | resolutions were passed, and speeches made is the day in which the natives bring the by the movers. The operations of this soimages of the goddess of wisdom, Gunput- || ciety are increasing yearly, and they will tee, into their houses, where they are feast continue to increase till the word of life is ed fourteen days; and then they are de put into the possession of these millions of spoiled of their ornaments and cast into the inhabitants.
30. Visited schools-taught the people 26. Bapoo and Dajeeba continue to || by the way side-prepared matter for the come and read the Scriptures with me press-examined proof sheet, &c. daily. They both profess their belief in Oct. 3. Sabbath. Preached in the morning Christianity and their intentions to receive to the natives; in the afternoon attended to baptism. Dajeeba says, “Let my caste take the catechetical instruction of the schools; my life, if they choose, for my renouncing | in the evening Rev. Mr. Hughes, of the Hindooism and embracing Christianity; I | Welch Calvinist Methodist church, preachhad rather lose my life than my soul.” He ed, after which Mr. S., Mrs. H., and Mrs. appears more established in the faith of the C., were received into the church by taking gospel than ever before.
upon them the covenant. Then the sacra 29. Sabbath, Preached to an unusually ment of the Lord's supper was administered large congregation of nạtives this morning. by myself. Twenty-two communicants, Several men and women were present, 1 members of four different denominations, whom I do not recollect ever having seen
viz. of the mission church fourteen, of the in the chapel before. I trust an unction Scottish church six, of the Welch Calvinist from the Holy Spirit assisted me both in Methodist church
and of the church
15. The great Dewallee festival, which attend that exercise.
is observed by all classes of natives, comVOL. XXVIII.