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New Providence, N. J. Fem. juv. so, for
North Bridgerater, Ms. Widow Betsey ed. hea. youth, 3d pay. fur Elius Riggs
Packard, dec'd, in t'eylon, 20. feul, char. sn. 5; Ja, ava
Princeton, Ms. Ephraim Whitcomb, of jewelry, 6,25; J. L. 5; J. M. M. 2;
dec'd, by E. Beansau, Ex'r,
IV. DONATIONS IN CLOTHING, &c.
3 00 Bloomfield, A box, fr. fem. Dorcas so. for Nurth tridgewater, Ms. A lemn. friend,
Rev.S. Ruggles, Sandw. Islands, 2500 Nurth Chelmsford, Ms. Mon coin.
5 71 Brurkfield, CL A bundle, fr. Dorcas asso. 20 66 North East, N. Y. Mr. Holbrook,
6 00 Brownington, Vl. A box, fr fem. char. so. 18 50
Camden, N. Y., A br.x, fem. miss. 80. 42 90
23 55 Path Valley, Pa. Upper chh.
2 50 Essez, Vt. Clothing &c. fr. la. asko. 2298 Peucham, Vt. Mon. C D. 22,85; do. av. of
Exeter, N. Y., A box, for slackinaw, 56 00 jewelry, 16; E. Clark, 2;
Furmington, 0. A bus, fr. fem. niiss.
39 75 Putxfield, als. La. Jews so. for Jewish
Franklin, N. Y. Clothing, fr. Indies for do. 10 00 chil. in India,
24 75 Hamp. Chris. Depos. Ms. Cummingen, Praltsburgh, N. Y. Mrs. M. Waldo, to
a bundle, fr. fenti, asso 20; a bundle, fr. constituite the Rev. JAMES H. HOTCH
do.; Granby, W. par. fulled chill and KIN tf llector, an Honorary Member of
shoes, fr. gent. asso.; Middlefield, the Bewird,
50 00 Brucks, fr. la. axsu.; Norwich, quilts and Princeton, N. J. Fem. Ceylon miss. so.
yarn; sundies, tri gent. asso, and la. for supprire of a fem. sch. in Ceylon, 60 00 asso.; Plainfield, sallinet, fr. gent. asso, Ryegate, Vi. Chh. of Rev. d. M. for im
sundries, fr fem. believ. so. 16; do. fr. pris, missionaries,
2 65 In. asso. 1,68; West Hampton, cluth, Salem, Pa, L. Weston,
finnuel, &c. fr. la. asso).; Granby, Ist Suvannah, Gn. Bliss. so. coll, at mon.
pai. a barrel, for Mackinaw miss.; con. in indep. presb. chh. 38,55; Ist
Northampton, a box, fr. Dorcas so. presb. chh. 34, 43;
97 98 for do. Sheffield, O. Mon. con. in presb, chh.
3 37 Halifax, Vi. Bedquilie, fryoung ladies. Sherburne, Ms. Blon. col. in Rev. Mr.
Hurpersville, N. Y. A bux, tí feu. sew.so.
1974 Holland Patent, N. Y., A box, fr. ladies,
51 00 Sing Sing, N. Y. illisses W. and K.
50 Martinsbugh, N. Y., A box, fr. ladies, South Salem, N. Y. l'em. char. so. 25 25 for do.
52 86 St. Johnsbury Pluin, Vt. Fem. cent so.
18 81 New Braintree, Ms. A box, fr. young Swancilie, Mle. Orphan miss. fo. ti con
Neroburyport, Ms. A box. fr. fem. Sandw.
Isl. so, for Sandw, isl, miss.
50 00 Nein Hartford, N. Y., A bux, fr. ladies, Trurton, N. Y. Mon. con. in presb. chh. 12 00 for lackinaw iniss.
66 38 Unim, N. Y. Mon. col. in Rev. Mr.
Nero Maren, (t. A box, for Rev. J. Good-
7 41 rich, Sandw. Islands. Utica, N. Y. ASAHEL SEWARD, which
North Bridgewater, Ms. A bundle, fr.
circle of industry.
miss. 80. Vandalia, lili. Col. (of which fr. Union chh. ;) 25,50; W. G. for test. for
Paris, N. Y., A bundle, fr. fem. benev.
25 75 hea. 250.
80, for Seneca, Walden, Vt. La asso.
Reading, Als. A bundle, for Rev. B. W. Waldoboru', Me. Juv. so. 17; juy. work.
Parker, Sandw. Islands. circle, av. of industry, 13; for Waldo
Smithfield and vic. N. Y., A box, fr. la
30 00 brironsch. in Ceylon,
dies, fur Green Bay miss. Wallingfırd, Ct. La. cent. 8o. 17,84;
South Scotchtorn nud Middletvion, N. Y., 29 84
A hox, for Rev. P. J. Gulick, Sandw. Waterford, Me. Contrib. in cong. 60. to
Islands, constitute the Rev. JOHN A. DOUGLASS
Suffield, ('t. A hox, fr. la. asso, lat so. an Honorary Member of the Board,
Treulon and Deerfield, N. Y. Flannel, Waterford, N. Y. Mon. con. in presb. chh.
socks, and yarn, tr. ladies, for MackiWest Chester, Ct. 1 'oll.
30 00 Westfield, N. J. Mon. con. in presb.chh.
Troy, N. Y., A bor, fr. ladies of let West Hompton, N. Y. Mon. con. in
presb. chh. for Rev. s. Dibble, Sandw. 19 7e
Islands, 120; three barrels fluur, for do. Test Nassau, N. Y. Mon. con.
13 (10) 16,87;
15 00 West Randolph. Vt. Mon. con.
Trumbull, Ct. A bundle, fr. In. miss. 80.
Turin, N. Y., A box, for Sault Ste Marie,
22 25 Underhill, Vt. A brex,
5 00 Al'oodetock, Vt. C, Dana,
Union, Osage nia. Medicinee, fr. A. H'ythe and Montgomery co, Va. Fem.
Woodruff, tract so. for Catharine R. Brown at
Union Furunce, Pa. 30 reais foolscap
30 00 Braineri,
paper, fr. M. Wallace, for Bombay and 11 50
Sandwich Islands. Unknown, N. Jewett, 8,50; S. B. H. 3;
Utica, N. Y. (lothing, fr. Indies, for Whole amount of donntions acknowledged in the
Mackinaw, 101,35; a box, for do. preceding lists, $12,184 03.
Vergenurs. Vt. A box, fr. In niiss. 80.
Vernor Cruire, N. Y., A bos, 1r. Jadies,
Ware, Ms. A bit of shoes, fr. L. Gould, Goshen, Ms. Jonah Williams, dec'd, by
Westminster, W. par. Vt. A box, fr.
50 00 rem, asso. Abisha Williams, Ex'r, Lisbon, Nerrent, ('t. Levi Crosby, dec'd,
Whicsbm o'. N. Y. Clothing, fr. ladies,
50 00 50 00
for Mackinaw, by Aux, Se, of Norwich and vic. Nerton, Mle. Rev Williain Greenough,
Williamsioun, Ms. A hox, fr. la. in Rev.
Nr Gridley's so. for Sandw. Isl. miss.
50 00 Winfield, N. Y. Socks, fr. benev.so.
young la. do. 12;
12 2 25 10 31 00
AMERICAN BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS FOR FOREIGN MISSIONS.
No. I. April, 1832.
Tue engraving above represents a method of self-torture which is very common among the Hindoos. It is called Churuku, or hook-swinging; and is performed in honor of the god Siva, or the Destroyer, the second of the three principal gods of the Hindoos. An abominable festival is celebrated in honor of this god, when ridiculous and indecent ceremonies are performed, and many Hindoos, assuming the name of sunyasees, inflict on themselves the most awful cruelties, such as casting themselves from stagings fifteen or twenty feet high upon sharp spikes or knives set in bags of straw; walking barefoot over heaps of fire; running spits, canes, or rods through their tongues and sides, and swinging on hooks thrust into the fleshy parts of the back, as exhibited in the
engraving. The following account of the manner of performing this torture is taken principally from Ward's account of the manners and customs of the Hindoos. The writer was for many years a missionary among that people and had seen what he describes.
swung in the air.
When this shocking scene is to be ex whirled round again as though nothing had hibited, a high post is erected in some open happened. place, as you see in the engraving. A strong Now all this time, suffer whatever he lever, of bamboo, is made to play or turn may, he must not shew it. If a tear escape round on the top of this post, with cords at hin, he will be utterly disgraced. This, both ends. The man who is to swing falls however, very seldom happens. The man down on his face. A person makes a mark is generally made to drink some intoxicaton his back with dust. Another imme. ing liquor, to help him to bear the pain. diately gives him a smart slap on the place, The thousands of spectators who attend or rubs the flesh very roughly to deaden these scenes seem to care little for the poor the feeling a little, and pinches up the skin wretch who is swinging. Nay, they make a hard with his thumb and fingers; and a kind of fair on the occasion; sounding their third thrusts an iron hook through the place tom-toms or drums, and pitching tents for the marked, so as to take hold of about an inch sale of sweetmeats: and, as the drawing of the flesh. This on one side of the from which the plate was engraved was back; and then the same is done on the taken from a real scene of this kind, it is other, and the man gets up on his feet. He very likely that those better sort of people then mounts on a man's back, or is raised at the front of the picture are bargaining up from the ground in some other way; and about the pay of the wretch who is swingthe cords which are fastened to the hooks ing over their heads; for these tortures are in his back are tied to one end of the bam- sometimes suffered for richer persons, who boo. A rope at the other end is then pulled pay the man for it, and think to get all the down by several men, until that end on good by hiring another to swing for them. which the man swings is raised up from the ground; and then one or more men running round with the rope, the poor victim is
Mr. Sione, missionary of the Board at Bom
bay, a little more than two years ago, saw a Some swing only for a few minutes: woman suffer this self-torture at that place, of others, for half an hour, or more. Some which he has given an account. have been known to swing for hours. One man swung, it is said, three times in one
For the first time witnessed the swinging day, on different posts; and once, four men
of natives on hooks thrust through their swung on one post, which was carried round backs. This practice is not common in the field, while they were swinging, by the Bombay, and is confined to the Kumaty admiring crowd. Some of these persons smoke while To-day three have propitiated the favor of
people, who live in the suburbs of the city, swinging, as though insensible of the least their bloody gods, as they imagine, by pera hands; and either eat it, or throw it among a female. She was about eighteen years of the crowd. One man caused a monkey's age, and strong and masculine in her ap; collar to be run into his own flesh, in which pearance. Two hooks were thrust through state the man and the monkey whirled the flesh in the back, these hooks were fixround together!
ed to a rope fastened to the end of a beam, On some occasions, these devotees have which when elevated, raised her about 30 hooks run through their thighs as well as feet into the air, and this bear was fixed to backs. Five women swung in this manner, a car which was drawn with great velocity not many years since, near Calcutta.
by forty or fifty natives in the circumferIn some parts of India, the man who
ence of a hundred rods. She with one hand swings has a sabre and shield; and makes held by a rope that was fastened to the motions, while swinging, like a man fight- beam as far forward as she could reach, ing.
which prevented her head from hanging It is not uncommon for the flesh to tear, down, but afforded her no other support; and the person to fall. Instances are relat- and with the other she brandished a Mag ed of such persons perishing on the spot. and a large knife over the heads of the A few years ago a man fell from the post at crowd as she sailed round. A large bag of Kidurpooru, while whirling round with yellow ochre, such as the natives paint their great rapidity, and falling on a poor woman foreheads with, was tied about her waist
. who was selling rice, killed her on the spot; This she occasionally scattered round upon and the man died the next day. At a vil- the people beneath her, which the ignorant lage near Bujbuj, some years since, the natives received as a boon from their god. swing fell and broke a man's leg. The man Having been drawn round in the course who was upon it, as soon as he was loosed, five times, the car stopped; but she made ran to another tree, was drawn up, and signs to have them go round again, as the
sixth time is regarded as meritorious as all should be restored to health, they would the preceding five. Her countenance ex- swing in honor of the god; or of some cther hibited great agony: her face became pale vow which they made on condition of obas death; and on being taken down she was taining some favor or escaping some evil: unable to support herself. The whole some swing merely to honor the god, and scene was attended by their horrid music, to obtain power with him to secure blesand infernal shouts of joy. I expostulated sings for themselves or their friends: some with hundreds of people on the absurdity do it to be admired by the gazing crowd, and wickedness of such sacrifices. I told and get name for uncommon holiness. them that instead of propitiating the favor The reader should not think that the sufof God they greatly excited his anger. ferings of the Hindoos, demanded by their They seemed to regard me as one who had religious books, and endured in one form or no fear of the gods. I preached to them another, is limited to only a few. All their the true God, and the only way in which principal gods have festivals annually celethey could secure his favor. Several ap- brated in their honor, some of which last peared satisfied that what I said was true. several days, and at nearly all of which I distributed about fifty books, and returned self-torture of some kind or other is inflicthome at dark, realising more sensibly than ed; so that the sufferings occasioned by ever, that the dark places of the earth are these inflictions, with what is endured by filled with the habitations of cruelty. various classes of devotee beggars, and by
These horrid spectacles of self-torture are worshippers who go long pilgrimages to attended by musicians with their tom-toms celebrate temples, extend io a considerable and other rude instruments, on which they portion of the whole population. These make a deafening noise, while immense festivals, or seasons of Hindoo worship, crowds look on with perfect indifference, include more than one third of the whole talking, laughing, buying and selling arti- year. cles, as if nothing of importance was going It should be remembered that these festi
vals, attended with all this uproar, confuWhile the heart of the reader bleeds to sion, indecency, self-torture, and often selfthink of the sufferings of these poor deluded immolation, are the Hindoos' religious worcreatures, he will naturally ask what they ship! How unlike the worship of the endure all this for.
Christian Sabbath! This is not a state of Some endure it in performance of a vow things that existed formerly and has long which they made in sickness, that, if they since passed away. It exists noro.
PRESENT MORAL CONDITION OF THE WORLD.
In the commission given by our Lord to his disciples, what an immense field did he open for the exercise of Christian philanthropy and heroic enterprise! "Go
ye into all the world; preach the gospel to every creature.” But what is now the spiritual condition of our race?-Five hundred millions, it is notorious, remain to this hour pagan idolaters, and one hundred millions more are the followers of the imposter Mohammed. Two bundred millions only are left wearing the Christian name; and in order to make the calculation respecting the real state of this remnant as favorable as possible, we will suppose the place of your residence to be a fair epitome of the whole Christian world. Is there one person in four there who appears to be brought decidedly under the influence of Christian principles? I fear not. We have then less than 50,000,000 of real Christians on earth at any given time, and all the rest (750,000,000) are living and dying without God in the world! And this is not the picture of the worst, but of the best period of time, next to the days of
Perhaps there never existed more good men on earth at one time than there are at present; and get this leaves more than fifteen out of sixteen of the human race unacquainted with the salvation wbich is in Christ Jesus;- and this havoc made by sin and death bas continued without interruption, day by day, and hour by hour, through all the ages since the fall.
There is something so fearful, so tremendous in this retrospect, that I do not wonder that men who have never known "the terrors of the Lord,” and the exceeding sinfulness of sin,” should reject the theory altogether. While looking down into this abyss, I am seized with a shivering horror. I tremble exceedingly. And yet the truth which is here so deeply impressed on my mind is the same as that which I learn from the history of the fallen angels, left without a Savior; from the flood; as that which I receive in Gethsemane and
at Calvary; and which is irresistibly confirmed while I look at the civil, and mental, and moral condition of these seven hundred and fisty millions of pagans &c. All proclaims the fearful truth, that there is a criminality, a turpitude, a desert in sin, which we cannot comprehend. And if it were the will of God, that the law should take its course, without mercy, to the end of time, what could we say?--"Is God unjust that taketh vengeance? God forbid.”
But if in this fearful condition the world is not to remain--if a brighter destiny, a most glorious transformation awaits it--and if the command "to teach all nations,” has never been repealed nor suspended, then there must have been a most shocking neglect of duty somewhere.
Seeing so many prophets had painted this brighter period in the most glowing colors, and had raised their loftiest, their sweetest strains to usher in the reign and universal conquests of the Messiah; and seeing our Lord himself repeatedly referred to these halcyon days, and directed bis disciples to a universal dissemination of his gospel, and to the work of universal teaching, how,--these records being read by the Christian church every Sabbath-day,-how shall we account for Christians having left, for seventeen bundred years, in a state of perfect brutality and crime, seven hundred and fifty millions of deathless minds committed to their especial care by the Great Head of the church?
What makes this neglect the more strange and unaccountable is, that the command comes from the highest possible authority--that this command is most express, and its meaning most palpable that the Being who issued it said, at the very time it proceeded from his lips, “Mark! I am with you, even unto the end of the world,”-that this Being has “all power in heaven and upon earth,”-that this command is closely connected with the eternal condition of all these successive swarms of men, eight hundred millions composing each generation--and that every one of those to whom the execution of this commission is confided, is supposed to possess the mind that was in Christ Jesus, who came to seek and to save that which was lost,” and to have, as the distinguishing feature of his character, an overwhelming sense of the value of the human soul.
How, with a provision perfectly commensurate with the extent of the commission—with a command, from the Being who was himself the atonement, that every creature should hear the gospel-- with such proofs before us that this gospel is the power of God to salvation--how, with all these facts staring us in the face--how is it, that we have never attempted to carry these glad tidings beyond the walls of our own churches?
The cause of this total abandonment of effort, under such a leader, under such an inspiration, and with such prospects, is one of the most singular, and yet one of the most important inquiries, which Christians at this day can posa sibly institute.
It will be said, that for many centuries those who felt the genuine force of Christian principles, were in too depressed a state to make efforts for the spread of the gospel: their whole strength was required to preserve any portion of united existence. They were in the situation of men in a besieged fortress; attacks upon the territories of the enemy were out of the question. This defence, to a certain extent, must be admitted. But will He "whose eyes are as a fame of fire, and his voice as the sound of many waters," accept this as an apology for the indifference and inactivity of the last two hundred years-for the apathy of the present bour?