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tion, wliich your Redeemer and your Judge have, so far as I can learn, laid aside ninehas entrusted to you for them, and so long teen missionaries in India, while but six or ago charged you to give them. You see eight have, in the same time, come to India; also what are the facilities for now giving and so far as I know (from missionary apthem that salvation you have so long held pearances, not from God's promises) there in trust for them, but so long withheld from is a prospect of further diminution, rather them. What will you do: Will you spurn than of augmentation. In view of these them from your feet, and command them to things, what will the English and American let you alone, and wait, as they are, till the churches do? Is it not time for every misjudgment day? Is the love Christ?sionary in India, to cry aloud and spare

not? Is this the beauty of the Lord upon his holy Would you have your missionaries leave Zion? Where are the hundreds of students their work, and come home, to plead, in in theology? Where are the tens of hun- person before you, the cause of the heathen? dreds of blooming, pious, well-educated Do not tempt us to do so. Some have, in youth, the professed followers of the Lamb: Providence, been called home, especially to Is there none among you, who have a love, England, and their pleas, in person, have a sympathy, a compassion, for all these been successful so far beyond what has your long neglected, your dying, your per- been otherwise attempted, as seemingly to ishing fellow men O remember, there is call for the measure, though so expensive, a dead love, a dead sympathy, a dead com- and, for the time, so privative to the hea. passion, as well as a dead faith; being with then. Why is it so? Why cannot facts be out works. O, it was not a dead love, or weighed: Why cannot the well known sympathy, or compassion, which brought necessities and miseries of the heathen your Redeemer to the cross. That was not speak, and plead and prevail, without the idle breath which he uttered, "Go ye into aid of any such disasterous expedients? all the world, and preach the gospel to Does this tell to the credit of those whom every creature," nor yet that interceding the gospel makes wise to do good? 0 think appeal to the Father, ""As thou hast sent of these things every one who has a mind me into the world, even so have I also sent that can think? O feel, every one that has them into the world.” O contemplate on a heart that can feel. O ye redeemed of the cross, your bleeding Savior, tasting the Lord, whom he has made kings and death for every man, and then survey the priests unto God, “I beseech you, there spiritual miseries and prospects of these fore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that millions of heathen souls dying in ignor- ye present your bodies a living sacrifice

, ance of that only name, by which it is pos- holy, acceptabile unto God, which is your sible for them to be saved; and then lay reasonable service," and in the true spirit upon your hearts your Redeemer's fare- of such an unreserved consecration of yourwell charge, and when you have faithfully selves to your Redeemer, ask him, "Lord done this, judge of your love and regard what wilt thou have me to do?" And let for Jesus, and of your compassion for im- his Spirit, and his truth, and your own mortal souls, by your works.

conscience, give you the answer, which I will endeavor, as God shall enable me, shall guide you in a matter of such unpar80 to labor here on the spot, that the blood alleled moment. of these souls shall not be found in Your affectionate fellow servant in the

my skirts; and while I cannot but witness a

Lord, generation of 12,000,000 of unevangelized

GORDON Hall souls, in succession to the hundreds of generations gone down before them, dropping There are now six American missionainto eternity, leaving prospects but little ries at Bombay, and one other on the way better for the next generation, I will en from this country. All but two have deavor, as a watchman at my post, faith wives, and there is besides a single female, fully to report what I see. Wo is unto me, superintendent of native female schools

. if I proclaim not the wants of this people. The city of Bombay is upon an island of and the eminent facilities made ready for the same name: a detachment from the the supply of those wants. This I would mission has lately gone to labor upon the wish to do so plainly and so fully, that if adjacent continent. the guilt of neglecting their salvation must On the island and continent are 20 boys' lodge any where, I may be able to shake it schools, containing about 1,200 children. from my garments; so that I may stand There are also 18 schools for girls, all on acquitted before my Judge, both as to my The amount of printing which has been

the island, containing about 500 pupils.personal labors anong them, and as to my pleading with you on their behalf. executed at the mission press in Bombay, exThe remarks I have now made, are, in a

ceeds 10,000,000 of pages. great measure, applicable to other parts of

The New Testament and parts of the India. And there is yet another very Old have been translated by the missionagrievous view to be taken, which I can but ries of the Board into the Mahratta lanbarely mention. In little more than a year guage, and printed, and, to a great extent, past, death, sickness, and other causes, circulated ainong the people.

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OF THE
AMERICAN BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS FOR FOREIGN MISSIONS.

No. VI. September, 1832.

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THE SANDWICH ISLANDS.

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The SANDWICH Islands are ten in number. They lie within the tropic of Cancer, about one third of the distance from the western coast of Mexico to the eastern shores of China.

The length of Hawaii is 97 miles, its breadth 78, and its circumference 280, and it covers an area of about 4,000 square miles. It is the most southern island, and ascens to the great height of at least 15,000 feet. Its broad base and regular form render its outline different from that of most other islands in the Paciic. The mountains of Hawaii, unlike the peak of Teneriffe in the Atlantic, do not pierce the clouds like obelisks or spires, but in most parts, and from the southern shore in particular, the ascent is gradual, and comparatively unbroken, from the sea-beach to the lofty summit of Mauna Loa. The greatest part of the arable land is found near the sea-shore, along which the towns and villages of the natives are thickly scattered. The population is estimated at from 85,000 to 100,000.-Maui is 48 miles long, 29 broad, and 140 in circumference, and covers about 600 square miles. The island is composed of two peninsulas, united by a low isthmus pine miles across, The southern peninsula is the larger of the two, and is lofty; but though its summits are often seen above the clouds, they are never covered with snow, as are the mountains of Hawaii

. In the northern peninsula, there are several extensive tracts of level and well-watered land, in a high state of cultivation. The population, according to a late census, is 34,000. Maui is separated from Hawaii by a strait about 24 miles across.-Kahoolawe, only a few miles distant from the southern peninsula of Maui, is eleven miles long, and eight broad. It is low, and alınost destitute of every kind of shrub or verdure, except a spe: cies of coarse grass. There are but few residents on this island. - Molokini lies between these islands, and is a barren rock visited only by fishermen,

who find its naked surface convenient for spreading their pets to dry.—Lanai is a compact island, 17 miles in length, and nine in breadth. The width of the strait, which separates it from Maui, is nine or ten miles. A great part of the island is barren. Population about 2,000. Molokai is a long, irregular island, apparently formed by a chain of volcanic mountains, 40 miles long, and not more than seven broad. Population about 8,000.- Oahu lies nearly northwest of Molokai, between 30 and 40 miles distant, and is the most romantic and fertile of the Sandwich Islands. Its length is 46 miles, and its breadth 23. Its appearance from the roads of Honolulu, or Waititi, is remarkably picturesque. A chain of lofty mountains rises near the centre of the eastern part of the island, and, extending perhaps twenty miles, reaches the plain of Eva, which divides it from the distant and elevated mountains that rise in a line parallel with the northwest shore. The plain of Eva is nearly twenty miles in length, from the Pearl River to Wailua, and in some parts nine or ten miles across. The soil is fertile, and watered by a number of rivulets, which wind their way along the deep water courses that intersect its surface, and empty themselves into the sea. Population estimated at 20,000.--Kauai

, distant northwest of Oahu about 75 miles, is 46 miles long, and 23 broad, and covers an area of 520 square miles. The principal settlements are in the neighborhood of Waimea river, the roads at the entrance of which are the usual resort of vessels touching at Kanai. Population about 10,000.-Nihau, about 15 miles from Kauai, in a westerly direction, is 20 miles in length, and seven miles wide. The inhabitants are not numerous.-Kaula is a barren, uninbabited rock.

The southeastern islands are called Windward, and the northwestern Leeward, islands--the latter being most distant from the point whence the trade-wind blows, which is perpetually sweeping over the islands.

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The whole group is evidently of volcanic formation. Extinguished volcanoes are found in several of the islands, and Hawaii contains one of the most remarkable volcanoes in the world. The population of the group may be reckoned at 185,000.

The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions established a mission in these islands in the spring of 1820. The following table presents at one view the number of missionaries and assistant missionaries, which has been sent out at different times.

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Time of Embarkation. Arrival. Preachers. Teachers. Physicians. Printers. Farmers. Females. Tolal.
Oct. 23, 1819, April, 1820, 2

2

1
1
1

7
Nov. 19, 18:22,
April, 1823, 5
1

6

13 Nav. 3, 1828, March, 1829 4

1
1

10

16 Dec. 28, 1830,

June, 1831,

3
1

4

8 Nov. 26, 1831,

8

1
1

9

19 Totals,

4
4
3

36

70 Returned,

2
1
1

4

10 Died at the islands,

1

1 At the Islands, , 20

2

1 31 | 59

700 610 437 2co

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274
31
9

1
250
200

522
32

Kauai,

903

Two of the teachers have been ordained of families, who have not been solemnly as ministers of the gospel, making the num

married in the Christian manner. Instances
ber of ordained missionaries at the islands, are rare, where the marriage contract is
22; but it is expected that two or three of grossly violated. During the year ending
these will go to the Washington Islands. June 1831, Christian marriages were sol
As it is, eight of the 22 are yet ignorant of emnized as follows:
the language, and if the islands were divided

On Hawaii, estimated at
into equal parishes, each missionary would On Maui,
have the charge of eight or ten thousand On Oahu,
Bouls.

On Kauai,
A considerable part of the native popula-

1,937
tion is made to feel the influence of the

In the autumn of 1831, the king commitschools. The number of schools and ted the government of Oahu publicly intu scholars in the several islands is estimated the hands of Kaahumanu; and Adams, as follows:

(Kuakini.) formerly governor of Hawaii, Schools. Scholars.

was appointed governor. He immediately Hawail,

20,396 Maui,

gave out orders for the suppression of groga

11,170 Molokai,

1,426 shops, gaming-houses, &c., and followed Lanai,

up his orders by keeping an armed guard in Kahoolawe,

the streets. Riding on the Sabbath for Oahu,

10,336
9,000

amusement was also strictly forbidden, and

several horses of foreigners were seized in Total,

52,882

the act of violating the law. They were The mission churches contain about 500 afterwards given up. All these things put native members. The language has been together, produced no little excitement. reduced to writing; the alphabet containing The salutary laws of the chiefs, designed but seven consonants and five vowels, or particularly to restrain the foreigners, met twelve letters in the whole. Works have at first with strong opposition; and were been prepared and printed in the Hawajian afterwards evaded, or not carried fully into language to the amount of 1,280 pages, effect. Riding on the Sabbath for amuseteckoning them in a continuous series— ment is, however, entirely prevented, and multiplied by the press to 21,031,380 pages. other vices have received a great check. Among these works are embraced nearly About the same time the chiefs, being the whole New Testament, and portions of assembled from the different islands at Honthe Old Testament.

olulu, and others favorably disposed, formed Five or six years ago, the Christian form themselves into a temperance society, on of marriage was unknown on the islands. the general principle of entire abstinence Nor was ihere any other form that could from the use of ardent spirits for pleasure not be sundered at any moment by the will or civility, and from engaging in distilling of the parties. The breaking of the mar or vending the same for gain. riage contract, such as it was, was a thing

The authority of the islands is exercised of the most common occurrence, leading to by pious chieftains; indeed most of the grcat misery and great moral pollution. principal chiefs are now members of the Now, probably few persons who would be visible church of Christ. The government called respectable on the islands, residing of the islands has adopted the moral law of within a day's journey of any of the sta- God, with a knowledge of its purport, a tions, can be found living

together as heads the basis of their own future administra

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tion, and the Christian religion is profess Salvation through the Lamb, that was edly the religion of the nation. Special slain, is brought within the reach of thoulaws have been enacted and are enforced, sands, and many have fled and are fieeing, against murder, theft, licentiousness, re to lay hold on the hope set before themi; tailing ardent spirits, Sabbath-breaking, and but how few are their advantages, compar. gambling. The Christian law of marriage ed with those which we have, and which is the law of the land.

they ought to possess! The missionaries now Commodious houses for public worship on the islands are able to preach the gospel have been erected by the principal chiefs, statedly, to no more than about one fourth in the places of their residence; and when pilrt of the population. There is yet much to there is preaching, these chiefs regularly be done-Christianity exists there only in and seriously attend. In the island of its infancy—its progress is obstructed by Maui, there is said to be a house for public ignorance and sin, in a thousand forms. worship in every considerable village. This feeble infancy must be nurtured by the Those erected at the several missionary continued prayers and benefactions of the stations, are large. That at Lahaina is of friends of missions, for years to come. But stone, two stories high, it is 98 feet long how great the encouragement! Never, and 62 broad, and, having galleries, it will since the days of the apostles, has the proseat 3,000 people after the native manner. gress of the gospel been more visible and It is the most substantial and noble struc

more salutary, in any part of the world, ture in Polynesia. Most or all of the others than at these islands. There is no wild are thatched buildings. The church at fancy in the expectation, that, in a few Honolulu, erected by the present king is years, these islanders will imitate their 196 feet long, and 63 feet broad, and admits brethren of Taheite, in sending Christian 4,500 persons. Another at Waiahea,' in missionaries to other islands in their neigh. Hawaii, is 147 feet long and 68 broad; and borhood, which are now the habitations of a fourth at Kailua, in the same island, is darkness and cruelty. And in this way, 180 feet long and 78 broad. The congre- they will co-operate with us and Christians gations on the Sabbath, at the places in of other nations, in preaching the gospel to which the missionaries reside, vary from every creature. one to four thousand hearers; and are universally characterized by order, stillness, The following hymn was sung at the emand strict attention to preaching. The con

barkation of the first reinforcement to the Sandgregation at Honolulu, in Oahu, for nine months, averaged from 3,000 to 4,000 on

wich Islands mission, at New Haven, Nov. 19, Sabbath morning, and from 2,000 to 3,000 1822; and having been translated into the native in the afternoon; and from 500 to 1,000 on language, has often been sung by the islanders Wednesday evening.

since that time. In the district of Honolulu, a thousand natives have associated on the principle of Wake, Irles of the South! your redemption is bear, entire abstinence from the use of intoxicat

No longer repose in the borders of gloom;

The strength of Ais chosen, in love will appear, ing liquors. And in that same district and

And light shall arise on the verge of the tomb. two others, with a united population of perhaps 40,000, a fourth part of the inhab- The billows that girt ye, the wild waves that raar, itants have formed themselves into socie The zephyrs that play, where the ocean-storm ties for the better understanding and keep shall bear the rich freight to your desolate shore, ing of God's holy law. These societies re

Shall waft the glad tidings of pardon und peace. quire unimpeachable morals, as a condition of membership

On the islands that eit in the regions of night, All these facts are traceable wholly to The lands of despair, to oblivion a prey, the blessing of God on the establishment The morning will open with healing and light, of a Christian mission in those islands.

The young scar of Bethlehem will ripen to-day. The nation, however, is only beginning The altar and idol in dust overthmwn, to understand the advantages of the social The incense forbade that was ballowed with blood, state. The elements of individual im- The Priest of Melch-sedec there shall alone, provement, domestic happiness, national

å ud the shrines of Atovi be sacred to God! order and prosperity have been introduced

The heathen will hasten to welcome the time, and are in progressive operation; and the The day-spring, the prophet, in vision once saw contrast between the former and present when the beams of Alessiah wil 'amine each character of the nation is great, in almost

clime,

And the isles of the ocean shall wait for his law. every respect. Yet few have done more than merely to cross the threshold of knowl

And thou OBOOKIAH! naw sainted above,
edge. Probably three fourths of those who will rejoire as the heralds their mission disclose
are capable of learning to read, have yet to And the prayer will be beard, that the land then
acquire the art.

didst love,
May blossum as Sharon, and bud as the rosat

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