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tion, which your Redeemer and your Judge has entrusted to you for them, and so long i. charged you to give them. You see also what are the facilities for now givin them that salvation you have so long .."; in trust for them, but so long withheld from them. What will you do? Will you spurn them from your feet, and command them to let you alone, and wait, as they are, till the judgment day? Is this the love of Christ? s this the beauty of the Lord upon his holy Zion? Where are the hundreds of students in theology? Where are the tens of hundreds of blooming, pious, well-educated 3. the professed followers of the Lamb? s there none among you, who have a love, a sympathy, a compassion, for all these our long neglected, your dying, your perishing fellow men? O remember, there is a dead love, a dead sympathy, a dead compassion, as well as a dead faith; being without works. O, it was not a dead love, or sympathy, or compassion, which brought our Redeemer to the cross. That was not idle breath which he uttered, “Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature,” nor yet that interceding appeal to the Father, “As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.” O contemplate on the cross, your bleeding Savior, tasting death for every man, and then survey the spiritual miseries and prospects of these millions of heathen souls dying in ignorance of that only name, by which it is possible for them to be saved; and then lay upon your hearts your Redeemer's farewell charge, and when you have faithfully dome this, judge of your love and regard for Jesus, and of your compassion for immortal souls, by your works. I will endeavor, as God shall enable me, so to labor here on the spot, that the blood of these souls shall not be found in my skirts; and while I cannot but witness a generation of 12,000,000 of unevangelized souls, in succession to the hundreds of generations gone down before them, dropping into etermity, leaving prospects but little better for the next generation, I will endeavor, as a watchiuan at my post, faith

fully to report what I see. Wo is unto me,

if I proclaim not the wants of this people, and the eminent facilities made ready for the supply of those wants. This 1 would wish to do so plainly and so fully, that if the guilt of neglecting their salvation must lodge any where, I may be able to shake it from my garments; so that I may stand acquitted before my Judge, both as to my personal labors among them, and as to my pleading with you on their behalf. The remarks I have now made, are, in a rent measure, applicable to other parts of ndia. And there is yet another very ievous view to be taken, which I can but arely mention. . In little more than a year past, death, sickness, and other causes,

have, so far as I can learn, laid aside nine. teen missionaries in India, while but six or eight have, in the same time, come to India; and so far as I know (from missionary ap. pearances, not from God's promises) there is a prospect of further diminution, rather than of augmentation. In view of these things, what will the English and American churches do? Is it not time for every mis. sionary in India, to cry aloud and spare not? Would you have your missionaries leave their work, and come home, to plead, in !. before you, the cause of the heathen:

o not tempt us to do so. Some have, in Providence, been called home, especially to England, and their pleas, in person, have been successful so far beyond what has been otherwise attempted, as seemingly to call for the measure, though so expensive, and, for the time, so privative to the hea. then. Why is it so? Why cannot factshe weighed? Why cannot the well known necessities and miseries of the heathen speak, and plead and prevail, without the aid of any such disasterous expedients Does this tell to the credit of those whom the gospel makes wise to do good; 0 think of these things every one who has a mind that can think! O feel, every one that has a heart that can feel. O ye redeemed of the Lord, whom he has made kings and priests unto God, “I beseech you, there. fore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that }. present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service,” and in the true spirit of such an unreserved consecration of your: selves to your Redeemer, ask him, “Lord what wilt thou have me to do?" And let his Spirit, and his truth, and your own conscience, give you the answer, which shall guide you in a matter of such unpar. ...i In Oment.

Your affectionate fellow servant in the Lord,

GoRpoN Hall,

. There are now six American missions. ries at Bombay, and one other on the way from this country. All but two have wives, and there is besides a single female, superintendent of native female schools. The city of Bombay is upon an island of the same name: a detachment from the mission has lately gone to labor upon the adjacent continent. * On the island and continent are 2) boys sohools, containing about 1,200 children. There are also 18 schools for girls, all on the island, containing about 500 pupilsThe amount of printing which has been executed at the mission press in Bombay, exceeds 10,000,000 of pages, The New Testament and parts of the Qld have been translated by the missions. ries of the Board into the Mahratta lan: guage, and printed, and, to a great extent, circulated aimong the people,

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THE SAND WICH ISLANDS.

The SANdwich Islands are ten in number. They lie within the tropic of
Cancer, about one third of the distance from the western coast of Mexico to
the eastern shores of China.
The length of Hawaii is 97 miles, its breadth 78, and its circumference 280,
and it covers an area of about 4,000 square miles. It is the most southern
island, and ascends to the great height of at least 15,000 feet. Its broad
base and regular form render its outline different from that of most other
islands in the Pacific. The mountains of Hawaii, unlike the peak of Tene.
riffe in the Atlantic, do not pierce the clouds like obelisks or spires, but
in most parts, and from the southern shore in particular, the ascent is gradual,
and comparatively unbroken, from the sea-beach to the lofty summit of Mauna
Loa: The greatest part of the arable land is found near the sea-shore, along
which the towns and villages of the natives are thickly scattered. The popu-
lation is estimated at from 85,000 to 100,000.—Maui is 48 miles long, 29
broad, and 140 in circumference, and covers about 600 square miles. The
island is composed of two peninsulas, united by a low isthmus nine miles across.
The southern peninsula is the larger of the two, and is lofty; but though its
summits are often seen above the clouds, they are never covered with snow, as
are the mountains of Hawaii. In the northern peninsula, there are several
extensive tracts of level and well-watered land, in a high state of cultivation.
The population, according to a late census, is 34,000. Maui is separated from
Hawaii by a strait about 24 miles across.-Kahoolawe, only a few miles dis.
tant from the southern peninsula of Maui, is eleven miles long, and eight broad,
It is low, and almost destitute of every kind of shrub or verdure, except a spe-
cies of coarse grass. There are but few residents on this island.—Molokini
lies between these islands, and is a barren rock visited only by fishermen, who
find its naked surface convenient for spreading their nets to dry.—Landi is a
compact island, 17 miles in length, and nine in breadth. The width of the
strait, which separates it from Maui, is nine or ten miles. A great part of
the island is barren. Population about 2,000. Molokai is a long, irregular
island, apparently formed by a chain of volcanic mountains, 40 miles long, and
not more than seven broad. Population about 8,000–0ahu lies nearly
northwest of Molokai, between 30 and 40 miles distant, and is the most
romantic and fertile of the Sandwich Islands. Its length is 46 miles, and its
breadth 23. Its appearance from the roads off Honolulu, or Waititi, is re-
markably picturesque. A chain of lofty mountains rises near the centre of the
eastern part of the island, and, extending perhaps twenty miles, reaches tle
plain of Eva, which divides it from the distant and elevated mountains that rise
in a line parallel with the northwest shore. The plain of Eva is nearly twenty
miles in length, from the Pearl River to Wailua, and in some parts nine or ten
miles across. The soil is fertile, and watered by a number of rivulets, which
wind their way along the deep water courses that intersect its surface, and
empty themselves into the sea. Population estimated at 20,000.--Kauai,
distant northwest of Oahu about 75 miles, is 46 miles long, and 23 broad, and
covers an area of 520 square miles. The principal settlements are in the
neighborhood of Waimea river, the roads at the entrance of which are the usual
resort of vessels touching at Kauai. Population about 10,000–Nihau, about
15 miles from Kauai, in a westerly direction, is 20 miles in length, and seven
miles wide. The inhabitants are not numerous.-Kaula is a barren, uninhab-
ited rock.
The southeastern islands are called Windward, and the northwestern
Leeward, islands-—the latter being most distant from the point whence the
trade-wind blows, which is perpetually sweeping over the islands.

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The whole group is evidently of volcanic formation. Extinguished volcanoes are found in several of the islands, and Hawaii contains one of the most remarkable volcanoes in the world. The population of the group may be reck

oned at 185,000.

The American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions established a mission in these islands in the spring of 1820. The following table presents at one view the number of missionaries and assistant missionaries, which has been

sent out at different times.

Time of Embarkation. Arrival. Preachers. Teachers. Physicians. Printers. Farmers. Females. Tool. l l 7 4

Oct. 23, 1819, April, 1820, 2 2 l

Nov. 19, 1822, April, 1823, 5 l 1. 6 13
Nov. 3, 1828, March, 1829, 4 1 1. }{} J6
Dec. 28, 1836, June, 1831, 3 l 4 8
Nov. 26, 1831, 8 1 1. 9 19
Totals, 22 4 4 3 l 36 70
Returned, 2 : 2 I 1. 4 10
Died at the islands, h I
At the Islands, , 20 || 4 || 8 2 | | 3 || 69

Two of the teachers have been ordained as ministers of the gospel, making the mumber of ordained missionaries at the islands, 22, but it is expected that two or three of these will go to the Washington Islands. As it is, eight of the 22 are yet ignorant of the language, and if the islands were divided into equal parishes, each missionary would have the charge of eight or ten thousand souls, . A considerable part of the native population is made to feel the influence of the schools. The number of schools and scholars in the several islands is estimated as follows:

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Total, 903 52,882 The mission churches contain about 500 native members. The language has been reduced to writing; the alphabet containing but seven consonants and five vowels, or twelve letters in the whole. Works have en prepared and printed in the Hawaiian †. to the amount of 1,280 pages, reckoning them in a continuous series— multiplied by the press to 21,031,380 pages. mong these works are embraced nearly the whole New Testament, and portions of the Old Testament. Five or six years ago, the Christian form $f marriage was unknown on the islands. or was there any other form that could not be sundered at any moment by the will of the parties. The breaking of the marnoge contract, such as it was, was a thing of the most common occurrence, leading to _{eat misery and great moral pollution. ow, probably few persons who would be called respectable on the islands, residing ...ithin a day's journey of any of the stations, can be found living together as heads

of families, who have not been solemnly married in the Christian manner. Instances are rare, where the marriage contract is grossly violated. During the year endin June 1831, Christian marriages were .# emnized as follows:

On Hawaii, estimated at 700 On Maui, 60 On Oahu, 437 On Kauai, 200

1,937

In the autumn of 1831, the king committed the government of Oahu publicly into the hands of Kaahumanu; and Adams, (Kuakini,) formerly governor of Hawaii, was appointed governor. He immediately gave out orders for the o of grog..". gaming-houses, &c., and followed up his orders by keeping an armed guard in the streets. Riding on the Sabbath for amusement was also strictly forbidden, and several horses of foreigners were seized in the act of violating the law. They were afterwards given up. All these things put together, produced no little excitement. The salutary laws of the chiefs, designed particularly to restrain the foreigners, met at first with strong opposition; and were afterwards evaded, or not carried fully into effect. Riding ou the Sabbath for amusement is, however, entirely prevented, and other vices have received a great check. About the same time the chiefs, being assembled from the different islands at Hon. olulu, and others favorably disposed, formed themselves into a temperance society, on the general principle of entire abstinence from the use of ardent spirits for pleasure or civility, and from engaging in soil. or vending the same for gain. The authority of the islands is exercised by pious chieftains; indeed most of the principal chiefs are now members of the . visible church of Christ. . The government of the islands has adopted the moral law of God, with a knowledge of its purport, as the basis of their own future administs.

tion, and the Christian religion is professedly the religion of the nation. Special laws have been enacted and are enforced, against murder, theft, licentiousness, retailing ardent spirits, Sabbath-breaking, and mbling. The Christian law of marriage , is the law of the land. Commodious houses for public worship have been erected by the principal chiefs, in the places of their residence; and when there is preaching, these chiefs regularly and seriously attend. In the island of Maui, there is said to be a house for public worship in every considerable village. Those erected at the several missionary stations, are large. That at Lahaina is of stone, two stories high, it is 98 feet lon and 62 broad, and, having galleries, it j seat 3,000 people after the native manner. It is the most substantial and noble structure in Polynesia. Most or all of the others are thatched buildings. The church at Honolulu, erected by the present king is 196 feet long, and 63 feet broad, and admits 4,500 persons. . Another at Waiahea, in Hawaii, is 147 feet long and 68 broad; and a fourth at Kailua, in the same island, is 180 feet long and 7S broad. The congregations on the Sabbath, at the places in which the missionaries reside, vary from one to four thousand hearers; and are universally characterized by order, stillness, and strict attention to preaching. The congregation at Honolulu, in Oahu, for nine months, averaged from 3,000 to 4,000 on Sabbath morning, and from 2,000 to 3,000 in the asternoon; and from 500 to 1,000 on Wednesday evening, In the district of Honolulu, a thousand natives have associated on the principle of entire abstinence from the use of intoxicating liquors. And in that same district and two others, with a united population of rhaps 40,000, a fourth part of the inhabitants have formed themselves into societies for the better understanding and keeping of God's holy law. These societies require unimpeachable morals, as a condition of o All these facts are traceable wholly to the blessing of God on the establishment of a Christian mission in those islands. The nation, however, is only beginnin to understand the advantages of the "...; state. The elements of individual improvement, domestic happiness, national order and prosperity have been introduced and are in progressive operation; and the contrast between the former and present character of the nation is great, in almost every respect. Yet few have done more than merely to cross the threshold of knowledge. Probably three fourths of those who are capable of song to read, have yet to acquire the art.

Salvation through the Lamb, that was slain, is brought within the reach of thou. sands, and many have fled and are fleeing, to lay hold on the hope set before them, but how few are their advantages, compar. ed with those which we have, and which they ought to possess! The missionaries now on the islands are able to preach the gospel statedly, to no more than about one fourth |. of the population. There is yet much to e done—Christianity exists there only in its infancy—its progress is obstructed by ignorance and sin, in a thousand forms. his feeble infancy must be nurtured by the continued prayers and benefactions of the friends of missions, for years to come. But how | the encouragement. Never, since the days of the apostles, has the pro gress of the gospel been more visible and more salutary, in any part of the woo, than at these islands. There is no wild fancy in the expectation, that, in a few i. these islanders will imitate their rethren of Taheite, in sending Christion missionaries to other islands in their neigh. borhood, which are now the habitations of darkness and cruelty. And in this wo they will co-operate with us and Christian of other nations, in preaching the gospel" every creature.

The following hymn was sung at the * barkation of the first reinforcement to the Sao wich Islands mission, at New Haven, Now." 1822; and having been translated into the native language, has often been sung by the islanders since that time.

Wake, Isles of the South: your redemption is no
No longer repose in the borders of gloom:
The strength of His chosen, in love will appeal,
And light shall arise on the verge of the tomb.

The billows that girt ye, the wild waves that to

The zephyrs that play, where the ocean * cense

shai bear the rich freight to yout desolate shore,

Shall waft the glad tidings of pardon and Pea".

On the islands that sit in the regions of night,
The lands of despair, to oblivion a prey;
The morning will open with henlhig and loo
The young star of Bethlehem will ripen to do

The altar and idol in dust overthrown, ,
The incense forbade that was hallowed with blood,
The Priest of Melchesedec there shall Atone,
And the shrines of Atooibe sacred to God!

The heathen will hasten to welcome the time.
The day-spring, the prophet, in vision once".
When the beams of Messiah will lumino
clime, -
And the isles of the ocean shall wait for his"

And thou OBOOKIAH! now sainted above,
Witt rejoice as the neralds their mission disco
And the prayer will be heard, that the land *
didst love,
May blossom as Sharon, and bud as the to

s

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