Principles of Political Economy: With Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy

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Longmans, Green, 1894 - 591 páginas
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Labour agricultural manufacturing and commercial
9
Fallacy respecting Taxation
10
Case of acts done for the benefit of others than the persons con
13
BOOK I
15
Of Money considered as an Imported
19
in producing materials
21
or implements
22
in the protection of labour
23
in the transport and distribution of the produce CHAPTER III Of Unproductive Labour
28
Labour does not produce objects but utilities 2 which are of three kinds
29
Productive labour is that which produces utilities fixed and em bodied in material objects
30
All other labour however useful is classed as unproductive 5 Productive and Unproductive Consumption
32
Labour for the supply of Productive Consumption and labour for the supply of Unproductive Consumption
33
Of Capital
34
2
58
Fixed and Circulating Capital what 2 Increase of fixed capital when at the expense of circulating might be detrimental to the labourers
62
Land labour and capital are of different productiveness at diffe rent times and places
63
Causes of superior productiveness Natural advantages 3 greater energy of labour
65
superior skill and knowledge
66
superiority of intelligence and trustworthiness in the commu
67
The laws of Value how modified in their application to retail
69
Capital is wealth appropriated to reproductive employment 2 More capital devoted to production than actually employed in it 3 Examination of some...
77
The higher degrees of the division of labour 5 Analysis of its advantages 6 Limitations of the division of labour
80
1
81
15
91
Of the Law of the Increase of Labour 1 The law of the increase of production depends on those of three elements Labour Capital and Land
96
The Law of Population
115
Entails
136
145
145

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Página 483 - The subjects of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible, in proportion to their respective abilities; that is, in proportion to the revenue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the state.
Página 573 - Letting alone, in short, should be the general practice : every departure from it, unless required by some great good, is a certain evil.
Página 556 - The only case in which, on mere principles of political economy, protecting duties can be defensible, is when they are imposed temporarily (especially in a young and rising nation) in hopes of naturalizing a foreign industry, in itself perfectly suitable to the circumstances of the country.
Página 128 - If, therefore, the choice were to be made between Communism with all its chances, and the present state of society with all its sufferings and injustices; if the institution of private property...
Página 575 - Now any wellintentioned and tolerably civilized government may think without presumption that it does or ought to possess a degree of cultivation above the average of the community which it rules, and that it should therefore be capable of offering better education and better instruction to the people, than the greater number of them would spontaneously demand. Education, therefore, is one of those things which it is admissible in principle that a government should provide for the people.

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