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ultimately left the country. The lender, compelled by equity to do so; although of course, lost his money. These in- while the case was before the Court he stances will make you cautious, but will walked backwards and forwards, calling not lead you to suspect men of character out to the judge to remember the statute, and reputation. It is advisable to keep which he humorously said, I do, I do ; your own securities in your own deed- and he held the case to be out of the box at home, for the same persons who statute on the ground of fraud." I forged mortgages, forged also transfers of
Our lady readers may feel some mortgages, and delivered up the deeds to the new lender; an act which was
curiosity to see how the subject of facilitated by the possession of the mort. pin-money is dealt with by a progage deed. The forger, of course, con
on found equity lawyer. Possibly, also, tinued to pay interest regularly to the husbands may not be disinclined to first lender. In one remarkable case the look in the same direction. agent acted for two persons, and he actu- “Sometimes a separate provision is ally mortgaged the property of one to made for a wife during her husband's the other by a forged instrument, and lifetime. This is called pin-money. It although he and these two persons fre is always the first charge on the estate, quently dined together, the forgery was so that the husband takes subject to it. not discovered till the guilty party was If, however, a wife permit her husband wholly ruined. The lender did not like to receive her pin-money, or, what is the to talk about the mortgage, and was not same thing, do not claim it, and he maincalled upon to do so, as the interest was tains her, she cannot after his death regularly paid by the agent; and the sup- compel payment of more than one year's posed borrower was, of course, silent on arrears out of his estate. the subject."*
“ In an important case in the House Let us now, however, glance at our
of Lords, it was asked with reference to reader-lady or gentleman--contem
the wife of a noble duke, with a large plating a more pleasant relation, that
amount of pin-money-Shall it be said of marriage; which, with its inci
that this lady may dress herself like a dents and consequences, requires for peasant's wife, may lay out £10 by the its treatment four Letters. The first may give no money, either in charity to
year upon her own personal expenses, of them+ is devoted to SETTLEMENTS the poor, or in largesse to her servants,
- very matter-of-fact personages often her attendants, or her maidens-that standing earnestly talking together at she may in every respect spare every the porch of Hymen's temple. Busi- expense upon her person, and hoard her ness, however, is business everywhere, pin-money, and that she has a right to and ought to precede pleasure ; so if do so in neglect of the rank, and in spite of there be only anything to settle, it the authority of her husband ? I And an must be settled: but how? Ask opinion was expressed that pin-money is Lord St Leonards.
a fund which she may be made to spend
during the coverture, by the intercession Here is a very naughty father and and advice, and at the instance of her daughter, and a sharp judge S
husband; and an opinion was even ex“Equity will, in some cases, relieve a pressed that he might hold back her party on the ground of fraud, although pin-money, if she did not attire herself there is not a valid agreement. A man in a becoming way. But notwithstandof the name of Halfpenny, upon a treaty ing this high authority, I must warn you for the marriage of his daughter, signed a that the wife's liability thus to expend writing, comprising the terms of the her pin-money is one which the civilians agreement; and afterwards designing to call a duty of imperfect obligation. She elude the force of it, and get loose from cannot be made to spend it in dress, his agreement, ordered his daughter to ornament, gifts, or charity; nor can her put on a good humour, and get the in- husband withhold payment of the pintended husband to deliver up the writing, money, though she be a miser and a and then to marry him, which she ac- slattern. Such a power in the husband cordingly did; and Halfpenny stood at would destroy the very object of the the corner of a street to see them go by to provision—that he should not examine be married, and afterward refused to per- into her disposition of her pin-money, form the agreement. He was, however, whether for articles of dress, ornaments
* Handy Book, p. 86-7.
+ Letter XVII. I “These circumstances had not occurred; but the questions were asked with reference to the right to the arrears of the pin-money after the duchess's death.”
of her person, pocket-money, card-money, “ Before making your will, there are charities, or any other objects. But her many questions which you should ask right to demand from her husband what yourself. Is it probable that I shall be her pip-money ought to supply her with, much in debt at my decease? Are there is a very different question.'
charges on my estate which must be proThe Eleventh Letter expounds care
vided for on my death? What is the
nature of my property? Is any part of fully the respective joint and separate it already settled, or agreed to be settled, rights of the married couple in each on my family? Have I charged portions other's property during their lives,
on any part of it for my children? What and after the death of either; while the advancements have I already made for Twelfth is occupied with a subject of them? Is my wife dowable of any part infinite interest and importance, and of it? Am I only tenant in tail of any will be read by all classes with deep part of my estate in which case it would attention and grateful respect to the be necessary to bar the entail to give distinguished person who has under
effect to your will, even if the property taken the labour of explaining pop!: perly speaking, be tenant in tail, but
be leasehold, in which you cannot, prolarly " the new law of divorce, as it only a tenant in the nature of a tenant affects the rights of property. in tail. These are questions which you
The Thirteenth Letter deals with should resolve before you give instruca subject of kindred interest and im- tions for your will.” S portance, the powers of fathers and mothers over their children, with re- These, however, are only a few of gard to the custody of their person, the considerations which are brought and to their property, education, and to the notice of a provident testator. religious faith. Every one will like
“ I am somewhat unwilling to give you to see Lord St Leonards' observation
any instructions for making your will, on the recent case of Amelia Race."
without the assistance of your profes“One of the most important sub- sional adviser; and I would particularly jects on which I have promised you warn you against the use of printed any information,” says Lord St Leon- forms, which have misled many men. ards, I I“ is that of Wills.” It is hard. They are as dangerous as the country ly necessary to say, especially to any schoolmaster, or the vestry clerk. It is one who read the article in our last quite shocking to reflect upon the litigaFebruary number, to which we have tion which has been occasioned by men already referred, that every one have making their own wills, or employing
To save ing an acre of land, or the most incompetent persons to do so. modest amount of personalty, to dis
a few guineas in their lifetime, men leave
bebind them a will which it may cost pose of by will, stands perman- hundreds of pounds to have expounded ently indebted to the author of the by the Courts before the various claim. Handy Book himself, in his legis- ants will desist from litigation. Looking lative capacity, for
one of the
at this as a simple money transaction, most salutary acts on the Statute- lawyers might well be in despair if every Book, and the provisions of which man's will were prepared by a competent are briefly but distinctly stated at person. To put off making your will, pp. 135-6, with reference to the exe
until the hand of death is upon you, cution of wills. The three Letters
evinces either cowardice, or a shameful devoted to wills may be said to be peglect of your temporal concerns. Lest, worth their weight in gold to every
however, such a moment should arrive,
I must arm you in some measure against body; instructing, as they do, how to it." || make a will that shall effectuate intention, and, by so doing, prevent What wise counsel, and given in death being followed by disastrous how fine and fatherly a spirit, may fainily dissension, and ruinous litiga- be seen in the following passage ! tion. Every line of these three Letters
“No hatred is more intense than that should be carefully conned again and
which arises in a man's family after his again by testators in all ranks of life. death, where, under his will, the rights Three passages of the highest prac- of each member of it are not separate tical value we must make room for. and strictly defined. None is more af
+ P. 82.
I P. 131.
§ P. 131.
|| P. 133.
flicting or degrading to our
dulent intentions. All success to nature, We weep over the loss of our these efforts ! relative, and we quarrel over the divi- Thus have we endeavoured impersion of his property! Be careful not to fectly to introduce to the notice of make an unwise or ill-considered disposition, particularly of your residue, tant contributions to popular litera
our readers one of the most imporupon which the contest generally arises. As you love your family, pity them- ture, or "literature for the million," throw not the apple of discord amongst in the phrase of the day, that has them. If you leave to every one separ- been or can be made. "It “
comes ately, what you desire each to have, and home to the business and the bosoms give nothing amongst them all which of all. Its author is acknowledged requires division, and therefore selection on all hands to be the great master and choice, peace and good-will will —perhaps the greatest this country continue to reign amongst them. has ever seen-of the all-important
“ Still further : in disposing of your subject to which this small but preresidue, neither overrate nor underrate
cious volume relates—the law of Proits value. It is a duty which you owe to yourself, and to those who are to
perty. What, indeed, is property, but
that which God has ordained as the succeed you, carefully to ascertain the value of your property. I know an in- bond of temporal connection and stance of a person who succeeded to a
union between all classes of mangreat estate, simply by declining a par. kind ?. To acquire it, to retain it, to ticular legacy, in cominon with the gene dispose of it, constitute objects dear ral legatees—the mere gift of the residue to, and supply motives potent with, would satisfy him-he begged the tes- all; and so intimately influence human tator would not consider bim until every feelings, thoughts, characters, and acother claim was satisfied ! The residue tions, that he makes an immense greatly exceeded in value the aggregate contribution to the peace and welamount of all the legacies !" *
fare of society at large, who gives Both wills and marriage - settle- them plain and sound practical counments naturally suggest the existence sel in matters of such vital moment. of certain functionaries, whose duty That contribution has been made by it is honestly and prudently to carry Lord St Leonards in a noble spirit, them into effect-to wit, TRUSTEES. and it will never be forgotten. As We advise every trustee in the king- no man living but himself could have dom, whether old or newly appointed, written this book, so in no man living and every one considering whether but himself would be reposed such he will become one, to lay to heart the implicit, unhesitating, and justifiable two Letters in which Lord St Leon- confidence by his readers, be their ards, with beautiful perspicuity, de- positions and acquirements what lineates their civil rights and liabili- they may. If he were never to set ties, and also those infinitely more pen to paper again, and if he had serious criminal liabilities, to which never done so before, this little delinquent trustees have recently Handy Book would, coming from been subjected by the Legislature. such a man, and at such a period of
They will also be grateful to him for his life, and of such a distinguished the efforts which he here announces career, carry his name down to posthat he has made, and means to con- terity as one of the best-hearted and tinue, for the protection of trustees most learned Chancellors that ever acting erroneously, but without frau- held the Great Seal of England.
ZANZIBAR ; AND TWO MONTHS IN EAST AFRICA.
[SOME months ago we received a note, dated Zanzibar, 10th June, from Captain Burton, the accomplished author of The Pilgrimage to Meccah, saying that he had sent us the following journal, which, however, did not reach us until the present month.
In his note Captain Burton said that it was no use to write to him, as he was on the point of again plunging into Africa, and would be non inventus for some time to come.
Our readers will join us in hoping that we may soon receive tidings of the safe return of the gallant and indefatigable traveller.]
“To animate and influence the hearts of all the noble gentlemen who desire to see the world.”—La Brocquière.
“ There is probably no part of the world where the British Government has so long had a Resident, where there are always some half-a-dozen merchants and planters, of which we know so little, as of the capital and part of the kingdom of one of the most faithful of our allies, with whom we have for half a century (since 1804) been on terms of intimacy."— Trans. Bombay Geogr. Society, 1856.
Of the gladdest moments, me- with white clay, that 2d of December thinks, in human life, is the depart 1856. ing upon a distant journey into un- We were not fanned across the known lands. Shaking off with one Indian Ocean by the delicatest airs : effort the fetters of Habit-the leaden a stiff breeze ran us right home weight of Routine—the cloak of cark- without a flaw, and the weather was ing Care, and the slavery of Home- varied by occasional showers, and a man feels once more happy. The squall or two followed by a high blood flows with the fast circula- combing sea. The track seemed a tion of youth, excitement gives new desert; not a being of life, except vigour to the muscles, and a sense of gannets and flying-fish, met sudden freedom adds an inch to the sight. The good old ship—now in her stature. Afresh dawns the morn of thirty-third year-made an average life, again the bright world is beau- of 150, and, on one occasion, a run of tiful to the eye, and the glorious face 200 knots per diem, accomplishing the of nature gladdens the soul. A 2500 miles in eighteen days. On the journey, in fact, appeals to Imagina- afternoon of the 18th December, we tion, to Memory, to Hope—the sister hove in sight of a strip of land, blue Graces of our moral being.
and blurred by distance, then waxThe shrill screaming of the boat- ing purple, and lastly green. This swain's whistle, and sundry shouts of was Pemba, or Fezirat el Khazra, “Stand by yer booms !”—“All ready“ the Emerald Isle," as this outlying for’ard ?” – “Now make sail !"- picket of East Intertropical Africa is sounded in mine ears with a sweet called by the inhabitants of tawny significance. The H.E.I.C.'s sloop Oman. of war "Elphinstone," Captain Frey- We had tasted the contrast behard, I. N., commanding, swung tween the order and cleanliness of a round in obedience to orders, and as ship-of-war, and the confusion, imthe rosy beams of morning leaped purity, and annoyances of a Red-Sea gaily over the green-capped head of steam-packet. Here were no ratElephanta, we bade a long fare- tling, heaving throbs, making you well to Bombay. It was à Red- tremulous as a jelly in the canicule; Calendar day-a day to be noted nor coal-smoke intrusive as
German railway; nor thirsty cock- Tumbatu men are celebrated roaches exploring man's mouth for fishers and sailors : they burn large water; nor cabins rank with sulphu- fires of dry leaves upon the sand, and retted hydrogen; nor decks where- spear their prey as it flocks to the on pallid and jaundiced passengers light. They are an industrious race shook convulsive shoulders as they for these climates ; their low jungly rushed to and from the bulwarks and ledge of ground obliges them to fetch the taffrail. No “larboard and star- water from Zanzibar Island, and board exclusiveness ;” no flirting their sooty skins testify its heat. Abigails tending majestic dames, Next morning, as we appeared on who looked crooked at all beyond deck, the salvation-pale of their own "set
“ Sabæan odours from the spicy shore,” no peppery civilians rubbing skirts against heedless griffins ; nor fair affected the sensoriuin with a sense lips ill-treating the letter H; nor of novelty, pleasant after the ocean's “officers ” singing lullabies to their briny breath. It is generally doubted etiolated terrible infants, and lack- that India can thus be “nosed” ing but one little dispensation of from afar; and certain facetiousnesses, Nature to become the completest of played upon the softer man, have nurses. The Elphinstone be- made scepticism fashionable. Here, longed not to the category “Shippe however, there is no mistake; thé of Helle :” we would willingly have night breeze from the island is heavy drawn out our cruise with the jovial with a clove - perfume, which the Captain, and the good fellows in the European residents are careful to gun-room, over many and many a exclude. path of waves.
After a two hours' sail, the first But Fate willed otherwise. On the terminus of our voyage declared itnight of the_18th December we self. Most prepossessing was the anchored off Tumbatu, one of the distant view of this storehouse of long, narrow coralline reefs which Eastern Africa. Earth, sea, and fringe these shores. It is scantily air were all soft and smiling as a inhabited by a race of Makhadim or poet's conception of Paradise, with serviles, who have preserved in El a winning feminine beauty ; in Arab Telam a variety of heathen abomi- phrase, a repose unto the eye of the nations. They repair for divination beholder. The central ridges, gently to a kind of Trophonius' cave. At swelling, were streaked with rows of funerals they lay out and abuse the spice-trees resembling from afar the corpse after this wise. Fellow,” vines of romantic Provence. Conman will cry, “but yesterday I asked trasting with these prim plantations, thee for some tobacco, and thou the tall palm, a living column, luxudidst refuse, hein ? Where now is riant and perennial, rose behind and the use of it?" Or says a woman, above the bright metallic underwood “Dost thou remember making fierce which separated the land from the love to me on a certain occasion ? snowy foam creaming upon the yelMuch good can thy love do, now that low shore. Intense was the glowing thou goest to feed ugly worms in the azure of the sky : every object stood grave!” I have heard of a Hindu out distinct and brilliant, as if viewed caste in Madras, who, after filling through ethereal medium. Under the corpse's mouth with milk, and a blaze of sun that touched everyrapping its face with a conch-shell, thing with burnished gold, the sea most opprobriously insult its female was a sheet of purest sapphire, save relatives. The Arrawak Indians of where it showed Guiana also, according to travellers, switch the body's opened eyes with
“A surface dappled o'er with shadows
flung thorns, anoint the lips and cheeks
From brooding clouds ;”. with lard, and use alternately sweet and bitter words. The idea under- the lucid depths were stained with lying the act is probably the same as amethyst ; the transparent shoals in the Irish “wake”-a test whether with lightest chrysoprase ; and each the clay be really inanimate. The ship anchored in the bay hovered