Imágenes de páginas

timated it at 8 lb., Rye 5 lb. and “ When fresh meat and vegetables are 7 lb., Horne at 4 lb. 3 oz., and Va- not issued, there shall be allowed in lieu lentin in his own person at 6 lb. thereofSuch estimates were too contradic

Salt beef, lb.) alter- s Salt pork, alb. tory to afford any clue. The chem- Flour,

1 } { ists bethought them of securing the requisite precision by taking the

“And weekly, whether fresh or salt amount of carbonic acid expelled meat be issued,— during the twenty-four hours as the Oatmeal,

pint. standard of the amount of carbon


pint." necessary, and the amount of urea

The daily allowance to the comexpelled in the same period, as the mon soldier in Great Britain is 1 lb. standard of nitrogen necessary. Ta- of bread and { lb. of meat, making bles were then drawn up setting together 196 oz. of solid food weekly; forth the separate items of food re- for this he pays a fixed sum, namely, quisite to supply this waste. But, 6d. daily, whatever may be the marapart from the profound distrust ket price. He furnishes himself with with which such chemical reason- other provisions. ings should be regarded, there is As to the quantity each man should this separate source of distrust, that eat when unrestricted, it is to be deeach man necessarily wastes different termined by himself alone. We all, quantities under different conditions ; notoriously, eat too much, and conif, therefore, our analysis of food cor- sequently waste much food, even when rectly represented the amounts of we do not injure ourselves. Our sencarbon and nitrogen assimilated sations are the surest guides, yet they (which it does not), we should still do not always tell us with sufficient have to construct a special table for distinctness when we have had each individual at each season of the enough : one thing is very clear, that year, and under varying conditions. to force the appetite-to continue

The question is really one of im- eating after the stomach has once portance, when we have to appor- suggested “ enough - is sure to be tion the rations of paupers, prisoners, injurious; and hospitable hosts, no soldiers, and sailors." Here we are less than anxious parents, should reforced to strike an average, although frain from pressing food on a relucwe know that on any average one tant appetite, for it is not kindness, man will necessarily have more, and although kindly meant. another less, than is absolutely re- In closing here our survey, we quisite; but the impossibility of ar- must confess that it has exhibited ranging matters otherwise, unless few reliable scientific data. Indeed, food be so abundant that it may be to some readers it may have seemed left to the discretion of each to eat that our efforts have been mainly whatever amount he pleases, forces revolutionary, shaking foundations the adoption of some standard which which promised security, and disexperience rectifies on the whole. turbing the equanimity of scientific Dr Pereira has furnished several die- speculation. It is a fact that Phytaries adopted for masses of men, and siology is at present in too incomfrom these the following is taken. plete a condition to answer the chief

The scale of diet in the Royal questions raised respecting Food ; Navy is thus given in the Regula- and this fact it was desirable to tions :

bring into the clear light of evidence; “ There shall be allowed to every per

for on all accounts it is infinitely bet

ter that we should understand our son the following quantities of provisions :

ignorance, than that we should con

tinue believing in hypotheses which Bread,

1 lb. Beer,

1 gallon.

enlighten none of the obscurities

gathering round the question. It Cocoa, Sugar,

12 oz.

is in vain that we impatiently turn Fresh meat,

1 lb. our eyes away; the darkness never Vegetables,

lb. disappears merely because we cease Tea,

1 oz.

to look at it.




(The Author reserves the Right of Translation.]


The public man needs but one patron-viz. THE LUCKY MOMENT.

for a


“At his house in Carlton Gardens, It is astonishing how capricious, Guy Darrell, Esq., for the season." how sudden are the changes in value

Simple insertion in the pompous of a public man. All depends upon list of Fashionable Arrivals !- the whether the public want, or believe name of a plain commoner imbedded they want, the man; and that is a in the amber which glitters with so question upon which the public do many coronets and stars! Yet such not know their own minds a week is England, with all its veneration before ; nor do they always keep in for titles, that the eyes of the public the same mind, when made up, passed indifferently over the rest of week together. If they do not want that chronicle of illustrious “where- a man—if he do not hit the taste, abouts,” to rest with interest, curio- nor respond to the exigency of the sity, speculation, on the unemblazoned time—whatever his eloquence, bis name which but a day before had abilities, his virtues, they push him seemed slipped out of date-obsolete aside, or cry him down. Is he as that of an actor who figures no wanted ?-does the mirror of the momore in play-bills. Unquestionably ment reflect his image ?—that mirror the sensation excited was due, in is an intense magnifier ; his propormuch, to the 'ambiguous voices' tions swell—they become gigantic. At which Colonel Morley had dissemi- that moment the public wanted some nated throughout the genial atmos- man; and the instant the hint was phere of Club-rooms. “Arrived in given, “Why not Guy Darrell ?” London for the season !"--he, the Guy Darrell was seized upon as the orator, once so famous, long so for- man wanted. It was one of those gotten, who had been out of the Lon- times in our Parliamentary history don world for the space of more than when the public are out of temper half a generation. “Why now k-why with all parties--when recognised for the season ?"—Quoth the Colonel. leaders have contrived to damage “He is still in the prime of life as a themselves—when a Cabinet is shakpublic man, and - -a CRISIS is at ing, and the public neither care to hand!”

destroy nor to keep it ;-a time, too, But that which gave weight when the country seemed in some and significance to Alban Morley's danger, and when, mere men of busihints, was the report in the newspa- ness held unequal to the emergency, pers of Guy Darrell's visit to his old whatever name suggested associaconstituents, and of the short speech tions of vigour, eloquence, genius he had addressed to them, to which rose to a premium above its market he had so slightly referred in his price in times of tranquillity and conversation with Alban. True, the tape. Without effort of his own-by speech was short : true, it touched the mere force of the under-current but little on passing topics of political --Guy Darrell was thrown up from interest rather alluding, with mo- oblivion into note. He could not desty and terseness, to the contests form a cabinet-certainly not ; but and victories of a former day. But he might help to bring a cabinet still, in the few words there was the together, reconcile jarring elements, swell of the old clarion—the wind of adjust disputed questions, take in the Paladin's horn which woke Fon- such government some high place, tarabian echoes.

influence its councils, and delight a




public weary of the oratory of the Darrell regained the level of the day, day with the eloquence of a former and seized upon all the strong points race. For the public is ever a lauda- on which men were divided, with the tor temporis acti, and whatever the rapidity of a prompt and comprehenauthors or the orators immediately sive intellect—his judgment perhaps before it, were those authors and ora- the clearer from the freshness of long tors Homers and Ciceros, would still repose, and the composure of dispasshake a disparaging head, and talk of sionate survey. When partisans these degenerate days, as Homer wrangled as to what should have himself talked ages before Leonidas been done, Darrell was silent; when stood in the Pass of Thermopylæ, or they asked what should be done, out Miltiades routed Asian armaments one of his terse sentences, at Marathon. Guy Darrell belonged and a knot was cut. Meanwhile it to a former race. The fathers of is true this man, round whom expecthose young Members rising now tations grouped and rumour buzzed, into fame, had quoted to their sons was in neither House of Parliament; his pithy sentences, his vivid images; but that was rather a delay to his and added, as Fox added when quot- energies than a detriment to his coning Burke, “but you should have sequence. Important constituencies, heard and seen the man !”

anticipating a vacancy, were already Heard and seen the man ! But on the look-out for him ; a smaller

h there he was again !- come up as constituency, in the interim, Carr Vifrom a grave-come up to the public pont undertook to procure him any just when such a man was wanted. day. There was always a Vipont Wanted how ?-wanted where ? Oh, ready to accept something-even the somehow and somewhere! There hé Chiltern Hundreds. But Darrell, is ! make the most of him.

not without reason, demurred at reThe house in Carlton Gardens is entering the House of Commons after prepared, the establishment mounted. an absence of seventeen years. He Thither flock all the Viponts---nor

had left it with one of those rare rethey alone; all the chiefs of all par- putations which no wise man likes ties--nor they alone; all the notabi- rashly to imperil

. The Viponts lities of our grand metropolis. Guy sighed. He would certainly be more Darrell might be startled at his own useful in the Commons than the position ; but he comprehended its Lords, but still in the Lords he would nature, and it did not discompose his be of great use. They would want nerves. He knew public life well a debating lord, perhaps a lord acenough to be aware how much the quainted with law in the coming popular favour is the creature of CRISIS ;- if he preferred the peerage ? an accident. By chance he had Darrell demurred still. The man's nicked the time; had he thus come modesty was insufferable—his style to town the season before, he might of speaking might not suit that have continued obscure ; a man like august assembly, and as to law-he Guy Darrell not being wanted then. could never now be a law lord-he Whether with or without design, his should be but a ci-devant advocate, bearing confirmed and extended the affecting the part of a judicial amaeffect produced by his reappearance. teur. Gracious, but modestly reserved—he In short, without declining to respoke little, listened beautifully.enter public life, seeming, on the conMany of the questions which agi- trary, to resume all his interest in it, tated all around him had grown up Darrell contrived with admirable into importance since his day of ac- dexterity to elude for the present all tion; nor in his retirement had he overtures pressed upon him, and traced their progressive develop- even to convince his admirers, not ment, with their changeful effects only of his wisdom but of his patriotupon men and parties. But a man ism in that reticence. For certainly who has once gone deeply into prac- he thus managed to exercise a very tical politics might sleep in the Cave considerable influence—his advice of Trophonius for twenty years, and was more sought, his suggestions find, on waking, very little to learn. more heeded, and his power in reconciling certain rival jealousies was know who listens yonder ? Old memperhaps greater than would have bers think so-smile, whisper each been the case if he had actually en- other, and glance significantly where tered either House of Parliament, Darrell sits. and thrown himself exclusively into Sits, as became him, tranquil, rethe ranks, not only of one party, but spectful, intent, seemingly, perhaps of one section of a party. Neverthe- really, unconscious of the sensation less, such suspense could not last he excites. What an eye for an very long; he must decide at all orator ! how like the eye in a porevents before the next session. Once trait ; it seems to fix on each other

;; he was seen in the arena of his old eye that seeks it-steady, fascinattriumphs, on the benches devoted ing. Yon distant members behind to strangers distinguished by the the Speaker's chair, at the far disSpeaker's order. There, recognised tance, feel the light of that eye travel by the older members, eagerly gazed towards them. How lofty and masat by the younger, Guy Darrell list- sive among all those rows of human ened calmly, throughout a long field heads seems that forehead, bending night, to voices that must have roused slightly down, with the dark strong from forgotten graves, kindling and line of the weighty eyebrow. But glorious memories ; voices of those- what is passing within that secret veterans now—by whose side he had mind? Is there mournfulness in the once struggled for some cause which retrospect? is there eagerness to rehe had then, in the necessary exag

new the strife? Is that interest in geration of all honest enthusiasm, the Hour's debate feigned or real? identified with a nation's lifeblood. Impossible for him who gazed upon Voices too of the old antagonists, that face to say. And that eye

would over whose routed arguments he had have seemed to the gazer to read marched triumphant amidst ap- himself through and through to the plauses that the next day rang again heart's core, long ere the gazer could through England from side to side. hazard a single guess as to the Hark, the very man with whom, in thoughts beneath that marble forethe old battle days, he had been the head-as to the emotions within the most habitually pitted, is speaking heart over which, in old senatorial now! His tones are embarrassed fashion, the arms were folded with -his argument confused. Does he so conventional an ease.


Darrell and Lionel.


Darrell had received Lionel with noted from the undistinguishable some evident embarrassment, which many,” Lionel had formed to himsoon yielded to affectionate warmth. self a certain ideal standard, above He took to the young man whose the ordinary level of what the fortunes he had so improved; he felt world is contented to call honest, that with the improved fortunes the or esteem clever. He admitted into young man's whole being was im- his estimate of life the heroic eleproved ;-assured position, early com- ment, not undesirable even in the mune with the best social circles, in most practical point of view, for which the equality of fashion smoothes the world is so in the habit of away all disparities in rank, had decrying - of disbelieving in high softened in Lionel much of the way- motives and pure emotions--of daward and morbid irritability of his guerreotyping itself with all its ugliboyish pride; but the high spirit, est wrinkles, stripped of the true the generous love of independence, bloom that brightens, of the true the scorn of mercenary calculation, expression that redeems, those dewere strong as ever; these were in the fects which it invites the sun to limn, grain of his nature. In common with that we shall never judge human all who in youth aspire to be one day nature aright, if we do not set out in life with our gaze on its fairest beau- his bark through life's trying voyage, ties, and our belief in its latent good. the necessity of so much dull weight In a word, we should begin with the must be forcibly stricken home less to Heroic, if we would learn the Human. his reason than his imagination or his But though to himself Lionel thus heart. But if, somehow or other, he secretly prescribed a certain superio- get it not, I will not insure his vessel. rity of type, to be sedulously aimed I know not if Lionel Haughton at, even if never actually attained, had genius; he never assumed that he was wholly without pedantry and he had ; but he had something more arrogance towards his own contem- like genius than that prototype-REporaries. From this he was saved not SOLVE-of which he boasted to the only by good-nature, animal spirits, artist. He had youth-real youthfrank hardihood, but by the very youth of mind, youth of heart, youth affluence of ideas which animated of soul. Lithe and supple as he his tongue, coloured his language, moved before you, with the eye to and whether to young or old, wise or which light or dew sprung at once dull, made his conversation racy and from a nature vibrating to every original. He was a delightful com- lofty, every tender thought, he seempanion; and if he had taken much ed more than young—the incarnation instruction from those older and wiser of youth. than himself, he so bathed that in- Darrell took to him at once. struction in the fresh fountain of his Amidst all the engagements crowded own lively intelligence, so warmed it on the important man, he contrived at his own beating impulsive heart, to see Lionel daily. And what may that he could make an old man's seem strange, Guy Darrell felt more gleanings from experience seem a at home with Lionel Haughton than young man's guesses into truth. with any of his own contemporaries Faults he had, of course-chiefly the -than even with Alban Morley. To faults common at his age ; amongst the last, indeed, he opened speech them, perhaps, the most dangerous with less reserve of certain portions were-Firstly, carelessness in money of the past, or of certain projects in matters ; secondly, a distaste for ad- the future. But still, even there, he vice in which prudence was visibly adopted a tone of half-playful, halfpredominant. His tastes were not in mournful satire, which might be in reality extravagant; but money slip- itself disguise. Alban Morley, with ped through his hands, leaving little all his good qualities, was a man of to show for it; and when his quar- the world ; as a man of the world, terly allowance became due, ample Guy Darrell talked to him. But it though it was—too ample, perhaps was only a very small part of Guy -debts wholly forgotten started up Darrell the man of which the world to seize hold of it. And debts, as could say “mine." yet being manageable, were not re- To Lionel he let out, as if involungarded with sufficient horror. Paid tarily, the inore amiable, tender, or put aside, as the case might be, poetic attributes of his varying, comthey were merely looked upon as plex, uncomprehended character; bores. Youth is in danger till it not professedly confiding, but not learn to look upon them as furies. taking pains to conceal. Hearing For advice, he took it with pleasure, what worldlings would call “ Sentiwhen clothed with elegance and art ment” in Lionel, he seemed to glide -when it addressed ambition-when softly down to Lionel's own years, it exalted the loftier virtues. But and talk “sentiment” in return. advice, practical and prosy, went in After all, this skilled lawyer, this at one ear and out at the other. In noted politician, had a great dash of fact, with many talents, he had yet the boy still in him. Reader, did no adequate ballast of common sense; you ever meet a really clever man and if ever he get enough to steady who had not?

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