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“He was sure that he was only speak- should bow, by giving the Opposiing the sentiments of a large number of tion the permission they desired. those hon, gentlemen who would be Mr Cardwell then, amidst tremendcompelled from previous promises to vote for the motion (cheers and roars of ists, moved that the vote of censure
ous cheering from the Ministeriallaughter from the Ministerial benches) be withdrawn ! when he expressed a hope that the motion would be withdrawn. He said
And so ended this memorable dethis in a spirit of frankness (renewed bate. The Factions had chosen their cheers and laughter), which he was sure
field of battle-had made their grand the House would appreciate. He could attack-had been beaten—and now not but believe that the avowal that lowered their flags and capitulated ! many of the right hon. gentleman's Much as Lord Palmerston had been friends would be placed in a most unen- damaged both in character and in viable position (laughter), if his motion prestige by his fall from office and its were pressed to a division, and the overpowering consideration of the bad causes,-low as Lord John Russell
has been sinking for several years effects of a dissolution to many of them (roars of laughter from the Ministerial past,—both of these statesmen have ists), would induce the right hon. gentle
now reached a lower depth still. A man to withdraw his motion."
party too easily pardons faction in its
leaders if it be united with skill and The mutiny became general. Mr success ; for then the personal inDuncombe said " he had intended terests of all are temporarily advancto vote for the motion, and had not ed, even though the chiefs reserve disguised his opinion; but as the to themselves the spolia opima. But case stood, if Mr Cardwell persevered when faction is combined with inin his motion, he would put on his capacity, producing exposure and dehat and wish him 'good-night, leav- feat, that is a very different matter; ing him to the tender mercies of and we are persuaded that it will be honourable gentlemen opposite !” a good while before the Liberals as a At length, after much consultation party again make themselves the tools held by Mr Cardwell with Lord of the official" Whigs. Let us ask, John Russell, Sir C. Wood, and Lord too—and though the question be a Palm on, the latter, as leader of momentous one, time forbids us to the routed faction, rose (confused, do more than put it-whether, after and with the worst grace he ever this extraordinary debate, the counshowed in his life), and joined in try relish the prospect of the House the appeal that Mr Cardwell should of Commons being intrusted with withdraw his motion. Mr Cardwell, the direct government of India ? of course, assented; and then camé We cannot conclude the narrative the capitulation. The motion could of these remarkable events—a narranot be withdrawn without the per- tive which, we believe, speaks trummission of the House, and the Min- pet-tongued its own moral—without isterialist leader was appealed to. according a mead of highest praise to The hour of victory had come. Like Lord Ellenborough and Mr Disraeli, a consummate general, Disraeli, to the two men to whom it is owing appearance as impassive as marble, that such a battle for political wishad watched every feint and move dom and humanity against persecu. of his troubled antagonists; and now, tion and terrible folly, was fought at calm and concentrated amidst his un- all, and that it was fought successparalleled triumph, he rose amidst fully. The one saved India in this deafening cheers. With a magnani- matter, and the other England. Mr mity which was true wisdom, and Disraeli has the honour, we believe, with admirable taste, he said that of having from the first discerned if he were only to consult party the strength of the Ministerial posiinterests, he should prefer to go tion, and boldly resolved to appeal
with the debate, and to the country rather than abandon quite ready to divide the House it. And to his consummate leaderon the motion ; but that there were ship, it is mainly due that the House higher interests than those of party, of Commons has been saved from and that to those higher interests he committing one of the most terrible
errors, as well as delinquencies, juncture. “Would that we had Elwhich ignorance ever prompted, or lenborough here !" is the cry of many faction inspired. But our last_and of our best officers and soldiers in best word must be reserved for Lord India. What will they say when Ellenborough. Personal connection they learn that he no longer rules and the influences of distinguished even at home, and that the factious circles, and still more, the factious efforts of the Whig chiefs have driven interests of party, caused the praises from the helm of Indian administraof Lord Canning to be sounded tion the statesman who could do throughout the recent debate with most to right the shaken fortunes of a zeal that far overshot the limits that mighty empire ? Lord Ellenof truth. But how few the tributes borough's only fault was, that bis to that far nobler man, who inter- prescient mind saw things too early posed to save our Indian empire from and too clearly for the purblind chiefs an act of insanity, and
then sacrificed of the Opposition. Densely ignorant high and honourableoffice rather than of India and its governmental wants, allow faction to obtain a triumph at they thought wrong was right, and the expense alike of British honour right wrong, until the march of events and British dominion. Lord Canning undeceived them. Like Mr V. Smith, had fallen into the greatest and most they esteemed Canning's proclamamomentous error ever committed tion wisdom, and Ellenborough's deby any Viceroy of India ; and instead spatch folly. They maintained that of dealing harshly with him, Lord the latter would paralyse our soldiers, Ellenborough's only error was on the and rouse the natives against our rule; other side. Had he recalled Lord Can- whereas the arrival of successive ning at once, history would have said mails now shows that it is the very that never was Governor - General thing our generals are calling for,more justly displaced ; and the Fac- that it is the only way to allay the tions, compelled to encounter the hostility excited by the edict of conquestion purely on the merits of the fiscation,--and so far from
weakening rival policies, would probably have our Indian Executive, it only enjoins shrunk from contesting the deci- a policy which, ere the published desion. It was on account of the spatch reach Calcutta, that Executive poble Earl's leniency – it was just will have found itself compelled to because he censured and did not adopt. The stern logic of events, recall—that the Factions were able and the protests of almost every man to find a specious ground of at- of mark in India, will already have tack; and it is deeply to be re- produced their effects, by convincing gretted that it has cost the State so the erring Governor-General that he dearly to repel an attack so entirely must either recall his unjust and perselfish and unjustifiable. England secuting proclamation, or sacrifice and India can ill afford to lose the both our army and our empire in an services of such a man at such a interminable war.
INDEX TO VOL. LXXXIII.
388 et seq.
Abdool Mulek, conquest of Sind during Beaumont, Dr, his theory of hunger, 10
- tables of digestibility of various
meats, from, 516.
43—chap. iii. 50-chap. iv. 51-chap. v.
Belochies, the, in Africa, 286.
tine, 410-bis discovery of the sugar-
forming function of the liver, 412.
Berthé, on the digestibility of oils, 411.
Bischoff, determination of quantity of
Blackhole of Calcutta, the, 13.
change of ministry, 484.
balla, &c. 642 et seq. passim- his death, 3.
Bone soup, experiments, &c., on, 409.
Borrower and lender, St Leonards on
law of, 196.
et seq. passim.
sity, 75, 76-examination for, 78. Brind, Major J., at Jullundhur, 242.
Brown, Rev. Byron, a social sketch, 419
- lieutenant, at Delhi, 127-captain,
BUCKLAND'S CURIOSITIES OF NATURAL
Buddhism, ancient prevalence of, in Sind,
Bulwer, the novels of, 60.
Bunsen, chevalier, preface to Debit and
Buonaparte, Lucien, and Beranger, 113.
Burn, colonel, at Delhi, 135.
Burton, captain, Zanzibar, and Two
Months in East Africa, by, part i. 200 Commissariat, the, in India, 650.
-part ii. 276—conclusion, 572. COMPANY'S RAJ, NOTE TO, 137.
Comte, A. on the origin of slavery, 291.
CONVICTS, OUR, PAST AND PRESENT, 291.
Cooper, Mr, at Umritsur, 101.
Mean-Meer, 97, 98 et seq.-his cha-
racter and conduct, 100-measures of,
Cornaro, dietary of, 522.
Cranford, notice of, 424.
Crimea, the, various races by which
Daher, conquest of Sind under, and his
it ? by, part viii, 18--part ix. 155- Dalhousie, lord, the annexation of Oude
DEBIT AND CREDIT, 57.
Delhi, first indications of the revolt in, 94
-appointment of, 600—his previous gal European Fusiliers at the leaguer
alleged defencelessness of, on the out-
break of the mutiny, 246—state of,
Delhi, king of, insurrectionary letter of,
vestigations into food, 329 et seq, 403. Denis, experiment by, on transfusion of
Derby ministry, the, 498 et seq.-first
measures of the, 499 — India bill, ex-
amination of the, 484 et seq..
the thief, 299.
founded by, 59.
Divinity, faculty of, in Edinburgh Uni-
Donné, M., experiments of, on gelatine,
in the, in the Scottish Universities, Doondy Rao, see Nana Sahib.
Draper, professor, on the blood cor-
Dunlavy, sergeant, 127.
East Africa, see Zanzibar.
mutiny, 245 et seq. the proposed
Edinburgh Academy and High School,
Dr Schmitz on the, 82-University, the
ships in, 81 et seq. passim.
Edwardes, colonel, 589, 591, 592. Gelatine, relations, of, to nutrition, 409.
Gelatine commission, report of the, 410.
German life, sketches of, in Debit and
Gerrard, colonel, death of, 723.
Ghazee-ud-Deen, Vizier of Oude, 630.
Ghoorkahs, the, before Delhi, 126, 132.
Gibbon, on the decline of the Byzantine
Gil Blas, Bunsen on, 59.
GLASGOW, RAMBLES ROUND, 467.
duction of, into the Scottish univer- the Reformation, 468.
Gluten, relations, &c. of, as a nutritive
Gluttony, examples of, 523.
Goat, flesh of the, 515.
Goths, the, in the Crimea, 551 et seq.
Govindghur, measures of, to secure from
of, 333—and oils, relations of, to nutri- Granié, the case of, 7.
Greased cartridges, the case of the, 95.
tion of, 140—the convicts of, and
in, in the Scottish Universities, 80.
Greeks, colonisation of the Crimea by
wounded, 130—at the assault, 134.
requirements for, 2-varieties of, and India, 650.
for variety of, 522—quantity of, ib.
of, 332 et seq.
Hewson on the blood discs, 688.
Hindoos, food of the, 336-origins as-
Hindoo Sepoys, means adopted to ex-
History, the Edinburgh professorship
Holy wells, Sullivan on, 352.
709 et seq.
581 et seq.