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should bow, by giving the Opposition the permission they desired. Mr Cardwell then, amidst tremendists, moved that the vote of censure ous cheering from the Ministerialbe withdrawn!

"He was sure that he was only speaking the sentiments of a large number of those hon. gentlemen who would be compelled from previous promises to vote for the motion (cheers and roars of laughter from the Ministerial benches) when he expressed a hope that the motion would be withdrawn. He said this in a spirit of frankness (renewed cheers and laughter), which he was sure the House would appreciate. He could not but believe that the avowal that many of the right hon. gentleman's friends would be placed in a most unenviable position (laughter) if his motion were pressed to a division, and the overpowering consideration of the bad effects of a dissolution to many of them (roars of laughter from the Ministerialists), would induce the right hon. gentleman to withdraw his motion."

The mutiny became general. Mr Duncombe said "he had intended to vote for the motion, and had not disguised his opinion; but as the case stood, if Mr Cardwell persevered in his motion, he would put on his hat and wish him 'good-night,' leaving him to the tender mercies of honourable gentlemen opposite !" At length, after much consultation held by Mr Cardwell with Lord John Russell, Sir C. Wood, and Lord Palmerston, the latter, as leader of the routed faction, rose (confused, and with the worst grace he ever showed in his life), and joined in the appeal that Mr Cardwell should withdraw his motion. Mr Cardwell, of course, assented; and then came the capitulation. The motion could not be withdrawn without the permission of the House, and the Ministerialist leader was appealed to. The hour of victory had come. Like a consummate general, Disraeli, to appearance as impassive as marble, had watched every feint and move of his troubled antagonists; and now, calm and concentrated amidst his unparalleled triumph, he rose amidst deafening cheers. With a magnanimity which was true wisdom, and with admirable taste, he said that if he were only to consult party interests, he should prefer to go on with the debate, and was quite ready to divide the House on the motion; but that there were higher interests than those of party, and that to those higher interests he

And so ended this memorable debate. The Factions had chosen their field of battle-had made their grand attack-had been beaten-and now lowered their flags and capitulated! Much as Lord Palmerston had been damaged both in character and in prestige by his fall from office and its causes,-low as Lord John Russell has been sinking for several years past,-both of these statesmen have now reached a lower depth still. A party too easily pardons faction in its leaders if it be united with skill and success; for then the personal interests of all are temporarily advanced, even though the chiefs reserve to themselves the spolia opima. But when faction is combined with incapacity, producing exposure and defeat, that is a very different matter; and we are persuaded that it will be a good while before the Liberals as a party again make themselves the tools of the "official" Whigs. Let us ask, too-and though the question be a momentous one, time forbids us to do more than put it-whether, after this extraordinary debate, the country relish the prospect of the House of Commons being intrusted with the direct government of India? We cannot conclude the narrative of these remarkable events-a narrative which, we believe, speaks trumpet-tongued its own moral-without according a mead of highest praise to Lord Ellenborough and Mr Disraeli, -the two men to whom it is owing that such a battle for political wisdom and humanity against persecution and terrible folly, was fought at all, and that it was fought successfully. The one saved India in this matter, and the other England. Mr Disraeli has the honour, we believe, of having from the first discerned the strength of the Ministerial position, and boldly resolved to appeal to the country rather than abandon it. And to his consummate leadership, it is mainly due that the House of Commons has been saved from committing one of the most terrible

errors, as well as delinquencies, which ignorance ever prompted, or faction inspired. But our last and best word must be reserved for Lord Ellenborough. Personal connection and the influences of distinguished circles, and still more, the factious interests of party, caused the praises of Lord Canning to be sounded throughout the recent debate with a zeal that far overshot the limits of truth. But how few the tributes to that far nobler man, who interposed to save our Indian empire from an act of insanity, and then sacrificed high and honourable office rather than allow faction to obtain a triumph at the expense alike of British honour and British dominion. Lord Canning had fallen into the greatest and most momentous error_ever committed by any Viceroy of India; and instead of dealing harshly with him, Lord Ellenborough's only error was on the other side. Had he recalled Lord Canning at once, history would have said that never was Governor-General more justly displaced; and the Factions, compelled to encounter the question purely on the merits of the rival policies, would probably have shrunk from contesting the decision. It was on account of the noble Earl's leniency - it was just because he censured and did not recall that the Factions were able to find a specious ground of attack; and it is deeply to be regretted that it has cost the State so dearly to repel an attack so entirely selfish and unjustifiable. England and India can ill afford to lose the services of such a man at such a

juncture. "Would that we had Ellenborough here!" is the cry of many of our best officers and soldiers in India. What will they say when they learn that he no longer rules even at home, and that the factious efforts of the Whig chiefs have driven from the helm of Indian administration the statesman who could do most to right the shaken fortunes of that mighty empire? Lord Ellenborough's only fault was, that his prescient mind saw things too early and too clearly for the purblind chiefs of the Opposition. Densely ignorant of India and its governmental wants, they thought wrong was right, and right wrong, until the march of events undeceived them. Like Mr V. Smith, they esteemed Canning's proclamation wisdom, and Ellenborough's despatch folly. They maintained that the latter would paralyse our soldiers, and rouse the natives against our rule; whereas the arrival of successive mails now shows that it is the very thing our generals are calling for,that it is the only way to allay the hostility excited by the edict of confiscation, and so far from weakening our Indian Executive, it only enjoins a policy which, ere the published despatch reach Calcutta, that Executive will have found itself compelled to adopt. The stern logic of events, and the protests of almost every man of mark in India, will already have produced their effects, by convincing the erring Governor-General that he must either recall his unjust and persecuting proclamation, or sacrifice both our army and our empire in an interminable war.


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388 et seq.

African travel, present aspects of, 282.
Albumen, relations, &c. of, as regards
food, 406.

Albuminous substances, true place of, in
foods, 332.

Alcohol, relations of, to nutrition, 413.
Ali bin Nasir, career and death of, 223.
Ali Morad of Khyrpore, the case of, 488.
Ali Sher Kanai, the Tohfut-ul-Kiram of,

Alligator, the, at Pangany, 283.
Ambony, African fair at, 279.
American plantations, the consignment
of convicts to, 291.

Amoeba, analogy between the blood cor-
puscles and the, 690.

Andersson, on the suffering from thirst,

Ancient empires, the degeneracy of, 139.
Animals, abstinence from food among, 4
-distinction between, and plants, as to
food, 340-age of, as affecting their
flesh for food, 515.

Animal food, cases of antipathy to, 327.
Anson, general, proceedings of, at Um-
balla, &c. 642 et seq. passim—his death,

Appetite, what, 1.

Arabs of Zanzibar, &c. 203.

Army, the, allowance for food in, 525.
Arrawak Indians, burial customs of the,


Arterial blood, characters of, &c., 695.
Arts, the, Italy in relation to, 603.
Arts, faculty of, in Edinburgh Univer-

sity, 75, 76-examination for, 78.
Astronomy, the Edinburgh professorship
of, 90.

Australia, transportation to, 295.
Ayodhya, the ancient name of Oude, 624.
Azadpore, skirmish at, 124.

Bagshawe, lieutenant, murder of, 659.
Baines, major, at Phillour, 242.

Bajee Rao, the treaty concluded with, 137.
Balaklava, supposed description of, in
Homer, 549.

Bardul-Ki-Serai, battle of, 123.

Barnard, general, at Umballa, 645—
death of, 127.

Barnes, Mr, at Umballa, 646.
Bayonne, diligence journey from Madrid
to, 452.

Beatson, captain, at Delhi, 135.

Beaumont, Dr, his theory of hunger, 10
-tables of digestibility of various
meats, from, 516.

Beecher, colonel, wounded before Delhi,

BELLS OF BOTREAUX, THE, 41-chap. ii.
43-chap. iii. 50-chap. iv. 51-chap. v.
54-chap. vi. 56.

Beltain, or Beltane, the, 349.
Belochies, the, in Africa, 286.
Bengal, the nawab of, his share in the
conspiracy, 96.

Berard, M., cases of prolonged fasting
given by, 5.

Bernard, C., on the conversion of gela-
tine, 410-his discovery of the sugar-
forming function of the liver, 412.
Berthe, on the digestibility of oils, 411.
Biography, modern passion for, 103.
Bischoff, determination of quantity of
blood by, 697.

Blackhole of Calcutta, the, 13.

Blackie, professor, on university reform,

BLOOD, 687-taken as a standard for
food, 404.

Blood-discs or corpuscles, the, 688.
Board of Control, the, how affected by
change of ministry, 484.

Body, the waste and repair of the, 2-
the comparison of it to a steam-engine,


Bone soup, experiments, &c., on, 409.
Borrower and lender, St Leonards on
law of, 196.

Bosjesmans, gluttony of the, 523.
Bosporus, the Greek kingdom of, 550,
et seq. passim.

Botany Bay, first transportations to, 292.
Brain, effects of starvation on the, 8.
Brava, the negroes of, 207.

Brind, Major J., at Jullundhur, 242.
Brock's life of Havelock, 709 et seq.
Brown, Rev. Byron, a social sketch, 419
-lieutenant, at Delhi, 127-captain,
wounded before Delhi, 125.


Buddhism, ancient prevalence of, in Sind,

Bueny, village of, 282.

Bulwer, the novels of, 60.

Bunsen, chevalier, preface to Debit and
Credit by, 57.

Buonaparte, Lucien, and Beranger, 113.
Burn, colonel, at Delhi, 135.

Burns, contrast between and Beranger,

Burton, captain, Zanzibar, and Two

Months in East Africa, by, part i. 200
-part ii. 276-conclusion, 572.
Bute, island, &c. of, 474.

Butler, lieutenant, 125-at Delhi, 133,
134-wounded, 134.

Butler, colonel, at Phillour, 244.
Byzantine art, examples and character-
istics of, 611, 617.

Cagliari, the case of the, 505 et seq.
Cairnes, lieutenant, at Delhi, 135-
death of, 136.
Carmyle, village of, 477.

Carpenter, Dr, on Liebig's theory of
food, 332.

Caseine, relations, &c. of, as a nutritive
substance, 407.

Catacombs, first appearance of Christian
art in the, 606.

Caulfield, captain, at Delhi, 133, 134.
Cavour, Count, character, &c. of, 464
et seq.

Caxton, Pisistratus, What will he do with
it by, part viii. 18-part ix. 155-
part x. 259-part xi. 427-part xii.
526-part xiii. 667.

Chach, king of Sind, 313 et seq.
Chamberlaine, brigadier, at Delhi, 128
-appointment of, 600-his previous
career, ib., note-address to the Sepoys
by, 654.

Chameleon, habits, &c. of the, 363.
Chemists, results, theories, &c. of the,
regarding food, 326 et seq.

Chemistry, true function of, as regards in-
vestigations into food, 329 et seq, 403.
Chester, colonel, death of, 123.
Chichester, lieutenant, at Govindghur,

Chogway, sketches at, 286.
Chossat on inanition, 3, 4, 8.
Christian art, sketch of the history of
its development in Italy, 605.
Christianity, influence of, in arresting
decline in England, 140.

Church, influence, &c. of the, in Pied-
mont, 465.

Cimmerians, the, 549.

Civilisation, relations of hunger to, 1-
darker aspects of, 139.

Classics, proposed entrance examination
in the, in the Scottish Universities,

Clay, the edible, of South America, 325.
Clubs of Glasgow, Strang's account of
the, 467, 469.

Clyde river, the, 472, 476.

Clydesdale, scenery, &c. of, 472.

Commissariat, the, in India, 650.

Comte, A. on the origin of slavery, 291.
Conservatives, return of, to power, 498.
Cooper, Mr, at Umritsur, 101.
Corbett, brigadier, proceedings of, at
Mean-Meer, 97, 98 et seq.-his cha-
racter and conduct, 100-measures of,
for security of Ferozepore, 239-at
Lahore, 652.

Cornaro, dietary of, 522.
Cotton, brigadier, 589, 591-measures at
Peshawur, 593.

Council, the proposed Indian, 495 et seq.
Cranford, notice of, 424.

Crime, diminution of, in Scotland, 307.
Crimea, the, various races by which

overrun, antiquities of, &c. 548 et seq.
CUMBERLAND, Sullivan on, 344.
Daher, conquest of Sind under, and his
death, 316 et seq.

Dalhousie, lord, the annexation of Oude
by, 638 et seq.


Delhi, first indications of the revolt in, 94
-the massacre at, 96-the First Ben-
gal European Fusiliers at the leaguer
of, 125 et seq.-and after it, 719-
alleged defencelessness of, on the out-
break of the mutiny, 246-state of,
after the capture, 724.

Delhi, king of, insurrectionary letter of,

Denis, experiment by, on transfusion of
blood, 698.

Dennis, captain, 126.

Derby ministry, the, 498 et seq.-first
measures of the, 499 — India bill, ex-
amination of the, 484 et seq.

Detective, skill of the, in distinguishing
the thief, 299.

Dickens, Charles, the school of fiction
founded by, 59.

Diligences, Spanish, 456.

Divinity, faculty of, in Edinburgh Uni-
versity, 75.

Dobbin, lieutenant, at Phillour, 242.
Donné, M., experiments of, on gelatine,

Doondy Rao, see Nana Sahib.

Draper, professor, on the blood cor-
puscles,-691-on the coagulation of
the blood, 693.
Dunlavy, sergeant, 127.
East Africa, see Zanzibar.

East India bill, remarks on the, 370 et seq.

Cockburn, lord, sketch of the Heart of East India Company, the, and the

Midlothian by, 292.

Cold climates, greater consumption of
food in, 523.

Colonisation, influence of, in arresting
decline in England, 140.
Commerce, instigations to exploration
from, 387.

mutiny, 245 et seq. the proposed
supercession of the, 250 et seq.
Edinburgh Academy and High School,
Dr Schmitz on the, 82-University, the
system in, 75-the classical professor-
ships in, 81 et seq. passim.
Edwards and Balzac, experiments of, on
gelatine, 409.

Edwardes, colonel, 589, 591, 592.
Eggs, as an article of diet, 520.
Elephant, trapping the, in Africa, 287.
Eliot, lord, the embassy of, to Zumala-
carregui, 453.

Elliot, Sir Henry, history of Sind by,
311, 320, 321.

English, passion for travelling among the,

English Universities, difference between,
and the Scottish, 75.
Esquimaux, gluttony of the, 524.
Europe, contrast between North and
South of, in relation to art, 605.
Evans, lieutenant, at Delhi, 132.
Evil eye, the, in Cumberland, 355.
Examination, entrance, proposed intro-
duction of, into the Scottish univer-
sities, 80.

Executions, former frequency of, 292.
Exeter Hall meetings, the, 391.
FACTIONS, DEFEAT of the, 756.
Fagan, Mrs, during the mutiny, 660.
Fairies, Cumberland traditions of, 351.
Farrington, captain, 241, 243.
Fasting, cases of prolonged, 4.
Fats, Liebig on the alimentary functions
of, 333-and oils, relations of, to nutri-
tion, 410.

Fellows, College, restriction of, from mar-
riage, 559 et seq.

Ferozepore, measures for the security of,

Fever of East Africa, the, 586 et seq.
Fezirat-el-Khazra, sketches in, 200.
Fibrine, relations, &c. of, as a nutritive
element, 407.

Fiction, the modern schools of, 59.
Fire-worship, traces of, in England, 349.
Fish, on, as an article of diet, 519.
Florence, mosaics in Baptistery of, 616.
FOOD AND DRINK, 325-Part II., 402

Part III., 515.

Food, circumstances which regulate the
requirements for, 2-varieties of, and
its assimilation into the same tissues,
325-method of investigation regard-
ing, 326 et seq.-cases of antipathy to
particular kinds, 327 et seq.-necessity
for variety of, 522-quantity of, ib.
Forsyth, Mr, proceedings of, at Um-
balla, 641 et seq. passim.

France, the misunderstanding with, 499

et seq.
BY, reviewed, 57.
Frogs, Buckland on, 357.

Fuga, journey to, and sketches in, 572,

581 et seq.

pean, in the Delhi campaign, 151-

Galla tribes, the, 219.
Gama, Vasco de, at Mombas, 214.
Gartsherrie, mineral district of, 473.
Gasy, village and bay of, 276.

Gelatine, relations, of, to nutrition, 409.
Gelatine commission, report of the, 410.
Genoese, settlements of the, in the Cri-
mea, 552.

German life, sketches of, in Debit and
Credit, 57 et seq.

Gerrard, colonel, death of, 723.

Ghalib Jung, career, &c. of, 630 et seq.
Ghazee-ud-Deen, Vizier of Oude, 630.
Gholab Singh, fidelity of, 602.

Ghoorkahs, the, before Delhi, 126, 132.
Gibbon, on the decline of the Byzantine
Empire, 617.

Gil Blas, Bunsen on, 59.

Glasgow, the rising of 1848 in, 471.
Glasgow cathedral, preservation of, at
the Reformation, 468.

Gluten, relations, &c. of, as a nutritive
element, 408.

Gluttony, examples of, 523.
Goat, flesh of the, 515.

Gotama Buddha, scene of the exploits
of, 311.

Goths, the, in the Crimea, 551 et seq.
Govindghur, measures of, to secure from
the mutineers, 100.

Granié, the case of, 7.

Greased cartridges, the case of the, 95.
Great Britain, stability and present posi
tion of, 140-the convicts of, and
their treatment, past and present, 291
et seq.

Greek, proposed entrance examination
in, in the Scottish Universities, 80.
Greek writers, account of Sind by, 312.
Greeks, colonisation of the Crimea by
the, 550.

Greville, captain, at Delhi, 126, 129-

wounded, 130-at the assault, 134.
Griffith, lieutenant, at Phillour, 244.
Hamerton, colonel, consul at Zanzibar,
202, 210.

Hardinge, lord, on the commissariat in
India, 650.

Hartley, colonel, measures of, at Jul-
lundhur, 241, 242, 243.

Harvey, views of, on the blood, 692.
Havelock, Sir H., Brock's memoir of,
709 et seq.

Heart of Mid-Lothian, sketch of the,

Heatmaking foods, Liebig's classification
of, 332 et seq.

Hejjaz, conquest of Sind by, 317.
Hewson on the blood discs, 688.
Hindoos, food of the, 336-origins as-
signed to the, 622.

Hindoo Sepoys, means adopted to ex-
cite the, 95.

Hippopotamus, hunting the, 584.
History, the Edinburgh professorship
of, 90.

Holwell, Mr, account of the Black-hole
of Calcutta by, 13.
Holy wells, Sullivan on, 352.

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