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1. His Name, Jesus: by which indeed many of the Jews were called : but it was given him in Obedience to an Appointment from Heaven, made with a peculiar Regard to its proper Meaning. For it fignifies, a Savivur: which is a Title conferred, in a lower Sense, on several Persons in Scripture, who delivered others from considerable Dangers or Evils, or obtained for them.considerable Benefits and Advantages. Thus the Judges of the Israelites, that freed them from the Oppression of their Enemies, are said to be Saviours, whom Gad raised up to them.

b to them. And Joshua, who brought them out of the Wilderness into the Land of Canaan, fubdued it, and put them in Poffeffion of it, not only was in these Respects a Saviour to them ; but, from a Forefight that he would, was called so, as his proper Name. For Joshua and Yesus art, in the Original, the same Word; only pronounced a little differently. And hence Joshua is constantly called Jesus in the Greek Language, and even in our Translation of the New Teftament, the two only Times that he is mentioned there. But if he deserved to be named a Saviour, how much more did that Person, who hath taught and enabled us to overcome our fpiritual, which are infinitely our worst, Enemies: who hath obtained for us, on moft equitable Terms, Deliverance from the Punishment due to our Guilt; who hath destroyed on our Behalf, Death, and him that had the Power of Death; and will bestow on us eternal Salvation, in the Kingdom of Heaven? With perfect Justice therefore was the Order given to his Virgin Mother, Thou shalt call his Name, Jesus: for he shall save his People from their Sins : only let us remember, that none will be saved from them hereafter, that continue to live in them here. For is the holy Jesus the Minister of Sin? God forbid,

2. His Offices are expressed by the Word, Chrift. This, and the Hebrew Word Mesiah, to which it

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answers, in their literal Meaning signify Anointed. Oil was anciently in very high Efteem among the Eastern Nations on various Accounts. And, as they were wont to express almost every Matter of Importance by Actions, as well as Words; one way of setting any Thing apart, and appropriating it to an honourable Use, was by anointing it with Oil. Therefore we find Jotham, in his Parable, makes the Olive Tree speak of its Fatness, as that wherewith they honour God and Man6. Accordingly the Tabernacle, and Temple, and their Furniture, were confecrated by anointing them. And almost every Sacrifice had Oil, mixed with Flower, added to it, when it was offered up. Nor was it used only to fuch Things, but such Persons, as were distinguished in Honour above others: To Kings; who are thence frequently ftiled in Scripture, the Lord's anointed : To Priests : concerning whom God commands, in the Case of Aaron and his Sons, Thou shalt anoint them, that they may minister to me in the Priests Office h: And lastly to Prophets ; as where Elijah is directed to anoint Elisa Prophet in his Roomi.

And when once, by Custom, anointing came to fignify raising any one to a Station of Dignity, the same Word was used, even on Occasions where no Oil was actually employed. Thus when Elijah was bid to anoint Hazael to be King over Syria, and Elisa for Prophet in his own Room: we find not, that he ever did it literally! Again, when God is introduced, as saying of the Jewish Patriarchs, before Moses, touch not mine anointed, and do my Prophets no Harm: we have no Ground to think, that they were ever entitled to this Name by any folemn outward Unction, performed upon them : but only by the distinguished Favour and Regard of Heaven. And

i

& Judges ix. 9.
• Exod. xl. 15.

i Kings xix. 16. *The Jews say that NWO, Unition, signifies Principality and Greatness; 0771731 nigis figy. Reland. Ant. Hebr. Par. 2. c. 8. $6. and see this further proved, ib. c. 9. 96.

See 1 Kings xix, 15, 16. Comp. v, 19. and 2 Kings viii. 13.

m Psal. cv, Igo

in this Sense it was, that God anointed our Saviour with the Oil of Gladness, above his Fellows ": that is, exalted him to a Rank of. Dignity and Honour beyond all Creatures. For in his Person were united those three Offices, in the highest Degree, to which, you have seen, Persons were anciently set apart by anointing.

He is the greatest Prophet, that ever was: having given to Mankind the fulleft Knowledge of God's Will, and confirmed his Doctrine by the moft illustrious Miracles and Predictions. Hence Ifaiab, speaking in his Name, long before his Appearance, gave that Descripsion of him, which he so justly in the Synagogue applied to himself: The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, he bath emointed me o to preach the Gospel to the Poor P. And St. Peter, after his Resurrection, says, that God anointed Fefus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with Power. What these Words mean, the next explain : who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the Devil; for God was with him?: and the Whole means just the same Thing, with what he elsewhere says, that he was a Man approved of God by Miracles and Wonders. and Signs".

In the next Place, he is a Priest of an Order, ftrialy speaking, confined to his own Person, and of which no other ever was or can be; though in some Respects the Priesthood of Melchizedek peculiarly resembled and prefigured it. He offered up himself for the Sins of Mankind, as Ihall hereafter be explained to you. With this Sacrifice he appeared before God, not in the boly Places made with Hands, which are the Figures of the true, but in Heaven itfelfs; made Reconciliation for us with him, derives to us continually Blessings from him ; and thus remains for ever an high Priest over the House of Godt: compared with whom, the Jewish Priesthood, and the Sacrifices, which they were daily making, were but as empty Shadows to the real Substance.

• Chald. doth not understand the anointing here to be with material Oil. Plfa. Ixi. I, Luke iv, 18. 4 Acts x. 38. " AEs ii. 22. • Heb. ix, 24.

'Heb. X. 21.

But

* Psal. xlv. 7.

But lastly, he is in the highest Sense a King ; King and Lord of all. Hence, in the second Pfalm, he is called the Lord's anointed, whom he hath set to be King on his holy Hill of Sion". Hence in Isaiah it is prophesied, that he should fit upon the Throne of David, (that is, reign over the People of God) to order and establish it for EVET ". And hence his Title in Daniel is, Mefiah the Prince », or the anointed Prince: the Son of Man, to whom Dominion pould be given, and a Kingdom; that all People, Nations and Languages, should serve him". The Completion of these. Prophecies we find in the New Testament: where, as he professes himself a King, but not of a Kingdom of this World 2 ; so we find hin, after the suffering of Death, crowned with Glory and Honour ., infinitely superior to the highest of the mortal Potentates: all Power being given unto him in Heaven and in Earth b; and a Name above every Name, that is named in this World, and that to come : for which Reason he is in the Revelation stiled, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords a. This kingly Power he exercises, partly by giving Laws, which every one is bound to obey, and no one may alter, diminish, or add to them : partly by protecting his Church against all its Enemies, visible and invisible, so that neither Thall at any Time totally prevail against it: partly by conducting every Member of it, who is dutiful to him, in the Way of Peace and Happiness, through the Grace of his Spirit, and the Ministry of his Ordinances : and finally he will, in the most con{picuous Manner, display his regal Power, by everlastingly rewarding his faithful Subjects; and punishing all, who have rejected his Authority, rebelled against it, or disobeyed it.

These then are the Offices, to which God hath anointed, that is, raised and exalted him: and in Respect of which he is called the Christ. Let us all be

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u Pral. ii. 2, 6.

# Ifa. ix. 7.
* Dan. ix. 25.

Dan. vii, 13, 14. ? John xviii. 33, 36. a Heb. ii. 9.

Matth. xxviii. 18. Phil. äi. 9. Eph. i. 21.

d Rev, xix, 16. C3

careful

careful to receive him suitably to them: and so hearken to him as our Prophet; that we may partake of his Atonement, as our Priest, and live under his Protection, as our King, for ever and ever.

3. The next Thing, mentioned in the Creed, con, cerning our Saviour, is the Relation, which he bears to God, as the only Son of the Father Almighty. Indeed the Scripture speaks of God, as the Father of all Men; and of all that are good, as his Sons. Good Christians are so in a higher Sense, than other good Men. 'Angels are the Sons of God, in a Degree still superior to them. But yet, all other Sonships are so inconceivably inferior to that of Christ, that they are in Comparison as nothing; and he deserves notwithstanding to be called, as he is several Times called in Scripture the only begotten Son of God; which greatest of Titles appears to be his due, on several Accounts.

First, because, being born of a Virgin, he had no earthly Father ; but was begotten of God by his Holy Spirit. This Reason the Angel gives, in St. Luke, The Holy Ghost fall come upon thee, and the Power of the Highest Mall overshadow thee: therefore that holy Thing, which hall be born of thee, hall be called the Son of God.

Secondly, as by Virtue of the abovementioned Offices, to which he was anointed, he received higher Marks of divine Favour, and higher Degrees of divine Likeness, than any other Person ever did. For, as himself argues with the Jews, if, on account of mere earthly Power and Dignity, Men were called Gods, and Children of the most High, much more might he, whom the Father fanctified, and sent into the World, in so vastly superior a Character, be stiled, by Way of Eminence, the Son of Godh. And thus is he accordingly ftiled, on this Account: I will be his Father, and he shall be my Soni: also I will make him my first born, higher than the Kings of the Earth

• John i. 14, 18. iii. 16, 18. 1 John iv. g. & Pral. lxxxii. 6. John x. 34, &c.

i 2 Sam, vii, 14. Chr. xvii. 13. Heb. i. 5.

K Pfal. lxxxix. 27.

Thirdly,

* Luke i. 35.

h

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