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III. The bright and morning star, with relation,
1. To the nature of its substance; he was pure,
without the least imperfection. 2. To the manner
of its appearance; he appeared small in his humanity,
though he was the great Almighty God. 3. To the
quality of its operation, open and visible by his light,
chasing away the heathenish false worship, the
imperfect one of the Jews, and all pretended Mes-
siahs; secret and invisible by his influence, illumi-
nating our judgment, bending our will, and at last
No scripture has so directly and immoveably
stood in the way of the several opposers of the
divinity of our Saviour as this chapter, whereof this
I. Christ's coming into the world, who, 1. Was
the second Person in the glorious Trinity, the ever
II. Christ rejected by his own. For, 1. The
There are several opinions concerning the person
here spoken of by the prophet; but, setting aside
those of later interpreters, who differ even among
themselves, we may safely, with all the ancients,
affirm him to be the Messiah, and this Messiah to be
no other than Jesus of Nazareth. In these words
I. That he was stricken; his suffering, in its lati-
tude and extent, in its intenseness and sharpness,
and in its author, which was God.
II. That he was stricken for transgression; the
quality of his transgression was penal and expiatory;
he was punished for sins past, not to prevent sins for
the future. He bore our sins, his soul was made an
offering for sin. He was qualified to pay an equiva-
lent compensation to the divine justice, by the infinite
dignity and the perfect innocence of his person.
III. That he was stricken for God's people; the
cause of his suffering. Man's redemption proceeds
upon a twofold covenant, one of suretyship, the
other of grace; and, without any violation of the
divine justice, Christ suffered for men,
account of his voluntary consent; and because of his
relation to them, as he was their king and head, and
Thence we should learn also to suffer for Christ,
1. By self-denial and mortification; 2. By cheer-
fully undergoing troubles and afflictions in this
necessity of Christ's being believed in as a Saviour;
The belief of Christ's resurrection affords us, 1.
SERMON XXXV.-P. 291.
THE CHRISTIAN PENTECOST, OR THE SOLEMN EFFUSION
"Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same
The Holy Ghost, the design of whose mission was
to confirm Christianity, did it by an effusion of
miraculous gifts upon the first messengers of it. In
I. What those gifts were, either, 1. Ordinary,
conveyed to us by the mediation of our own endea-
vours; or, 2. Extraordinary, immediately from God
alone, such as the gift of tongues, of healing the sick,
and raising the dead, of prophecy, the continuation
of which miraculous gifts in the church was but for
II. The diversity of those gifts, which consisted,
1. In variety; 2. Not in contrariety.
III. The consequences of their emanation from
one and the same Spirit, which are, 1. That this
Spirit is God, and hath a personal subsistence; 2.
That every one of us may learn humility under, and
content with, his own abilities; 3. That it affords a
touchstone for the trial of spirits, as in the gift of
prophecy, of healing, of discerning of spirits, of divers
tongues, of interpreting, by which trial we may
discover some men's false pretences to gifts the
Spirit; 4. That knowledge and learning are not
The relation between prince and subject involves
in it obedience and protection; and the same rela-
tion is between princes and God, who gives salvation
I. Is peculiar and extraordinary, besides the usual
operation of causes, contrary to the design of expert
persons, beyond the power of the cause employed.
II. Making use of extraordinary means, as, 1. By
endowing them with a more than ordinary sagacity;
2. By giving them a singular courage and resolution;
3. By a strange disposition of events for their pre-
servation; 4. By inclining the hearts of their people
towards them; 5. By rescuing them from unseen and
unknown mischiefs; 6. By imprinting an awe of their
authority on the minds of their subjects; 7. By dis-
posing their hearts to virtue and piety.
III. The reason of this particular providence is,
1. Because they are the greatest instruments to sup-
port government, to the ends of which monarchy is
III. What it is to bring out of one's treasure
And then, by applying all this to the minister of
the gospel, we are to examine,
1st, His qualifications, namely, 1. A natural abi-
lity of the faculties of his mind, judgment, memory,
invention; 2. A habitual preparation by study, in
point of learning and knowledge, of significant
2dly, The reasons of their necessity, namely, 1.
Because the preacher's work is to persuade; 2. Be-
cause God himself was at the expense of a miracle
to endow the first preachers with them; 3. Because
the dignity of the subject, which is divinity, requires
3dly, The inferences from these particulars; 1.
A reproof to such as discredit the ordinance of
preaching, and the church itself, either by light and
comical, or by dull and heavy discourses; 2. An
exhortation to such who design themselves for the
ministry, to bestow a competent time in preparing
The misery of all foolish or vicious persons is,
that prosperity itself to them becomes destructive,—
I. They are ignorant or regardless of the ends
wherefore God sends it, 1. To try and discover what
is in a man; 2. To encourage him in gratitude to
his Maker; 3. To make him helpful to society.
II. Prosperity is prone, 1. To abate men's vir.
tues; 2. To heighten their corruptions, such as
pride, luxury, and uncleanness, profaneness.
III. It indisposes men to the means of their
amendment, rendering them, 1. Averse to all coun-
sel; 2. Unfit for the sharp trials of adversity, under
which they either despond or blaspheme.
SERMON XL.-P. 337.
CONCEALMENT OF SIN NO SECURITY TO THE SINNER.
These words reach the case of all sinners,
1st, Sin upon a confidence of concealment, for, 1. No man engages in sin, but as it bears some appearance of good; 2. Shame and pain are by God made the consequents of sin.
2dly, Take up that confidence upon, 1. Their own success; 2. The success of others; 3. An opinion of their own cunning; 4. The hope of repentance.
SERMON XLI.-P. 345.
3dly, Are at last certainly defeated, because, 1. The very confidence of secrecy is the cause of the sinner's discovery; 2. There is sometimes a providential concurrence of unlikely accidents for a discovery; 3. One sin sometimes is the means of discovering another; 4. The sinner may discover himself through frenzy and distraction; or, 5. Be forced to it by his own conscience; 6. He may be suddenly struck by some notable judgment; or, lastly, His guilt will follow him into another world, if he should chance to escape in this.
THE RECOMPENSE OF THE REWARD.
"By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter; choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season; esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than all the treasures of Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompense of reward."- HEB. xi. 24-26.
1st, It is exceedingly difficult, because, 1. Natural reason is averse to it; 2. This averseness is grounded partly upon many improbabilities, partly upon downright impossibilities charged upon it: Yet,
2dly, Is founded upon sufficient and solid grounds,
"Be sure your sin will find you out."— NUMBERS, which will appear, 1. By answering the objections of xxxii. 23. improbability and impossibility; 2. By positive arguments.
3dly, Gaineth much worth and excellency from all those difficulties; for from hence, 1. We collect the utter insufficiency of bare natural religion; 2. We infer the impiety of Socinian opinions concerning the resurrection.
A Christian is not bound to sequester his mind from respect to an ensuing reward. For,
1st, Duty, considered barely as duty, is not sufficient to engage man's will; because, 1. The soul has originally an averseness to duty; 2. The affections of the soul are not at all gratified by any thing in duty; 3. If duty of itself was a sufficient motive, then hope and fear would be needless. An answer to some objections.
2dly, A reward, and a respect to it, are necessary to engage man's obedience, not absolutely, but with respect to man's present condition; the proof whereof may be drawn from Scripture, and the practice of all lawgivers. Therefore it is every man's infinite concern to fix to himself a principle to act by, which may bring him to his beatific end.
SERMON XLII.-P. 355.
ON THE GENERAL RESURRECTION.
"Having hope towards God, (which they themselves also allow,) that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust."— ACTS, xxiv. 15.
It is certain that there must be a general retribution, and, by consequence, a general resurrection The belief of which, though,
SERMON XLIII.-P. 366.
THE DOCTRINE OF THE BLESSED TRINITY ASSERTED,
"To the acknowledgment of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ.". COL. ii. 2.
These words, examined and explained, prove the plurality of persons in the divine nature a great mystery, to be acknowledged by all Christians, whick will appear by shewing,
3dly, How the not receiving the love of truth into
the will, disposes the understanding to delusion, 1.
By drawing the understanding from fixing its con-
templation upon truth; 2. By prejudicing it against
it; 3. By darkening the mind, which is the peculiar
4thly, How God can properly be said to send men
delusions, 1. By withdrawing his enlightening influ-
5thly, Wherein the greatness of this delusion con-
6thly, What deductions may be made from the
COVETOUSNESS PROVED NO LESS AN ABSURDITY IN
REASON, THAN A CONTRADICTION TO RELIGION, NOR
A MORE UNSURE WAY TO RICHES, THAN RICHES
"And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of
covetousness; for a man's life consisteth not in
It is natural for man to aim at happiness, the way
to which seems to be an abundance of this world's
good things, and covetousness is supposed the means
to acquire it. But our Saviour confutes this in these
1st, A dehortation, wherein we may observe,
1. The author of it, Christ himself, the Lord of the
universe, depressed to the lowest estate of poverty;
2. The thing we are dehorted from, covetousness,
by which is not meant a prudent forecast and par-
simony, but an anxious care about worldly things,
prevail upon us, by its near resemblance to virtue;
the plausibility of its pleas; the reputation it gene-
rally gives in the world; and there is a great diffi-
2dly, The reason of that dehortation, that "a
affect his mind, or his body; 4. The greatest happi-
ness this life is capable of, may be enjoyed without
NO MAN EVER WENT TO HEAVEN, WHOSE REART WAS
"For where your treasure is, there will your heart
These words, concerning the heart of man being
1st, As an entire proposition in themselves,
2dly, As they enforce the foregoing precept in the
and the things in heaven are represented as rivals
for men's affections; and that the last ought to claim
them in preference to the other will be proved,
1. By considering the world, how vastly inferior it
is to the worth of man's heart; 2. By considering
the world in itself, how all its enjoyments are perish-
ing, and out of our power; and, on the contrary,
heaven is the exchange God gives for man's heart,
and the enjoyments above are indefectible, endless,
The improvement of these particulars is to con-
vince us of the extreme vanity of most men's pre-
"Train up a child in the way he should go; and
when he is old, he will not depart from it.".
The rebellion of forty-one has had, ever since, a
very pernicious influence upon this kingdom. To
hinder the mischief whereof, Solomon's advice is best,
-to plant virtue in youth, in order to ensure the
practice of it in a man's mature or declining age;
for since every man is naturally disposed to evil, and
this evil principle will (if not hindered) pass into
action, and those vicious habits will, from personal,
grow national; and no remedy against this can be
had but by an early discipline; it is absolutely neces-
sary that the minds of youth should be formed with
a virtuous preventing education; which is the busi-
These words suppose that there is a devil, and
forewarn us against his deceitful disguises; and the
sense of the words may be prosecuted by shewing,
1st, What influence he has upon the soul, and how
he conveys his fallacies, 1. In moving, or sometimes
altering the humours of the body; 2. In suggesting
the ideas of things to the imagination; 3. In a per-
2dly, Several instances, wherein he, under the
mask of light, has imposed upon the Christian world,
making use, 1. Of the church's abhorrence of poly-
theism, to bring in Arianism; 2. Of the zealous
adoration of Christ's person, to introduce the super-
stitious worship of Popery; 3. Of the shaking off of
Popery, to bring in the two extremes of Socinianism,
and enthusiasm; a comparison of this last with
3dly, Certain principles, whereby he is like to
repeat his cheats upon the world, 1. By making
faith and free grace undermine the necessity of a
irreconcilably to all forms; 3. By making the king-
The resurrection of a body, before its total dis-
solution, is easier to be believed, than after it; and
1st, The constant, uniform affirmation of such