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great breaches in it, it is really declining, - So that this Church of four millions, by the ceaseless peasant emigration on the confessedly poor, taxes itself for its annual one hand, by the growth of intelligence on support at £750,000, besides large conthe other; for the very advance of the tributions to the Pope, the Propagation people in social position is negativing the Society, and various minor missions, and intolerance of the priest. What it would without reckoning the considerable annual be, if it gained a bolder footing in England outlay upon new buildings. Chapels, is hard to predict; but the work it has indeed, are rising up on all hands, not done in half a century should not be ig- from increase of worshippers, but to renored by Protestants. It has nearly two place older and poorer structures; and thousand four hundred chapels, of which where mass was celebrated in some misemore than two thousand have been built rable shed, or behind the shelter of a since 1800, at a cost of £3,500,000. In friendly rock, it is now performed under a the same period it has established about gothic roof, and the full tones of the organ. three handred convents, monasteries, In proportion to its numbers, the Romish hospitals, colleges, &c., at a cost of Church, if these estimates are correct, is £1,500,000; besides building six hundred certainly not less, and probably more, parsonage-houses, two thousand nine energetic than its Protestant neighbours. bundred and ninety school-houses, and There is no very definiteinformation of the seventy Christian brothers' schools, at a voluntary contributions of the Established further cost of £650,000, and endowing Church; but the Presbyterians are said to these institutions and others; so that the have speut nearly a million in their church total expenditure since the century opened work since 1800, and they give annually cannot be much less than seven million more than £80,000; while some of their pounds. The maintenance of the twenty- number are pointing out that if there were eight bishops, two thousand five hundred any pressure, their present revenue might and twenty-seven parochial and five be doubled, from the Sunday collections hundred regular clergy, is estimated at alone; and that the large increase made to 1400,000 a year, the maintenance of the many clergymen's incomes within the Church at over £100,000; and of hospi- present year is only an earnest of the tals, orphanages, colleges, &c., at £250,000. undeveloped energies of the body.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.

Ar Elm-Honse Academy, near Sitting seriously inquiring after it. For several bourne, died on the 11th of October, 1866, months previous to his death he suffered DAVID WESLEY VIPOND. He was the son much; but he suffered with that fortitude of the Rev. William Vipond, one of the which becomes a man, and that calm second generation of Methodist preachers, resignation which becomes a Christian.

-a man whose early devotedness to God, At length, worn out with labour and afflic. and earnest improvement of the great ta- tions, he died, as he lived, with unshaken conlents confided to him,"purchased ” for him fidence in God, in the thirty-third year of "a good degree, and great boldness in the his age, and the eleventh of his itincrancy.faith which is in Christ Jesns.” His Jo many parts of the country, especially high character and faithful services are in the Norwich and Oxford Districts, the thus chronicled in the Mioutes of Confer name of this eminent minister is still ence for 1809 :-“William Vipond, a man gratefully remembered, and his works do of a most excellent spirit, strong sense, follow him. sound jadgment, extensive information, While the public records of the church and deep piety. His ministerial abilities preserve the recollection of the virtues of were great ; his manner devout; his lan Mr. Vipond's father, the memory of his guage pare, correct, and impressive. He mother is enshrined still more tenderly in not only spoke the words which became the hearts of those who knew her. Her sondd doctrine, but he put forth all his character was singularly beautiful; cheerstrength, both of body and soul, in the fulness and gentleness, kindness and diswork. In every Circuit where he laboured cretion, being combined in a manner bis preaching was highly prized by the unusually winning and attractive ; and wise and judicious, and remarkably useful the loveliness of that character shone out, to all who possessed true religion, or were even to the end of life, from a beautiful countenance. Many still living can it would be difficult to imagine a more testify how “she opened her mouth with delightful companion. Many of our miniswisdom, and in her tongue was the law of ters, who in their student life have shared kindness.”

his hospitality, will be prepared to endorse It was to his mother that the training this statement. of David Vipond chiefly fell; for he was Through the whole of his illness, the only about four years of age when his grace of God was very abundant towards father died. He was sent to Kingswood him; inasmuch as his faith never seemed School, where he was contemporary with to waver, nor was the enemy permitted to the late Rev. William M. Bunting, and harass him, or a cloud of temptation to other distinguished ministers, for whom pass over his mind. “One afternoon,” he ever cherished a tender affection. He says his brother-in-law, “as I was standafterwards settled at Sittingbourne,in Kent, ing by his bedside, he said, 'I thought I where, in the year 1828, he married the should have died yesterday morning. I daughter of that eminent servant of God, replied, “Well, if you had, I believe, the late Mr. John Bate. Of this excellent through the infinite merit of the Saviour, woman, now his sorrowing widow, we will you would have gone to heaven.' He only permit ourselves to say, that “the added, 'I believe I should; but my heart of her husband did safely trust in wife, my dear wise, I do not want to part her ;” that “she did him good and not with her yet!' I suggested, “The Lord's evil all the days of his life;" and that now time is the best. Jesus is a loving “she is desolate,” she “trusteth in God, Saviour, and He loves you!' He replied, and continueth in supplications and prayers ‘Yes, He does, and I love Him.' I renight and day.” For several years Mr. joined, “The apostle said, He loved me, Vipond was engaged in business as a and gave Himself for me ; and you can draper ; but, though he exhibited con- say the same. He replied, 'I can."" On siderable business talent, his heart was not one occasion, he said to his faithful uurse, thoroughly in his employment, and he “I am sent for.” To which she answered, repeatedly said that he was not in his “But you are ready!” “Yes,” he said, right place. About the year 1848 cir. “I am on the Rock.” At another time cumstances occurred which led to his he raised both his hands, and said, opening a school for boys. The sphere “Thanks be to God !” Mrs. Vipond he had longed for was now found; and added, “Who giveth as the victory from that time his whole soul was given through our Lord Jesus Christ.” He reto this congenial work. Childless him- plied, “O yes ! He giveth me the victory." self, his love to the boys committed to During the last fortnight of his life, he him was a ruling passion. He delighted often seemed as if unconscions ; but even in their society, continually shared in then he would lie with uplifted eyes and their games, and would often visit them clasped hands, as if engaged in prayer. in their rooms, and watch them while About three days before he died, he ex. sleeping with almost a mother's tender- claimed, “My dear boys! My heart ness. His skill as a teacher was very yearns for my dear boys.” His last great; and not a few young men will be audible words were, “Glory to God!” reminded, as they read these lines, of one His funeral was a memorable one. His whose indomitable patience and unwearied pupils were there, sorrowing that they kindness could conquer the most sullen would “see his face no more.” Former temper, and win the coldest heart.

scholars from London showed by their Comparatively early in life, Mr. Vipond presence how much his conscientious experienced the converting grace of God, kindness had touched their hearts. and applied himself with great zeal to the The service at the grave was read by one public work of the Church. There was a who for four years lived in his honse, and period, however, when he lost the sense assisted him in his work, and who now of the Divine favour; and though graciously desires to lay this humble tribute on his restored to spiritual peace, the recollection tomb. of his unfaithfulness caused him after

F. G. wards to keep much retired from public service. His disposition was exceedingly Mrs. PRETTY, the widow of the Rev. cheerful; his conversation overflowed Joseph Pretty, was a native of Marton, a with good humour; he was generous even village near Gainsborough, Lincolnshire. to a fault; and exceedingly fond of society, At an early age she was left an orphan, in which he greatly shone. In the latter and took God for the Guide of her youth." years of his life, when his naturally exube. She acknowledged Him in all her ways, ant wit was chastened by the grace of God, and He directed her steps from girlhood to old age. Her union with the Church, and departed this life in Thy faith and fear; her marriage to a minister of Christ, as the beseeching Thee to give us grace so to fol. events have shown, were of God. These low their good examples, that with them relationships brought out her great worth we may be partakers of Thy heavenly -in affectionate usefulness in her home, kingdom.' and in the Societies among which her hus. Such "elders” deserve a long rememband laboured. Where she was best known, brance; yet even those whose death is an she was most esteemed. To her husband unspeakable loss seldom wish to be pictured she was a true helpmate; visiting the in print, or eulogized on marble; but retirfatherless and widows in their afflig. ing, and shrinking from publicity, are contion. Her words were always con- tent with the esteem of those who knew siderately spoken, and with grace. She them, and with the favour of God. This was was wisely cautious, yet not distrustful the feeling of the subject of these liues. She endeavoured to give no offence to the Public mention was not desired by her : Chorch of God; and, through grace and praise would have been distasteful. No heavenly wisdom, she approached near the violation of her wish is likely to be perpeperfection of "Dot offending in word.” trated. She carefully destroyed all papers In many of the Circuits to which Mr. relating to her history and experience. Pretty was appointed, she formed and Many of the friends who feel a profound met elasses, giving wise and faithful respect for her memory think that her counsel to those who were associated with course of light and blessing should not be ber in Christian communion. She passed over in total silence ; yet they often had great power in prayer. Her can remember but few facts. Her character, faith was not an opinion expressed in however, has left its impress in their a creed, but a hidden, Divine, active thoughts and affections. principle. The truth of God lived in her

SAMUEL WALKER. understanding and affections, and was to her "spirit and life.” It was translated Mrs. BARNSLEY, of Islington, Birinto intelligible facts; she was a "living mingham, was born in the year of our Lord epistle, known and read of all men." Those 1802. Little is known of the events of who now call her to mind, remember her ber early life; but it is evident that when tuiformity and consistency of life. Her very young she was brought under the walk and conversation were as becometh influence of religion ; for at the age of the Gospel of Christ;" the doctrine of fourteen we find her connected with a God our Saviour she “adorned in all Christian Church assembling in Oxfordthings.” In her labours and holy living street, Birmingham. This connexion wag sbe served her own generation by the will maintained for several years; but after of God.

her marriage to Mr. Barnsley she went The passive graces were called forth by with him to Carr's-lane chapel, where the desolateness of widowhood and severe she was privileged to enjoy the ministry fuffering. In patience she possessed her of the justly-venerated John Augell James, soul: it had its "perfect work,” By the of whom she ever retained an affectionpatience of hope, and the steadfastness of ate and reverential remembrance. But, faith, her mind was kept in peace during residing in Islington, and the distance to the illness which preceded her death on Carr's-lane being considerable, Mr. and December 3d, 1866.

Mrs. Barnsley were induced to attend the In her benefactions she remembered the Wesleyan-Methodist chapel in their own poor of the household of faith ; the heathen neighbourhood; and, after a brief interval, who dwell where no vision is; and those they both joined the Society, and began ministers and widows who, like herself and to meet in class. From that time to the her husband, had enjoyed that small but close of life,-a period of more than generous tribute of love which gives light in thirty years,—Mrs. Barnsley's connexion the eveuing-tide to the aged minister or his with this branch of the Christian Church widow, resting from faithful toil in the was uninterrupted. This connexion she Church. Her private means were small; ever gratefully regarded as supplying her but out of them she mauifested the riches with the means of spiritual edification, and of a true Christian liberality, leaving an with opportunities of religious usefulness. example worthy of admiration and imita It is only just and becoming to say, tion. For such patterns of departed that to the Church with which she was religious worth, we may very sincerely offer providentially led to identify herself, she the thanksgiving in the prayer for "the became a pillar and an ornament. Church militant here on earth : " “ We In attempting a portraiture of the bless Thy holy name for all Thy servants moral and religious character of Mrs. Barnsley, we must first mention its Another prominent feature in the beautiful symmetry and completeness. It character of Mrs. Barnsley was her un. is lamentably characteristic of too many selfishness and considerate solicitude to professors of Christianity, that, while promote the happiness of others. This some one quality stands out with com- was vario.sly exemplified. Almost manding prominence, others equally im- from her first connexion with the portant are either altogether wanting, or Methodist Society, she showed her exist only in a very imperfect degree, and readiness to take part in enterprises of are obscurely manifested. The very usefuloess. Several valuable institutions opposite of this was the case with the belonging to the Islington chapel and subject of this sketch. It is not pre. Society, if they did not absolutely tended that she was free from infirmities originate with her, were promoted and and defects. Of these she was osten pain sustained by her energy and liberality. fully sensible. She mourned over whatever She was largely instrumental in estabshe discovered to be defective in her reli lishing the Dorcas Society; the day and gious character and attainments, and car. infant schools; was an energetic and nestly and prayerfully sought the removal liberal supporter of Missions to the of all that was contrary to the mind of heathen; and administered to the Christ. And thus the genuineness of her necessities of some poor and needy people piety was made manifest. For the sin. every week, supplying them, up to the cerity of that religious profession may be last few days of her life, both with food justly suspected, which does not prompt and money. She was kindly considerate us to aspirations after high degrees of and prompt in showing attention to young spiritual excellence.

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people, who were distant from their Another feature of Mrs. Barnsley's friends, and whom, as strangers, she religious character was its robustness and observed at the chapel; and often she vigour. She was not wanting in femi. invited them to her own house, after the nine gentleness and tenderness; but hers public service on a Sabbath evening, to was not a religion of mere sentimental partake of her hospitality, and to share excitement,--a short-lived and precarious in the devotions of the household. Such enjoyment, which can flourish only in sum- attention could not fail to produce a deep mer sunshine, but to which the blasts of and beneficial impression, and no doubt adversity and tribulation are speedily fatal. frequently led to happy religious results. Her Christian graces evinced the work. It were to be wished that other persons, manship of the Divine Spirit. She did similarly circumstanced, would imitate not build, on the only foundation, so laudable an example. “wood, hay, and stubble,”-ihings of small Without the slightest tinge of bigotry, value, and easily liable to destruction; but and with earnest desires for the prosperity “gold, silver, and precious stones," of other religious communities, Mrs. ---things which were both ornamental and Barnsley was warmly attached to her on enduring. She did not faint in the hour denomination. Its institutions and of trial, although by no means free from ministrations had afforded her, through a painful exercises. She did not shun the long succession of years, the means of cross, but resolutely took it up, however spiritual improvement and comfort, and grievous and contrary to natnral feeling opportunities of varied and extended nse. Nor did she grow weary in well-doing; fulness. She was attached to the classbut honourably persevered in the path of meeting, and exemplary in her attendance duty, and in enterprises of usefulness, on it, believing that, when properly used, when discouragements were formidable it is a most valuable means of promoting and co-operation very limited. Unmoved, spiritual growth. The Methodist minisexcept with sorrow, by the want of stead. ters she loved and honoured. They were fastness in others, she did not allow her. always welcomed to her house, and had in self to become tired of religion, because her a sincere and warm friend. Ministers some who professed it acted incon- coming to Birmingham on public occasistently with its obligations and require. sions found under her roof an agreeable ments. She set the Lord always before abode, and were most cordially admitted her, and “endured, as seeing Him who to share in the generous, although unosis invisible.” Thas, through all the tentatious, hospitalities of her domestic trials of ordinary life, all the vicissitudes circle. of a protracted religious profession, she What Mrs. Barnsley was in her own exemplified a calm and steady persever- family may be easily conjectured. In ance, being “ steadfast, unnovable, always the treatment of her children, she com: abounding in the work of the Lord.” bined tenderness with wise counsel and

salutary diseipline. Hers was not the exalting faith to the disparagement and weak fondness which would connive at neglect of those "good works” by which sin, or compromise the obligations of its genuineness is to be tested. She was no duly. She not only prayed for, but Pharisaic legalist, attempting to establish with, her children. While she did not a righteousness of her own, and making deny them suitable liberty and indulgence, the atonement of Jesus superfluous. Both yet she did not deem it compatible with in her views and conduct she was equally the requirements of her material relation remote from these erroneous and perilous and Christian profession to patronise extremes. Her dependence for salvation what she believed was likely to lead to and eternal life upon the crucified Worldliness and dissipation. She was Redeemer was entire and absolute. She intensely anxious for their conversion ; and was anxious to adorn the doctrine of the had the happiness of seeing all her five Gospel in all things. And in the children become members of the Church fulfilment of ascertained duty she would to which she herself belonged, and her have hazarded life itself. two sons occupying the positions of But we must now hasten to the closing leaders, stewards, and trustees.

scene. For several years before her death We have not the means of tracing Mrs. Barnsley's health had been sensibly minutely the inner workings of that declining, and her strength failing. It hidden life which was the source of Mrs. was no inconsiderable trial to her that Barnsley's outward excellencies. If she she was compelled to withdraw-not kept a diary, it is not at present accessible; altogether, indeed, but to a great extentneither has the opportunity been afforded from that sphere of activity and usefulness of perusing the somewhat voluminous which she had so long pervaded with her correspondence which she carried on with influence. Gradually, but not without various persons. That the spiritual life some struggles, she was enabled to was active in her cannot be doubted, acquiesce in the arrangement which reseeing the effects which it produced. We moved her from the position which estimate the interior life of a tree by the she had hitherto occupied to one of comvigour of its growth, the loftiness of its parative seclusion. In her retirement statare, the spread and strength of its she was sustained by the conviction, that branches, the luxuriance of its foliage, and meekly to submit to infirmity and sufferthe abundance of its fruit. In like man ing is not less glorifying to God, and ner, we form our judgment of the internal honourable to religion, than to serve religions life by its exterior manifesta. Him in a course of active usefulness; tions; and when we see religious con- and that the principles and resources of sistency maintained through a long course, our Divine religion are never displayed and amidst every variety of circumstances; more attractively and refulgently, than in when we see " the fruits of righteousness, the dark night of tribulation and ap. which are by Jesus Christ unto the glory proaching death. Mrs. Barnsley could and praise of God,” exhibited in their hardly fail to be aware that the end of her season, and that in increasing maturity; earthly pilgrimage was near. She inwhen we see, in habitual and vigorous timated this to several of her children. exercise, the faith that looks beyond the The prospect of the death-struggle, end of boundaries of this world, and realizes the lonely and silent grave, she felt to be spiritual and eternal things, the fervent solemn; but faith enabled her to survey charity that shows itself superior to with exultation the glorious scenes beyond. selfishness and provocation, we ought not Several days before her death, she conto doubt the vigour of that inner life versed at some length, and with evident from which these beautiful results sprung. satisfaction, on the all-sufficiency of the So it was with Mrs. Barnsley. She Saviour's atonement, as the imperishable walked with God, maintained unbroken Rock on which the soul may securely rest fellowship with the Saviour, and lived when every thing else fails ; thus realizing within sight of eternity and heaven, in her own experience the words of the

By nothing was she more distinguished psalmist : “My flesh and my heart failthan by the harmony which subsisted eth: but God is the strength of my heart, between the exercise of a simple, entire, and and my portion for ever.” Notwithself-renouncing faith in Christ, and the standing her increasing weakness, no Boleron conviction which she entertained immediate danger had been apprehended, of the imperativeness of duty, and the when suddenly the moment of departure indispensable necessity of personal holi and release came. Her husband was ness. She was no antinomian professor, summoned to her bed-side, but tl power

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