Calvin: A Biography

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Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2000 - 396 pages
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Modesty, softness, and mildness - such was John Calvin, in his own words. This brief self-portrait will surprise posterity, quick, as it is to detect in Calvin a deeply passionate man of zealous action. Calvin adds elsewhere: I acknowledge myself to be timid, soft, and cowardly by nature. He repeated the same idea feelingly on the eve of his death, calling himself timid and fearful before an astounded group of pastors who knew by experience that the old fellow could raise up storms. These various descriptions of Calvin strongly underline the vigor of a character that owed all its energy to God alone. At the same time, the apparent contradictions within Calvin's personality make it hard to capture his true nature. The large number of biographies attempted to date attest to this fact, many of which simply picture Calvin as a rigid fundamentalist or as a totalitarian who ruled Geneva with an iron hand. Such interpretations, however, are much too one-dimensional. This sterling new biography by Bernard Cottret opts for a Calvin in movement, thus distinguishing itself from works that present Calvin as a man of relatively static character. intelligibility of a man in his time. This is a historian's Calvin, the work of a university professor who is neither a theologian nor an ordained minister. Cottret's welcome approach sheds new light on the great Reformer's personality by concentrating on the milieu in which Calvin did his life's work. In the largest part of the book, Cottret explores Calvin's life chronologically. We are introduced to the world into which Calvin was born, a Europe in the throes of upheaval owing to the development of the printing press and divergent religious views. We follow Calvin from his birth and childhood in Noyon to his school years in Paris. We accompany Calvin on his humanistic and literary pursuits in Basel, his early ministry in Geneva, and his halcyon Strasbourg years. Finally, we move again to Geneva, where the brunt of Calvin's serious-and better known-life was lived. Along the way we encounter the major issues of Calvin's day-the sacrifice of the Mass, iconoclasm, predestination, the Arianism of Michael Servetus - issues to which he reacted with all his religious emotion. Calvinism's holy city. And we share in Calvin's joys and sorrows through a reading of his prolific correspondence. In the final chapters, Cottret explores thematic aspects of Calvin's persona-Calvin the polemicist, the preacher, and the writer-and looks in greater depth at his foremost work, the Institutes of the Christian Religion. Widely acclaimed in its French edition, this balanced and beautifully written biography will take its place among the best and most enjoyable-portraits of Calvin's life, work, and lasting influence.
 

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Calvin: a biography

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Cottret (literature, Versailles-Saint-Quentin Univ.) has chronicled the life and thought of John Calvin with an acumen that should be emulated by future biographers. The reformer is shown to be a more ... Read full review

Contents

The Heavens at a Birth July 10 1509
3
Dwarfs Perched on the Shoulders of Giants
25
To Be TwentyOne in 1530
53
The Most Dreadful Popish Mass 153334
71
The Lovers of Jesus Christ 153536
89
ORGANIZATION AND RESISTANCE
105
From Basel to Geneva 153638
107
Geneva or Strasbourg? 153841
132
Calvin the Preacher
288
The Institutes of the Christian Religion
309
Calvin French Writer
326
Saint Luther Saint Calvin Saint Jansenius
343
The Youth of Calvin
348
The University System in France
349
The Small Council
350
Chronology of the Establishment of Calvinism in France
351

Geneva a City of God? The Middle Years of the Century
157
The Somber Years 154755
182
The Trail of the Heretics Bolsec Servetus Castellio
205
To Thee the Glory
234
BELIEFS
263
Calvin the Polemicist
265
Chronology of Royal Repression
352
Decrees of the Sorbonne 1543
353
List of Sermons
354
Select Bibliography
356
Index
365
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