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« But he bore our diseases

the prophet, saying: “Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sick

nesses." 18 Now when Jesus saw great multitudes about him, he gave com19 mandment to depart unto the other side. And certain scribe came,

and said unto him: Master, I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest. 20 And Jesus saith unto him: The foxes have holes, and the birds of

17. Matthew, who was writing for jealousy of the Romans. He pruJews, quotes here from Isaiah liji. 4. dently avoided favoring the worldly This he does by way of accommo- hopes, or giving opportunity for dation. What in the prophet is the hot passions of the Jews to translated, “ Surely he hath borne break out. His vicinity to the sea our griefs and carried our sorrows,” enabled him to escape those vast is cited by Matthew in different crowds which his miracles drew words. Noyes translates it thus:- about him, whenever be foresaw a

commotion, for few could follow And carried our pains.”

him by water.

19. Scribe. The Scribes were See 1 Pet. ii. 24, where the passage expounders of the Jewish law, and is understood as relating to Christ's were chiefly of the sect of the freeing men from their sins, whilst Pharisees. They were usually arhere it is quoted as describing his rayed in bitter opposition to Jesus. curing them of their bodily disor Master. Rather, Teacher.— I will ders. This shows the latitude with follow thee. Equivalent to saying, which the Old Testament is cited I will be your disciple. His offer, in the New. By his miraculous if we may judge by the reply of power, Jesus Christ bore away the Jesus, was dictated by worldly and diseases, and carried off the pains ambitious views. It was not a love of men. By his precepts, promises, of Jesus, or a devotion to duty and example, life, and death and resur- truth, that prompted him, but far rection, he also removes the spirit- lower considerations. He saw Jeual infirmities and pains of all who sús doing deeds of wonder, teachobey him. In the one sepse Peter, ing with power, and surrounded and in the other Matthew, quotes by admiring crowds. He conjecthe same passage.

tures or believes him to be the Ex18–27. Parallel to Mark iv. 35 pected One. He wishes to secure -41. Luke viji. 22, 25. ix. 57 an early title to a high post and 62.

preferment in his kingdom, and, 18. The other side. Jesus was at spurred on by these selfish motives, Capernaum at this time. To go to he proffers himself as a follower. the other side of the water to the 20. The reply of Jesus, as in country of the Gergesenes, they other cases, is directed rather to his would cross almost the whole length ambitious state of mind, than to of the Sea of Galilee, as may be any peculiarity in what he said.-. seen by a reference to the map. Holes. Lairs, dens, such as wild The occasion of Jesus' going away beasts frequent.-Nests. Rather, appears to have been the collecting perches, or roosts, or places of of great multitudes about himn, rest and refuge. Jesus assures which might lead to popular dis- him that he need expect no bonor, turbances, or at least stir up the or emolument, or worldly advan

the air have nests; but the Son of Man hath not where to lay his head. And another of his disciples said unto him: Lord, suffer me first to 21 go and bury my father. But Jesus said unto him: Follow me, and 22 let the dead bury their dead.

66 He


tage from following bim. That he to himself an humble title, “the was a homeless wanderer, and his Son of Man,” that would forever disciples must share the same lot, forbid his being deified. and lead a life of poverty, toil, called himself the Son of Man, to and persecution. The disciples impress upon his hearers that he would be as their Master. We was an offspring of the human see the severe rectitude and abso- race, and the example of its capalute truthfulness of Christ, who bility, that he was a brother, a would not increase his followers fellow-subject, and the universal by admitting those who were look- model." ing to his service for self-aggran 21. Another case similar to the dizement, although he desired dis- last.-Disciples. Not the twelve, ciples. He dealt frankly with all, but those who had listened to his and flattered the hopes of none. teaching.--Suffer me first. Luke This is not the conduct of an im states that Jesus had previously postor or enthusiast.—Son of Man. said to him, “Follow me.” Luke This term is applied to Jesus about ix. 59.--Go and bury my father. seventy times in the New Testa- This may mean, to go and bury his

In the Evangelists it is father who is already dead. Or used exclusively by himself, with taken in a more free sense, it may the single exception where a per- have this purport,—to go and live son quotes what Jesus says of him with his father until his decease. self. He took this title probably And the answer of Jesus would, from Dan. vii. 13. At the outset according to the latter interpretahe did not openly call himself the tion, seem less rough and violent, Messiah, even to his disciples. But and inore appropriate to the case. from the first he used a term which This man may have hesitated re(they would afterwards recollect, specting the character and claims though they observed it not at the of Jesus, and made an evasive antime) was employed by him to indi- swer, so as to leave the opportunity cate his claim to that great office. open to join Jesus afterwards, and Some suppose it, with considerable secure the rank and dignity of a probability, to be an emphatic ex- follower in his kingdom, if he pression, meaning THE MAN. Some proved to be the Messiah. call it a title of honor, and others 22. Jesus looks into the heart, a term of humility. Perhaps not and framnes his reply to meet his one reason, but various motives inward wants. He takes up the combined, led bim to adopt it. word bury, and from that says,Doing, as he did, astonishing works, Let the dead bury their dead. This calming the sea, raising the dead, proverbial, and somewhat enigmatiuttering truth, living a perfect life, cal and paradoxical way of speakthere was some danger that he ing, was often used by our Great would be mistaken, as by many of Teacher. Though obscure at the bis followers to this day he has been time, it aroused attention, it immistaken, for God. Jesus applies pressed the memory.--Dead. Is

23 And when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him. 24 And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the 25 ship was covered with the waves; but he was asleep. And his disci

ples came to him, and awoke him, saying: Lord, save us, we perish.

The sea

used in a double sense. Those who fishing boat, or vessel.-His disciare heedless of the concerns of the ples followed him. Mark, iv. 36, spiritual life are often called in the adds that “there were also with him Bible dead. Luke xv. 24. Rom. other little ships.” They set sail on vi. 13. 1 Tim. v. 6. Classic poets the Sea of Galilee. and prose writers, use a similar 24. A great tempest. Mark says, figure. The Jews had a saying “a great storm of wind.” Luke's that “the wicked are dead whilst graphic language is : “ There came they live.” Such is the sense in down a storm of wind on the lake.” the case of the first word dead. The Sea of Galilee, surrounded by Let the spiritually dead bury the hills and mountains, is subject, like physically dead. The man makes the lakes of Switzerland, to sudden his filial duty a plea for temporiz- and violent squalls and, and cloaks his hesitation under Covered with the waves. that sacred garb. Jesus strips off dashed over the vessel, and there the disguise, and forcibly rebukes was danger of its filling and sinkhis state of indecision and procras- ing.–He was asleep. It was night, tination. There are enough to bury Jesus had been engaged during the the lead, and perform the ordinary day in teaching and healing the offices of life, who are indifferent sick. He was fatigued. His exto the soul and eternity. Let them bausted powers were refreshed by do their work. But thou, who hast sleep like those of other men. He a taste and aspiration for something was not exempt from the necessibetter, “ go and preach the kingdom ties of the body, though so great of God.” Luke ix. 60. He proba- and gifted. He retires to the hinder bly obeyed the admonition. Tradi- part of the ship, and lays his head tion says that this disciple was bet- upon a pillow, for the purpose of ter known afterwards as Philip, one sleep and rest. Mark iv. 38. The of the twelve. It hardly need be storm comes down from the hills said, that our Saviour was not un upon the lake, and his followers mindful of the claims of filial duty. are affrighted. But he sleeps seHis own life is a beautiful proof of curely and soundly, having no fears it. Luke ïi. 51. John xix. 26, 27. or anxieties to disturb his repose. But he would teach that in certain His slumbers are calm and serene, situations it is our duty to forsake his sleep that of innocence. the nearest relatives for the cause 25. We perish. We are perishof the Gospel ; that the love of God ing. In Mark there is a slight vein should be stronger than the ties of of reproach: “Master, carest thou kindred or affection, and the call of not that we perish ?” In Luke, duty before all other calls. Luke earnestness is expressed : “Master, mentions yet a third case, ix. 61, Master, we perish !" What fine 62.

and delicate threads of truth we 23. A ship. This was a smaller find scattered over every page of craft than is now called a ship; a the Evangelists! Probably what is

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And he saith unto them: Why are ye fearful, 0 ye of little faith? 26 Then he arose, and rebuked the winds and the sea; and there was a great calm. But the men marvelled, saying: What manner of man 27 is this, that even the winds and the sea obey him?

And when he was come to the other side, into the country of the 28 Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of recorded by all the writers was said raging ternpest stilled to a perfect at the time by one and another in calm in a moment, by the word of their fright.

Jesus, might well have overcome 26. Why are ye fearful, o ye of them with mingled joy, awe, and little faith? O ye distrustful. They wonder. The control which Jesus had really no cause to fear. Jesus exercised over the most furious elewas with them, and they would not ments is beautifully symbolical of be lost. His presence was a pledge the calm which his religion proof safety. Julius Cæsar in a boat duces in the restless, fevered heart at sea sustained the courage of the of man, tossed by passions, fierce rowers in a storm, by making him- in appetite, raging in its desires. self known to them, and telling We join with Mrs. Hemans:them that “they bore Cæsar and his 6. Thou that didst rule the angry hour, fortunes.” How much greater rea

And tame the tempest's mood, son had the followers of Christ

O, send thy spirit forth in power,

O'er our dark souls to brood ! to behold the roaring of the

“ Thou that didst bow the billows' pride, winds and waves without fear !

Thy mandates to fulfil: Rebuked. Ps. civ. 7, 29. His re Speak, speak to passion's raging tide, buke was: “ Peace, be still.” Mark

Speak, and say-Peace, be still.” iv. 39.And there was a great calm. 2834. Parallel to Mark v. 1 If the winds had gone down sud- -20. Luke viii. 26_39. The denly, and the air had become still, Evangelists vary in is narration, but the waves had continued 10 thus unconsciously affording eviroll, as is customary after a storin, dence of their truth and indepenit might have been said, as it has dence as witnesses of the same been, that there was no miracle, facts, since their differences are cabut that the tempest lulled of itself. pable of being easily reconciled. But Luke says that the wind and 28. The other side, i. e. of the Sea also the raging of the water ceased, of Galilee. The opposite side from and there was a great calm. This Capernaum, from which they set proves a miraculous agency; else sail.-Country of the Gergesenes. if the winds had ceased, the waves Mark and Luke write Gadarenes. would still have been violently agi- Both Gergesenes and Gadarenes tated for a long time, as usual may have been correct.

For as after a storm.

Gadara was the capital of Peræa, 27. Marvelled. Wondered, were and gave its name to the surroundastonished. What manner of man ing country, and as there was a is this? Or, more simply, to ex considerable city by the name of press abrupt surprise-What a man! Gergesa in the vicinity, the region How great is he! They had not lying on the lake may have been bebeld before a miracle wrought called indiscriminately by the name upon the elements, and to see the of the one or the other city.-There

the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way. 29 And, behold, they cried out, saying: What have we to do with thee,

met him two. Mark and Luke speak his coming out of the city. The of only one. Probably one was tombs were in the immediate neighbetter known, or much more dan- borhood of the city, and either gerous than the other, There is no mode of speech was appropriate. irreconcilable contradiction, for al. Epiphanius mentions that there though Mark and Luke speak of were in the vicinity of Gadara but one, they do not say anything “caves cut out of the rocks, burywhich absolutely precludes the fact ing-grounds, and toinbs.” The of there being another. When toinbs of the Jews were frequently witnesses in court agree in the main excavations into rocks, Mat. xxvii. story, and differ in some particu- 60, and were sometimes so spalars, it is thought to be a corrobora- cious as to be supported by pillars, tion of the facts to which they tes and contain several different cells tify.-Possessed with devils. Mat. for the dead. They would thereiv. 24. It should be read, possessed fore afford a retreat large enough with demons, or those who were for the abode of the insane. And demoniacs. These were no doubt Josephus mentions that tombs were insane persons. But the supersti- sometimes the haunts of robbers. tion of the times called them be- In war the people fled to them for witched, or demoniacs, or those safety.--Exceeding fierce, so that no into whom an evil spirit or spirits man might pass by that way. They had entered. The insane them were highly dangerous to travellers, selves shared in this superstition, and their restoration therefore to and talked as if evil beings dwelt in reason was a public benefit, though them, and spoke and acted through a large number of swine perished, their organs.

Rosenmüller states and some persons suffered a pecuthat he once saw a melancholy wo- niary loss. man who constantly asserted that 29. What have we to do with thee. she was an unclean spirit. Jesus An expression of indignation, or and bis Apostles, whilst they cured deprecation. Judges xi. 12. 2 Sam. these wretched beings, did not un xvi. 10. Ezra iv. 3. John ii. 4.dertake to correct errors in philoso- Son of God. See note on Mat. iij. phy, or reform the popular lan- 17. It is a term equivalent to the guage. To have attempted it would Messiah. This is a very different have diverted them from their great expression from one now prevalent, work, and, by dividing, would have “God, the Son." The insane had weakened and frustrated their ef- heard of Jesus, no doubt, before, forts, and awakened a needless hos- and knew that he cast out spirits. tility among the believers in these They had perhaps been in those superstitions. But they spent their crowds that resorted from this very efforts on the fundamental truths region of Decapolis to hear him. which would finally clarify the Mat. iv. 25. For it would seem mind of man of all errors of opin- from Luke viii. 29, that the spirit ion, the heart of all corruptions of caught one of them at particular affection, and the life of all vices of times, and that in the intervals he conduct.—Coming out of the tombs. was sane. His disorder was periodiSo says Mark. Luke speaks of cal in its attacks.

It was not

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