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mults which had just occurred, were indeed, there is no doubt that the deowing to the want of such a law con luded negroes of Barbadoes had been cerning the registry of slaves, as he had heard, in their tumult of insurrection, on several previous occasions recom too often to utter the name of Wilber. mended to the wisdom of parliament ; force, in a way which the eminent per. because the absence of such a law ena son who bears it would have been as bled avaricious and unprincipled plant sorry as any one to hear. It was pro. ers to contradict the whole of the mer. bably, in a great measure, owing to ciful intentions of the British legisla. this circumstance, that Mr Wilberture, by furtively introducing addition- force consented, so easily as he did, to al slaves into the islands, and so pro- withdraw his motion for the present, tracting the shameful traffic of human and to wait till the lapse of a tranquil souls renounced by the wisdom of a interval might render the adoption of Christian nation. The actual bondsmen his measures more likely to be attendemployed on the soil of the colonies ed with no violent results. could not, he contended, look forward In the other great division of our to that increase of regard to their own foreign possessions, India, there occomforts, of which their increased value curred during this year several events might otherwise give rational expecta. of considerable importance. Of these tion, far less be encouraged to hope we shall now endeavour to give a brief for that gradual, indeed, but final and abstract. effectual suppression, of the very sys.
The war with the Nepaulese was tem of negro slavery, for which such commenced last year under very disalleviations in their immediate lot might advantageous circumstances. It had naturally be expected to make way: been always their policy to prevent A very different view was taken of foreigners from obtaining any knowthe matter by Mr Palmer and some ledge of their country; and although other gentlemen, who maintained that an imaginary line only separated it the whole of the disturbances, in the from our possessions, we were in a present condition of the colonies, might great measure unacquainted with it. with more reason be ascribed to the in. The campaign was planned on uncerjudicious behaviour of persons enter- tain information, and it was in consetaining the same views with Mr Wil- quence unaccompanied with that suc. berforce, but entirely devoid of the cess which the Governor-general antiwisdom and prudence which had al- cipated, and which his scientific arways formed so distinguishing a point rangements under other circumstances in his character and deportment. The would have deserved. The fatigue ignorant slaves, it was said, addressed which our troops had to undergo was by baptists and other missionaries, al- out of all proportion to the natives, most as ignorant of worldly affairs and for they had to act in a mountainous their management as themselves, had region, to which they were altogether been led to consider immediate eman unaccustomed. They had to invade a cipation as their clear right, Mr Wil- country by nature the strongest in the berforce as the advocate and champion world, where their discipline and their of this right, and the slave registry bill science were comparatively of little in question as one leading and import- avail, and to encounter an enemy fully ant step towards the attainment of all aware of the advantages they possesstheir wishes. It is not to be supposed ed, and overweeningly confident in that such assertions could have been themselves. The supineness of Genemade without some ground in fact; rals Marley and Wood, the defeat of
their outposts, and the severe losses formidable than had been apprehende which the division of Major-general ed. Our troops were in the highest Gillespie sustained, served, in the ear. spirits ; and they possessed, in Sir ly part of the campaign, to confirm David Ochterlony, a general of con. the mountaineers in their long-cherish. summate abilities, in whose conduct ed opinion that they were invincible they placed unbounded confidence. an illusion which the brilliant victories With regard to our opponents, the of Sir David Ochterlony, and the suc. protracted warfare had drained their cess of Colonel Nicholls, did not en resources and impoverished their countirely dissipate.
try—we had no longer to encounter The armistice which was concluded troops inured to war-the fine army between Major-General Sir D. Och. which had extended their dominions terlony and the Goorka Viceroy, in to the banks of the Sutledge was anApril 1815, left us in military occu- nihilated in the first campaign-and pation of the whole of their territories the forces which they now drew toge. west of the Kali, and negociations for ther for the defence of their capital, a permanent treaty were immediately though formidable in point of numa entered into ; but the Rajah was by bers, were deficient in experience and no means sincere in his desire for peace. discipline. Eacouraged by promises of support The Governor-general, in order to and assistance from Scindiah, and the be prepared for every emergency, had other powers of the interior of Hin- concentrated about 1500 men in the dostan, and flattering himself, proba- vicinity of Patna, at the head of which bly, that the Emperor of China would Sir David Ochterlony took the field, interfere in his behalf, he made use of as soon as it was known that the Kai every artifice to protract the negocia- jah had refused to ratify the treaty. tions, and it was not till the 2d of De- He advanced in three columns towards cember that it was signed by his com: the range of hills which forms the namissioners, and by Lieutenant-Colonel tural barrier of Nepaul. It can only Bradshaw on the part of the British. be penetrated by a few places, which The ratifications were to be exchanged were occupied by the enemy, and had within fifteen days; but still persisting been fortified with much labour and in the same line of policy, the Rajah expence; but the British general fortuinterposed delays, and finally refused nately obtained information of a pass to sign it.
unknown to, or neglected by, the eneThe unhealthy season was now ap- my's commanders. By a sudden moveproaching, and it was even doubted if ment with one brigade of the column the troops could with prudence enter under his personal command, he enter. the country at so late a period ; but, ed the hills at that point, and turned in other respects, they took the field their position. They fell back on under much more favourable circum- Muckwampore, and the British column stances than in the former campaign. encamped within two miles of them on The army of Bengal had been consi- the 27th of February, occupying a derably increased, so that it was not hill in front, from which they had renow necessary to expose the Mahratta tired on the approach of our troops. frontier. Already possessed of one They, however, immediately perceived half of the enemy's territories, we had that they had committed a gross blunobtained an accurate knowledge of the der in evacuating a position of such other, and the obstacles we had to importance to our future operations, sacounier were ascertained to be less and their efforts were accordingly die
rected to the recovery of it. Advan. 'the hills by another route, and on the
Ochterlony. His plans appear to have In the mean time, the column under been laid with singular judgment, and the command of Colonel Kelly entered executed with the greatest decision
and energy. Nothing could be better it was also agreed that accredited mithan the behaviour of the troops, but nisters from each shall reside at the they fortunately had few of those hard court of the other, an object of consiships to undergo, which, in the former derable importance, since it gives us campaigo, had displayed their character an insight into his policy, which we in the brightest colours. The Gover could not otherwise have obtained. nor-general had also intended to invade The cessions which the Rajah made Nepaul from the side of the Oude, by this treaty, include the whole of the and a force had been prepared in that territory between the Kįli and Teesa, quarter; but the brilliant success of the with the exception of Morang, and grand army. rendered its advance unne. the town of Bootwul. This comprecessary.'
hended extensive tracts of low land, Both Houses of Parliament concur- which, like the hills of Nepaul, are of red in unanimously voting their thanks great fertility, but so extremely unto the Governor-general of India, and healthy, that they are only habitable the generals, officers, and troops em at certain seasons of the year ; for this ployed under his orders. The Prince reason, it will probably be long before Regent, in the name and behalf of his they can be brought into cultivation, Majesty, raised him to the dignity of a and before any surplus revenue to the marquis of the united kingdom, by the state can be derived from them ; but title of Marquis of Hastings ; and Sir the possession of them is desirable in David Ochterlony, who had been crea- another point of view, as our bounted a baronet for his conduct in the dary, which was formerly an incessant first campaign, now received the grand subject of discussion and dispute, is cross of the Order of the Bath, now clearly defined. These lands are
Although the Rajah of Nepaul, un. now permanently attached to the adder existing circumstances, had every joining Tillahs, with the exception of reason to be grateful to the Governors the tracks bordering on Oude, which general for the moderation which he have been ceded to the Nawaub ; and had displayed, the conditions of the he, in return, has gladly relinquished treaty were, nevertheless, such as effec. his claim to a million sterling he ad. tually reduced his state from the rank vanced at the coinmencement of the it had occupied among the nations of war. The Rajah likewise ceded all the the East. He was called upon, in the territories within the hills to the eastfirst instance, distinctly to renounce all ward of the Meilchio, including the pretensions to the lands which had Fort of Nagru, Nagariste Pass, and bæn the subject of discussion before intermediate lands. But, with a view the war, and to admit the justice of to indemnify the Nepaulese chiefs, and our claims to the sovereignty of them; Barahdars, for their · losses by these he was required to make extensive ces- cessions, the British government agreed sions, to indemnify us for the expences to pay 25,000l. per annum in pensions, of a war in which he acknowledged to such of them as should be selected himself to have been che agressor. He by the Rajah. engaged never to molest our ally, the With regard to their extensive conRajah of Siccem, in the possession of quests to the west of the river Kali, his territories, and never to retain any the Rajah relinquished all claim to, or batives of Europe or America in his connection with them. They were, service, without consent of the British - therefore, placed at the disposal of government. In order to improve the ithe Governor-general. : The province relations of amity between the states, .of Almorah he added to the British
dominions, and that part of Ghurwal frequently covered with snow. The which lies to the south of the Alek- inhabitants at this season seldom quit -nandra, including the town of Sirin- their houses. They are in a very ungar, was annexed to it. The doon, civilized state, and so poor, that moor valley, of Deyra, was also united ney can scarcely be said to be known to the British province of Saharan- among them. pore. The dethroned Rajah of Si.
The Arab troops in the service of rinagur was reinstated in the rest of some of the petty princes of Guzaret his dominions, and the petty states be- had, for some time past, disclaimed tween the Jumna and Sutledge were their authority, so that it became nerestored to the situation they were cessary to employ a division of the placed in before their conquest. It is Bombay army, under the command not to be expected that such a coun- of Colonel East, to reduce them to try will add to our revenue, or ex obedience. Having accomplished this tend our commerce ; but the posses- object by expelling them from the forsion of it is desirable in a military tified places they had taken possession point of view, and the inhabitants have of, the colonel crossed over into Cutch every reason to congratulate theme for the purpose of bringing that state selves on their change of masters. No- under the controul of the British go. thing certainly can be worse than the vernment--a measure which had been treatment they received under the rendered necessary by the support and former government. It is well known countenance the pirates had received that their military chiefs made it a in that quarter. He took the fortress rule never to listen to a complaint of Anjar by storm, and was proceed. against a soldier. Now they are, in all ing against Boojibooji the capital, respects, dependent on the British go- when the Rajah of Cutch thought vernment. This singular country oc- proper to accede to the terms offered cupies the intermediate space between him. He agreed to defray all the exthe plains of Hindostan and the stupen. pences of the expedition, and to redous range of Himmelaya, from the ceive a British resident at his court. river Kali to the Sutledge, except in Part of Colonel East's force, under the immediate neighbourhood of the the orders of Lieutenant-colonel Barplains ; there is not a valley, or a level clay, was immediately afterwards empiece of land, of any extent in the ployed in restoring the refractory diswhole country, and in order to ob- trict of Wagur to his authority. tain ground fit for cultivation, the in In the month of April, there were habitants have, with great labour, con- disturbances of a most alarming nastructed terraces on the slopes of their ture in the city of Bareilly, in Rohilmountains, by which means they con- cand, owing to a change in the system trive to raise corn enough for their of police, which had been thought ne. own consumption. They have exten- cessary by government; and, in consive forests of oak, but it is said to be sequence of which, the inhabitants of bad quality, and has not yet been became liable to an assessment. Al applied to the purposes of ship-build- though it was very moderate and equiing; but their firs have, for some time, table, and, in reality, attended with a been sent to Calcutta in great quanti- considerable saving of expence and ties. The productions of Europe and trouble, they very generally refused to India flourish here equally. The win. pay it, and some discontented Mus. ter is severe ; and, in the months of sulmans among them appear to have February and March, the ground is resorted to every means of exciting