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officer and almost the whole of his and the deputies of the Dey. At noon,
crew were killed. The fire, mean the whole of the Christian slaves in
time, fed chiefly by the more distant Algiers were marched to the shore
florilla of mortars and rocket boats be and delivered up to the allies, among
hind the large ships, had spread rapidly whom Capellen had the satisfaction to
among the Algerine vessels, that in recognise many of hisown countrymen.
the course of a short time all were ut- Nearly four hundred thousand dollars
terly consumed or disabled. About were also paid into their hands, being
10 o'clock, the batteries around the the amount of ransom money received
admiral were completely silenced, and from Naples and Sardinia since the
he began to draw off his fleet from the commencement of the year. Some
reach of the few shells which the end other articles of dispute being arran-
my were still throwing on them from ged to his satisfaction, Lord Exmouth
a fort in the upper angle of the city. at last drew off his feet, leaving be-
Having removed further out into the hind him lasting marks of the severest
bay, he was joined once more by Ad. lesson which the Algerines ever had
miralVan de Capellen, whose squadron received the whole of their navy an.
had been of considerable service dur. nihilated, and one half of their city re.
ing the action, by keeping various la- duced to a heap of ruins.
teral batteries from bearing upon the The news of this event was re

received ships engaged at the mouth of the in England, and indeed throughout all harbour. The loss of the Algerines Europe, with the satisfaction which was estimated at about seven thousand might naturally be expected to follow men.

80 righteous a victory. At home, Lord Next morning the spectacle of de Exmouth and the officers of his feet solation presented by the city and har- received all the usual tributes of hobour was such as to convince Lord nour; the admiral himself was thank. Exmouth that the chastisement inflict- ed in his place by the Chancellor, at ed'must have lowered abundantly the command of the Peers. Abroad, more tone of the Dey and his advisers. particularly upon the shores of the He sent in therefore a letter to the Mediterranean, a wide joy was diffu. Dey, in which, after stating that the bed, by the hope that the outrages of destruction of the city had been in the Barbary pirates were now for ever flicted, in order to punish him for the at an end. But if the reports of remassacre of Bona, and the contempt cent travellers are to be believed, the with which the messenger of the pre- humiliation of the Algerines on the ceding day had been treated, he of- 27th of August, great and signal as fered him the same terms which had on at the time it appeared to be, has not this last occasion so rashly been reject- been sufficient entirely to extirpate ed After an interval of three hours, that spirit of rapine, which had been three shots were fired from the citadel, fed and nurtured by so many centu. the appointed signal that the Dey was ries of cruel indulgence. As yet, in. willing to accept of the terms proposed deed, no such open and shameful by Lord Exmouth. The mior parts manifestations of corsair violence have of th: negociation were arranged on been repeated in the sight of Europe ; boaid the Queen Charlotte, between but the States of Barbary are supposed the British and Durch commanders, by the travellers to whom we have al.

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Signior Pananti, above quoted, and Mr Blaquiere.

luded, to be waiting only till some in- pounds sterling : “Give me half the terruption of the peace, with which

Eu. sum,” replied the Moor, " and I will rope is at present blessed, shall afford myself destroy the city without giving them better opportunity of practising you so much trouble. The only el their old offences, without obstruc- fectual impression must be produced con or punishment. With a view to by persisting in an inland war, till every such schemes, say our travellers, the soldier be compelled to lay down his governments of Tripoli , Tunis, and arms ; nor, after all

, in so fine a çoưnAlgiers have now laid aside the inter. try, and with such superiority of dise nal wars with which their country was cipline, would the undertaking bę almost perpetually ravaged, and are either a very lengthened, or a very dif, cementing Their strength by an union fcult one. which may hereafter afford to any one

Ever since the Congress of Vienna, of them more effectual means of de- but more particularly ever since the fence from foreign invasion. Nor is it termination of the expedition under unsuspected by some, that the Em-Lord Exmouth, speculators in poliperor of Morocco himself is willing to tics have found a favourite theme, in form a part of the league. Whatever expatiating on the propriety of some may be thought of these authorities or general combination among the powers of their conjectures, it is certain, that of Christendom, to conquer and cothe utmost rage of discontent prevails lonise the coast of Barbary. The among the Janizariesof the three minor easy access' afforded by six hundred Moorish States ; nor do we hold it at leagues of coast, abounding everywhere all improbable, that ere longanotherex, in excellent harbours, the fertility of pedition may be necessary to controul the soil, which once entitled this their violence. Should such an arma• region to be called the granary of ment be found needful, we trust a Europe, but finally, and chiefly, the very considerable land force may be unpopularity of the present govern. sent with the ships employed in the inents, have been enlarged upon, as service ; for the issue of Lord Ex: furnishing the best of motives for the mouth's brilliant expedition has con- undertaking, and of means for the sucvinced us, that unless the barbarians cess of this invasion. Whether or not be pursued into the interior, no effec: any such invasion is likely ever to tual humiliation can ever be inflicted take place, we cannot pretend to offer upon their spirit. The destruction of any opinion ; but the whole condition i city is an object of comparatively lit. of this part of the world is such, that tle concern to a despot who subsists it would require greater credulity than by tyrannies over the inhabitants, and we possess, to believe it possible that, whose sole dependence is placed on a at the lapse of another century, the foreigo militia, quite unconnected with sovereignty shall be found in the same the major part of the population. All hands which have so long abused it. our readers must recollect the well- There are many things in the present known story, according to which, an situation of several of the European English admiral, in the time of Charles kingdoms, (above all in that of Spain) II., having threatened to burn a which seem to us to render it far Moorish capital, the sovereign of the from improbable, that the colonization place sent to ask him at what expense of Northern Africa may, ere long, be to the assailant himself this destruction undertaken by some Christian power. would be effected. The admiral told Upon whomever the lot may fall, the the Dey that it would cost so many honour will not surely be inconeider

able, of restoring to Christendom a re- is, it seems, so great, that perpetual gion which once possessed no less watch is kept every Friday from the than six hundred Bishops ; and which, towers sea-ward, and the gates of in the hands of Carthaginians, Ro- every city upon the coast are closed mans, and Saracens, has already exhi- with marks of particular precaution. bited so many specimens of all that. Our readers must remember the ef. renders any region either glorious or fects produced on the empire of the prosperous. The Italian traveller, to Yncas of Peru, by the existence of a whom we have already more than once belief among these people, apparently referred, mentions most positively the of the very same nature with this. existence of a superstitious belief among We shall perhaps incur some chance the inhabitants of Barbary, that their of ridicule by'mentioning this supersti, country is destined to be conquered on tion at all; but, if it does exist, it i a Friday by Christian soldiers clothed easy to observe what advantage might in red.' The influence of this belief be taken of it by a crafty inyader.

CHAP. IX.

State of Affairs in France at the Meeting of the Chambers.-Interesting Na

ture of the Discussions commenced in these Assemblies.-Bill for the Sus. pension of the Law securing Personal Liberty.--Debate on this Occa. sion. Some Remarks on the Manner of Procedure in the French Chambers, as contrasted with that of our Parliament.-Bill respecting the Services of the Duke of Angouleme. -Bill respecting Seditious Cries.- Temporary erection of Prevotal Tribunals, for the sake of summary procedure against Per. sons guilty of Seditious Practices.--Trial of Count Lavalette. --- Account of his preceding Life-His Behaviour on the Morning of the 20th of March His Condemnation and AppealHe effects his Escape from Prison on the Night previous to the Day appointed for his Execution, disguised in his Wife's Clothes.-He is assisted in his ulterior Escape by three English Gentlemen, Sir Robert Wilson, Captain Hutcheson, and Mr Bruce.

Detection of this, and Trial and Condemnation of his Deliverers.- Notice taken of this Transaction by the Prince Regent of England. Reflections.

WE broke off our narrative of the of any foreign nation. The fury of history of France under the re-esta. the revolutionary flame seemed at last blished government of Louis XVIII., to have exhausted itself; and it was atthe opening of the Legislative Cham. now to be seen whether the soil, over bers, in the beginning of October 1815. whose surface it for a season spread The majority of these Chambers, as the appearance of ruin and devastation, we said, was strongly in favour of the had really been enriched by its scorchroyalist party ; but the new ministry. ing. The people of England, too with the Duke of Richelieu at its long compelled to fix their eyes upon head, was supposed to contain within France, by the violence of her internal it enough to conciliate, in a great mea- tumults and foreign aggressions, and sure, the favour of all the more con. now restored to tranquillity by her siderable classes, excepting only those humiliation, were happy in returning to who, from their long habits of military sentiments very different from those licence and military ambition, still engendered during the late hostilities, hankered unremittingly after the and anxious to contemplate, with an twice-broken despotism of Napoleon. interest arising out of more generous

The transactions of the Legislative feelings, the efforts which France Bodies during this and the immediate- might make to improve the economy ly succeeding years, will merit much of her own domestic polity. That more attention from us, than has ever, country was now fairly in possession in preceding times, been given by Eng- of the first true elements of a reprelish annalists to the domestic concerns sentative government, and it was an

LE

object of no ordinary interest to ob- nise the influence of a truly paternal
serve what use she might make of this spirit ; of a miad which, if it sometimes
great privilege. To the constitutional want skill for planning, and decision
and legislative history of France, in- for performing, is always, at least, suf-
deed, the attention of men was to be ficiently desirous of doing what ap-
drawn by many motives, apart from pears to be the best. To the French
regard to the interests of that country at large, the most agreeable part of
alone. The influence which France the present speech was certainly that
has long exerted over the continent of in which the king expressed his reso-
Europe, by means of her literature and lution, always to consider the charter
language, is one of great extent and as the best guardian, both of his own
power; and in the present state of the prerogative and of the liberties of his
public mind over great part of the people. Previous to the retiring of
continent--more particularly in some Talleyrand and Fouché from the mi-
of the German and Italian states-it nistry, some indications of a wish to
was natural to suppose, that the suc- depart somewhat from the letter of
cess or failure of the French in fra- the charter, had been allowed to es.
ming to themselves a moderate and cape in a letter of the king command.
wise system of government, now that ing the convocation of the Electoral
they had it in their power to do so, Colleges. All idea of the changes then
would be studied by the observing meditated seemed now, however, to be
men of other countries, as affording dropped ; and the Chambers were well
the best guides for the future direc- disposed to give a due share of the cre.
tion of their own opinions and ener. dit of this abaudonment to the wisdom
gies. In short, the interest, in former of the sovereign himself.
times attracted exclusively to the The speech of the king was forthwith
proceedings of the English Parliament, followed by addresses from the two
was now about to be shared between Chambers. In these, as is usual with
them and those of the Chambers con- ourselves, the substance consisted of
yoked by King Louis.

little more th-n an echo of the speech We have already noticed the pecu- itself; the only new ground on which liar character of the speech with which they touched, was the necessity of sa. Louis met his Chambers ; his condo- crificing immediately to the justly of. lence with them on the situation of feoded laws of the country, those trai. the country, compelled to be made torous officers who had been excepted the camp of foreign armies, by the in the treaty of Paris, and in the subserashness of her own turbulent and dis- quent ordonance of the king, on ac. affected troops ; his calm and rational count of the share which they had taviews in regard to the future govern. ken in the restoration of the usurper's ment of the country, and behaviour of authority previous to the date of his its rulers ; the necessity, in fine, of arrival in the capital. The new miniendeavouring, by a series of judicious stry would not, probably, have stood and temperate enactments, to heal the much in need of this hint had their wounds of civil discord, and restore re- inclinations alone been to be consult. verence for the authority of law and ed; but from whatever cause it might religion among a people mare enlight. have arisen, their dilatorineas in getened, but unhappily more demoralized ting over this most disagreeable part also, than most of their neighbours. of their business, was undoubtedly In this speech, as indeed in every act sufficient to excite some attention, and of the reign of King Lonis, we recog. its policy bas been already condemned

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