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The French remained at York, Glou to circulate. This was the more im. cester, Hampton, and Williamsburg, portant, as Congress, and the assemwhere they took up the quarters which blies of several of the states, were conthe enemy had expected to occupy, voked to determine whether they should and rebuilt the houses which had been listen to the proposals of General destroyed during the siege.

Carleton, who had succeeded Sir Hen. The Congress, as soon as they heard ry Clinton in the command of the of the surrender of Lord Cornwallis, English army. He proposed to the passed a resolution, to have a marble United States, in the name of his Gocolumn erected at York, in Virginia, vernment, the acknowledgment of adorned with emblems, commemora- their independence, without restricting the alliance between the United tion, provided they would renounce States and France, with a succinct the alliance which they had contracted account of the surrender of the army with France. The Congress refused of Cornwallis to Generals Washing- to receive Carleton's secretary, who ton, Rochambeau, and De Grasse. came with these offers; and the state They voted also to present two colours of Maryland published a resolution, to General Washington, and four pie- denouncing as an enemy to the state, ces of cannon, taken from the English whoever should propose to treat witharmy, to Count de Rochambeau and out the concurrence of France; accom: Count de Grasse, with an inscription panying this proclamation with decla. declaring the gratitude of the United rations of the gratitude which they owed States, for the glorious part which they her. This example was followed by had acted in this brilliant expedition. the General Assembly of Virginia, and

General Greene obtained new suc afterwards by all the other states, at cesses in the south: he descended from the usual times of holding their Asthe mountains of the Santee, passed semblies. The English general havthe Wateree and Congaree, marched ing, at the same time, despatched a to Dorchester, and forced the enemy body of troops from Charleston to to abandon all the posts which he had Jamaica, proposed a suspension of in the open country, and to retire hostilities io General Greene, who, as within the lines of Charleston. The well as the legislature of South Caro. English, at the end of this campaign, lina, refused it. The Chevalier de la which had commenced so unfavour. Luzerne, sent accounts of all these ably for the Americans, held nothing transactions to France, by the Cheon the continent of North America, valier Clouard. They confirmed the but Charleston, Savannah, and the good opinion which had been enterislands of New York. All these suc- tained there of the firmness of the cesses contributed not a little to the Americans, and of their gratitude to. overthrow of the English ministry, wards their ally. when the news of the capture of Corn The Chevalier de la Luzerne bad wallis reached Europe, and induced succeeded M. Gérard, as minister pleParliament to relinquish all offensive nipotentiary in America. His frank operations on the continent of Ame- and conciliating manners gained the

esteem and confidence of the AmeriDuring the month of May, 1782, cans to such a degree, that although we were informed of the defeat of the he was apparently unwilling to take Count de Grasse, by a published ac. any part in their internal affairs, yet count of Admiral Rodney, which the there were few matters of consequence English at New York took good care in which he was not consulted,

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The unhealthiness of the season in withdraw his magazines. I received Virginia began to cause much sickness at the same time a letter from M. de in the army: the Chevalier de la Lu- Vaudreuil, who was on his way to zerne, received letters at this time from Boston with the remains of the feet M. Vaudreuil, who, after the capture of M. de Grasse, requesting the asof M. de Grasse, had succeeded to the sistance necessary for his protection, command of the fleet. This admiral while refitting. He had detached M. requested him to make preparations de la Peyrouse towards Hudson's B.y, for refitting it at Boston. We were who destroyed all the British establishalso informed, that a body of troops ments there. I sent M. de Choisy to was about embarking at New York, command his land forces, and the offiwhich was supposed to be destined cers of artillery and engineers whom against some of the French colonies. he wanted. These circumstances induced me to General Carleton made another atput the French army in motion, to tempt to obtain a truce; he announced bring it nearer to New York. I re the absolute and unqualified acknowquested a conference at Philadelphia ledgment of the independence of with General Washington. It was America, which had passed the two there resolved, that the two armies houses of the English Parliament, and should unite on the Hudson, should the prospect of preliminaries of peace approach as near as possible to New being signed immediately. At the York, to threaten the place, and pre same time, however, we heard of the vent it from sending out any detach- arrival at New York of Admiral Piment against our colonies. During this gott, who had succeeded Rodney in time the army under the Chevalier de the command of the enemy's fleet, Chatelus, and the Chevalier de Vio- and of the preparations which were menil, marched during the night, and making to embark troops for the reposed in the day-time. Through the French islands. This last piece of judicious precautions of these generals, news determined the speedy march of it arrived in health and safety at Bal- the French army, in order to effect a timore, where it was joined by a de- junction with that of Washington, and tachment under M. de Valette, whom to present our united force before the I had left at York and Gloucester, to place. This march was made in the demolish the fortifications, after re same order, and by the same road, moving the artillery. Although these which we had taken the year before. troops had been conveyed up

the bay The junction was effected at King's by the little squadron of M. de la Ville ferry, on the North river. brune, while the rest of the army was General Washington wishing to tesproceeding slowly by land; yet from tify his respect and gratitude to France, the commander to the lowest soldier, made us pass between two lines of his they arrived every nian sick.

soldiers, dressed, equipped, and armDuring the stay which the army was ed completely, for the first time since obliged to make at Baltimore, to re- the revolution, partly with arms and cruit the sick, and to allow the great clothes sent from France, and partly summer-heats to pass by, we were in- from the English magazines taken wiih formed of the evacuation of Savannah the garrison of Cornwallis, which the in Georgia; a part of the garrison had French army had relinquished to that returned tó New York, and the rest of the Americans. He made his drums was sent to Charlestori, from which beat the French march during the place also the enemy was preparing to whole of this review, and the two

armies met each other with marks of had burnt on his property. I found the greatest reciprocal satisfaction. the demand exorbitant, and referred

The council in France had directed, him to the commissary Villemanzy, that if the enemy should evacuate who was charged with the settlement New York and Charleston, or either of all accounts for articles consumed of those places, General Rochambeau by the army throughout the camp. At should embark his army for Saint Do. the moment of beginning the march, mingo, under the orders of a general the next day, when the roll had been officer, to be delivered over to M. de beaten,and the troops were under arms, Galves, a Spanish lieutenant-general, a man approached me with a very who commanded the troops of the two complaisant air, and told me that he nations, intended for a combined ope- was not ignorant of the services which ration, All our information stated the I had rendered his country, that he immediate evacuation of Charlestown; respected me greatly, but that he was and the march of the French army obliged to do his duty. He then served from Virginia to the North River ren me with a paper, and afterwards laid dered it easy to execute the orders of his hand gently on my shoulder, telthe council. I communicated my in- ing me at the same time, that I was his structions to M. de Vaudreuil, and in- prisoner. “Well, sir," said I, laughformed him that I was ready to lead ing, “take me away if you can." “ Not the army to Boston, whenever he so, your excelleney," answered the should be ready to take it on board, sheriff; " but I beg of you, now that I M, de Vaudreuil answered, that his have performed my duty, to let me go squadron could not be prepared before off unmolested.” I sent the commissary the end of November, and that he Villemanay to the house of the Americould not transport more than four can captain, and he found him in a thousand' men, comprising the officers crowd of his countrymen, who were and their suite. I proposed to the all upbraiding him, in the sharpest Baron de Viomenil, and his brother, terms, for his proceeding. The comto take charge of the two brigades of missary agreed with him

to submit the infantry, and a part of the artillery, matter to arbitration; and the result and conduct them to their destination was, that the captain had to paythe costs, I left the corps of Lauzun, with the and to content himself with two thouheavy artillery which was still at Bal. sand instead of fifteen thousand francs. timore, and I confided to the Duke Thearmy on its march passed througb de Lauzun the command of that part the whole of Connecticut. Governor of the French troops which remained Trumbull, and his council, issued a in America, subject to the orders of proclamation, requesting their fellow. General Washington.

citizens not to raise the price of proAt the period of the march of the visions during our passage, and the French troops from Crampond, there inhabitants seconded his views with se happened between me and an Ameri- much generosity, that every mess of can captain of militia, whose habita- soldiers obtained at a very low price, tion I occupied as quarters, an affair, in addition to their ordinary rations, pleasantly characteristic of republican all kinds of provisions. The army arfreedom. He came to ask from me, rived at Providence, where it was deon the evening before the departure tained by some new accident happenof the troops, a sum of fifteen thousand ing to the squadron of M. de Vaufrancs, (three thousand dollars) for dreuil, and remained in barracks durwood which the brigade of Soissonnois ring the rest of November.

I have not mentioned the multitude during the course of three campaigns, of addresses from all the towns and there was not a blow nor a quarrel general assemblies of the states of between a French and an American America, presented to me, containing soldier. uniformly, the warmest acknowledg I was obliged to return with the ment of their obligations to France. I Chevalier de Chatelus, M. de Bellewill cite but one of these addresses ville, M. de Choisy, all the staff, and A deputation from the Quakers of Phi- our respective aides-de-camp, to meet ladelphia waited on me, in all the sim- the frigate which I had selected to plicity of their costume. “ General," convey us to France. It was in the said the oldest of them to me, “it is Chesapeake bay, as I had not chosen not on account of thy military qualities to deprive M. de Vaudreuil of any of that we make thee this visit those we his vessels, in which he was obliged to hold in little esteem; but thou art the crowd all that he could embark of the friend of mankind, and thy army con- army. ducts itself with the utmost order and In returning to Virginia, we passed discipline. It is this which induces by New Windsor, where General us to tender thee our respects.” Washington was. It was there that

At length the army embarked at we took an affectionate farewell, and Boston, early in December, with the that I received from the American universal benedictions of our allies army, as did all the officers who acthroughout the Thirteen States. [ companied me, the sincerest assumay mention as a proof of the won. rances of perpetual remembrance. derful discipline of this army, that





« Come along, mine ancient, come “ Money, Master Wildwood, moalong," cried a slight, handsome, pale ney," replied the old man; “ you young man, dragging an old, forid, ha’nt even enough to pay the waiter, grey headed servant into the coffee. after damning him.” room of a country inn, “ this is the Ay, Verity,” retorted the youth, life I love,-sixty miles in eight hours, “and you generally take care to let horses smoking, post-boys smacking him know it too. If I but order a their thongs, and your-honouring' chicken instead of a chop, you feel no us for an odd shilling, and then a more compunction in exposing my bustling, clattering, bell-ringing inn,” poverty, than if I had bespoken an

“ But zooks, Master Wildwood,” anniversary dinner to the memory of said the venerable domestic, “ my twenty dead aldermen.” bones are jolted almost out of joint." “ Because," said Verity," you feel

“ What' signifies," cried Wildwood, no more compunction in bragging, clapping the other down on a chair, and calling consequentially about you, “' since they are snugly landed in an than if you were owner of a fee-siminn again? Oh, the sign-post beyond ple estate that could not be galloped the portico for ever! No formalities round in a month.” of a regular family here: No praising The waiter now entered with a the dinner till it has grown cold, or small portmanteau, and begged to the daughter while she is spoiling the know whether that was all the luge piano. Here the host himself takes gage belonging to the chaise." the trouble of praising off my hands; * Harkee, friend,” said Wildwood, and when I damn the waiter, he “ the moment the coach comes in, be thanks me.

Then quick steps, smi sure to enquire for my trunks." ling faces, smoking dishes, and com “ Never heed him, waiter," intering, sir.' What more can I want, old rupted Verity. “ That portmanteau gravity?”

contains his all in this world."

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